History of S P Lee DD-310 - History

History of S P Lee DD-310 - History

S P Lee DD-310

S. P. Lee(DD-310: dp. 1,308; 1. 114'4l/2''; b. 30'11 1/2 " (wl) dr. 9'93/4" (aft.); s. 35 k.; a. 4 4", 1 3" 4 21” tt.;cl Chauncey)The first S. Lee (DD-310) was laid down on 31 December 1918 by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp., San Francisco, Calif., Launched by Mrs. Thomas J. Wyche; and commissioned on 30 October 1920, Comdr. G. T. Swosey, Jr., in command.Assigned to Reserve Destroyer Division, Pacific Fleet, S. Lee spent most of her first two years in the San Diego area with a reduced complement. She sailed on 6 February 1923 as part of Destroyer Squadron 11 for combined fleet operations in the Canal Zone. Arriving Balboa 20 days later following exercises en route, the destroyer engaged in tactical and strategic maneuvers through the end of March and returned to San Diego on 11 April. From 25 June to 30 August, S. Lee and DesRon 11 cruised the coast of Washington putting in to Tacoma, Port Angeles, and Seattle and serving as escort to President Warren Harding in Henderson on his arrival at Seattle on 27 July. She then participated in squadron maneuvers through the end of August with Battleship Division 3, putting in to San Francisco on the 31st.S. Lee sailed for her homeport at 0830, 8 September, in company with most of DesRon 11 under Captain E. H. Watson in Delphy leading the way. Engaged in a high-speed engineering run down the Pacific Coast, the squadron changed course 95° at 2100 to make the approach to Santa Barbara Channel. At 2105, Delphy stranded on the rocks of Point Pedernales, known to sailors as Honda, or the Devil's Jaw. Though warning signals were sent up by the flagship, the sheltering configuration of the coast line prevented their recognition by the remaining ships of DesRon 11- and, in the ensuing confusion, six other destroyers, S. Lee, Young, Woodbury, Fuller, Chauncey, and Nicholas ran aground also.Valiant efforts by the crew to save the ship proved futile, and the ship was abandoned the following day and declared a total loss. S. Lee and her sister destroyers were struck from the Navy list on 20 November. Her wreckage was sold on 19 October 1925 to Robert J. Smith of Oakland, Calif. He removed some of the destroyer's equipment but was unable to salvage her hull.


History of S P Lee DD-310 - History

This page features more views of USS S.P. Lee 's wreck.

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Honda Point Disaster, September 1923

Wreck of USS S.P. Lee (DD-310) stranded near shore at Honda Point, with the wreck of USS Nicholas (DD-311) in the left background. Photographed some time after 8 September 1923, when both ships went aground with five other destroyers during a foggy night.
By the time this photo was taken Nicholas ' bow had broken away from the rest of her hull.

Donation of Captain Edward L. Beach, USN (Retired), 1988.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 88KB 740 x 535 pixels

Honda Point Disaster, September 1923

USS S.P. Lee (DD-310) and USS Nicholas (DD-311) wrecked at Honda Point. Photographed some time after 8 September 1923, when both ships went aground with five other destroyers during a foggy night.
By the time this photo was taken Nicholas ' bow had broken away from the rest of her hull.

Courtesy of the Naval Historical Foundation. Collection of Captain Washington I. Chambers, USN.


Contents

The ships of the 11th Destroyer Squadron 11 / DESRON 11 under the leadership of the squadron commander , Captain Edward H. Watson, were en route from San Francisco to San Diego in California . The squadron consisted of 14 ships, all of which belonged to the Clemson class and were younger than five years. Watson was on the destroyer USS Delphy (DD-261) , which led the line.

At 9:00 p.m., the ships turned east on a course of 095 ° in order to head for the Santa Barbara Channel. The navigation was based on coupling . Although the Delphy had a radio direction finding device , this new technology was not trusted and the bearings were thought to be faulty. Sounding of the water depth was also dispensed with because it would have had to reduce the speed and because the ships were carrying out exercises under war conditions.


S. P. Lee was laid down on 31 December 1918 by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, San Francisco, California launched by Mrs. Thomas J. Wyche and commissioned on 30 October 1920, Commander G. T. Swosey, Jr., in command.

