American Journalists - Biographies

American Journalists - Biographies

  • Lyman Abbott
  • Samuel Hopkins Adams
  • Franklin Pierce Adams
  • James Agee
  • Frederick Lewis Allen
  • Joseph Alsop
  • Stewart Alsop
  • James Altgens
  • Carr Van Anda
  • Jack Anderson
  • Sherwood Anderson
  • James Aronson
  • Hugh Aynesworth
  • Ray Stannard Baker
  • Bessie Beatty
  • Robert Benchley
  • Victor Berger
  • Jack L. Bell
  • Ulric Bell
  • Cedric Belfrage
  • Alexander Berkman
  • Carl Bernstein
  • Ambrose Bierce
  • Homer Bigart
  • Richard Billings
  • Barry Bingham
  • Winifred Black
  • James Blaine
  • Nellie Bly
  • Don Bohning
  • Edward Bok
  • Murray Bookchin
  • William Bolitho
  • Randolph Bourne
  • Ben Bradlee
  • Pete Brewton
  • Harry Bridges
  • John Bright
  • Heywood Broun
  • Louise Bryant
  • William Cullen Bryant
  • Thomas G. Buchanan
  • Louis Budenz
  • Nina Burleigh
  • William Christian Bullitt
  • James Burnham
  • Abraham Cahan
  • Erskine Caldwell
  • Cass Canfield
  • Arthur Capper
  • Iris Carpenter
  • John Franklin Carter
  • Willa Cather
  • William Henry Chamberlin
  • Whittaker Chambers
  • Dickey Chapelle
  • Anton Chaitkin
  • John Jay Chapman
  • Leslie Cockburn
  • McAllister Coleman
  • Peter Collier
  • Seward Collins
  • C. P. Connolly
  • Alex Constantine
  • Alistair Cooke
  • Fred J. Cook
  • David Corn
  • Ruth Cowan
  • Walter Cronkite
  • Stephen Crane
  • Walter Crane
  • George Creel
  • Herbert Croly
  • Frank Crowninshield
  • Ernest Cuneo
  • David Dallin
  • Leo Damore
  • Benjamin Davis
  • Deborah Davis
  • Richard Harding Davis
  • Charles Dana
  • Josephus Daniels
  • Dorothy Day
  • Eugene V. Debs
  • Floyd Dell
  • Josephus Daniels
  • Peggy Deuell
  • Wallace R. Deuel
  • Rheta Childe Dorr
  • Elizabeth Dilling
  • Theodore Dreiser
  • Ronnie Dugger
  • Max Eastman
  • Walter Duranty
  • Edward Jay Epstein
  • Jason Epstein
  • Louis Fraina
  • John Henry Faulk
  • Howard Fast
  • Harold Feldman
  • Edna Ferber
  • Marshall Field III
  • Louis Fischer
  • Senya Fleshin
  • Benjamin Flower
  • John T. Flynn
  • Gaeton Fonzi
  • Waldo Frank
  • Donald Freed
  • Margaret Fuller
  • Hamlin Garland
  • Garet Garrett
  • John Gates
  • Martha Gellhorn
  • Floyd Gibbons
  • Edwin Godkin
  • Michael Gold
  • Emma Goldman
  • Laird Goldsborough
  • Philip Graham
  • Katharine Graham
  • Jane Grant
  • Ernest Gruening
  • John Gunther
  • Francis Hackett
  • Briton Hadden
  • Benjamin Hampton
  • Norman Hapgood
  • Ruth Hale
  • Bret Harte
  • Thom Hartmann
  • Ruth Hale
  • Sarah Hale
  • Ida Harper
  • Franck Havenner
  • William Randolph Hearst
  • Hal Hendrix
  • John Hersey
  • Seymour Hersh
  • Ben Hecht
  • Ernest Hemingway
  • Josephine Herbst
  • Granville Hicks
  • Marguerite Higgins
  • Chester Himes
  • Warren Hinckle
  • Daniel Hopsicker
  • Roy W. Howard
  • William Dean Howells
  • Robert Hunter
  • Ralph Ingersoll
  • Lee Israel
  • Victor Jerome
  • Joachim Joesten
  • Priscilla Johnson
  • W. Penn Jones Jr
  • Steve Kangas
  • Seth Kantor
  • William E. Kelly
  • Stetson Kennedy
  • Dorothy Kilgallen
  • Freda Kirchwey
