John Nystrom

John Nystrom

John Nystrom was born in Kallas, Finland on 28th August, 1848. The son of a farmer he became a became a sailor.

Nystrom visited San Francisco in 1871 and decided to stay. He worked on schooners sailing in San Francisco Bay and eventually became the master of Sierra, a ship owned by George Ellis.

In 1871 Nystrom left the sea and purchased a seventy acre farm near Ellis Landing. He married Mary Griffins in 1881 and over the next few years she had eleven children.

Nystrom was active in the First Presbyterian Church and also served for fifteen years on the local school board. John Nystrom died on 14th December, 1913.

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John Nystrom

The Swedish born, American civil engineer, inventor, and author John William Nystrom (1825–1885) (born as Johan Vilhelm Nyström) is known as the author of many books and inventions, between them an interesting calculating device (a slide rule, type of mechanical analog computer), invented in 1848 and patented on 3 March 1851. Nystrom was a Swedish engineer, who emigrated to the New World in middle 1840s and settled in Philadelphia, embarking on a career primarily focused on nautical engineering and steam vessels. The complicated and repetitive calculations required for propeller and propulsion designs evolved into the development of his calculating machine.

T he calculating device of Nystrom (see the lower drawing from patent US7961) was a circular slide rule/calculator, based on logarithms, and was promoted for use not only in addition and subtraction, but also in multiplication and division. The device was presented and received a First Premium at the Franklin Institute Exhibition of 1849.

Nystrom promoted the device as the merchant will find this calculating machine to be all they desire and solicited a manufacturer in the 17 May 1851, issue of Scientific American, hailing it as the most important one ever brought before the public. By 1852, Nystrom offered the device at three prices—$10.00, $15.00, and $20.00 (a huge sum at that time), and initially he was likely making the instrument himself. Later in 1850s it was manufactured and sold in Philadelphia by James W. Queen, and by George Thorsted in New York, and from 1864 to 1887 by William J. Young, one of the most prolific American instrument makers in the 19th century (totally about one hundred devices sold).

The patent drawing of Nystrom’s Calculator

Let’s see how the inventor himself describes the device in his popular Pocket Book of Mechanics and Engineering (first published in 1854, this book had 27 editions published between 1854 and 2012 in English):
The device consists of a silvered brass plate of about nine inches in diameter, on which are fixed two movable arms, extending from the centre to the periphery. On the plate are engraved a number of curved lines in such form and divisions that with their intersection with the arms, the most complicated calculations can be performed almost instantly.
The arrangement for trigonometrical calculations is such that it is not necessary to notice the functions sine, cosine, tangent, etc., operating only by the angle expressed in degrees and minutes, and without any tables, which makes it so easy that anyone who can read figures, will be able to solve trigonometrical questions. Any kind of calculations can be performed on this instrument, no matter how complicated it may be, whilst there is nothing intricate in its use. The author, who is the inventor of the calculator, has thoroughly tested its practical utility. All the calculations in Nystrom’s Pocket Book of Mechanics and Engineering have been computed by this instrument…

There is also a detailed description of the device in a 42-pages book from 1854 (see description of Nystrom’s Calculator).

The patent model of Nystrom’s Calculator (© National Museum of American History)

The patent model of Nystrom’s Calculator is still preserved in the collection of National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C. (see the upper image).

The surface of device is a brass disc that rests on three wooden feet. It has two graduated brass arms, pivoted about a central spindle, which may be clamped to any desired angular separation and rotated together. Glass magnifiers are attached to both arms. A small dial on the top of the central knob can be moved to record rotations of more than one full circle.

There are four unlabeled circles on the calculating rule, called a, b, c, and d. They go from the outer rim inward. Circle b is divided into 20 equal parts. Subdivisions of these parts are represented by a series of parallel curves extending between the outer rim and circle b. These, in combination with scales marked on the rim of the arms, allow one to measure subdivisions of the distance between equal parts. The outermost circle a is a logarithmic scale ranging from 1 to 10 twice. A series of lines between the two outer circles give intermediate values, which are read from the rotating arms. The circle c, just inside b, is divided from 0 to 90 degrees so that the sine of an angle indicated is given on the outer circle a. The parts of the scale are unequal, with the tens value of degrees from 10 to 49 indicated by large digits. The innermost circle d is divided for finding cosines.

Biography of John Nystrom

J ohn William Nystrom was born in 1824 in Småland province, Sweden, as Johan Vilhelm Nyström. After receiving his engineering degree from Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (Royal Technological Institute) in Stockholm, in the middle 1840s he emigrated to America (he became a US citizen in 1854) and settled in Philadelphia, embarking on a career primarily focused on nautical engineering and steam vessels.

