31 January 1940
The Finns claim victory in a battle at Kuhmo
Soviet aircraft drop at least 150 bombs on Rovaniemi
War at Sea
The British admiralty announces that the U-boat that sank the tanker Vaclite has itself been sunk
Ida May Fuller was the first beneficiary of recurring monthly Social Security payments. Miss Fuller (known as Aunt Ida to her friends and family) was born on September 6, 1874 on a farm outside of Ludlow, Vermont. She attended school in Rutland, Vermont where one of her classmates was Calvin Coolidge. In 1905, after working as a school teacher, she became a legal secretary. One of the partners in the firm, John G. Sargent, would later become Attorney General in the Coolidge Administration.
Ida May never married and had no children. She lived alone most of her life, but spent eight years near the end of her life living with her niece, Hazel Perkins, and her family in Brattleboro, Vermont.
Miss Fuller filed her retirement claim on November 4, 1939, having worked under Social Security for a little short of three years. While running an errand she dropped by the Rutland Social Security office to ask about possible benefits. She would later observe: "It wasn't that I expected anything, mind you, but I knew I'd been paying for something called Social Security and I wanted to ask the people in Rutland about it."
[Letter from Frank M. King to Honorable W. J. Bryan, January 31, 1940]
Letter from Frank M. King to Honorable W. J. Bryan asking him for a photograph of himself to be included in Mr. King's book "Longhorn Trail Drivers" where there is a story about Senator Bryan and the T Diamond.
This letter is part of the collection entitled: Abilene Library Consortium and was provided by the Hardin-Simmons University Library to The Portal to Texas History, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. More information about this letter can be viewed below.
People and organizations associated with either the creation of this letter or its content.
People who are significant in some way to the content of this letter. Additional names may appear in Subjects below.
Check out our Resources for Educators Site! We've identified this letter as a primary source within our collections. Researchers, educators, and students may find this letter useful in their work.
Hardin-Simmons University Library
The Richardson and Smith libraries at this private Baptist university in Abilene provide materials necessary to support the research of students and faculty. They provide books, federal documents, maps, scores, recordings, and periodicals which are on open shelves and readily accessible to all.
Good News in History, January 31
101 years ago today, Arizona Congressman Stewart Udall was born. He became Secretary of the Interior from 1961–1969 and saved millions of acres of wilderness and waterways.
Under his leadership, the US government expanded federal public lands, adding four national parks, six national monuments, eight national seashores and lakeshores, nine recreation areas, 20 historic sites, and 56 national wildlife refuges—including Canyonlands National Park in Utah, North Cascades National Park in Washington, Redwood National Park in California, the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, and the Appalachian Scenic Trail stretching from Georgia to Maine. (1920-2010)
Along with his brother, Rep. “Mo” Udall (D–AZ), Stewart played a key role in the enactment of many environmental laws such as the Clear Air, Water Quality, and Clean Water Restoration Acts and Amendments, the Wilderness Act of 1964, the Endangered Species Preservation Act of 1966, the Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1965, the Solid Waste Disposal Act of 1965, the National Trail System Act, and Wild and Scenic Rivers Act.
MORE Good News on This Day:
- Composer Franz Schubert was born in Vienna, Austria perhaps best known for his haunting Ellens dritter Gesang, the beloved melody used today as a setting for the traditional Catholic prayer Ave Maria (1797)
- The US Congress passed the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, abolishing slavery and submits it to the states for ratification by two-thirds of them (1865)
- 3M began marketing Scotch Tape (1930)
- U.S. President Bill Clinton authorized a $20 billion loan to Mexico to stabilize the country’s economy—money that was paid back in full in 1997, three years earlier than required (1995)
- Myanmar opened its first parliament in more than two decades (2011)
And, Happy 40th Birthday to singer, actor and record producer Justin Timberlake. Born to a gospel choir director in 1981 in Tennessee, Timberlake’s pop albums and other talents have won him more than a dozen Grammy and Emmy awards—including, for his comedy sketches while hosting Saturday Night Live. He later gained notoriety on the big screen when he co-starred in The Social Network. (1981)
By freetopone, CC license, 2014
100 years ago today, the 3-time Tony Award-winning musical-comedy performer, Carol Channing was born.
She was best known for her unique girlish voice and comedic timing used to great effect when she starred in Hello, Dolly! and Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. An ovarian cancer survivor, she wrote a 2002 autobiography, Just Lucky I Guess, and she was featured in a 2012 documentary, entitled Larger Than Life. In 2003, she married her junior high-school sweetheart, who reunited with her after she mentioned him fondly in her memoir. She died on January 15, 2019, in Rancho Mirage, California. (1921–2019)
81 years ago today, the first Social Security check was distributed in the United States.
The retirement payment was issued to 65-year-old Ida May Fuller in Ludlow, Vermont. The newly retired legal secretary started collecting benefits of $22.54 per month (a total of $22,888)—until she died at 100 years old. The new Social Security insurance program promised to provide monthly income to seniors during retirement, disability, or upon the death of spouse, and has been doing that for 80 years now. (1940)
And, 102 years ago, baseball hero Jackie Robinson was born in Cairo, Georgia. He made history in 1947 as the first black baseball player to appear in a Major League game. Despite experiencing terrible racism from players and fans around him, Jackie stayed mostly graceful and earned peoples’ admiration–both on and off the field. Athletically, he performed magnificently and won the Rookie of the Year award. Two years later, he won the MVP award, with a .342 batting average. Following a storied career, his Dodger jersey number—42—was retired in tribute leaguewide by every club.