  • Helen Kirkpatrick
  • Hubert R. Knickerbocker
  • Jim Koethe
  • Mark Lane
  • Roy Edward Larsen
  • Victor Lasky
  • William Laurence
  • Thomas W. Lawson
  • Isaac Don Levine
  • Alfred Henry Lewis
  • Sinclair Lewis
  • Jake Lingle
  • Walter Lippmann
  • Henry Demarest Lloyd
  • Jack London
  • Tania Long
  • George Horace Lorimer
  • Elijah Parish Lovejoy
  • Jay Lovestone
  • Henry Luce
  • Clare Boothe Luce
  • Eugene Lyons
  • Peter Maas
  • Erika Mann
  • Herbert Matthews
  • Charles MacArthur
  • Laton McCartney
  • Dwight MacDonald
  • Carey McWilliams
  • Angus Mackenzie
  • Jim Marrs
  • Charles Edward Marsh
  • John Stuart Martin
  • David C. Martin
  • Thomas J. C. Martyn
  • Samuel McClure
  • David McKean
  • Claude McKay
  • Carey McWilliams
  • Henry Louis Mencken
  • Dan E. Moldea
  • Jefferson Morley
  • Sydney Morrell
  • Arline Mosby
  • Edgar Ansel Mowrer
  • Edward Murrow
  • Shelley Mydans
  • George J. Nathan
  • George Ward Nichols
  • Frank Norris
  • Joseph North
  • Gerald Nye
  • Adolph Ochs
  • Fremont Older
  • Mary White Ovington
  • William Paley
  • Frederick Palmer
  • Dorothy Parker
  • Robert Parry
  • Paul C. Patterson
  • William Patterson
  • Drew Pearson
  • William Peffer
  • Westbrook Pegler
  • Amos Pinchot
  • Ruth Pinchot
  • Walter Pincus
  • David Graham Phillips
  • Percival Phillips
  • Ernest Poole
  • Katherine Anne Porter
  • Gerald Posner
  • Robert Post
  • Virginia Prewett
  • Byron Price
  • Rayna Prohme
  • Joseph Pulitzer
  • Ralph Pulitzer
  • Ernie Pyle
  • Dan Rather
  • Charles Ray
  • John Reed
  • Helen Rogers Reid
  • William Reymond
  • Quentin Reynolds
  • Mark Riebling
  • Jacob Riis
  • Charles Ruthenberg
  • Harold Ross
  • Charles Edward Russell
  • Dick Russell
  • Pierre Salinger
  • Harrison Salisbury
  • Carl Sandburg
  • Léo Sauvage
  • Carl Schurz
  • Sigrid Schurz
  • George Schuyler
  • Edward Scripps
  • George Seldes
  • Elizabeth Shepley Sergeant
  • Max Shachtman
  • Vincent Sheean
  • William L. Shirer
  • Upton Sinclair
  • Agnes Smedley
  • Vincent Sheean
  • Howard K. Smith
  • Merriman Smith
  • Edgar Snow
  • John Spargo
  • Henry M. Stanley
  • Lincoln Steffens
  • John Steinbeck
  • Andrew St George
  • I. F. Stone
  • Leland Stowe
  • Ann Stringer
  • Frank Sullivan
  • Arthur Hays Sulzberger
  • Raymond Gram Swing
  • John Swinton
  • Jane Grey Swisshelm
  • Herbert Bayard Swope
  • David Talbot
  • Ida Tarbell
  • Edmond Taylor
  • Studs Terkel
  • Evan Thomas
  • Dorothy Thompson
  • Sonia Tomara
  • Joseph Trento
  • Walter Trohan
  • William Turner
  • Mark Twain
  • Arthur H. Vandenberg
  • Henry Villard
  • Oswald Garrison Villard
  • Sandor Voros
  • Mary Heaton Vorse
  • Ida Wells
  • Thayer Waldo
  • Fred Warren
  • Tom Watson
  • Julius Wayland
  • Gary Webb
  • Walter Weyl
  • Edith Wharton
  • W. A. White
  • Brand Whitlock
  • Walt Whitman
  • Tom Wicker
  • Bonnie Wiley
  • Frank Wilkeson
  • Wythe Williams
  • Ella Winter
  • Edmund Wilson
  • David Wise
  • Walter Winchell
  • Bertram Wolfe
  • Victoria Woodhull
  • Bob Woodward
  • Alexander Woollcott
  • Richard Wright