In 1859 Nystrom proposed a hexadecimal (base 16) system of notation, arithmetic, and metrology called the Tonal System. The system was described in a book from 1862 and in addition to new weights and measures, his proposal included a new calendar with sixteen months, a new system of coinage, and a hexadecimal clock with sixteen hours in a day. In 1875, Nystrom proposed a new duodecimal (base 12) system of notation, arithmetic, and metrology called the Duodenal System.

William Sellers (1824-1905)

While in Philadelphia, Nystrom became a protégé of William Sellers (1824-1905) (see the nearby photo), a mechanical engineer, manufacturer, businessman, and inventor who filed more than 90 patents, president of the Franklin Institute, and for many years, head of the machine tool firm of William Sellers & Co., which was a very influential machine tool builder during the latter half of the 19th century.

Nystrom became an Assistant Secretary and Chief Engineer of the US Navy during the Civil War. He also spent a number of years abroad, advising both Russian (in the end of 1850s he was appointed as engineer in chief to the Volga-Don Railway and Don-Azoph Steam Navigation Company, Consulting Engineer to the Russian Steam Navigation and Trading, and designed a hydraulic pontoon-doc in Sankt-Peterburg), and Peruvian governments on their operation and deployment of steam ships. Later on, he returned to the USA and spent his remaining years in Philadelphia, been quite active in the affairs of Franklin Institute, as a member of board and chairman.

Nystrom was the author of many other books and inventions besides the above mentioned, such as: steam engines, refrigerator, hydraulic pontoon-dock, centripetal propeller, eye-pieces for telescopes, and others.

John William Nystrom died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 11 May 1885, at the age of 61.

Tonal system

Around 1863 he created a hexadecimal system of measurement, called the "tonal system", with a hexadecimal time format of 16 hours per day.

“I am not afraid, or do not hesitate, to advocate a binary system of arithmetic and metrology. I know I have nature on my side if I do not succeed to impress upon you its utility and great importance to mankind, it will reflect that much less credit upon our generation, upon scientific men and philosophers. "

“I fearlessly do not hesitate to advocate binary arithmetic and measurement technology. I know nature is on my side. If I cannot convince you of their usefulness and great importance for humanity, that does not throw a good light on our generation, their scientists and their philosophers. "

Nystrom proposed separate numeric words for its hexadecimal numbers or digits.

The "tonal system" called the number zero: "noll" and then counted on (from one to sixteen):
"An, de, ti, go, su, by, ra, me, ni, ko, hu, vy, la , po, fy, ton . "(Therefore ton ales system.)
The numbers" sixteen-and-one "," sixteen-two "and so should therefore" ton-an "," ton-de "etc. hot.

Nystrom called the 100 hex = 256 dec "san", the 1000 hex = 4,096 dec "mill" and the 1.0000 hex = 65,536 dec "bong".

The suggestion of a hexadecimal system of measurement was just as unsuccessful as the suggestion of independent numerals.

John Nystrom

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Tonelli was born at St. Joseph's Hospital in Hamilton, Ontario, on March 23, 1957, to his parents Alex Tonelli, Jr. and Joy Sclisizzi of Milton. [1] He has an older brother Raymond, a younger brother David and a younger sister, Sandra. [3] Tonelli's mother Joy Sclisizzi is a relative of Enio Sclisizzi, who was Milton's first NHLer. [4]

As young man, Tonelli worked in Sclisizzi's bronze-plaque making factory where he washed the finished plaques.

Tonelli's father, who worked for 40 years in the steel business and set an example for his son for hard work, used to dam up the water in a culvert next to their home, which would freeze, and allowed Tonelli endless access to skating time near their home on Ontario St. in Milton. [5]

Tonelli was a multi-sport athlete in his youth, serving as pitcher for the Red Sox in the Milton Minor Baseball Association in 1966, when he hit a grand slam in the same game he served as pitcher. [6] In 1968, with his father as an assistant coach, Tonelli won an OBA championship for the Milton Mowbray Tykes. [7] He had four one-hitters as a pitcher in the 1970 baseball season. [8]

In 1971, he was Holy Rosary School's top basketball scorer with 42 points. [9]

In 1972, as a 15-year-old, he pitched a perfect game as a bantam baseball player. [10]

Tonelli began his hockey career in earnest when he played one year with the Milton Flyers of the Central Junior B Hockey League before joining the Marlies. [11]

