(SS-59: dp. 340 (surf.), 415 (subm.), 1. 155', b. 14'6" dr. 12'4"; s. 13 k. (surf.), 11 k. (subm.); cpl. 29; a. 4 18'1 tt.; cl. N-4)
N-7 (SS-59) was laid down 20 April 1915 by Lake Torpedo Boat Co. Bridgeport, Conn., Iaunched 19 May 1917; sponsored by ins. Frank Miller; and commissioned 15 June 1918, Lt. Walter S. Kass in command.
After outfitting at New London, the little submarine patrolled along the New England coast, to guard against attacks by German U-boats, until 17 September, when she put into New York for upkeep. Returning to New London 24 Octoher, N-7 remained there until 21 June 1919, when she sailed to Philadelphia for extensive overhaul. She returned to New London 31 March 1920 and remained there until placed in reserve 7 June.
N-7 spent the entire year of 1921, except for a short cruise to Boston, and one to Newport, at New London in reserve. Later that year, her engines were transferred to a more modern L-Class submarine. Towed by Lykens (AT-56), she departed 26 January 1922 for Philadelphia where she decommissioned 7 February. Her hulk was sold to Joseph G. Hitner of Philadelphia for scrap on 5 June.
The Complete History of GM’s LS Small-Block V8 Engines
Since their introduction in the late 1990’s, the LS-series engines have become a cornerstone of the Chevrolet Corvette. While variants of Chevrolet’s small-block engine have carried the LS designation since the 1960’s, GM introduced a series of LS engines beginning in 1997 that became the sole, dominant powerplant for the fifth (C5) and sixth (C6) generation Corvettes. Today, these engines are recognized globally for their durability, longevity and reliability. They’re so popular among automotive enthusiasts (including non-GM car builders and owners) that they’ve become the “go-to” swap for many high-performance vehicles – from track-purposed Ford Mustangs and Mazda Miatas to off-road purposed vehicles like the Jeep Wrangler. The LS engine platform has garnered such a following that each year a pair of “LS Fest” events are hosted by the Holley company – one in Las Vegas and one in Bowling Green, Kentucky.
What follows below is an overview of each of the Gen III and Gen IV engines that Chevrolet introduced in the Corvette from 1997 to 2013. Many of these engines were also used in other applications – including a significant number of other GM products including the Chevy Camaro, the Pontiac GTO and so on. They were also the primary powerplant used by Holden Special Vehicles (HSV). Holden, formerly known as General Motors-Holden, is an Australian carmaker and former automobile manufacturer. HSV is the officially designated performance vehicle division of Holden. Headquartered in Port Melbourne, Victoria, a suburb of Melbourne, Australia, the company’s Special Vehicle division modified a number of GM and Holden vehicles for sale both in Australia and abroad.
The P-5 Pyatyorka (SS-N-3 Shaddock) missile required the Project 659 submarines carrying them to spend 30 minutes or more on the surface when firing. This made submarines very vulnerable to enemy attack, so in the 1960s the Soviets started work on a new missile that could be fired whilst submerged, and a submarine to carry it. These became the P-120 Malakhit and Project 670 submarine.
However, problems with the engines of the P-120 Malakhit forced the Soviets to design a sub-launched missile based on the P-15M Termit (SS-N-2C 'Styx') as a stopgap measure for the first batch of Charlie submarines. This became the P-20L, later renamed the P-70 Ametist.
The P-15M was fitted with an L band active radar homing sensor and a new radar altimeter both developed for the P-120, but there was no room for a datalink in the smaller P-15M. Folding wings were added to reduce the size of the missile, and the missile can be launched at a maximum depth of 30 m (98 ft).
The short range of the P-70 meant it did not need mid-course updates from a radar on the submarine, so it could be fired submerged. This more than made up for its lack of range compared to the P-5.
The P-70 went into service with the Soviet Navy on the first Project 670, on June 3, 1968.  About 200 were produced.
India leased the Chakra, a Soviet Project 670 submarine from January 1988 to 1992, to gain experience of operating a nuclear submarine.
TWA flight 847 is hijacked by terrorists
TWA Flight 847 from Athens to Rome is hijacked by Shiite Hezbollah terrorists who immediately demand to know the identity of ”those with Jewish-sounding names.” Two of the Lebanese terrorists, armed with grenades and a 9-mm. pistol, then forced the plane to land in Beirut, Lebanon.
Once on the ground, the hijackers called for passengers with Israeli passports, but there were none. Nor were there any diplomats on board. They then focused their attention on the several U.S. Navy construction divers aboard the plane. Soon after landing, the terrorists killed Navy diver Robert Stethem, and dumped his body on the runway.