15 Best Autobiographies Everyone Should Read At Least Once In Their Lives

An autobiography is a first hand experiences of the authors written by the authors, thus, making them interesting to the readers and enabling them to understand the &ldquoother,&rdquo unseen side of the authors.

Autobiographies are mainly written by famous persons. They teach us different stories, the authors&rsquo struggles in life, the emotions they went through, making the autobiographers more human. Here are 15 of the best autobiographies in no qualitative order.


&aposFace to Face With Connie Chung&apos

In 1983, Chung moved to NBC. By the time her contract came up for renewal in 1989, she had become one of the most popular journalists in television news. After a fierce bidding war, Chung signed a three-year deal with CBS. She launched a program called Face to Face With Connie Chung, which mixed hard news with celebrity-friendly feature interviews. The program was popular with viewers, but many media critics questioned whether Chung was focusing on entertainment over information. The New York Times, for example, asked: "The question remains, is this program news? And, if so, what sort of news?"

Just months after starting, Chung quit the program, issuing a statement that she was leaving her grueling work schedule to focus on having a baby. "Time is running out for me when it comes to childbearing," said Chung, then 44. Her efforts to conceive a child proved unsuccessful. Povich and Chung would adopt a son, Matthew, in June 1995.


Best Biographies Of All Time: 8 Essential Reads

This story was written in collaboration with Forbes Finds . Forbes Finds covers products and experiences we think you’ll love. Featured products are independently selected and linked to for your convenience. If you buy something using a link on this page, Forbes may receive a small share of that sale.

Anthony Bourdain (file Photo by Rich Fury/Invision/AP)

I recently listed some of my favorite history books of all-time and because people are the most interesting aspects of history, I included a few great biographies of significant historical figures like Malcolm X, Winston Churchill, Julius Caesar, and others.

But there are so many others Here are some of the best biographies of all time, many of which are written to inspire you to take risks in business—and in life.

The Tycoons by Charles R. Morris

What powered American industry, from the devastating aftermath of its civil war, to become the catalyst behind the world largest economy within decades? The answer has much to do with four men: Carnegie, Rockefeller, Gould and Morgan. These industrialists, financiers, railroaders and oil tycoons became as big and wealthy as America itself, and along the way paved the road for what is today the laws, regulations and infrastructure of our modern markets. I enjoyed this book as not just a biography of these four men, but as an economic history of the United States during one of its most tumultuous eras.

War and Peace by Nigel Hamilton

Nigel Hamilton's acclaimed trilogy (which is available as a three-part boxed set) ends with this volume that happened coincide with the 75th Anniversary of D-Day. This book makes me think of perhaps my favorite presidential biography of all time: Truman by David McCullough. While many under-appreciated Truman during his term in office, today's readers of McCullough's 1992 biography will truly understand how he capably overcame the enormity of the challenges he faced and the impact his leadership has on our society today. But as Hamilton's FDR trilogy makes clear, many of Truman's successes (and failures) or due to what he inherited from Roosevelt.