Tonelli was the first 15-year-old player to be signed by the Toronto Marlies OHA team, and the first Milton boy to play with the Marlies since Murray "Cowboy" Grenke in the 1948–49 and 1949–50 seasons. [12]

In his first season with them, Marlies' coach George Armstrong noted Tonelli was pro material. [13]

Contract dispute between OHA and WHA Edit

Tonelli was one of the first players to challenge the Ontario Hockey Association and the Marlies OHA team, with which he had signed a contract at age 16. [14] As he reached age 18, the WHA's Houston team offered him a contract worth $500,000 ($2.2 million CAD in 2016), but his contract with the Marlies tied him to the OHA team for three years plus an option. [15]

In June 1975, the WHA owners voted to void Tonelli's Houston contract. Tonelli's agent threatened to sue, and the Marlies asked for $100,000 in compensation, plus 20 percent of Tonelli's three-year WHA contract. [16]

Tonelli refused to play for Toronto in the playoffs after he turned 18, so that it would not imperil his legal arguments. [17] Tonelli's agent Gus Badali sued the Marlies and the OHA, and eventually the Ontario courts ruled that the contract was unenforceable because Tonelli had been under the age of 18 when he signed it, and his parents had not signed it. Tonelli's teammate, future NHLer John Anderson, followed this same lead, sitting out for a period, but eventually returned to lead Toronto in the Memorial Cup. [18]

Tonelli played for Houston for three seasons. During his time in Houston, he was drafted by the New York Islanders in the second round (33rd overall) in the 1977 NHL Amateur Draft after Jim Devellano, who was the Islanders Director of Scouting, came and visited Tonelli in Houston. Devellano was the only NHL scout to come and personally visit Tonelli in Houston while Tonelli was there, taking him out to dinner to talk.

Up until 1977, Tonelli often suffered once or twice a year from devastating migraine headaches that started age 10 and that doctors said were caused by his intensity and nervousness at game time. [19]

Move to Islanders Edit

Tonelli's NHL rights were reclaimed by NY Islanders after the Houston WHA franchise folded in July 1978. [20]

In 1982 and 1985, Tonelli was a second team All-Star left wing for the Islanders. He played in the Stanley Cup finals in 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, and 1984 with the Islanders, winning four championships in the process, and made an additional appearance as runner-up in the Cup finals in 1986 with the Flames.

On May 24, 1980, Tonelli had the assist on Bob Nystrom's overtime Stanley Cup-winning goal against the Philadelphia Flyers, giving the Islanders their first of four straight Cups. In Game 6 at Nassau Coliseum, Lorne Henning stole the puck at center ice, passed to Tonelli, who then criss-crossed with Nystrom, feeding him the puck on Nystrom's backhand for the winning goal at 7:11 of overtime. It was a play the two had perfected during practice. On January 6, 1981, Tonelli scored five goals in a game versus the Toronto Maple Leafs. [21] [22]

Tonelli was a gritty forward with a never-say-die attitude for The New York Islanders who won four straight Stanley Cups. Tonelli, who was affectionately dubbed "The Greasy Jet" by his teammates, is remembered for scoring important "clutch goals" in the Islanders' run of four straight Stanley Cups and five straight finals appearances, particularly during the 1981-82 season. During the playoffs that year, The Islanders were five minutes away from being eliminated by a much weaker Pittsburgh Penguin team, trailing 3-1 in the deciding game. Tonelli assisted on a Mike McEwen goal that closed the champions within one goal, and tied the game himself with 2:21 to play. For an encore, it was John Tonelli that scored in overtime to win the game for the Islanders, thus extending their long reign as Stanley Cup champions.

Tonelli also scored the winning goal in a February 20, 1982 game against the Colorado Rockies, beating former teammate Chico Resch with just 47 seconds to play to allow the Islanders to set an NHL record (since broken) with their 15th consecutive victory. [23]

Early in his Islander days, Tonelli was a curiosity to his teammates. He arrived early and stayed late. He made demands of himself that were so harsh that coaches felt compelled to ask Tonelli to save some of that work for the games. [5]

He was known for being almost unbeatable in digging out the puck in the corners of the rink however, Tonelli also had an excellent shot, was a good passer, and had excellent timing both offensively and defensively. Tonelli was also very versatile. During his eight seasons with the Islanders, coach Al Arbour used Tonelli on the famed "Banana Line" with Wayne Merrick and Bob Nystrom, on the top line with Bryan Trottier and Mike Bossy, and later he played flank for Brent Sutter and Patrick Flatley.