His remarkable life story has been told in books and pictures—especially notable is the Hollywood film 42, starring Chadwick Boseman. Documentary filmmaker Ken Burns produced a 4-hour series for PBS. WATCH a video… (1919)
History of National Backward Day
An interesting example in history of doing things in reverse was from none other than one of the worlds most well-known artists, Leonardo da Vinci. He famously practiced mirror writing, which is where text is written in the opposite direction so that it can be read in a mirror. There are multiple theories as to why Da Vinci did this. Firstly, it made it harder for people to steal his ideas, or he could’ve been hiding his work to avoid religious persecution. Another theory is the artist simply wanted to prevent smudging of ink. Also, Da Vinci was left-handed, and starting right to left could have made it easier for him.
Backwards Day was created by two women, Sarah Nicole Miller and Megan Emily Scott, who came up with the idea while on a farm. They were milking cows, thinking about arts and crafts when the initial idea came to them. The two women came up with the rules of and created it on January 29, 1961. The next day, word had spread around and the community was doing things backward. The pair then made the day on January 31 and so it has remained.
Throughout the decades, the benefits of doing things in reverse have become more visible. Some schools celebrate National Backward Day where students can wear their clothes inside out, their shoes on the opposite feet, write their names backward, and so on. Adding a little fun to the school day adds some entertainment to what could be just another ordinary day.
Backwards Day isn’t just confined to the real world either. The invocation of doing things backward is seen In one of the most memorable episodes of the Nickelodeon cartoon, SpongeBob Squarepants. SpongeBob’s serious neighbor Squidward Tentacles calls a realty company to sell his house, but they won’t accept it if his neighbors are too out of control. Squidward tells the rambunctious SpongeBob that it’s Opposite Day so that he changes his ways, and SpongeBob acts as if he’s Squidward. Now, the day is a fun opportunity to do things in reverse!
Born This Day In History 31st January
Celebrating Birthday's Today Justin Timberlake
Born: 31st January 1981 Memphis, Tennessee, United States
Known For : American pop singer-songwriter, who has won six Grammy Awards as well as an Emmy Award. He has a number of top ten singles both in the US and around the world including "Cry Me a River", "My Love", "What Goes Around. /. Comes Around" and "Rock Your Body". He was at one time dating fellow pop singer Britney Spears, but is still single and has not confirmed any long term relationships.
Born: 31st January 1921 Seattle, Washington
Known For : American actress and singer best known for Thoroughly Modern Millie, Lorelei Lee in Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, and as Dolly Gallagher Levi in Hello, Dolly!.
Manetho: History of Egypt and Other Works (Loeb Classical Library No. 350) Hardcover January 31, 1940 (Book)
Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and University of Missouri. Our publication has been reviewed for educational use by Common Sense Education, Internet Scout, Merlot II, OER Commons and School Library Journal. Please note that some of these recommendations are listed under our old name, Ancient History Encyclopedia.
World History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada.
Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom.
Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted.
January 31: 10 years ago Michael Jackson's molestation trial beganLink copied
Michael Jackson waves to fans as he arrives for court
When you subscribe we will use the information you provide to send you these newsletters. Sometimes they'll include recommendations for other related newsletters or services we offer. Our Privacy Notice explains more about how we use your data, and your rights. You can unsubscribe at any time.
1915 &ndash A debate on the Ship Purchase Bill, which would enable America to buy interned German liners, lasts for 11 hours in Washington
1940 &ndash German officers and soldiers rescued from a sunken enemy U-boat arrive under armed guard at a London station waving and smiling at a watching crowd
1965 &ndash Hatton Garden diamond merchant Harry Rosenberg reports that he&rsquos been tricked out of gems worth a cool £35,000 by two &lsquopolicemen&rsquo
1990 &ndash Ministers are expected to reveal plans to smash the Royal Mail monopoly with private firms set to be allowed to deliver letters
2005 &ndash Hundreds of Michael Jackson&rsquos fans travel to California for the first day of what&rsquos been dubbed &lsquothe Trial of the Century&rsquo with the star facing molestation charges
2010 &ndash Harrowing new footage emerges of British hostages Paul and Rachel Chandler after nearly 100 days in captivity at the hands of Somali pirates
On This Day in History, 31 март
The science fiction story about the adventures of computer programmer, Neo, was not only a commercial success but also left a lasting impression on action film-making through its creative use of slow-motion and spinning cameras.
1985 The first edition of WrestleMania is held in New York
The annual event is the world's most important wrestling meet. It is the biggest event organized by World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE).
1964 Following a coup d'etat, a military dictatorship takes charge in Brazil
The regime under Humberto Castelo Branco suppressed the left-wing opposition, leading to widespread social unrest and strike action, especially in 1968.
1918 The United States switch to DST for the first time
Most areas in the U.S. change the clocks twice a year. Exceptions include Hawaii and most of Arizona. The first country to ever use DST was Germany in 1916.
1889 The Eiffel Tower is opened
French engineer Alexandre Gustave Eiffel unfurled a French flag from the top of the tower, which has since become the most iconic landmark of Paris.
Births On This Day &ndash 31 март
1948 Al Gore
American politician, 45th Vice President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate
Baseball History on January 31
Baseball Births on January 31 / Baseball Deaths on January 31
Players Born on, Died on, Debut on, Finished on January 31
Baseball history on January 31 includes a total of 60 Major League baseball players born that day of the year, 33 Major League baseball players who died on that date, baseball players who made their Major League debut on that date, and Major League baseball players who appeared in their final game that date.
Bill James, on the same page of the same book we used at the top of this page, said, "But as I began to do research on the history of baseball (in order to discuss the players more intelligently) I began to feel that there was a history a baseball that had not been written at that time, a history of good and ordinary players, a history of being a fan, a history of games that meant something at the time but mean nothing now." To that end, I have created Baseball Almanac. A site to worship baseball. A site by a fan who is trying to tell the history of good and ordinary baseball players.