Mozart: A Life by Peter Gay

Is it possible to summarize the life of the world's arguably greatest composer in just 160 pages? Peter Gay, a historian and previous National Book Award winner, pulls it off expertly, with a quick, engaging and informative narrative that not only digs into the nature and personality of the musical genius but also gives a great background of the economic and political times that influenced his life and his work. Gay 1999 biography takes pains to debunk some of the myths surrounding Mozart's life (no, he wasn't poisoned by a rival composer and, no, he wasn't buried in a pauper's grave). This book isn't a deep dive or an expanded narrative. But for me, it provided all the information I wanted to learn about a musician whose works have helped me navigate my way through the mundane work—I am an accountant, after all—of my professional life.

Anthony Bourdain Remembered

I've been interested in Anthony Bourdain—who tragically took his own life in 2018—long before he became a nationally known TV star of the hit CNN series "Parts Unknown." I didn't love reading Kitchen Confidentialhis first and most famous book—simply because of all the crazy stories of drug use and partying that went on behind the scenes at the restaurants where he worked. I enjoyed it because I like to go to restaurants and I'm curious—from a business and creative standpoint—about how they work. But it's Bourdain's legacy that's considered in Anthony Bourdain Remembered, a bestseller released just last month compiling memories and anecdotes from his fans, friends, and colleagues at CNN.

Stalin: The Court of the Red Tsar by Simon Sebag Montefiore

Montefiore's 2003 biography of Stalin is about a man who lived with death every single day of his life to become the leader of millions and an infamous reminder of what can happen when the wrong leaders rise to power. But as the book explains—in great and sometimes gory detail—he achieved that power through many murderous and violent ways. More interestingly, Montefiore provides countless examples of how Stalin befriended his fellow politicians, party members and others only to abandon (and oftentimes eliminate them) in pursuit of his goals. Can a ruthless monster rise to the top and stay there his entire life? This book shows how it's possible.

Alexander Hamilton by Ron Chernow

With all due respect to the hit musical—which is fantastic—the book it's based on is better. That's because Ron Chernow's 2004 biography more deeply describes Hamilton's days as a soldier under Washington's command and the complexities involved in financing a young nation's growth and creating a central bank amidst the monumental political and financial challenges of the day. Hamilton—the nation’s most famous immigrant to some—never held elected office. But his influence on our lives today is still very much apparent.

The Passage of Power by Robert Caro

Robert Caro's latest entry in his series of LBJ biographies (there were three previous volumes) covers from approximately 1958 to 1964 and explains in great detail how Johnson—the powerful leader of the Senate who so aspired to the presidency —rose out of the political wilderness of the vice-presidency to use the skills he learned in over 30 years of government service to rescue the country from a devastating presidential assassination and guide it back to stability.

Leonardo da Vinci by Walter Isaacson

Leonardo da Vinci by Walter Isaacson

Walter Isaacson—the former editor of Time, best known for his other great biographies of Benjamin Franklin and Steve Jobs—not only illuminates some of da Vinci's greatest artistic works, but also reveals the genius behind this self-taught, self-confident entrepreneur. Leonardo was constantly promoting his artistic abilities to wealthy benefactors and had the creativity to come up with flying machines and giant crossbows while studying anatomy, fossils, birds, the heart, flying machines, botany, geology, and weaponry. Few geniuses like this have ever walked the earth.


Journalism Quarterly Index-History and Biography

Abortion News in the Late 1920s: A New York Case Study (Marvin Olasky), 66:724-26.

African-American Women Journalists and Their Male Editors: A Tradition of Support (Rodger Streitmatter), 70:276-86.

Alternatives to Newspaper Advertising, 1890-1920: Printers’ Innovative Product and Message Designs (Claire Badaracco), 67:1042-1050.

American Muckraking of Technology Since 1900 (Harry H. Stein), 67:401-409.

American ‘New Journalism’ Takes Root in Europe at End of the 19th Century (Marion T. Marzolf), 61:529-36, 691.