In his seventh season as a professional and his fourth with the Islanders, he scored 35 goals and 58 assists for 93 points, breaking Clark Gillies's club record for a left wing, 91, set in 1978-79. [19]

Although Tonelli played a key role in the four Cup victories the team won from 1980 to 1983, in some ways his career culminated in the fall of 1984 when he played for Canada in the Canada Cup, an invitation he almost turned down. He not only made the team, he had nine points, including a key assist on Mike Bossy's goal in overtime of the semifinal. Canada won the championship and Tonelli was named the tournament's best player, winning the 1984 Canada Cup MVP award.

He then rejoined the Islanders and had his best season ever, scoring 42 goals and 100 points in 1984-1985.

Flames and Kings years Edit

During fall 1985, Tonelli was a holdout and missed 22 days of training camp and the early regular season in a bitter standoff with the Islanders. Tonelli was the first player under contract in Islanders history to hold out. [24] At the time, the New York Times estimated he was making $200,000 per year on a four-year contract. [5] After returning to the Islanders and playing out most of the season, he was traded to the Calgary Flames on March 11, 1986, for Richard Kromm and Steve Konroyd. [25] [23] The Flames, with Tonelli's experience, reached the Stanley Cup finals for the first time in 1986.

As a free agent, Tonelli was offered a termination contract by the Flames after they benched him during some playoff games in 1988, but he instead signed for the 1988–89 season with the Los Angeles Kings, where he was put on a line with Wayne Gretzky at times. Gretzky was traded to the Kings six weeks after the Kings acquired Tonelli. [26]

A book called Hockey Scouting Report, 1988-89, authored by former NHL goalie John Davidson, who had played for the Islanders' rival the New York Rangers — which lost to the Islanders in the playoffs in 1981, 1982 and 1983 — and a couple of other writers, did a report on Tonelli that made his eyes water. "I don't want to point any fingers", Tonelli at the time. "Let's just say that the nature of the game is that some guys out there hold grudges a long time." [27]

The book stated about Tonelli: "Once a good skater with a lot of power, Tonelli's skills are now on the downslide. He doesn't have the acceleration he once did, and for a straight-ahead player who had little agility, loss of speed and power is the worst loss that could be suffered. He retains a kind of laziness he's long had, in that he won't backcheck as well as he should, sort of coasting back to save his energy for another offensive rush." [27]

However, Tonelli rewarded the Kings' faith in him by scoring back-to-back 31-goal seasons in 1988–89 and 1989–90.

During summer 1989, he entered a contract stand-off with Kings GM Rogie Vachon before a deal was reached during the pre-season. "You know, I went through a holdout with the Islanders in '86, and that was terrible. I was out for 23 days and it became a bitter thing. That's something that I didn't want to have happen here. I told you that I was looking at other teams this summer. My agent was, really. My heart was right here", said Tonelli. [25]

Later years Edit

In May 1991, the Kings left Tonelli unprotected in the NHL expansion draft. [28] Then a free-agent, he said he sensed the Kings were not interested in his returning next season and instead signed with the Chicago Blackhawks. [29]

On February 18, 1992, Tonelli was traded to the Quebec Nordiques by Chicago for future considerations. He finished the season there before retiring.

Tonelli finished his 1028-game NHL career with 325 goals and 511 assists for 836 points.

The John Tonelli Arena in Milton, Ontario is named in his honour. He currently resides in Armonk, New York, working for Fidelity National Financial. [ citation needed ]

His older brother Ray was also a hockey and baseball player, [30] and Tonelli's cousin is former NHLer Ryan Jones. [31] Tonelli's second cousins Kyle Henneberry currently [ when? ] plays midget AAA hockey for the Halton Hurricanes, which represent Milton's top minor hockey team as well as Tyler Harrison who plays for the Milton Winterhawks Minor Midget AA and Travis Harrison for the Guelph Gryphons Peewee AAA team. [32]

With his ex-wife Karen, John has two daughters and a son, Jennifer, Ashley, Ryan and with his current wife Lauren he has 2 sons, Jordan, 19, and Zach, 18. [33] [19] Tonelli coached his sons' hockey teams when they were younger. [34]

During the off-season while playing for the Islanders, Tonelli worked part-time for a subsidiary of Canon USA and his boss Fujio Mitarai. [35] As part of his day with the Cup in 1981, Tonelli brought the Cup to Mitarai's office.

Tonelli is the only player in history to score a regular-season goal on an assist by Gordie Howe and another regular-season goal on an assist by Wayne Gretzky.

