Adolf Hitler's DNA samples and the consequences

Adolf Hitler's DNA samples and the consequences

Are there any known DNA samples of Adolf Hitler? What could possibly happen if, given inevitable global population's DNA collection and serialization, somebody turns out to be his descendant?


Jean-Mare Loret (1918-1985) claimed he was Hitler's illegitimate child. He had 9 children, some of whom may still be alive and/or have descendants.

Loret was bothered by reporters, etc., but so far as I know didn't get many death threats.

As far as I heard, the results of genetic testing were inconclusive, showing that Loret could be Hitler's son but didn't have to be.

I'm sure those more familiar with this story can say more about it.


8 Examples of Butterfly Effect That Changed the World Forever

Previously, the term was weather-related, but nowadays it is a metaphor for how a small and insignificant event can cause a major change in circumstances.

It is virtually impossible to corroborate this theory. However, it is interesting to think that if any one of your ancestors had not met, you would not be reading this right now.

Throughout history, major events have changed the world, but some have turned on the tiniest of detail.

We are going to look at the top examples of butterfly effect that changed the world:

Abraham Lincoln dreams of his death – 1865

Ten days before Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, he had a dream in which he attended his own funeral in the White House. Despite being extremely disturbed by this dream, he decided to take a trip to the theatre with hardly any security to protect him.

His assassination marked a pivotal point in American history as all the work Lincoln had undertaken to free African American slaves was rejected by his successor – Andrew Johnson. Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address is still regarded as the heart of America’s national identity, and it is certainly true to say that if he had not have gone to that theatre, he would have gone on to do many other great things.

How buying a sandwich lead to WW1 – 1914

Plans to assassinate the Archduke Franz Ferdinand by the Black Hand terrorist group had so far been unsuccessful. A grenade lobbed at the Archduke’s motorcade during a visit had missed and hit another car. The Archduke was determined to visit the injured so travelled to the hospital but during the journey, he noticed that the driver was not going down the altered route that had been previously decided.

As the driver began to back out, one of the men assigned to assassinate him – Gavrilo Princip, happened to be buying a sandwich at the corner where the car carrying the Archduke conveniently stopped right outside. Princip shot the Archduke and his wife, which plunged the world into a four-year war with millions of casualties.

A rejected letter caused the Vietnam War

In 1919, Woodrow Wilson received a letter from a young man called Ho Chi Minh who asked to meet him to discuss independence from France for Vietnam. At the time, Ho Chi Minh was quite open-minded and ready to talk, but Wilson ignored the letter which angered the young Ho Chi Minh. He went on to study Marxism, he also met Trotsky and Stalin, and became a staunch communist.

Later, Vietnam did win independence from France, but the country was split into a communist north and non-communist south, with Ho Chi Minh leading the North. In the 1960’s, North Vietnamese guerrillas were attacking the south, and the USA stepped in. Something that would not have happened if Wilson had read Ho Chi Minh’s letter.

One man’s kindness caused the Holocaust

Henry Tandey was in France in 1918 fighting for the British Army when he decided to spare one young German’s life. This decision was to cost the world in ways no one could have ever imagined. Tandey was fighting to gain control of Marcoing, and saw one injured German soldier trying to flee. Because he was injured Tandey could not bear to kill him so let him go.

The man was Adolf Hitler.

The rejection of an art application lead to World War Two

This is probably the most widely known butterfly effect on this list. In 1905, a young man applied to the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, unfortunately for him and us, he was rejected, twice.

That aspiring art student was Adolf Hitler, who after his rejection, was forced to live in the slums of the city and his anti-Semitism grew. He joined the German Army instead of fulfilling his dreams as an artist and the rest is history.

A fictitious book loses the US economy $900 on one particular day

In 1907, a stockbroker called Thomas Lawson wrote a book called Friday the Thirteenth, which uses the superstition of this date to cause a panic between stockbrokers on Wall Street.

The book had such an effect that now the US economy loses $900 million on this day because instead of going to work, holiday, out shopping, people stay at home instead.

Martin Luther King Jr’s reputation rests on a gun license

Martin Luther King Jr is famous for his pacifist and non-violent protests, but history might have remembered him differently if a request for a gun license had been granted. When he had just been elected leader of the Montgomery Improvement Association, it is known that he applied for a license to carry a firearm. This was after a number of threats from whites who were opposed to his selection. He was turned down, however, by a local sheriff and Martin Luther King Jr’s legacy of non-violence remains intact.

An admin error ended the Berlin Wall

Günter Schabowski was a spokesman for the Communist Party and in 1989, he was given a notice that stated a major change in how people could visit the Wall. For the time being, so long as they applied for permission, East Germans could now visit the West. However, the notice was difficult to understand and Schabowski believed it meant anyone with a passport could visit whenever they wanted. When he was questioned by a reporter as to when the new rules were starting, he said ‘immediately’. And so a rush to cross took place, and the wall was effectively gone.

The above examples of butterfly effect prove how small choices by specific people can shape the future of the whole world.

What would you add to this list? Please share your examples of butterfly effect in the comments below.


They Saved Hitler’s Skull. Or Did They?

Seventy-three years ago, on Monday, Adolf Hitler killed himself in his Berlin bunker alongside his wife of one day, Eva Braun. With the Red Army closing in, their bodies were hastily burned and buried in a shell crater in the nearby garden.

That’s the official story anyway.

Hitler was alone in his study with Braun when they died by suicide. Only a handful of Nazis saw the bodies before they were wrapped in gray blankets and moved to the Chancellery garden to be cremated. Two of the witnesses, the new Chancellor Joseph Goebbels and Hitler’s private secretary, Martin Bormann, killed themselves in the following days. The small number of surviving people who actually saw the bodies or material evidence is one reason for the range of various conspiracy theories that have persisted over the years: that Hitler did not die in Berlin but fled to the South Pole or Japan, that he died in 1962 in Argentina, in 1971 in Paraguay or in 1984 in Brazil.

In an effort to definitely put these theories to rest, two investigative journalists, the French Jean-Christophe Brisard and the Russian-American Lana Parshina recently carried out an investigation whose results were published in France last month as a book (La mort d’Hitler) and television documentary (Le mystère de la mort d’Hitler.) An English translation is scheduled to come out in September.

Brisard and Parshina, who is also the director of a documentary about the reclusive daughter of Josef Stalin, Svetlana About Svetlana, based their research on the examination of still-classified documents about the last days in the bunker and the discovery and the authentication of the bodies of Hitler and Braun, preserved in the State Archive of the Russian Federation, in the vaults of the FSB (the Russian intelligence service, heir to the KGB), and at the Russian State Military Archive.

As the centerpiece of their investigation, they analyzed, with the help of Philippe Charlier, a French scientist who specializes in historical “cold cases,” two bone fragments in the Russian government’s possession long believed to belong to Hitler: a skull fragment with a bullet hole preserved in a floppy-disk storage box in the State Archive, uncovered in 1993 and displayed to the public as part of an exhibition in 2000, and a jawbone stored in a cigarillo box in the FSB archives. Their findings are confident, if unspectacular: They cannot prove with only a visual analysis that the fragment of skull is or is not Hitler’s (“It belongs to an adult. Period,” says Charlier) but are sure that the jawbone is.

Charlier’s previous studies, involving alleged remains of French king Henry IV and the revolutionary leader Robespierre, have been subject to controversy. In the case of Hitler’s skull, his findings support those from the early 1970s by an American scholar, Reidar F. Sognnaes, with a Norwegian colleague, Ferdinand Ström. Sognnaes and Ström did not have access to the actual jawbone and relied on testimonies of Hitler’s dentist and physicians, X-ray plates taken after a 1944 assassination attempt, and findings of the Russian autopsy to assert that “Hitler did in fact die, and that the Russians did indeed recover and autopsy the right body.”