Assigned to Reserve Destroyer Division, Pacific Fleet, S. P. Lee spent most of her first two years in the San Diego, California area with a reduced complement. She sailed on 6 February 1923 as part of Destroyer Squadron 11 for combined fleet operations in the Panama Canal Zone. Arriving Balboa 20 days later following exercises en route, the destroyer engaged in tactical and strategic maneuvers through the end of March and returned to San Diego on 11 April. From 25 June to 30 August, S. P. Lee and DesRon 11 cruised the coast of Washington, putting in at Tacoma, Port Angeles, and Seattle and serving as escort to President Warren G. Harding in Henderson on his arrival at Seattle on 27 July. She then participated in squadron maneuvers through the end of August with Battleship Division 3, putting in at San Francisco on the 31st.

S. P. Lee sailed for her homeport at 0830, 8 September, in company with most of DesRon 11 under Captain E. H. Watson in Delphy leading the way. Engaged in a high-speed engineering run down the Pacific Coast, the squadron changed course 95° at 2100 as inaccurate navigation indicated it appropriate to make the approach to Santa Barbara Channel. At 2105, Delphy stranded on the rocks of Point Pedernales, known to sailors as Honda, or the Devil's Jaw though warning signals were sent up by the flagship, the sheltering configuration of the coast line prevented their recognition by the remaining ships of DesRon 11 and, in the ensuing confusion, six other destroyers including S. P. Lee ran aground also in what is known as the Honda Point Disaster.

USS S. P. Lee (right) aground at Honda Point.

Valiant efforts by the crew to save the ship proved futile, and the ship was abandoned the following day and declared a total loss. S. P. Lee and her sister destroyers were struck from the Navy list on 20 November. Her wreckage was sold on 19 October 1925 to Robert J. Smith of Oakland, California. He removed some of the destroyer's equipment but was unable to salvage her.


Life and career [ edit | edit source ]

Lee was born at "Sully" in Fairfax County, Virginia to Francis Lightfoot Lee II and Jane Fitzgerald. He was the grandson of Richard Henry Lee, great-nephew of Francis Lightfoot Lee I, brother-in-law of Francis Preston Blair, Jr., and of Montgomery Blair, and was third cousin of Robert E. Lee. He was appointed a midshipman in the U.S. Navy in November 1825 and subsequently saw extensive service at sea, including combat action during the Mexican–American War and exploration, surveying and oceanographic duty. At the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861, he held the rank of commander and was captain of the sloop of war Vandalia in the East Indies, sailing her home on his own initiative to join the blockade of the Southern coast. Commander Lee commanded the new steam sloop Oneida during the New Orleans campaign and subsequent operations on the Mississippi River in the first half of 1862. Lee became well known in Washington society due to the influence of his wife, the former Elizabeth Blair, of Maryland.

Samuel Phillips Lee, United States Navy Rear Admiral

When asked about his loyalty, Lee famously replied "When I find the word Virginia in my commission I will join the Confederacy." Ώ] This quote is often referenced by historians in contrast to the actions of his cousin Robert E. Lee, to show how the war divided families. In September 1862, Lee was placed in command of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron with the rank of Acting Rear Admiral. His flagship at this point was the Philadelphia. He led this force for over two years, during which it was responsible for the blockade of the North Carolina coast and operations on North Carolina and Virginia inland waters, all areas of very active combat between Union and Confederate forces. Acting Rear Admiral Lee transferred to the command of the Mississippi River Squadron in October 1864 and led it to the end of the Civil War in 1865. His flagship during his time as commander of the Mississippi River Squadron was the Black Hawk.


The discovery of the vitamins

The discovery of the vitamins was a major scientific achievement in our understanding of health and disease. In 1912, Casimir Funk originally coined the term "vitamine". The major period of discovery began in the early nineteenth century and ended at the mid-twentieth century. The puzzle of each vitamin was solved through the work and contributions of epidemiologists, physicians, physiologists, and chemists. Rather than a mythical story of crowning scientific breakthroughs, the reality was a slow, stepwise progress that included setbacks, contradictions, refutations, and some chicanery. Research on the vitamins that are related to major deficiency syndromes began when the germ theory of disease was dominant and dogma held that only four nutritional factors were essential: proteins, carbohydrates, fats, and minerals. Clinicians soon recognized scurvy, beriberi, rickets, pellagra, and xerophthalmia as specific vitamin deficiencies, rather than diseases due to infections or toxins. Experimental physiology with animal models played a fundamental role in nutrition research and greatly shortened the period of human suffering from vitamin deficiencies. Ultimately it was the chemists who isolated the various vitamins, deduced their chemical structure, and developed methods for synthesis of vitamins. Our understanding of the vitamins continues to evolve from the initial period of discovery.


F-35s join older jets in revolutionary carrier exercises

Posted On September 12, 2019 02:53:59

The US Navy hit a major milestone in its quest to make aircraft carriers a more deadly, potent force by sailing the USS Abraham Lincoln with F-35C stealth fighters training alongside F/A-18s for the first time.