American Over European Community? Newspaper Content Changes, 1808-1812 (Donald R. Avery), 63:311-14.

Assessing Public Opinion in the 1930s-1940s: Retrospective Views of Journalists (Susan Herbst), 67:943-49.

The Authority of Truth: Religion and the John Peter Zenger Case (David Paul Nord), 62:227-35.

Battling Censors, Chiding Home Office: Harrison Salisbury’s Russian Assignment (Don Grierson), 64:313-16.

The Bay of Pigs and The New York Times: Another View of What Happened (Daniel D. Kennedy), 63:524-29.

Benjamin Franklin to Watergate: The Press in U.S. History Textbooks (Dan B. Fleming), 61:885-88.

Birth of a Network’s “Conscience”: The NBC Advisory Council, 1927 (Louise M. Benjamin), 66:587-90.

The Body Politics: The Changing Shape of Uncle Sam (Thomas H. Bivins), 64:13-20.

Brand-Name Use in News Columns of American Newspapers Since 1964 (Monroe Friedman), 63:161-66.

Breaking the Ice: An In Depth Look at Oriana Fallaci’s Interview Techniques (Santo L. Arico), 63:587-93.

The Business Values of American Newspapers: The 19th Century Watershed in Chicago (David Paul Nord). 61:265-73.

Calvin Chase’s Washington Bee and Black Middle-Class Ideology, 1882-1900 (David Howard-Pitney), 63:89-97.

“Cave Man” Meets “Student Champion”: Sports Page Storytelling for a Nervous Generation during AmericaÕs Jazz Age (Bruce J. Evenson), 70:767-79.

Changes in Editorials: A Study of Three Newspapers, 1955-1985 (Ernest C. Hynds), 67:302-312.

Chauvinism, Populism and Pre-War TV: Two Views as Seen by the Press, 1937-42 (Dave Berkman), 65:347-51.

Chicago Journalists at the Turn of the Century: Bohemians All? (Norma Green, Steve Lacy, and Jean Folkerts), 66:813-21.

Civil Rights Vanguard in the Deep South: Newspaper Portrayal of Fannie Lou Hamer, 1964-1977 (Sharon Bramlett-Solomon) 68:515-21.

A Clash Over Race: Tennessee Governor Ellington versus CBS, 1960 (David E. Sumner), 68:541-47.

Class, Polemics, and America’s First Newspaper (William David Sloan), 70:666-81. Comparing Gender Differentiation in the New York Times, 1885 and 1985 (Lee B. Jolliffe), 66:683-91.

A Content Analysis of Press Views of Darwin’s Evolution Theory, 1860-1925 (Ed Caudill), 64:782-86.

Democracy’s Guardians: Hollywood’s Portrait of Reporters, 1930-1945 (Stephen Vaughn and Bruce Evensen), 68:829-38.

‘Dear Companion, Every-Ready Co-Worker:’ A Woman’s Role in a Media Dynasty (Susan Henry), 64:301-12.

Design Trends in U.S. Front Pages, 1885-1985 (Kevin G. Barnhurst and John C. Nerone), 68:796-804.

The Dolt Laughs: Satirical Publications under Hitler and Honecker (Randall L. Bytwerk), 69:1029-38.

E.L. Godkin and His (Special and Influential) View of 19th Century Journalism (Edward Caudill), 69:1039-50. E.L.

Godkin and the Science of Society (Edward Caudill), 66:57-64.

Early Television on Public Watch: Kefauver and His Crime Investigation (Gregory C. Lisby), 62:236-42.

Economic Elements of Opposition to Abolition and Support of South by Bennett in New York Herald (Gary Whitby), 65:78-84.

An Editor Speaks for the Natives: Robert Knight in 19th Century India (Edwin Hirschmann), 63:260-67.

Eleanor Roosevelt’s Press Conferences: Symbolic Importance of a Pseudo-Event (Maurine Beasley), 61:274-79, 338.

