Earle DD- 635 - History

Earle DD- 635 - History

Earle

Ralph Earle, born 3 May 1874 at Worcester, Mass., graduated from the Naval Academy in 1896. He served at sea in several ships, among them Massachusetts (BB2), Essex, and Hornet. While on board Missouri (BB-11), he won commendations from the President and Secretary of the Navy for his conduct at the time of a disastrous turret explosion. He commanded Dolphin (PG-24) at the occupation of Vera Cruz, Mexico, and later commanded Connecticut (BB-18).

Ashore, Earle had duty at the Naval Academy and the Naval Proving Ground. An expert on guns and explosives, he was made Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance shortly before the United States entered World War I. Under his administration the North Sea mine barrage was conceived and executed using a new type of mine, and the plan of mounting naval 14-inch guns on railway ears for use as long-range artillery on the Western Front, was evolved and carried out. After his retirement in 1927, Rear Admiral Earle served as president of Worcester Polytechnic Institute until his death, 13 February 1939.

(DD-635: dp. 1 630, 1. 348'1" b. 37'; dr. 17'5", s. 35 k.
cpl. 261, a. 4 5", 5 21" tt.; cl. Benson)

Earle (DD-635) was launched 10 December 1941 by Boston Navy Yard, sponsored by Mrs. John F. Hines Jr., daughter of Rear Admiral Earle; and commissioned 1 September 1942, Lieutenant Commander H. W. Howe in command.

Between 12 December 1942 and 28 April 1943, Earle escorted three convoys carrying essential men and supplies to Casablanca. On her first voyage, she made two night attacks on surfaced submarines. Sailing from Norfolk 8 June she arrived at Oran on the 22d to prepare for the invasion of Sicily, and screened the transport area off Scoglitti 10 July. Two days later she carried on an inspection of the beach area, then served on escort duty between north Africa ports and Sicily until 11 August when she got underway for New York arriving the 22d.

From 6 December 1943 to 1 May 1944, Earle escorted convoys between Boston and New York and the United Kingdom, making four such voyages. She crossed to Naples, arriving 31 May for a number of general escort duty and training in the Mediterranean between 19 November 1944 and 11 June 1945.

Earle arrived at Norfolk 20 June 1945 for conversion to a destroyer minesweeper, and was reclassified DMS-42, 23 June 1945. Ordered to the Pacific at the war's end, she left Norfolk 27 August and called at San Diego, Pearl Harbor, and Eniwetok before arriving at Okinawa 15 October. She served in the Far East on occupation duty until 18 March 1946, sweeping minefields off Korea, later in a team directing Japanese minesweepers in their home waters. Arriving at San Francisco 9 April, Earle was placed out of commission in reserve 17 May 1947. Her classification reverted to DD-635, 15 July 1955.

Earle received two battle stars for World War II service.


DD-635 Earle

Earle (DD-635) was laid down 14 June 1941, launched 10 December 1941 by Boston Navy Yard sponsored by Mrs. John F. Hines Jr., daughter of Rear Admiral Earle and commissioned 1 September 1942, Lieutenant Commander H. W. Howe in command.

Between 12 December 1942 and 28 April 1943, Earle escorted three convoys carrying essential men and supplies to Casablanca. On her first voyage, she made two night attacks on surfaced submarines. Sailing from Norfolk 8 June she arrived at Oran on the 22d to prepare for the invasion of Sicily, and screened the transport area off Scoglitti 10 July. Two days later she carried on an inspection of the beach area, then served on escort duty between north Africa ports and Sicily until 11 August when she got underway for New York arriving the 22d.

From 6 December 1943 to 1 May 1944, Earle escorted convoys between Boston and New York and the United Kingdom, making four such voyages. She crossed to Naples, arriving 31 May for a summer of general escort duty and training in the Mediterranean between 19 November 1944 and 11 June 1945.

Earle arrived at Norfolk 20 June 1945 for conversion to a destroyer minesweeper, and was reclassified DMS-42, 23 June 1945. Ordered to the Pacific at the war's end, she left Norfolk 27 August and called at San Diego, Pearl Harbor, and Eniwetok before arriving at Okinawa 15 October. She served in the Far East on occupation duty until 18 March 1946, sweeping minefields off Korea, later in a team directing Japanese minesweepers in their home waters. Arriving at San Francisco 9 April, Earle was placed out of commission in reserve 17 May 1947. Her classification reverted to DD-635, 15 July 1955.


Mục lục

Earle được chế tạo tại Xưởng hải quân Boston. Nó được đặt lườn vào ngày 14 tháng 6 năm 1941 được hạ thủy vào ngày 10 tháng 12 năm 1941, và được đỡ đầu bởi bà John F. Hines, Jr., con gái Chuẩn đô đốc Earle. Con tàu được cho nhập biên chế cùng Hải quân Hoa Kỳ vào ngày 1 tháng 9 năm 1942 dưới quyền chỉ huy của Thiếu tá Hải quân H. W. Howe.