TWA employee Uli Derickson was largely successful in protecting the few Jewish passengers aboard by refusing to identify them. Most of the passengers were released in the early hours of what turned out to be a 17-day ordeal, but five men were singled out and separated from the rest of the hostages. Of these five, only Richard Herzberg, an American, was Jewish.
During the next two weeks, Herzberg maintained to his attackers that he was a Lutheran of German and Greek ancestry. Along with the others, he was taken to a roach-infested holding cell somewhere in Beirut, where other Lebanese prisoners were being held. Fortunately, the TWA hostages were treated fairly well.
On June 30, after careful negotiations, the hostages were released unharmed. Since the terrorists were effectively outside the law’s reach in Lebanon, it appeared as though the terrorists would go free from punishment. Yet, Mohammed Ali Hammadi, who was wanted for his role in TWA Flight 847 attack, was arrested nearly two years later at the airport in Frankfurt, Germany, with explosives.
History and Ethnicity
These essays examine the importance of historical consicousness and the role of historiography in ‘ethnic’ situations, exploring the many ways in which ethnic groups select history, write or rewrite it, rescue appropriate or ignore it, forget or traduce it. Drawing on expert knowledge of regions ranging from the Amazon to contemporary Germany, the contributors bring anthropological and historical understanding to answer these questions, and investigate major topics such as the relationship between ethnic, national and state identifications, and the cultural work of creating them. Examples include Afrikaaners and Northern Ireland Protestants, as well as Mormons and Catalans. Bringing together a variety of themes that have recently become the focus of study – ethnicity, the uses and nature of history and the likelihood of objectivity in historical telling – the book will be of great interest ot students in the social sciences, anthropology, politics, history and international relations.
Baseball History on December 7
Baseball Births on December 7 / Baseball Deaths on December 7
Players Born on, Died on, Debut on, Finished on December 7
Baseball history on December 7 includes a total of 49 Major League baseball players born that day of the year, 25 Major League baseball players who died on that date, baseball players who made their Major League debut on that date, and Major League baseball players who appeared in their final game that date.
Bill James, on the same page of the same book we used at the top of this page, said, "But as I began to do research on the history of baseball (in order to discuss the players more intelligently) I began to feel that there was a history a baseball that had not been written at that time, a history of good and ordinary players, a history of being a fan, a history of games that meant something at the time but mean nothing now." To that end, I have created Baseball Almanac. A site to worship baseball. A site by a fan who is trying to tell the history of good and ordinary baseball players.
You can stop logging history using one of the two ways: turn it off for all users, or turn off logging history for a single user.
A. Turn off for all users
You can turn off the bash history for all user adding unset HISTFILE line in /etc/profile file. This line deactivate the history file of each user on the system
You need to have the permission to apply the command above
B. Turn off for a specific user
The command above, it is possible to turn off the bash history of a specific user. You just need to indicate his bash_profile file.
Every the user will login, his history will be reset as below. All his history command will save until user logout
C. Edit .bashrc
You can remove the history command by editing two values of history command parameters.
- HISTSIZE which is the number of lines or commands that are stored in memory in a history list while your bash session is ongoing
- HISTFILESIZE which saves the amount of lines used for the history stack when it’s written to the history file.
To do it, edit your .bashrc and add
Now you can successfully delete the bash history and even stop logging to bash history using any of the above-listed commands.
NCERT Class 7 History Books PDF Download in English and Hindi Medium
NCERT Class 7 History Books are provided in PDF form so that students can access it at anytime anywhere. Class 7 NCERT History Books are created by the best professors who are experts in History and have good knowledge in the subject.
NCERT History Books Class 7 PDF in English Medium
Class 7 History NCERT Book Chapter wise PDF (Our Pasts II)
- Chapter 1: Tracing Changes through a Thousand Years
- Chapter 2: New Kings and Kingdoms
- Chapter 3: The Delhi Sultans
- Chapter 4: The Mughal Empire
- Chapter 5: Rulers and Buildings
- Chapter 6: Towns, Traders and Craftspersons
- Chapter 7: Tribes, Nomads and Settled Communities
- Chapter 8: Devotional Paths to the Divine
- Chapter 9: The Making of Regional Cultures
- Chapter 10: Eighteenth-Century Political Formations
NCERT History Books Class 7 PDF in Hindi Medium
हमारे अतीत – 2 (Class 7 इतिहास NCERT Book) Chapter wise PDF in Hindi Medium
- अध्याय 1: हज़ार वर्षों के दौरान हुए परिवर्तन की पड़ताल
- अध्याय 2: नये राजा और उनके राज्य
- अध्याय 3:दिल्ली के सुल्तान
- अध्याय 4: मुग़ल साम्राज्य
- अध्याय 5: शासक और इमारतें
- अध्याय 6: नगर, व्यापारी और शिल्पजन
- अध्याय 7: जनजातियाँ, खानाबदोश और एक जगह बसे हुए समुदाय
- अध्याय 8: ईश्वर से अनुराग
- अध्याय 9: क्षेत्रीय संस्कृतिओं का निर्माण
- अध्याय 10: अठारहवीं शताब्दी में नए राजनितिक गठन
The NCERT syllabus mainly focuses on this book to make it student-friendly to make it useful for both the students and the competitive exam aspirants. The book covers a detailed history based on the syllabuses of various boards. NCERT History Books for Class 7 is perfectly compatible with almost every Indian education state and central boards.