Charlier analyzed the teeth with a stereo microscope and was even able to dissect a few particles he involuntarily brought back with him in France, stuck to his laboratory gloves, and concluded that the jawbone presented to him is not a “historical forgery.” He asserts: “We are certain of the anatomical correspondence between the radiographies, the descriptions of the autopsies, the tales of the witnesses, especially those who made these dental prostheses, and what we had in hands.” Brisard and Parshina add, with similar confidence: “We can state that Hitler died in Berlin on April the 30th, 1945. Not in Brazil at 95, nor in Japan, nor in the Argentinian Andes. The proof is scientific, not ideological. Coldly scientific.”

To obtain access to the archives, the two authors write that they had to endure “months and months of unending negotiations, repeated demands expressed by email, by mail, by phone, by fax (yes, often still in use in Russia), in person with stubborn civil servants.” The description of their investigations makes for a lively tale, full of appointments not honored, rude secretaries, and unexpected twists, like the purchase of a bottle of Armenian cognac to mollify an archivist or a visit to a storage room where all oxygen is expulsed at night to trap any illegal visitors. But the most interesting lesson is elsewhere: Their book describes how the death of Hitler, for more than seven decades and counting, became a cold case with ideological implications during the Cold War.

As the British historian Antony Beevor wrote in 2002 in his book Berlin: The Downfall 1945, “the whole question of Hitler’s fate had begun to assume immense political significance before the facts were clear.” The first political strife was internal to the Soviet Union state, as the question of Hitler’s death became caught up in a power struggle between Stalin’s military and interior ministries.

The fate of the bodies was symbolic of this strife. On May 5, a unit of the Smersh, the counterintelligence organization of the Red Army, dug up the cremated remains, including the jawbone preserved today in the archives, and kept them from the 5 th Shock Army, supposedly in control of the bunker zone. Written at the end of May by Aleksandr Vadis, a unit leader of the Smersh, the first report on the death of Hitler was based on the testimonies of Harry Mengershausen, a member of Hitler’s personal guard, and Käthe Heusermann, the assistant of the dictator’s dentist, who identified the jaw presented to her as Hitler’s. The report assumed that the deaths were caused by cyanide ingestion.

The jawbone, the decisive proof, was brought to Moscow. The rest of the remains were reburied at the beginning of June 1945 in secret by the Smersh 50 miles west of Berlin at Rathenow. They would be dug up again a few months later, at the beginning of 1946. Anxious to keep them at hand, the Smersh exhumed the corpses of Hitler, Eva Braun, Joseph Goebbels, his wife, their six children, and Hans Krebs, the chief of staff of the German army, and buried them again in Magdeburg, near its headquarters in the Russian occupation zone of East Germany. In 1970, when the Magdeburg base was returned to East German control, then KGB director and future general secretary of the communist party Yuri Andropov asked that the remains be destroyed.

Then there’s the story of the skull. A few days before the Nazi collapse, Otto Günsche, Hitler’s bodyguard, was captured by the NKVD, the Soviet interior ministry, and said that his former boss shot himself in the head. NKVD chief Lavrenti Beria hated his rivals in the Smersh and saw an opportunity to discredit them by casting doubt as to whether they had autopsied the right bodies. At the beginning of 1946, the NKVD initiated the “Operation Myth,” which involved harsh interrogations, often carried in the middle of the night, of all the occupants of the bunker they could find, including Günsche and also Heinz Linge, Hitler’s valet, and Haus Baur, his personal pilot. Their testimonies converged, with several discrepancies, on the theory of a death by gunshot. The operation also led to new excavations near the Führerbunker and the discovery in May 1946, 20 inches deep, of a skull fragment with a bullet hole. The death by shooting theory revolves around the skull.

Cold War paranoia played a major part in the ambiguity around Hitler’s death. Stalin himself never seriously doubted the suicide of his archenemy (“Now he’s had it. Pity we couldn’t take him alive. Where’s the corpse?” he reportedly asked when informed of Hitler’s death by Gen. Georgy Zhukov), but the Soviets tried to keep their allies in the dark on that matter. On May 2, 1945, the state news agency Tass said that the announcement on German radio of the reports of Hitler’s death were a “fascist trick to cover [his] disappearance from the scene.” On May 26, Stalin told U.S. Ambassador W. Averell Harriman and President Harry Truman’s envoy, Harry Hopkins, that he thought Hitler did not die but fled with his private secretary, Martin Bormann Goebbels and Krebs, and asserted the same opinion 10 days later, even pressuring Zhukov to say to the international press that Hitler “could have left Berlin by air at the last moment.” By keeping the Allies ignorant and spreading the rumor that Hitler might have fled to the Western Hemisphere, the Soviets hoped to force them to launch a costly and useless intelligence operation.

After the end of the war, the Soviet Union held the witnesses of Hitler’s last hours in secret captivity, only transferring them to Germany 10 years later, “at a time when the Western intelligence services had obtained on their own confirmation of the death of the dictator. But even then, Moscow was still arguing that Hitler did not shoot himself but took one of the cyanide capsules Heinrich Himmler gave him, which he had tested on his dog Blondi—the death of a coward, conforming to the wishes of the Soviet propaganda. This theory was put forward in a book published in English in 1968 by a former Red Army interpreter, Lev Bezymenski. One of the most respected Hitler scholars, Ian Kershaw, described Bezymenski’s efforts in 2001 as an example of “the intentionally misleading account of Hitler’s death by cyanide poisoning put about by Soviet historians … [that] can be dismissed.” The cyanide story was also challenged in 1993 when the Russian newspaper Izvestia revealed the existence of the skull fragment with the bullet hole, conserved in a cardboard box with the inscription “blue ink, for fountain pens.” The information was quickly confirmed by the Russian State Archive, which, shortly after the Soviet collapse, was eager to show more openness than its predecessors.

The Cold War was then over, but a cold case continues: The “Great Patriotic War” remains a central theme of Russian nationalism in the Putin era, and the government is still sensitive to allegations that Hitler escaped their grasp.

Russian history, and the way Western countries see it, is a sensitive topic. Brisard and Parshina’s investigations took place between the beginning of 2016 and the end of 2017, at a time when relations between Russia and the West were rapidly deteriorating over the crises in Syria and Ukraine as well as new allegations of election meddling.

When the authors requested permission to examine the remains of Hitler, the head of the State Archive answered: “By the way, who would do the analysis? Find someone scientifically irreproachable and not an American. Especially not an American.”

There was reason for their suspicion. In 2009, Nicholas F. Bellantoni, an archeologist at the University of Connecticut, claimed he had analyzed a sample of the skull in a documentary broadcast on the History Channel, bluntly titled Hitler’s Escape, and concluded that it belonged to a 40-year-old-woman—but probably not Eva Braun, who poisoned herself. His findings gave another impulse to the Hitler-did-not-die-in-the-bunker cottage industry, exemplified by Jerome R. Corsi, the far-right American writer who, in addition to peddling theories about Barack Obama’s birthplace, is the author of Hunting Hitler: New Scientific Evidence That Hitler Escaped Nazi Germany. Corsi claimed that Bellantoni’s work convinced him that “politically correct authorities” preferred to “invent a lie, canonizing the Hitler suicide story as the official version to avoid explaining their malfeasance to their citizens back home who were demanding justice for horrendous crimes Hitler had committed against humanity.” All of that despite the fact that Bellantoni, whose conclusions about the skull are hence far too assertive according to the French investigation, himself said in 2012 that he thought Hitler “didn’t escape he clearly died in the bunker. … Because the skull plate was not him doesn’t mean that he didn’t die in the bunker, it simply means what they recovered was not him.”

The Russian State Archive had then claimed, and still claims, that Bellantoni never got access to its vaults. Both he and that History Channel say he did. Russia’s wariness about letting the French team examine the skull may have been caused by fear they would come to the same conclusion as Bellantoni. To ask if the skull preserved in the State Archive is or is not Hitler’s, write the authors, “means talking politics, discussing the official position of the Kremlin. An unthinkable option for the head of the Archive. Absolutely unthinkable.” When they question the FSB, a civil servant asks Lana Parshina, who obtained a green card in 1997 and has since become an American citizen: “Which side are you on? Are you Russian or American? You are like all these American journalists who refuse to believe we were the first to find Hitler. You are looking for a scoop.” But at another moment, in the State Military Archive, a staff member blatantly leaves the room for a few minutes to let the authors read files they are not supposed to, and another, at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, informed that they have brought home particles of Hitler’s jawbone, writes to them, in French, that they won’t be “prosecuted” if their findings “do not clash with the official position of Russia.”