The Navy’s F-35C represents the most troubled branch of the F-35 family. With the Air Force and Marines Corps F-35s coming online over a year ago, the F-35C sorely lags behind as it struggled to master carrier takeoff and landings.

The F-35C’s ability to launch off the decks of the US’s 11 supercarriers positions it as the replacement to the long-serving F/A-18 Super Hornet, and the first carrier-launched stealth fighter to ever take to the seas.

The USNI News reported on Aug. 28, 2018, that the F-35C has trained alongside F/A-18E/F Super Hornet, EA-18G Growler electronic attack aircraft, and E-2D Advanced Hawkeyes early warning planes.

The new F-35C prepares to takeoff alongside an F/A-18E/F.

Rear Adm. Dale Horan, charged with integrating the F-35C into the Navy, told USNI News that unlike previous tests that merely saw carriers launching and landing the stealth jets, this time they’re “conducting missions they would do in combat, if required.”

Additionally, the crew of the carrier will become familiar with maintaining the F-35C while at sea.

Since the F-35’s inception, boosters have billed it as a revolution in aerial combat. Never before have stealth aircraft launched off aircraft carriers, nor have planes with such advanced sensors and capabilities.

In the future, stealth F-35s could relay targeting information to fighter jets and Navy ships further back from battle to coordinate the destruction of enemy air defenses without firing a shot.

The F-35s, with a stealth design and unprecedented situational awareness provided to its pilots, was designed to fight in highly contested air defense environments, which today’s decades-old fighter designs would struggle with.

The US’s move towards stealth platforms meant to challenge the defenses of top-tier militaries like Russia and China represents a broader shift towards strategic competition against great powers, rather than the usual mission of suppressing small non-state actors on the ground.

Watch a video of the F-35C’s training below:

This article originally appeared on Business Insider. Follow @BusinessInsider on Twitter.

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MIGHTY HISTORY

History of S P Lee DD-310 - History

A Tin Can Sailors
Destroyer History

The USS DELPHY (DD-261), was the first destroyer of the CLEMSON Class and the first launched by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation at its new Squantum yard in Quincy , Massachusetts . She was laid down on 20 April 1918 and commissioned on 30 November that year. Soon afterward, she was put to work testing submarine detection devices at New London , Connecticut . She had a brief diversion on New Year’s Day 1919 when she went to the rescue of survivors of the troop ship USS NORTHERN PACIFIC that had run aground off Fire Island , New York . She continued to operate in that vicinity until transferred to the West Coast.

From July 1921 until March 1922, the DELPHY was stationed in San Diego where she underwent her first overhaul. As the flagship of Destroyer Squadron 11, she put to sea for fleet exercises off Balboa, Canal Zone , in February 1923. On her return to San Diego she was engaged in torpedo experiments until June, when she and her squadron got underway for Washington and maneuvers with the fleet in the Northern Pacific.

On the morning of 8 September 1923, the DELPHY was at the head of her squadron of 14 destroyers as they returned home from the maneuvers. The DELPHY never made it. She led her column into a fog bank off California ’s Point Pedernales and drove onto the rocks off Honda Point. The site, north of Point Arguello, is the location of today’s Vandenberg Air Force Base. The six other DDs — S. P. LEE (DD-310), YOUNG (DD-312), WOODBURY (DD-309), NICHOLAS (DD-311), FULLER (DD-297) and CHAUNCEY (DD-296) — followed in quick succession. They and three other ships scraped the rocks but were able to back off without serious damage.

The DELPHY, however, was trapped against the face of the cliff. She took a beating that eventually broke her in two, leaving her stern submerged. Three of her crew were killed and fifteen were injured in the collision. The destroyer was decommissioned on 26 October 1923, then, salvaged and sold for scrap on 19 October 1925.

From The Tin Can Sailor, October 2013


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All rights reserved.
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Tin Can Sailors.


S. P. Lee được đặt lườn vào ngày 31 tháng 12 năm 1918 tại xưởng tàu Union Iron Works của hãng Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation ở San Francisco, California. Nó được hạ thủy vào ngày 22 tháng 4 năm 1919, được đỡ đầu bởi bà Thomas J. Wyche và được đưa ra hoạt động vào ngày 30 tháng 10 năm 1920 dưới quyền chỉ huy của Hạm trưởng, Trung tá Hải quân G. T. Swosey, Jr..