We hope that this detailed article on NCERT Class 7 History Books helps you in your preparation and you crack the Class 7 exams or competitive exams with excellent scores. For your convenience, you can download PDFs of books and structure your study plan ahead. You should focus more on practicing previous year question papers too as this will further assist you in understanding the frequency of questions.
Caste in History
This volume, a part of the prestigious Themes in Indian History series, brings together the work of distinguished scholars on the analyzing caste and related socio-cultural processes. There are anthropological and ethnological collections on the issue of caste but this volume through a collection of seminal essays brings together the much-needed historical perspective on the issue.
A comprehensive introduction sets the tone for the consideration of the questions of caste. Beginning with the period of the coming of the Portuguese to India, the collection of essays considers caste in medieval and modern times. It brings together the ethno-sociological categories of study such as the census and village-community with the political and the historical-colonialism, nationality, and state-formation. The question is approached from both the macro-perspective considering prominent leaders, the national movement, and British imperialism as well as through micro-studies of specific communities and their practices. These wide-ranging topics are divided in four subsequent sections -- Caste and Colonialism, Caste in Practice, Caste and Politics, and Caste in Everyday Life -- the questions are considered from these various dimensions. Eminent contributors like Bernard Cohn, Frank Conlon, Eleanor Zelliot, Shail Mayaram, Shekhar Bandopadhyay's works feature in this volume along with several other equally incisive and readable essays. This volume will be indispensable for any collection or consideration related to the issue of caste.
Birthdays in Music
- Alan Freed, American disc jockey who accepted payola and introduced term "rock-n-roll", born in Windber, Pennsylvania (d. 1965) Earl Palmer, American rock and roll drummer (The Wrecking Crew), born in New Orleans (d. 2008) Bobby Lewis, American rock and roll singer (Tossin' and Turnin'), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 2020)
1925-07-06 Bill Haley, American rock vocalist known as the father of Rock 'n' Roll (Rock Around the Clock), born in Highland Park, Michigan (d. 1981)
1926-10-18 Chuck Berry [Charles Andersen], American rock n' roll guitarist and singer-songwriter (Roll Over Beethoven), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 2017)
1928-02-26 Antione "Fats" Domino, American rhythm & blues star of the early rock ’n’ roll era (Blueberry Hill, Blue Monday), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2017)
- Bo Diddley [Ellas Bates McDaniels], American rock `n' roll pioneer guitarist (Bo Diddley), born in McComb, Mississippi (d. 2008) Paul Burlison, American rockabilly musician (The Rock N Roll Trio), born in Brownsville, Tennessee (d. 2003) Bill Graham, German-American impresario & rock concert promoter (Fillmore), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1991) Allen Klein, American rock and roll business manager - ABKCO (Sam Cooke RollingStones, Beatles), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2009)
1932-12-05 Little Richard [Wayne Penniman], American singer-songwriter and rock 'n' roll pioneer (Tutti Frutti), born in Macon, Georgia (d. 2020)
- John "Ace" Cannon, American pop, rock and country music saxophonist (Tuff Sax), born in Grenada, Mississippi (d. 2018)
1935-01-08 Elvis Presley, American singer and King of Rock and Roll (Blue Suede Shoes, Hounddog), born in Tupelo Mississippi (d. 1977)
Jerry Lee Lewis
1935-09-29 Jerry Lee Lewis, American rock and roll piano player and singer ("Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On" "Great Balls Of Fire"), born in Ferriday, Louisiana
- Jack Scott, Canadian rock and roll singer-songwriter (My True Love), born in Windsor, Ontario (d. 2019) Eric Allandale [Dubuisson], West Indian-British rock and soul trombonist, and songwriter (The Foundations - "Baby Now That I've Found You"), born in Dominica, West Indies (d. 2001) Bill Wyman, English rock and jazz bassist (Rolling Stones, 1962-93 - "Under My Thumb"), born in Lewisham, London Alvin Wayne "Al" Casey, American rock and session guitarist (Duane Eddy The Wrecking Crew), born in Long Beach, California (d. 2006) Tommy Steele [Thomas Hicks], English pop singer, 1st British Rock and Roll star, born in London Don Everly, American singer and half of the rock and roll duo "The Everly Brothers" (Bye Bye Love, Wake Up Little Susie), born in Brownie, Kentucky Don Randi [Schwartz], American session and touring pop, rock, and jazz keyboard player (Nancy Sinatra), born in New York City David Lucas, American rock and roll composer, music producer and singer, born in Buffalo, New York