That’s why the authors have the honesty, at one moment, to assess the possibility that they might be manipulated: “Why the FSB would hand us secrets so well kept since more than seventy years? Why us? … And if letting us consult the archives about the death of Hitler served the Russian propaganda?” At the last page of the book, Jean-Christophe Brisard asks Lana Parshina what would have happened if they had concluded Hitler’s teeth were not Hitler’s. She answers, calmly: “That would have been a huge problem for Russia.”


Was Hitler Jewish? DNA Test Theory

The Daily Telegraph, a British paper reported in 2010 on a DNA study that was conducted on 39 known relatives of Hitler. Samples showed that these family members of the Fuhrer had a chromosome that is not commonly found in Western Europe. Apparently 18 to 20 percent of carriers of this chromosome (Haplogroup E1b1b1) are Ashkenazi Jews, making this scientific study largely inconclusive. DNA tests of hair found on the hair brush Eva Braun (Hitler’s mistress) also pointed to the same chromosome, suggesting that she, too, may have had Jewish ancestry.

This article is part of our larger selection of posts about Adolph Hitler. To learn more, click here for our comprehensive guide to the life of Adolph Hitler.


Official: KGB chief ordered Hitler's remains destroyed

Moscow, Russia (CNN) -- The remains of Adolf Hitler were burned in 1970 by Soviet KGB agents and thrown into a river in Germany on direct orders from the spy agency's chief, a top Russian security official said this week.

The head archivist of Russia's Federal Security Service (FSB) -- the successor to the former Soviet Union's KGB -- confirmed for the first time the chain of events that led to the disposal of Hitler's body, and who ordered the operation, in an exclusive interview with Russia's Interfax news agency.

Gen. Vasily Khristoforov told Interfax in an interview published Monday that previously secret documents show that KGB chief Yuri Andropov, with prior consent from the Soviet Communist Party leadership, ordered a top secret operation to destroy the remains of Hitler, his wife Eva Braun, Nazi Germany's propaganda chief, Joseph Goebbels and Goebbels' entire family.

Khristoforov said according to the documents, Andropov's decision to destroy the remains of the Nazi leaders and their family members was motivated by the fears of the KGB and Soviet Communist Party leadership that Hitler's burial site could become a place of worship for supporters of fascist ideas.

Neither the FSB nor Khristoforov were immediately available to comment on the secret documents, when asked by CNN.

The operation, code-named "The Archives," was carried out by a group of special KGB agents in Magdeburg, East Germany, where the bodies had been secretly buried February 21, 1946, on the territory of a Soviet military facility, Khristoforov said.

Two protocols were compiled after the operation was carried out on April 4, 1970, the general said. The first documented the opening of a grave that contained the remains of the Nazi leaders and their family members, and the other one detailed their physical destruction.

"The remains were burnt on a bonfire outside the town of Shoenebeck, 11 kilometers away from Magdeburg, then ground into ashes, collected and thrown into the Biederitz River," the second document reads, according to Khristoforov.

The bodies of Hitler, Braun and the Goebbels family had been discovered by the Soviet Army in May 1945. The bodies of Goebbels and his wife were found May 2 in the garden of Nazi Germany's Reich Chancellery. The bodies of the couple's children were recovered the next day, and the corpses of Hitler and Braun were discovered May 5 in a crater from an artillery shell outside his bunker in Berlin.

According to historical accounts, Hitler's death was a combination of a suicide by gunshot and cyanide poisoning on April 30, 1945, when the Soviet Army entered the Nazi Germany capital.

In early June of that year, the Soviets buried the bodies in a forest near the town of Rathenau, Germany. Eight months later, they secretly re-buried the remains in the Soviet Army's garrison in Magdeburg.

But in March 1970, the Soviets decided to abandon the garrison and pass it over to the East German civilian authorities.

As long as the burial place of the Nazi leaders was in the territory of a Soviet garrison, it could be kept secret and barred from strangers. But following relocation of the Soviet Army unit, the decision was made not to rebury Hitler's remains but to burn them, Khristoforov explained, calling it "perhaps a reasonable decision" given the circumstances.

Khristoforov said that all that remains of Hitler's corpse are fragments of his jawbone and skull, items that are kept in Russia.

The general said the Russian FSB has no doubts that the bone fragments are genuine. No other fragments of the German dictator exist in other countries, he said.

"Hitler's jaw is kept at the FSB archives, and the fragments of Hitler's skull are at the State Archive. There are no other parts of Hitler's body apart from these samples seized on May 5, 1945.

"Everything [else] that remained of Hitler was burnt in 1970," he added. "Those fragments are . the only documented evidence of Hitler's death, which is why they are kept at the Russian FSB Central Archive as being particularly valuable."

Commenting on recent media reports that archeologist and bone specialist Nick Bellantoni and genetics professor Linda Strausbaugh of the University of Connecticut expressed doubts about the authenticity of the parts of Hitler's skull, Khristoforov said, "The U.S. researchers did not file such requests [for taking DNA samples] with the Russian FSB Central Archive.

"But even if you take the fragments kept in our custody, it is unclear what these data can be compared with."

In April 2000, a fragment of what was presented as Hitler's skull, complete with a bullet hole in it, was first displayed in Moscow at a World War II exhibition.

At the time, Sergei Mironenko, head of the Russian State Archives, told CNN that he is absolutely confident that the skull was authentic, and that there are many documents the Russian archives also put on display along with the skull to support that.

"Those documents provide convincing proof that all those speculations that Hitler could have survived and escaped, that he could have had plastic surgery, are absolutely groundless. He was a totally depressed man who was incapable of making political or any other kinds of decisions. He understood that his bunker, the crater [where he was found dead], would become his last refuge. And that's exactly what happened," Mironenko said.


Hitler's wife Eva Braun may have had Jewish ancestry, DNA analysis finds

Nazi leader Adolf Hitler's wife Eva Braun may have been of Jewish descent according to DNA analysis carried out for a British television documentary, the makers said Saturday.

The anti-Semitic German leader responsible for the Holocaust married his long-term lover Braun shortly before they committed suicide in a Berlin bunker in 1945.

But the programme to be screened by Britain's independent Channel 4 on Wednesday said hair samples show Braun may have had Jewish ancestry herself.

Scientists commissioned by the Dead Famous DNA programme tested hair said to have come from a brush used by Braun and found at Hitler's mountain retreat.

In DNA from the hair, they found a sequence passed down through the maternal line—haplogroup N1b1—which was "strongly associated" with Ashkenazi Jews.

Ashkenazi Jews dispersed into central and eastern Europe in the early Middle Ages, and some converted to Catholicism in Germany in the 19th century.

"This is a thought-provoking outcome—I never dreamt that I would find such a potentially extraordinary and profound result," presenter Mark Evans said.

The hairs came from a monogrammed hairbrush found at Hitler's Bavarian residence by American army intelligence officer Paul Baer, a US 7th Army captain, who had privileged access to the property and took a number of items from Braun's private apartment.


MtDNA results come from historical persons whose mitochondrial DNA has been tested it identifies direct maternal ancestry, which is just one line out of many.

Ancient samples

These are results from ancient samples of the person or reputed remains of the person. Because mtDNA breaks down more slowly than nuclear DNA, it is often possible to obtain mtDNA results where other testing fails.

Petrarch

The supposed remains of Francesco Petrarca were tested for DNA in 2003. [1]

Namemitochondrial DNA sequenceHaplogroup
body attributed to Petrarch16126C, 16193T, 16311CJ2

Ötzi the Iceman

Analysis of the mtDNA of Ötzi the Iceman, the frozen mummy from 3300 BC found on the Austrian-Italian border, has shown that Ötzi belongs to the K1 subclade. His mtDNA cannot be categorized into any of the three modern branches of that subclade (K1a, K1b or K1c). The new subclade has preliminarily been named K1ö for Ötzi.