Từ ngày 12 tháng 12 năm 1942 đến ngày 28 tháng 4 năm 1943, Earle hộ tống ba đoàn tàu vận tải chuyển binh lính tăng viện và hàng tiếp liệu sang Casablanca, Maroc. Trong chuyến đi đầu tiên, nó tiến hành hai cuộc tấn công ban đêm vào những tàu ngầm đối phương trên mặt biển. Khởi hành từ Norfolk, Virginia vào ngày 8 tháng 6, nó đi đến Oran vào ngày 22 tháng 6 để chuẩn bị cho Chiến dịch Husky, cuộc đổ bộ của lực lượng Đồng Minh lên Sicily, Ý. Nó đã bảo vệ cho khu vực vận chuyển ngoài khơi Scoglitti vào ngày 10 tháng 7 hai ngày sau, nó trinh sát một khu vực đổ bộ, rồi phục vụ hộ tống vận tải đi lại giữa các cảng Bắc Phi và Sicily cho đến ngày 11 tháng 8, khi nó lên đường quay trở về Hoa Kỳ, về đến New York vào ngày 22 tháng 8.

Từ ngày 6 tháng 12 năm 1943 đến ngày 1 tháng 5 năm 1944, Earle hộ tống các đoàn tàu vận tải đi lại giữa Boston, Massachusetts và New York với các cảng Anh Quốc, thực hiện bốn hành trình như vậy. Nó vượt đại dương đi đến Naples vào ngày 31 tháng 5, tiến hành các hoạt động hộ tống và huấn luyện tại khu vực Địa Trung Hải từ ngày 19 tháng 11 năm 1944 đến ngày 11 tháng 6 năm 1945.

Earle đi đến Norfolk vào ngày 20 tháng 6 để được cải biến thành một tàu khu trục quét mìn, và được xếp lại lớp với ký hiệu lườn mới DMS-42 vào ngày 23 tháng 6. Được lệnh đi sang khu vực Thái Bình Dương khi chiến tranh kết thúc, nó rời Norfolk vào ngày 27 tháng 8, ghé qua San Diego, California, Trân Châu Cảng và Eniwetok trước khi đi đến Okinawa vào ngày 15 tháng 10. Nó phục vụ tại Viễn Đông trong nhiệm vụ chiếm đóng cho đến ngày 18 tháng 3 năm 1946, quét mìn tại vùng biển ngoài khơi bán đảo Triều Tiên, và sau đó dẫn đầu một đội các tàu quét mìn Nhật Bản hoạt động tại chính vùng biển nhà của họ. Nó quay trở về San Francisco, California vào ngày 9 tháng 4 rồi được cho xuất biên chế để đưa về lực lượng dự bị vào ngày 17 tháng 5 năm 1947. Ký hiệu lườn của nó được xếp trở lại DD-635 như một tàu khu trục vào ngày 15 tháng 7 năm 1955.

Earle được cho rút khỏi danh sách Đăng bạ Hải quân vào ngày 1 tháng 12 năm 1969, và bị bán để tháo dỡ vào tháng 10 năm 1970.

Earle được tặng thưởng hai Ngôi sao Chiến trận do thành tích phục vụ trong Thế Chiến II.


Service history

Between 12 December 1942 and 28 April 1943, Earle escorted three convoys carrying essential men and supplies to Casablanca. On her first voyage, she made two night attacks on surfaced submarines. Sailing from Norfolk on 8 June she arrived at Oran on the 22nd to prepare for the invasion of Sicily, and screened the transport area off Scoglitti on 10 July. Two days later she carried on an inspection of the beach area, then served on escort duty between north Africa ports and Sicily until 11 August when she got underway for New York, arriving the 22nd.

From 6 December 1943 to 1 May 1944, Earle escorted convoys between Boston and New York and the United Kingdom, making four such voyages. She crossed to Naples, arriving 31 May for a summer of general escort duty and training in the Mediterranean between 19 November 1944 and 11 June 1945.

Earle arrived at Norfolk on 20 June 1945 for conversion to a destroyer minesweeper, and was reclassified DMS-42 on 23 June 1945. Ordered to the Pacific at the war's end, she left Norfolk 27 August and called at San Diego, Pearl Harbor, and Eniwetok before arriving at Okinawa on 15 October. She served in the Far East on occupation duty until 18 March 1946, sweeping minefields off Korea, later in a team directing Japanese minesweepers in their home waters. Arriving at San Francisco on 9 April, Earle was placed out of commission in reserve on 17 May 1947. Her classification reverted to DD-635, 15 July 1955.

Earle was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 1 December 1969, sold October 1970, and broken up for scrap.


Contents [ edit | edit source ]

Between 12 December 1942 and 28 April 1943, Earle escorted three convoys carrying essential men and supplies to Casablanca. On her first voyage, she made two night attacks on surfaced submarines. Sailing from Norfolk on 8 June she arrived at Oran on the 22nd to prepare for the invasion of Sicily, and screened the transport area off Scoglitti on 10 July. Two days later she carried on an inspection of the beach area, then served on escort duty between north Africa ports and Sicily until 11 August when she got underway for New York, arriving the 22nd.

From 6 December 1943 to 1 May 1944, Earle escorted convoys between Boston and New York and the United Kingdom, making four such voyages. She crossed to Naples, arriving 31 May for a summer of general escort duty and training in the Mediterranean between 19 November 1944 and 11 June 1945.