Được phân về Đội Khu trục Dự bị trực thuộc Hạm đội Thái Bình Dương, S. P. Lee trải qua phần lớn thời gian trong hai năm hoạt động đầu tiên tại khu vực San Diego, California với một biên chế thủy thủ đoàn giảm thiểu. Nó lên đường vào ngày 6 tháng 2 năm 1923 trong thành phần Hải đội Khu trục 11 để tham gia các hoạt động hạm đội phối hợp tại vùng kênh đào Panama. Đi đến Balboa vào ngày 26 tháng 2 sau khi thực tập trên đường đi, chiếc tàu khu trục tham gia các cuộc cơ động chiến thuật va chiến lược cho đến cuối tháng 3, và quay trở về San Diego vào ngày 11 tháng 4. Từ ngày 25 tháng 6 đến ngày 30 tháng 8, nó cùng Hải đội Khu trục 11 đi đến bờ biển Washington, ghé qua Tacoma, Port Angeles và Seattle, và đã phục vụ hộ tống cho Tổng thống Warren G. Harding trên chiếc Henderson trong chuyến đi đến Seattle vào ngày 27 tháng 7. Sau đó nó tham gia cuộc thực tập cơ động hải đội cùng với Đội thiết giáp 3 cho đến cuối tháng 8, và đi vào cảng San Francisco vào ngày 31 tháng 8.

S. P. Lee lên đường quay về cảng nhà của nó lúc 08 giờ 30 phút ngày 8 tháng 9, cùng với hầu hết tàu chiến của Hải đội Khu trục 11 do Đại tá Hải quân E. H. Watson dẫn đầu trên soái hạm Delphy. Di chuyển với tốc độ cao dọc theo bờ biển Thái Bình Dương, hải đội đã chuyển hướng 95° lúc 21 giờ 00 do sai lầm của hoa tiêu dẫn đường cho rằng đã đi đến lối tiếp cận eo biển Santa Barbara. Lúc 21 giờ 05 phút, trong hoàn cảnh thời tiết sương mù dày đặc, Delphy va phải đá ngầm ngoài khơi Point Pedernales, vốn được các thủy thủ gọi là Honda Point hay Devil's Jaw (Hàm tử thần). Cho dù đã có tín hiệu cảnh báo từ soái hạm, hình dạng bờ biển bị che khuất không được các tàu đi tiếp theo sau nhận diện, và trong sự hoang mang sau đó, sáu tàu khu trục khác bao gồm S. P. Lee bị mắc cạn trong sự cố được đặt tên Thảm họa Honda Point.

Các nỗ lực dũng cảm nhằm cứu con tàu tỏ ra không hiệu quả, và S. P. Lee bị bỏ lại vào ngày hôm sau và được xem như tổn thất toàn bộ. Nó cùng các tàu chị em mắc tai nạn được cho rút khỏi danh sách Đăng bạ Hải quân vào ngày 20 tháng 11. Xác tàu đắm được bán vào ngày 19 tháng 10 năm 1925 cho Robert J. Smith ở Oakland, California. Ông tháo dỡ được một số thiết bị của các tàu khu trục nhưng không thể trục vớt chúng.


Family History of Gastric Cancer and Helicobacter pylori Treatment

Background: Helicobacter pylori infection and a family history of gastric cancer are the main risk factors for gastric cancer. Whether treatment to eradicate H. pylori can reduce the risk of gastric cancer in persons with a family history of gastric cancer in first-degree relatives is unknown.

Methods: In this single-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we screened 3100 first-degree relatives of patients with gastric cancer. We randomly assigned 1838 participants with H. pylori infection to receive either eradication therapy (lansoprazole [30 mg], amoxicillin [1000 mg], and clarithromycin [500 mg], each taken twice daily for 7 days) or placebo. The primary outcome was development of gastric cancer. A prespecified secondary outcome was development of gastric cancer according to H. pylori eradication status, assessed during the follow-up period.

Results: A total of 1676 participants were included in the modified intention-to-treat population for the analysis of the primary outcome (832 in the treatment group and 844 in the placebo group). During a median follow-up of 9.2 years, gastric cancer developed in 10 participants (1.2%) in the treatment group and in 23 (2.7%) in the placebo group (hazard ratio, 0.45 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.21 to 0.94 P = 0.03 by log-rank test). Among the 10 participants in the treatment group in whom gastric cancer developed, 5 (50.0%) had persistent H. pylori infection. Gastric cancer developed in 0.8% of participants (5 of 608) in whom H. pylori infection was eradicated and in 2.9% of participants (28 of 979) who had persistent infection (hazard ratio, 0.27 95% CI, 0.10 to 0.70). Adverse events were mild and were more common in the treatment group than in the placebo group (53.0% vs. 19.1% P<0.001).


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