Kostenki from Don

Analysis of the 33,000 years old mtDNA from Kostenki 14, found by the Don river, Russia has shown that Kostenki belongs to the U2subclade.[5]

Jesse James

In 1995 the body of Jesse James was exhumed and his DNA compared to that of two known living relatives he was matched with each [ according to whom? ]

Namemitochondrial DNA sequenceHaplogroup
body attributed to Jesse James16126C, 16274A, 16294T, 16296T, 16304CT2

The Cheddar Man

The skeleton excavated from the Cheddar Gorge is in haplogroup U5a. The Cheddar Man is the nickname for the ancient human remains found in Cheddar Gorge his approximate date of death was 7150 BCE.

Namemitochondrial DNA sequenceHaplogroup
Cheddar Man16192T, 16270TU5a

Oseberg ship remains

The remains of the younger of the two women buried with the Oseberg ship was tested and discovered to have mtDNA of U7. [3]

Namemitochondrial DNA sequenceHaplogroup
Young GirlN/AU7

Sweyn II of Denmark

In order to verify whether the body of a woman entombed near Sweyn II of Denmark in Roskilde Cathedral is that of his mother Estrid, mtDNA from pulp of teeth from each of the two bodies was extracted and analysed. The king was assigned to mtDNA haplogroup H and the woman was assigned to mtDNA haplogroup H5a. Based on the observation of two HVR1 sequence differences, it was concluded that it is highly unlikely that the woman was the king's mother. [4]

Nicholas II of Russia

The last tsar of Russia, Nicholas II of Russia, was assigned to mtDNA haplogroup T, based on the following mutations: 16126C, 16169Y, 16294T, 16296T, 73G, 263G, 315.1C. His results matched those of a cousin, Count Nikolai Trubetskoy.

Deduction by descendant testing

Because mtDNA is carried through the direct female line, some researchers have identified the haplotype of historic persons by testing descendants in their direct female line. In the case of males, their mother's direct female lineage descendants are tested.

Benjamin Franklin

Doras Folger, one of Benjamin Franklin's mother's six sisters, passed on her mtDNA to her 9th-great-granddaughter, Charlene Chambers King, therefore showing Franklin to belong to haplogroup V.

Namemitochondrial DNA sequenceHaplogroup
Benjamin FranklinT16298C, 315.1C, 309.1C, A263G, and T72C.V

Queen Victoria

mtDNA Haplogroup H (16111T, 16357C, 263G, 315.1C): Empress Alexandra of Russia's identity was confirmed by matching her mtDNA with that of her grand-nephew, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Their common maternal ancestor, Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, and her mother, Queen Victoria, must therefore have shared this haplotype. Genealogies show that Charles II of England had the same matrilineal ancestress as Queen Victoria, an unknown mistress of Theobald I of Navarre.

Richard III of England

In 2004 British historian John Ashdown-Hill traced a British-born woman living in Canada, Joy Ibsen (née Brown), who is a direct maternal line descendant of Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter, a sister of Richard III of England. Joy Ibsen's mtDNA was tested and belongs to mtDNA Haplogroup J, which by deduction should also be the mtDNA haplogroup of Richard III. [7] [8] Joy Ibsen died in 2008. On 4 February 2013, University of Leicester researchers announced that there was an mtDNA match between that of a skeleton exhumed in Leicester suspected of belonging to Richard III and that of Joy Ibsen's son, Michael Ibsen, and a second unnamed direct maternal line descendant. [9] [10] [11] They share mtDNA haplogroup J1c2c.

Namemitochondrial DNA sequenceHaplogroup
Richard III of England16069T, 16126C, 73G, 146C, 185A, 188G, 263G, 295T, 315.1CJ

Edward IV of England

Edward IV of England and his brother Richard III of England, both sons of Cecily Neville, Duchess of York, would have shared the same mtDNA haplogroup J1c2c.

Figures from popular culture

The following are contemporary individuals who have had mtDNA results publicized:

Christian Cardell Corbet

The Canadian portrait artist Christian Cardell Corbet belongs to mtDNA haplogroup H.

Namemitochondrial DNA sequenceHaplogroup
Christian Cardell Corbet16519CH

Katie Couric

During an interview with Dr. Spencer Wells of The National Geographic Genographic Project, the host Katie Couric was revealed to belong to haplogroup K.

Stephen Colbert

Stephen Colbert was told by Dr Spencer Wells that he is a member of haplogroup K.

David Patterson

David Paterson, the former governor of New York, belongs to mtDNA haplogroup L.

Vanna Bonta

American novelist Vanna Bonta belongs to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) Haplogroup H1. The paternal genome of her father's line is Haplogroup R1b (Y-DNA).

Desmond Tutu

Desmond Tutu, South African activist and Christian cleric, according to a study on Southern African genetics belongs to mtDNA haplogroup L0d, a subgroup of Haplogroup L0 (mtDNA).

Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela, former President of South Africa, belongs to mtDNA haplogroup L0d (previously known as L1d), a subgroup ofHaplogroup L0 (mtDNA). [22] [23] [24] [25]

Bono, the vocalist for the Irish rock band U2, belongs to mtDNA haplogroup V.

The results for Y-DNA genealogical DNA tests are either from the men themselves, or from men who have inferred paternal descent from historical figures. Scientists make the inference as a hypothesis which could be disproved or improved by future research.

Ancient samples --------------------

Tutankhamun

An academic study which included DNA profiling of some of the related male mummies of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association in 2010. Tutankhamun's Y-DNA haplogroup was not published in the academic paper. [29] [30] [31] In 2011 iGENEA, a Swiss personal genomics company selling genealogical DNA tests, claimed to have reconstructed King Tut's Y-DNA profile based on some screencaps from a Discovery Channel documentary about the study. iGENEA claims that King Tut belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup R1b1a2. [32] [33] [34] Members of the research team that conducted the academic study published in 2010 stated they had not been consulted by iGENEA before they published the haplogroup information and described iGENEA's claims as "unscientific".

Ramesses III

According to a genetic study in December 2012, Ramesses III, second Pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty and considered to be the last great New Kingdom king to wield any substantial authority over Egypt, belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup E1b1a, mainly found in West Africa, Central Africa, Southwest Africa and Southeast Africa.

Nicholas II of Russia

Nicholas II of Russia has been predicted as having an R1b haplotype.

DYS39339019391385a385b439389i392389ii458456635Y-GATA-H4437438448
Alleles1324141011141113132917162412151219

Ötzi the Iceman

Ötzi the Iceman has been found to be Y-DNA haplogroup G2a2b. [38] The actual term used was G2a4, but the presumed L91 mutation has since been given a new category, G2a2b.

French Kings from Henry IV to Louis XVI "Bourbon"

King Louis XVI of France from a genetic test on blood in a cloth purported to have been collected at his beheading and maintained in an ornate gourd decorated with French Revolution themes. Confirmation of this genetic profile requires testing of a known relative. The sample was tested at two laboratories with the same results. [39] The sample is most consistent with G2a3b1a samples and contains unusually high, rare values for markers DYS385B and DYS458 in this haplogroup G subgroup. Subsequent testing in 2012 on amummified head, purportedly that of King Henri IV of France, revealed that typing of a limited number of Y-STR's showed a Y-Dna haplogroup of G2a. Reported researchers: "Five STR loci [from the sample taken from the head] match the alleles found in Louis XVI, while another locus shows an allele that is just one mutation step apart. Taking into consideration that the partial Y-chromosome profile is extremely rare in modern human databases, we concluded that both males could be paternally related." The two French kings were separated by seven generations.