Establishing the Frontier Newspaper: A Study of Eight Western Territories (Barbara Cloud), 61:805-11.

Exception to the Female Model: Colonial Printer Mary Crouch (Susan Henry), 62:725-33, 749.

Father Coughlin in the Periodical Press, 1931-1942 (Robert M. Ogles and Herbert H. Howard), 6l:280-86, 363.

FCC Standard-Setting with Regard to FM Stereo and AM Stereo (W.A. Kelly Huff), 68:483-90.

FDR Versus His Own Attorney General: The Struggle over Sedition 1941-42 (Patrick S. Washburn), 62:717-24.

FDR Wins (and Loses) Journalist Friends in the Rising Age of News Interpretation (Betty Houchin Winfield), 64:698-706.

First Amendment Theories and Press Responsibility: The Work of Zechariah Chafee, Thomas Emerson, Vincent Blasi and Edwin Baker (Elizabeth Blanks Hindman), 69:48-64.

From Black Politics to Black Community: Harry C. Smith and the Cleveland Gazette (Summer E. Stevens and Owen V. Johnson), 67:1090-1102.

Germany’s Kurt Korff: An Emigre’s Influence on Early Life (C. Zoe Smith), 59:412-19.

The Greek-American Press: A 90-Year Compendium (Yorgo Pasadeos), 62:140-44.

Hard News/Soft News Content of the National Television Networks, 1972-1987 (David K. Scott and Robert H. Gobetz), 69:406-12.

Hawks or Doves: Texas Press and Spanish-American War (Marvin Olasky), 64:205-08.

Horace Greeley and Social Responsibility (Warren G. Bovee), 63:25l-59.

Horns of a Dilemma: The Sun, Abolition, and the 1833-34 New York Riots (Gary L. Whitby), 67:410-19.

How Excess Profits Tax Brought Ads to Black Newspapers in World War II (Mary Alice Sentman and Patrick S. Washburn), 64:769-74.

How Radical Were the Muckrakers? Socialist Press Views, 1902-1906 (Shiela Reaves), 61:763-70.

How Readers’ Letters May Influence Editors and News Emphasis: A Content Analysis of 10 Newspapers, 1948-1978 (David Pritchard and Dan Berkowitz), 68:388-95.

Influence of Telegraph on Wisconsin Newspaper Growth (Bradford W. Scharlott), 66:710-15.

The Influences of Publicity Typologies on Sherwood Anderson’s News Values (Claire Badarraco), 66:979-86.

Intellectual History, Social History, Cultural History, and Our History (David Paul Nord), 67:645-48.

Jacksonians Discipline a Party Editor: Economic Leverage and Political Exile (Robert K. Stewart), 66:591-99.

Japanese-American Relocation During World War II: A Study of California Editorial Reactions (Lloyd Chiasson), 68:263-68.

Journalism Behind Barbed Wire, 1942-44: An Arkansas Relocation Center Newspaper (Jay Freidlander), 62:243-46, 271.

Journalism History Writing, 1975-1983 (Jean Folkerts and Stephen Lacy), 62:585-88.

The Journalism of David Graham Phillips (Robert Miraldi), 63:83-88.

The Journalist in Fiction, 1890-1930 (Howard Good), 62:352-57.

Journalists and Novelists: A Study of Diverging Styles (Wayne A. Danielson, Dominic L. Lasorsa and Dae S. Im), 69:436-46.

Labor Press Demands Equal Education in Age of Jackson (C. K. McFarland and Robert L. Thistlewaite), 65:600-08.

Law That Led to Free Press Passed Just 500 Years Ago (Charles Stuart), 61:689-91.

Let’s Sightsee Radiovision –TV Terms That Didn’t Last (Dave Berkman), 63:626-27.

The Libel Climate of the Late 19th Century: A Survey of Libel Litigation, 1884-1899 (Timothy Gleason), 70:893-906.

The McLuhan Papers: Some Preliminary Notes (William R. Lindley), 63:391-93.