John Nystrom - History

John W Nystrom was born on March 15, 1926. According to our records Illinois was his home or enlistment state and Winnebago County included within the archival record. We have Rockford listed as the city. He had enlisted in the United States Army. Served during the Korean War. Nystrom had the rank of First Lieutenant. Service number assignment was 0970527. Attached to COM Missions unit 8202. During his service in the Korean War, Army First Lieutenant Nystrom was reported missing and ultimately declared dead on May 18, 1951 . Recorded circumstances attributed to: Missing in Action and Presumed Dead. Incident location: South Korea. On May 18, 1951, his unit was ambushed along the Naeron-chen River near Hyon-ni, South Korea and he was taken Prisoner of War. He was presumed dead on February 16, 1954. His remains were not recovered. John W Nystrom is buried or memorialized at Courts of the Missing at the Honolulu Memorial. This is an American Battle Monuments Commission location. John is remembered at the Korean War Veterans Memorial in Washington. This is a National Parks Service and American Battle Monuments Commission location.

John Frederick Nystrom

John was raised on a farm in Marysville, WA. He loved to tell stories about the orchards, chickens and gardens. He served in the Navy, mostly in the Panama Canal. He was very proud of his military service and wore his US Navy hat proudly on many occasions. Later he moved to West Seattle and loved to play golf, bowl and was on several golf and bowling leagues with his friends. John worked at Boeing and moved to Palmdale, CA to work on the B-One Bomber Project. That is where he met and married Grace Ann Ferrero. After retirement, John & Grace moved to Shelton WA and lived on Lake Limerick and Limerick Golf Course before moving to Olympia WA. John was proud of his Swedish heritage. He was a great story teller, enjoyed hardtack, pickled herring, swedish pancakes as he reminisced. He isloved and will be greatly missed by so many friends and family.

Survived by: His loving wife Grace Ann Nystrom, daughterShirley, (son in law Jerry), granddaughter Kelsey, (husband Kyle), stepdaughters Debora and Patti, stepson (the late) Andrew Ferrero, step grandsons Ron and Spencer and step great grandson Indiana.


John Warren Nystrom, 87, a resident of Williamsburg Landing since 1998, died Monday, Jan. 15, 2001. He was a native of Worcester, Mass., and the son of John Walfred Nystrom and Hulda Alfreda Anderson of Sweden.

He was a graduate of Clark University, Worcester, Mass., where he received his Doctor of Philosophy in 1942. Warren was an exceptional educator and professor of geography for many years at Rhode Island College, University of Pittsburgh, George Washington University and Florida Atlantic University. Beyond teaching, Dr. Nystrom had a long and productive career in international relations as a senior official in the Foreign Policy Department at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, a partner in the international relations consulting firm of Allen, Murden and Nystrom, a senior fellow at The Brookings Institution and the executive director of the Association of American Geographers in Washington, D.C. Dr. Nystrom published a number of geography textbooks and periodicals on U.S. relations with the European community, Canada and Latin America. He also represented the United States at UNESCO, the United Nations' educational, scientific and cultural organization. He is well known as a leader in geography in the United States and the world academic community. Dr. Nystrom's works and contributions to his field have been noted for many years in "Who's Who in America."

Upon retiring, Dr. Nystrom and his wife of 62 years, Anne Nystrom, who passed away in August 2000, made their home in Boca Raton, Fla. They spent their summers in Greensboro, Vt., and in other seasons of the years they traveled the world with their children and friends.

Warren Nystrom was a devoted husband and father, a lover of history and politics. Wherever he lived, he organized and led lively discussions groups to educate and debate current political, economic and social events important to his community, the nation and the world.

Survivors include one daughter, Karen Nystrom Meyer of Montpelier and Greensboro, Vt. two sons, Jon A. Nystrom of Williamsburg and David A. Nystrom of Arlington one niece, Joan Allard of Worcester, Mass. and eight grandchildren.

2 remembrances

I attended college (Hobart College) with Bill Nystrom . We both graduated in 1951 .
I have lost touch with him lately and was shocked to find out he passed away a year ago . I read this in the Hobart Magazine that I received today . My wife (Ann Heller) and I want to send our sincere condolences to Gloria and the family .

I enjoyed Bill so much . We did so many things together . I am truly sorry that he died so young . He has accomplished so much and touched so many people all over the world .

I am sorry that we lost touch ! I don't recall anything negative , maybe it just happens to happen as we age and move away from each other , however I still have the memories .

Watch the video: John Nyström - 125 liter sopor