DYS39339019391385A385B439389I392389II458456437438YGATAH4DYS635
Alleles14221510131812121130211515101221

Birger Magnusson

Birger Jarl, the founder of Stockholm the modern capital of Sweden, according to Andreas Carlsson at The National Board of Forensic Medicine of Sweden, belonged to haplogroup I1. Birger Magnusson was the ancestor of a line of kings of both Sweden and Norway, starting with his son Valdemar Birgersson. [42]

Deduction by descendant testing ---------

John Adams and John Quincy Adams

United States presidents John Adams and his son John Quincy Adams belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup R1b. (assuming paternity matches the reported genealogy) [43]

Cao Cao, the Cao Wei State of Ancient China & the Takamuko Clan of Japan

Chinese warlord Cao Cao, who was posthumously titled Emperor Wu of the state of Cao Wei, apparently belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup O2 according to DNA tests of some documented descendants. [44] [45] The Takamuko clan of Japan claims agnatic descent from Cao Pi, who was the first Emperor of the state of Cao Wei and the eldest son of Cao Cao. This suggests that the Takamuko clan also belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup O2. The Takamuko clan is most famous for Takamuko no Kuromaro.

Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin belonged to Haplogroup R1b, based on a sample from his great-great-grandson. (assuming paternity being as the family argues) [46]

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein belonged to haplogroup E1b1b1b2* E-Z830, with a sample taken from a paternal descendants of Naphtali Hirsch Einstein [47] [48]

Gediminas

As it was thought that the Lithuanian family of Gediminas or the Gediminids might ultimately belong to the Rurikid line, the same Rurikid Dynasty DNA Project sought to discover the haplogroup of their famous founder Gediminas. It was surprisingly found that while this is not precisely the case, the Gediminids also belong to the Y-DNA Haplogroup N1c1, yet of a different subclade. In fact the Gediminids and Rurikids are actually very distant cousins, sharing a common ancestor circa 2,500 years ago. [49]

PersonDYS39339019391385a385b426388439389i392389ii458459a459b455454447437448449464a464b464c464d
KhovanskyAlleles142315111113111210151531179911122514192714141515
CzartoryskiAlleles142315111113111211141530179911122514192914141515
GalitzineAlleles142315111113111211141530179911122514192814141515
TrubetskoyAlleles142315111113111210131529179911122514202814141515

Genghis Khan

DNA purported to be from Genghis Khan does not have the benefit of near and easily documented lineages. A distinct 'modal' result centers today on Mongolia.

According to Zerjal et al. (2003), [50] Genghis Khan is believed to have belonged to Haplogroup C-M130711(xC3c-M48).

DYS393390391425426434435436437i438439388389i389ii392
Alleles13251012111111128101014102611

According to Family Tree DNA, [51] Genghis Khan is believed to have belonged to Haplogroup C-M217.

Extended 25 Marker Y-DNA modal based on Mongolians matching the above modal haplotype in the Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation database, [52] which also corresponds to the modal assigned to Genghis Khan released by Family Tree DNA:

DYS39339019391385a385b426388439389i392389ii458459a459b455454447437448449464a464b464c464d
Alleles132516101213111410131129188811122614222711111216

DYS393392449446390389b464a464b464c464d461394458462391459a459b460YGATAA10385a385b455YGATAH4
Alleles13112721251611111216111718131088101312131111
DYSYGATAC4426454YCAIIaYCAIIbGGAAT1B07388447456441439437442445389I448438452444463
Alleles2111122223101426151510141112132510311423

Gia Long

Gia Long, who was the first emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty of Vietnam as founded by the Nguyen-Phuoc family, may have belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup O2a according to the DNA test of one documented descendant (if paternity matches genealogy). [54] Given the sample size, however, this result cannot be regarded as conclusive and further testing of other documented descendants is necessary to help confirm or refute this finding.

Alexander Hamilton

DYS39339019391385A385B426388439389I392389II458459A459B455454447437448449464A464B464C464D
Alleles1322141510131411141213112915898112216203112141515
DYS460GATA-H4YCAIIAYCAIIB456607576570CDYACDYB442438
Alleles101019211416161935381210

William Harvey

Famous English physician William Harvey, who was the first in the Western world to describe systemic circulation, belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup E1b1b1, more specifically to the subclade E1b1b1c1 (M34). Most ancient ancestor known was Humphrey Harvey (1459–1526, Kent, England). Ysearch: B2YWY. Look also Harvey Y-DNA Genetic Project

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler, Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, is believed to belong to Y-DNA Haplogroup E1b1b1 (E-M35), an haplogroup which originated in East Africa about 22,400 years BP. [56] According to Ronny Decorte, genetics expert at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven who sampled Hitler's current patrilineal living relatives, Hitler "would not have been happy" as the research could be interpreted to show that his own origins were neither "pure" nor "Aryan". Decorte said that permission from the Russian government to make a conclusive analysis of the jawbone of Adolf Hitler, or from the bloodstained cloth of the sofa where he committed suicide would put an end to the speculations, but that had not been granted.

Family Tree DNA, the largest Y-chromosome testing organization for genealogy and ancestry purposes later announced that the interpretation of Hitler’s ancestry given by certain media outlets, based on information released by Jean-Paul Mulders and historian Marc Vermeeren, is "highly questionable". With a Y-chromosome database containing close to 200,000 samples from different populations, Family Tree DNA’s Chief Y-DNA Scientist, Professor Michael Hammer said that "scientific studies as well as records from our own database make it clear that one cannot reach the kind of conclusion featured in the published articles." Based on Family Tree DNA records, no less than 9% of the populations of Germany and Austria belong to the haplogroup E1b1b, and among those, the vast majority - about 80% -are not associated with Jewish ancestry. "This data clearly show that just because one person belongs to the branch of the Y-chromosome referred to as haplogroup E1b1b, that does not mean the person is likely to be of Jewish ancestry," said Professor Hammer.

Mulders confirmed the misinterpretation of his account with the following statement to Family Tree DNA: "I never wrote that Hitler was a Jew, or that he had a Jewish grandfather. I only wrote that Hitler's haplogroup is E1b1b, being more common among Berbers, Somalian people and Jews than among overall Germans. This, in order to convey that he was not exactly what during the Third Reich would have been called 'Aryan.' All the rest are speculations of journalists who didn't even take the trouble to read my article, although I had it translated into English especially for this purpose." [59]

Interpretations claiming that these DNA results show that Hitler possibly had Jewish ancestry are contradicted by the conclusion of Jean-Paul Mulders: "Hitler had no Jewish blood nor a French son."

Thomas Jefferson

Direct male-line descendants of a cousin of United States president Thomas Jefferson were DNA tested to investigate historical assertions that Jefferson fathered children with his slave Sally Hemings. [61] An extended 17-marker haplotype was published in 2007, [62] and the company Family Tree DNA has also published results for other markers in its standard first 12-marker panel. [63] Combining these sources gives the consolidated 21-marker haplotype below. The Jeffersons belong to Haplogroup T (former K2).

DYS39339019391385a385b426388439389i392389ii437460438461462436434435DXYS
156Y
Alleles13241510131611121212152714109111312111112

Napoleon

Napoleon Bonaparte belonged to haplogroup E1b1b1c1* (E-M34*). This haplogroup has its highest concentration in Ethiopia and in theNear East (Jordan). According to the authors of the study, "Probably Napoléon also knew his remote oriental patrilineal origins, because Francesco Buonaparte (the Giovanni son), who was a mercenary under the orders of the Genoa Republic in Ajaccio in 1490, was nicknamed “The Maur of Sarzane” ".

Niall of the Nine Hostages

A recent study conducted at Trinity College, Dublin, [65] found that a striking percentage of men in Ireland (and quite a few in Scotland) share the same Y chromosome. Results suggested that the 5th-century warlord known as "Niall of the Nine Hostages" (or a male ancestor) may be the male-line ancestor of one in 12 Irishmen. Niall established a dynasty of powerful chieftains who dominated the island for six centuries. Niall belongs to Haplogroup R1b1c7 (M222). It should be noted that Dr. Moore's results examined some different parts of DNA (loci) from the result given here.

DYS39339019391385a385b426388439389i392389ii458459a459b455454447437448449464a464b464c464d
Alleles1325141111131212121314291791011112515183015161617

Nurhaci & the Qing Dynasty of China

Nurhaci, founding father of the Qing Dynasty, may have belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup C3c according to DNA tests of men from northeastern China and Mongolia which revealed a unique haplotype. This haplotype belongs to haplogroup C3c, and is estimated to be about five centuries old. Its very recent spread corresponds with the rise to power of the Qing dynasty. [66] Testing of known descendants of Nurhaci would help confirm this finding.