National Security Benchmark: Truman, Executive Order 10290, and the Press (Kathleen L. Endres), 67:1071-1077.

The New Deal Publicity Operation: Foundation for the Modern Presidency (Betty Houchin Winfield), 61:40-48, 218.

New York City’s Penny Press and the Issue of Woman’s Rights, 1848-1860 (Sylvia D. Hoffert), 70:656-65.

News About Slavery from 1820-1860 in Newspapers of South, North and West (Donald Lewis Shaw), 61:483-92.

News Conferences on TV: Ike Age Politics Revisited (Craig Allen), 70:13-25.

News of the ‘Good War’: World War II News Management (Richard W. Steele), 62:707-16, 783.

The Newspaper Industry’s Campaign against Spacegrabbers, 1917-1921 (Susan Lucarelli), 70:883-92.

Newspaper Photo Coverage of Censure of McCarthy (Larry Z. Leslie) , 63:850-53.

Newspapers Call for Swift Justice: A Study of the McKinley Assassination (Don Sneed), 65:360-67.

The 19th Century World Versus the Sun: Promoting Consumption (Rather than the Working Man) (Janet E. Steele), 67:592-601.

No Taste for Fluff: Ethel L. Payne, African-American Journalist (Rodger L. Streitmatter), 68:528-40.

Not an Empty Box with Beautiful Words on It: The First Amendment in Progressive Era Scholarship (Linda Cobb-Reiley), 69:37-47.

Numbers versus Pictures: Did Network Television Sensationalize Chernobyl Coverage? (Carole Gorney), 69:455-65.

Objectivity in Journalism: A Search and a Reassessment (Richard Streckfuss), 67:973-83.

Opposing Abortion Clinics: A New York Times 1871 Crusade (Marvin N. Olasky), 63:305-10.

The Origins of NBC’s Project XX in Compilation Documentaries (Vance Kepley, Jr.), 6l:20-26.

Our First “Television” Candidate: Eisenhower over Stevenson in 1956 (Craig Allen), 65:352-59.

Politics and Radio in the 1924 Campaign (Dave Berkman), 64:422-28.

The Post-Revolutionary Woman Idealized: Philadelphia Media’s Republican Mother (Karen K. List), 66:65-75.

The Precedent that Almost Was: A 1926 Court Effort to Regulate Radio (Louise M. Benjamin), 67:578-85.

Presidential Endorsement Patterns By Chain-Owned Papers, 1976-84 (John C. Busterna and Kathleen A. Hansen), 67:286-94.

Press and U.S. Policy Toward Nicaragua, 1983-1987: A Study of the New York Times and Washington Post (Sandra H. Dickson), 69:562-71.

Racial References in the Texas Press, 1813-1836 (Michael Buchholz), 67:586-91.

A Reappraisal of Legislative Privilege and American Colonial Journalism (Jeffrey A. Smith), 61:97-103, 141.

Robert Henry Best: The Path To Treason, 1921-1945 (James C. Clark), 67:1051-1061.

The Rogue Elephant of Radio Legislation: Senator William E. Borah (Donald G. Godfrey and Val E. Limburg), 67:214-24.

Roots of the Space Race: Sputnik and the Language of U.S. News in 1957 (Jack Lule), 68:76-86.

Roscoe Dunjee: Crusading Editor of Oklahoma’s Black Dispatch, 1915-1955 (William S. Sullins and Paul Parsons), 69:204-13.

Scripps’ Competitive Strategy: The Art of Non-Competition (Gerald J. Baldasty and Myron K. Jordan), 70:265-75.

Sharpening of The Blade: Black Consciousness in Kansas, 1892-97 (Teresa C. Klassen and Owen V. Johnson), 63:298-304.

Sibling Interactions in 1950s versus 1980s Sitcoms: A Comparison (Mary Strom Larson), 68:381-87.

Social Darwinism on the Editorial Page: American Newspapers and the Boer War (Marvin Olasky), 65:420-24.