Earle arrived at Norfolk on 20 June 1945 for conversion to a destroyer minesweeper, and was reclassified DMS-42 on 23 June 1945. Ordered to the Pacific at the war's end, she left Norfolk 27 August and called at San Diego, Pearl Harbor, and Eniwetok before arriving at Okinawa on 15 October. She served in the Far East on occupation duty until 18 March 1946, sweeping minefields off Korea, later in a team directing Japanese minesweepers in their home waters. Arriving at San Francisco on 9 April, Earle was placed out of commission in reserve on 17 May 1947. Her classification reverted to DD-635, 15 July 1955.

Earle was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 1 December 1969, sold October 1970, and broken up for scrap.


Service history [ edit | edit source ]

Between 12 December 1942 and 28 April 1943, Earle escorted three convoys carrying essential men and supplies to Casablanca. On her first voyage, she made two night attacks on surfaced submarines. Sailing from Norfolk on 8 June she arrived at Oran on the 22nd to prepare for the invasion of Sicily, and screened the transport area off Scoglitti on 10 July. Two days later she carried on an inspection of the beach area, then served on escort duty between north Africa ports and Sicily until 11 August when she got underway for New York, arriving the 22nd.

From 6 December 1943 to 1 May 1944, Earle escorted convoys between Boston and New York and the United Kingdom, making four such voyages. She crossed to Naples, arriving 31 May for a summer of general escort duty and training in the Mediterranean between 19 November 1944 and 11 June 1945.

Earle arrived at Norfolk on 20 June 1945 for conversion to a destroyer minesweeper, and was reclassified DMS-42 on 23 June 1945. Ordered to the Pacific at the war's end, she left Norfolk 27 August and called at San Diego, Pearl Harbor, and Eniwetok before arriving at Okinawa on 15 October. She served in the Far East on occupation duty until 18 March 1946, sweeping minefields off Korea, later in a team directing Japanese minesweepers in their home waters. Arriving at San Francisco on 9 April, Earle was placed out of commission in reserve on 17 May 1947. Her classification reverted to DD-635, 15 July 1955.

Earle was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 1 December 1969, sold October 1970, and broken up for scrap.


Service history

Between 12 December 1942 and 28 April 1943, Earle escorted three convoys carrying essential men and supplies to Casablanca. On her first voyage, she made two night attacks on surfaced submarines. Sailing from Norfolk on 8 June she arrived at Oran on 22 June to prepare for the invasion of Sicily, and screened the transport area off Scoglitti on 10 July. Two days later she carried on an inspection of the beach area, and then served on escort duty between north Africa ports and Sicily until 11 August when she got underway for New York, arriving the 22nd.

From 6 December 1943 to 1 May 1944, Earle escorted convoys between Boston and New York and the United Kingdom, making four such voyages. She crossed to Naples, arriving 31 May for a summer of general escort duty and training in the Mediterranean between 19 November 1944 and 11 June 1945.

Earle arrived at Norfolk on 20 June 1945 for conversion to a destroyer minesweeper, and was reclassified DMS-42 on 23 June 1945. Ordered to the Pacific at the war&aposs end, she left Norfolk 27 August and called at San Diego, Pearl Harbor, and Eniwetok before arriving at Okinawa on 15 October. She served in the Far East on occupation duty until 18 March 1946, sweeping minefields off Korea, later in a team directing Japanese minesweepers in their home waters. Arriving at San Francisco on 9 April, Earle was placed out of commission in reserve on 17 May 1947. Her classification reverted to DD-635, 15 July 1955.

Earle was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 1 December 1969, sold October 1970, and broken up for scrap.


Service history

Between 12 December 1942 and 28 April 1943, Earle escorted three convoys carrying essential men and supplies to Casablanca. On her first voyage, she made two night attacks on surfaced submarines. Sailing from Norfolk on 8 June she arrived at Oran on 22 June to prepare for the invasion of Sicily, and screened the transport area off Scoglitti on 10 July. Two days later she carried on an inspection of the beach area, and then served on escort duty between north Africa ports and Sicily until 11 August when she got underway for New York, arriving the 22nd.

From 6 December 1943 to 1 May 1944, Earle escorted convoys between Boston and New York and the United Kingdom, making four such voyages. She crossed to Naples, arriving 31 May for a summer of general escort duty and training in the Mediterranean between 19 November 1944 and 11 June 1945.

Earle arrived at Norfolk on 20 June 1945 for conversion to a destroyer minesweeper, and was reclassified DMS-42 on 23 June 1945. Ordered to the Pacific at the war's end, she left Norfolk 27 August and called at San Diego, Pearl Harbor, and Eniwetok before arriving at Okinawa on 15 October. She served in the Far East on occupation duty until 18 March 1946, sweeping minefields off Korea, later in a team directing Japanese minesweepers in their home waters. Arriving at San Francisco on 9 April, Earle was placed out of commission in reserve on 17 May 1947. Her classification reverted to DD-635, 15 July 1955.

Earle was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 1 December 1969, sold October 1970, and broken up for scrap.




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