Fred Phelps

Fred Phelps, the creator of the infamous Westboro Baptist Church, belongs to haplogroup R1b. He descends from James Phelps of Chowan, North Carolina. [67] [68]

Franklin Pierce and James Buchanan

Fath Ali Shah Qajar

Fath Ali Shah Qajar (1772-1834), the second emperor/shah of the Qajar Dynasty of Persia belonged to haplogroup J1 with DYS388 = 13 as deducted from testing of descendants of several of his sons. [71]

Edmund Rice

Edmund Rice, an early immigrant to Massachusetts Bay Colony and a founder of Sudbury and Marlborough, belonged to haplogroup I1.

Rurik of Novgorod

Rurik, whose male-line descendants founded Kievan Rus', and ultimately the Tsardom of Russia including Ivan the Terrible until 1598, belonged to the Uralo-Finnic Y-DNA Haplogroup N (N1c1). [73] [74] Most living Princes of the Rurik Dynasty or Rurikids also belong to this haplogroup, specifically those descending from Vladimir II Monomakh. The remainder belong to Haplogroup R1a (Y-DNA) below, and so have been suggested to be of Slavic origin.

PersonDYS39339019391385a385b426388439389i392389ii458459a459b455454447437448449464a464b464c464d
PuzynaAlleles142314101113111211131429189911122514192814141414
GagarinAlleles142314111113111210141430189911122514192914151515
RzhevskyAlleles142314111113111210141431189910122514192914141515
KropotkinAlleles142314111113111210141430189911122414192814141515
MyshetskyAlleles142314111113111211141530189911122514193214141515
VadbolskyAlleles142314111113111210141430189911122514192714141515
KhilkovAlleles142314111113111210141430189911122514192914141515
PutyatinAlleles142314111113111210141431189911122514193014141515

All Russian emperors from at least Nicholas I to Nicholas II "Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov"

The haplotype of Nicholas II of Russia has been predicted to belong to R1b.

It matched a member of another line of Nicholas I's descendants. So, all the Emperors from Nicholas I to Nicholas II shared this Y-DNA. It can also be said that this result is German-specific, so Paul I was most likely the real son of his official father Peter III, and not the son of a lover, as was speculated. [ citation needed ] [ dubious – discuss ]

It also allowed to validate the remains of Alexei, son of Nicholas II.

Somerled

In 2003 Oxford University researchers traced the Y-chromosome signature of Somerled of Argyll, one of Scotland's greatest warriors, who is credited with driving out the Vikings. He was also paternal grandfather of the founder of Clan Donald. Through clan genealogies, the genetic relation was mapped out. [75] Somerled belongs to haplogroup R1a1.

In 2005 a study by Professor of Human Genetics Bryan Sykes of Oxford University led to the conclusion that Somerled has possibly 500,000 living descendants - making him the second most common historical ancestor after Genghis Khan. [76] Sykes deduced that despite Somerled's reputation for having driven out the Vikings from Scotland, Somerled's own Y-DNA most closely matched that of the Vikings he fought.

The Y-DNA sequence is as follows (12 markers): [77]

DYS39339019391385a385b426388439389i392389ii458459a459b455454447437448449464a464b464c464d
Alleles1325151111141212101411311681011112314203112151516

Joseph Stalin, from a genetic test on his grandson (his son Vasily's son, Alexander Burdonsky) and his grand-nephew, is shown to be Y-DNA-wise of G2a1. [78]

DYS39339019391385A385B426388439389I392389II458459A459B455454447437448449464A464B464C464D
Alleles14231591516111211111028179911112516212813131414

Zachary Taylor, William McKinley and Woodrow Wilson

All these United States presidents belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup R1b1c (assuming actual paternity matches their genealogy). [18]

Leo Tolstoy

Tonu Trubetsky

R1a1a, shown not related to real Princes Trubetskoy.

DYS39339019391385a385b426388439389i392389ii458459a459b455454447437448449464a464b464c464d
Alleles1325151111141212101311311591011112514213212121414

Colla Uais had previously been deduced as belonging to Y-DNA haplogroup R1b, based on results from DNA projects, and as having the following haplotype: [18] This identification proved to be ill-founded and has since been revoked. [79]

DYS39339019391385a385b426388439389i392389ii458459a459b455454447437448449464a464b464c464d
Alleles1324141011141212121313301891011112515193015151717

John L. Worden

John Lorimer Worden of the U.S. Navy, commanding officer of U.S.S. Monitor in the Battle of Hampton Roads, first historical confrontation between iron made ships, as member of main lineage of Worden family, is supposed to belong to Y-DNA haplogroup J2b2. [80]

The Wright Brothers

The Wright Brothers of the United States belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup E1b1b1, subclade E1b1b1a2 (V13). They were supposedly descended from Robert Wright of Brook Hall, Essex, England. [ citation needed ] Look at Wright DNA Project

DYS39339019391385A385B426388439389I392389II
Alleles132413101618111212131129

Zhu Xi & the Ming Dynasty of China

Zhu Xi, the most influential Neo-Confucian scholar and philosopher in Chinese history, may have belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup O2a1aaccording to the DNA test of one documented descendant. [82] This finding is significant since Zhu Xi was allegedly a distant cousin several times removed of Zhu Yuanzhang, founding emperor and ancestor of China's Ming Dynasty according to Zhu (surname) records. Given the sample size, however, this result cannot be regarded as conclusive and further testing of other documented descendants ofZhu Xi is necessary to help confirm or refute this finding. Furthermore, testing of documented descendants of Zhu Yuanzhang would help confirm whether there is in fact a recent, common male ancestry between Zhu Xi and the Emperors of the Ming Dynasty.

Figures from popular culture ----------

Warren Buffett and Jimmy Buffett

Warren Buffett and Jimmy Buffett belong to Y-DNA haplogroup I1 which is most common in and around Scandinavia. [83] However, they are not closely related. [84]

Wyatt Emory Cooper and Anderson Cooper

Nick Donofrio

Nick Donofrio belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup J2. [85]

Tom Hanks

American actor Tom Hanks, a descendant of William Hanks of Richmond, Virginia, belongs to haplogroup R1a1.

William Welles Hollister

William Welles Hollister, a famous Californian rancher, belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup R1a1. William was a direct descendant of John Hollister, an early colonist who immigrated to New England in 1612. [88] [89]

Eddie Izzard

Eddie Izzard belongs to haplogroup I-M223 according to the documentary series Meet the Izzards. [90]

Matt Lauer

Matt Lauer belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup J2. [18]

Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela, former President of South Africa, belongs to Haplogroup E1b1a (Y-DNA) (also known as E-M2) typical of Bantu peoples. [22] [24]

Mike Nichols

Mike Nichols belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup J2a1b. [91]

Dr. Mehmet Cengis Oz also known as Dr. Oz

Dr. Mehmet Oz belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup J2a1b. [92]

Chris Rock

American comedian Chris Rock belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup B (subclade B2a1). He is paternally descended from the Uldeme people of Cameroon. [93]

Al Roker

Al Roker, United States broadcaster, belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup E, common among African peoples. [18]

The Rothschilds

The Rothschilds belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup J2. [94]

Desmond Tutu

Desmond Tutu, South African retired Archbishop of Cape Town, according to a study on Southern African genetics belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup E1b1a1g. [21]

Spencer Wells

Spencer Wells, the project director of The Genographic Project, is a member of haplogroup R1b. [95]


We all know who Hitler was and that our history books say that he died in 1945 in a suicide pact with his newlywed, Eva Braun.

New information gives a different theory stating that Hitler did not die, but escaped to live under the radar in South America.

Is it possible that we were lied to all this time, and that the history you have been taught in school is a complete fabrication?

Official records hold that the brutal dictator, shamed in defeat in April 1945, shot himself in the head in a bunker in Berlin while his wife took a lethal cyanide pill. Their bodies were then quickly burned and buried in a shallow grave.