1939-01-19 Phil Everly, American singer and half of the rock and roll duo "The Everly Brothers" (Bye Bye Love, Wake Up Little Susie), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2014)
- Esteban "Steve" Jordan, American conjunto, Tejano, rock and jazz accordion player, born in Elsa, Texas (d. 2010) Glen Hardin, American rock n roll and country piano player, and arranger (Crickets), born in Wellington, Texas Tommy "Bubba" Facenda, American rock and roll artist (High School U.S.A.), born in Portsmouth, Virginia Felix Pappalardi, American rock music producer, songwriter, vocalist, and bassist (Mountain - "Mississippi Queen"), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 1983) Lester Chambers, American rock and soul singer (The Chambers Brothers - "Time Has Come Today"), born in Mississippi
1940-05-08 (Eric) "Ricky" Nelson, American pop-Rock Star ("Hello Mary Lou" "It's Late" "Garden Party") and actor (The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet), born in Teaneck, New Jersey (d.1985)
- Mouse [Stanley Miller] American artist, notable for psychedelic rock concert poster designs and album art (Grateful Dead Journey), born in Fresno, California Bobby Notkoff, American rock and blues violinist (Crazy Horse The Rockets), born in New York City (d. 2018)  "Long" John Baldry, English blues vocalist ("Don't Try to Lay No Boogie Woogie on the King of Rock and Roll"), born in East Haddon, United Kingdom (d. 2005) Mike Deasy, American rock and jazz session guitarist, born in Los Angeles, California Jan Berry, American rock and roll vocalist (Jan and Dean - "Surf City"), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2004) Tom Coster, American rock and jazz keyboard player (Santana), born in Detroit Michigan Steve Cropper, American rock and soul guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Booker T & MGs Otis Redding The Blues Brothers), born in Willow Springs, Missouri
1942-03-25 Aretha Franklin, American singer-songwriter known as "The Queen of Soul" ("Respect") and first female performer inducted into Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (1987), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 2018)
- Herb “Herbie” Greene, American photographer best known for his portraits for rock and roll luminaries (The Grateful Dead), born in Indio, California Farhad [Mehrad], Iranian pop, rock and folk singer-songwriter ("Jomeh"), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2002) Ralph "Ral" Donner, American rock and roll singer ("You Don't Know What You've Got (Until You Lose It)", born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1984) John Hugen Tobler, British rock music journalist and record company executive (ZigZag Magazine co-founder), born in England Dennis "Denny" Cordell, British rock music and record producer (The Moody Blues, Leon Russell), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1995) Ron Geesin, Scottish musician and avant-garde, symphonic rock, and film score composer, born in Stevenston, Ayrshire, Scotland Franco Battiato, Italian pop, rock, and new wave singer, songwriter (“La Voce del Padrone” (“The Master’s Voice”), and filmmaker ("Lost Love"), born in Jonia, Sicily. Italy (d. 2021) Martin Quittenton, British rock and blues guitarist (Steamhammer), and songwriter ("Maggie May "You Wear It Well"), born in England (d. 2015) Bob Seger, American singer and songwriter ("Old Time Rock and Roll" "Hollywood Nights" "Against The Wind"), born in Detroit, Michigan Mike Garson, American rock and jazz pianist (David Bowie), born in New York City Lee Oskar [Levitin], Danish rock and soul harmonica player (War - "Why Can't We Be Friends?" "Low Rider"), born in Copenhagen, Denmark Dick Rivers [Hervé Forneri], French rock and roll singer and actor, born in Nice, France (d. 2019) Gordon Haskell, British pop, rock and blues musician (Fleur De Lys King Crimson, 1970 Harry's Bar), born in Verwood, Dorset, England (d. 2020) (Michel) "Plume" Latraverse, Canadian rock and blues singer, songwriter, and guitarist, born in Montreal, Quebec Michael Fonfara, Canadian rock and blues keyboard player (The Electric Flag Lou Reed), born in Stevensville, Ontario
1946-09-05 Freddie Mercury [Farrokh Bulsara], British singer-songwriter (Queen - "Bohemian Rhapsody"), born in Stone Town, Sultanate of Zanzibar (d. 1991)