_
But what if this was another distraction while the Führer was actually whisked away in a shadowy plot to ensure he would not fall into the clutches of advancing soviets?

I know, I know this all might seem a bit tin-foily, but just stick with me for a minute.

Historian Abel Basti detailed a hypothesis in a new edition of his book published in Argentina, “Hitler in Exile” an account now making headlines, even with such mainstream media as the Huffington Post.

“There was an agreement with the US that Hitler would run away and that he shouldn’t fall into the hands of the Soviet Union,” Basti said.

“This also applies to many scientists, the military, and spies who later took part in the struggle against the Soviet regime.”

Basti believes that Hitler slipped to safety via a tunnel beneath the Chancellery connected to Tempelhof Airport, where a helicopter was waiting to whisk the Dictator to Spain.

Traveling first to Canary Islands, Hitler made his way to Argentina on a U-boat, where he lived for ten years before settling in Paraguay under the protection of Dictator Alfredo Stroessner.

“Wealthy families who helped him over the years were responsible for the organization of his funeral,” Basti explained.

“Hitler was buried in an underground bunker, which is now an elegant hotel in the city of Asuncion.

“In 1973, the entrance to the bunker was sealed, and 40 people came to say goodbye to Hitler. One of those who attended [the funeral], Brazilian serviceman Fernando Nogueira de Araujo, then told a newspaper about the ceremony.”

Basti is not alone in this theory:

A CIA operative with 21 years of experience, Bob Baer, and “one of America’s most elite intelligence officers,” described something similar on a documentary series for the History Channel called Hunting Hitler, which aired in 2015.

Alexander: Among these documents you will also find the following report (click image to enlarge):

In it, it is the first hand account of someone named Guydano who was sent to meet Hitler and his party (fifty people in total) as soon as they landed from submarines in Argentina, two and a half weeks after the fall of Berlin.

Guydano explained that this affair was arranged by six Argentinian top officials and he was ready to reveal their names as soon as Hitler was caught. He was convinced that it was only a matter of time before Hitler was going to be apprehended and feared that he would be accused of being part of the plot.

Excerpt: “GUYDANO was one of the four men who met Hitler and his party when they landed from submarines in Argentina who and half weeks after the fall of Berlin.

“Hitler… with two women, a doctor, and several other men numbering in or about fifty persons came ashore. (…) at the dusk the party arrived at the ranch where Hitler and his party are now in hiding.

“According to GUYDANO, this affair was arranged by six top Argentine officials as far back as 1944, and GUYDANO further reports that if Hitler is apprehended the names of these six top officials will be revealed.

“GUYDANO is ready also to reveal the names of the three other men who, with GUYDANO, helped Hitler inland to his hiding place.

“GUYDANO advised that he was given $15,000 for helping in the deal… realizing that it is only a matter of time before Hitler is apprehended, he is desirous of clearing himself at this time.” —
FBI Document dated August 14, 1945 (FBI Case File 65-53615. P.1. and P.2.).

And here is another report (dated July 14, 1945) of Nazi submarines landing in Argentina (click image to enlarge):

The FBI headquarters file on Adolf Hitler, File 65-53615, began being released by the FBI to researchers under the Freedom of Information Act on 26 April 1976, though in a redacted form.

The first document 65-53615-35, which is heavily redacted in the version on the FBI website
was completely opened to researchers by the FBI in 1991 and has been opened to researchers at the National Archives for over a dozen years.

Official sources: Zero evidence that Hitler died in Berlin

One investigator noted that:

“American Army officials in Germany have not located Hitler’s body nor is there any reliable source that Hitler is dead.”

DNA Tests on “Hitler’s skull”: Neither Hitler’s nor Eva Brown’s

But perhaps the most damning piece of evidence lies in Russia. With the Soviet occupation of Germany, Hitler’s supposed remains were quickly hidden and sent off to Russia, never to be seen again.

What he sent offset off a reaction through the intelligence and scholarly communities. Not only did the DNA not match any recorded samples thought to be Hitler’s, they did not match Eva Braun’s familiar DNA either.

“The bone seemed very thin male bone tends to be more robust. And the sutures where the skull plates came together seemed to correspond to someone under 40.”

Bellantoni’s suspicions from physical examination were confirmed authentic when they were backed up by the molecular, genetic analysis.

The skull, which the soviets had proffered as proof of Hitler’s self-inflicted gunshot for decades, belonged to an unidentified female.

Whether or not you make a habit of doubting official stories, you should be able to see that despite the story we have been spoon fed all these years, there is credible evidence to prove the contrary.

Here’s an interesting documentary on the subject, entitled “How Hitler Got Away”:


Hitler’s Secret Argentine Sanctuary Is for Sale

The house were Hitler spent the last years of his life, is a remote mansion similar to the infamous Berghof located in the Nahuel Huapi Lake, in Patagonia, Argentina, a remote mountainous paradise full of Nazi refugees.

The mansion — called ‘Residencia Inalco’ — is now for sale after going through a few owners starting with Enrique García Merou, a Buenos Aires lawyer linked to several German-owned companies that allegedly collaborated in the escape to Argentina of high Nazi party members and SS officials.

He bought the lot from architect Alejandro Bustillo, who created the original plans of the house in March 1943.

Bustillo also built other houses for Nazi fugitives who were later aprehended in the area. The terrain in which the house was erected, on Bajia Istana near the little town of Villa La Angostura, was quite remote and hardly accessible at the time.

The plans are similar to the architecture of Hitler’s refuge in the Alps, with bedrooms connected by bathrooms and walk-in closets and a tea house located by a small farm.

Like Berghof, the Inalco house could only have been observed from the lake—a forest on the back limited the view from land. It even had Swiss cows imported by Merou from Europe.

Later, Merou sold the house to Jorge Antonio, who was connected to the President Perón and was the German representative of Mercedes Benz in the South American country.

According to the book “Grey Wolf: The Escape of Adolf Hitler“, Hitler was already dead — after leaving behind two daughters — by the time the house was sold to José Rafael Trozzo in 1970.

Strangely enough, Trozzo also bought other properties owned by someone called Juan Mahler. Mahler was the fake name of Reinhard Kopps, SS official and war criminal.

Kopps was connected to Erich Priebke, former Hauptsturmführer in the Waffen SS who participated in the massacre of the Ardeatine caves in Rome, in which 335 Italian civilians were executed after a partisan attack against SS forces.

Priebke was a respected member of the high society in the area. He was the director of a school Primo Capraro. The son of Capraro sold the Inalco house terrains to Bustillo.

The Trozzo family is now selling the house and the original plans have now been published, along with the Hitler legend recently resuscitated by “Grey Wolf”, perhaps in an effort to increase the interest on the property.

The complex was completely autonomous, with its own animals and agricultural areas. It also had a ramp that led into the lake, with a boat house that was rumored to contain a hydroplane.


Hitler Escaped to Argentina & Died Old: Pictures of Him After the War, FBI Documents, DNA Analysis of Skull & Pictures of His House | Alternative

New information gives a different theory stating that Hitler did not die, but escaped to live under the radar in South America.

Is it possible that we were lied to all this time, and that the history you have been taught in school is a complete fabrication?

Official records hold that the brutal dictator, shamed in defeat in April 1945, shot himself in the head in a bunker in Berlin while his wife took a lethal cyanide pill. Their bodies were then quickly burned and buried in a shallow grave.

Collage of pictures depicting Adolf Hitler in Argentina, where he stayed for a while after the war (The Eden Hotel in La Fada, Cordoba)

But what if this was another distraction while the Führer was actually whisked away in a shadowy plot to ensure he would not fall into the clutches of advancing soviets?
I know, I know this all might seem a bit tin-foily, but just stick with me for a minute.

Historian Abel Basti detailed a hypothesis in a new edition of his book published in Argentina, “Hitler in Exile” an account now making headlines, even with such mainstream media as theHuffington Post.

“There was an agreement with the US that Hitler would run away and that he shouldn’t fall into the hands of the Soviet Union,” Basti said.

“This also applies to many scientists, the military, and spies who later took part in the struggle against the Soviet regime.”

Basti believes that Hitler slipped to safety via a tunnel beneath the Chancellery connected to Tempelhof Airport, where a helicopter was waiting to whisk the Dictator to Spain.

Traveling first to Canary Islands, Hitler made his way to Argentina on a U-boat, where he lived for ten years before settling in Paraguay under the protection of Dictator Alfredo Stroessner.

“Wealthy families who helped him over the years were responsible for the organization of his funeral,” Basti explained.

“Hitler was buried in an underground bunker, which is now an elegant hotel in the city of Asuncion.

“In 1973, the entrance to the bunker was sealed, and 40 people came to say goodbye to Hitler. One of those who attended [the funeral], Brazilian serviceman Fernando Nogueira de Araujo, then told a newspaper about the ceremony.”

Basti is not alone in this theory:

A CIA operative with 21 years of experience, Bob Baer, and “one of America’s most elite intelligence officers,” described something similar on a documentary series for the History Channel called Hunting Hitler, which aired in 2015.

Alexander: Among these documents you will also find the following report (click image to enlarge):

In it, it is the first hand account of someone named Guydano who was sent to meet Hitler and his party (fifty people in total) as soon as they landed from submarines in Argentina, two and a half weeks after the fall of Berlin.

Guydano explained that this affair was arranged by six Argentinian top officials and he was ready to reveal their names as soon as Hitler was caught. He was convinced that it was only a matter of time before Hitler was going to be apprehended and feared that he would be accused of being part of the plot.

Excerpt: “GUYDANO was one of the four men who met Hitler and his party when they landed from submarines in Argentina who and half weeks after the fall of Berlin.

“Hitler… with two women, a doctor, and several other men numbering in or about fifty persons came ashore. (…) at the dusk the party arrived at the ranch where Hitler and his party are now in hiding.

“According to GUYDANO, this affair was arranged by six top Argentine officials as far back as 1944, and GUYDANO further reports that if Hitler is apprehended the names of these six top officials will be revealed.

“GUYDANO is ready also to reveal the names of the three other men who, with GUYDANO, helped Hitler inland to his hiding place.

“GUYDANO advised that he was given $15,000 for helping in the deal… realizing that it is only a matter of time before Hitler is apprehended, he is desirous of clearing himself at this time.” — FBI Document dated August 14, 1945 (FBI Case File 65-53615. P.1. and P.2.).

And here is another report (dated July 14, 1945) of Nazi submarines landing in Argentina (click image to enlarge):

The FBI headquarters file on Adolf Hitler, File 65-53615, began being released by the FBI to researchers under the Freedom of Information Act on 26 April 1976, though in a redacted form.

The first document 65-53615-35, which is heavily redacted in the version on the FBI website was completely opened to researchers by the FBI in 1991 and has been opened to researchers at the National Archives for over a dozen years.

Official sources: Zero evidence that Hitler died in Berlin

One investigator noted that:

“American Army officials in Germany have not located Hitler’s body nor is there any reliable source that Hitler is dead.”

DNA Tests on “Hitler’s skull”: Neither Hitler’s nor Eva Brown’s

But perhaps the most damning piece of evidence lies in Russia. With the Soviet occupation of Germany, Hitler’s supposed remains were quickly hidden and sent off to Russia, never to be seen again.

What he sent offset off a reaction through the intelligence and scholarly communities. Not only did the DNA not match any recorded samples thought to be Hitler’s, they did not match Eva Braun’s familiar DNA either.

“The bone seemed very thin male bone tends to be more robust. And the sutures where the skull plates came together seemed to correspond to someone under 40.”

Bellantoni’s suspicions from physical examination were confirmed authentic when they were backed up by the molecular, genetic analysis.

The skull, which the soviets had proffered as proof of Hitler’s self-inflicted gunshot for decades, belonged to an unidentified female.

Whether or not you make a habit of doubting official stories, you should be able to see that despite the story we have been spoon fed all these years, there is credible evidence to prove the contrary.

Here’s an interesting documentary on the subject, entitled “How Hitler Got Away”:

Hitler’s Secret Argentine Sanctuary Is for Sale

The house were Hitler spent the last years of his life, is a remote mansion similar to the infamous Berghof located in the Nahuel Huapi Lake, in Patagonia, Argentina, a remote mountainous paradise full of Nazi refugees.

The mansion — called ‘Residencia Inalco’ — is now for sale after going through a few owners starting with Enrique García Merou, a Buenos Aires lawyer linked to several German-owned companies that allegedly collaborated in the escape to Argentina of high Nazi party members and SS officials.

He bought the lot from architect Alejandro Bustillo, who created the original plans of the house in March 1943.

Bustillo also built other houses for Nazi fugitives who were later aprehended in the area. The terrain in which the house was erected, on Bajia Istana near the little town of Villa La Angostura, was quite remote and hardly accessible at the time.

The plans are similar to the architecture of Hitler’s refuge in the Alps, with bedrooms connected by bathrooms and walk-in closets and a tea house located by a small farm.

Like Berghof, the Inalco house could only have been observed from the lake—a forest on the back limited the view from land. It even had Swiss cows imported by Merou from Europe.

Later, Merou sold the house to Jorge Antonio, who was connected to the President Perón and was the German representative of Mercedes Benz in the South American country.

According to the book “Grey Wolf: The Escape of Adolf Hitler“, Hitler was already dead — after leaving behind two daughters — by the time the house was sold to José Rafael Trozzo in 1970.

Strangely enough, Trozzo also bought other properties owned by someone called Juan Mahler. Mahler was the fake name of Reinhard Kopps, SS official and war criminal.

Kopps was connected to Erich Priebke, former Hauptsturmführer in the Waffen SS who participated in the massacre of the Ardeatine caves in Rome, in which 335 Italian civilians were executed after a partisan attack against SS forces.

Priebke was a respected member of the high society in the area. He was the director of a school Primo Capraro. The son of Capraro sold the Inalco house terrains to Bustillo.

The Trozzo family is now selling the house and the original plans have now been published, along with the Hitler legend recently resuscitated by “Grey Wolf”, perhaps in an effort to increase the interest on the property.

The complex was completely autonomous, with its own animals and agricultural areas. It also had a ramp that led into the lake, with a boat house that was rumored to contain a hydroplane.


The real McCoy

Statistical analysis of the results suggests a 99.99 per cent likelihood that the blood sample on the slide comes from a close family member of the living relative of Hess, “strongly supporting the hypothesis”, Cemper-Kiesslich’s team report, “that prisoner ‘Spandau #7’ indeed was Rudolf Hess, the Deputy Führer of the Third Reich”.

Citing the privacy of the Hess family, Cemper-Kiesslich declined to comment on their response to the results. We don’t know how the Hess family feels about the closure of the final chapter on the story of their infamous relative. “The conspiracy theory claiming that prisoner ‘Spandau #7’ was an impostor is extremely unlikely and therefore disproved,” the scientists write.

Men posing next to Rudolf Hess’s Messerschmitt Bf 110 which crashed near Eaglesham, Scotland on 10 May 1941.

In the paper, published in Forensic Science International Genetics, the authors go on to note: “Due to the lucky event of the presence of a biological trace sample originating from prisoner ‘Spandau #7’ the authors got the unique chance to shed new light on one of the most persistent historical memes of World War II history.”

An assessment of the Hess DNA results is made more difficult by the ethical issues concerning his relatives, says Turi King, a geneticist at the University of Leicester, UK, who led the forensic examination of the last Plantagenet king of England, Richard III. The paper omits DNA details of Hess’s relative to prevent him being identified, but on the face of it, she says, it appears that the scientists have disproved the conspiracy theory.

Contemporary news coverage of Hess’s flight

John Frost Newspapers / Alamy Stock Photo

“They’ve got a perfect match with the Y chromosome and a living male Hess relative,” King says. “If this person was a doppelgänger, you wouldn’t get that match, so from that point of view it’s a good sign.”

And Walther Parson, a forensic molecular biologist at Innsbruck Medical University in Austria, says: “The manuscript underwent review by two anonymous reviewers. I have no reason to assume that the data and science are not sound. I know the scientists are great.”