Social Responsibility of the Texas Revolutionary Press (Michael Buchholz), 59:185-89.

Social Utility of Sensational News: Murder and Divorce in the 1920’s (John D. Stevens), 62:53-58.

Soldiers Reflect on War Coverage at Turn of Century (Wallace B. Eberhard), 66:706-10.

Southern Magazine Publishing, 1964-1984 (Sam G. Riley and Gary Selnow), 65:898-901.

Space Race Propaganda: U.S. Coverage of the Soviet Sputniks in 1957 (Cheryl L. Marlin), 64:544-49.

State Constitutions and the Press: Historical Context and Resurgence of a Libertarian Tradition? (James R. Parramore), 69:105-23.

‘Strictly Confidential’: Birth-Control Advertising in 19th Century City (Kathleen L. Endres), 63:748-51.

Surrogate State Department? Times Coverage of Palestine, 1948 (Bruce J. Evensen), 67:391-400.

Testing Siebert’s Proposition in Civil War Indiana (Jon Paul Dilts), 63:365-68.

Trends in Journalism Quarterly: Reflections of the Retired Editor (Guido H. Stempel III), 67:277-81.

Trying to Harness Atomic Energy, 1946-1951: Albert Einstein’s Publicity Campaign for World Government (Susan Caudill), 68:253-62.

Unlicensed Broadcasting and the Federal Radio Commission: The 1930 George W. Fellowes Challenge (Steven P. Phipps), 68:823-28.

Weekly Editors in 1900: A Quantitative Study of Demographic Characteristics (Jean Folkerts and Stephen Lacy), 64:429-33.


Contents

Ronald Chernow was born on March 3, 1949, in Brooklyn, New York. His father Israel was the owner of a discount store and creator of a stock brokerage firm his mother Ruth was a bookkeeper. He is brother to Bart Chernow and uncle to Shandee Chernow. [4] Chernow was voted "Most Likely to Succeed", and was Class President and Valedictorian when he graduated in 1966 from Forest Hills High School in Queens, New York. [5] Chernow graduated summa cum laude from Yale University in 1970 and Pembroke College at Cambridge University with degrees in English literature. He began but did not finish a PhD program. He says that in politics he is a "disgruntled Democrat" and gives his religion as "Jewish, though more in the breach than the observance." [6]

He married Valerie Stearn in 1979 she died in January 2006. Valerie S. Chernow was an assistant professor of languages and social sciences at the New York City College of Technology. [7]

Chernow began his career as a freelance journalist. He wrote more than 60 articles in national newspapers and magazines from 1973 to 1982. In the mid-1980s, he put his writing pursuits aside when he began serving as the director of financial policy studies with the Twentieth Century Fund, which is based in New York City. In 1986, he left the organization and refocused his efforts on writing. In addition to his background writing nonfiction works and biographies, Chernow continues to contribute articles to The New York Times [8] and The Wall Street Journal. He has also provided commentary on business, politics, and finance on national radio and television shows, while additionally appearing as an expert in documentary films.

Business and finance Edit

The House of Morgan Edit

In 1990, Chernow published his first book, The House of Morgan: An American Banking Dynasty and the Rise of Modern Finance, which traces the history of four generations of the J.P. Morgan financial empire. [9] The reviewer for The New York Times Book Review said, "As a portrait of finance, politics and the world of avarice and ambition on Wall Street, the book has the movement and tension of an epic novel. It is, quite simply, a tour de force." [10] The House of Morgan: An American Banking Dynasty and the Rise of Modern Finance was honored with the National Book Award for Nonfiction. [3]

The Warburgs Edit

In 1993, Chernow published The Warburgs: The Twentieth-Century Odyssey of a Remarkable Jewish Family, which is an account of the Warburg family, who immigrated to the US from Germany in 1938. The Warburg family was a prominent financial dynasty of German Jewish descent, known for their accomplishments in physics, classical music, art history, pharmacology, physiology, finance, private equity and philanthropy. The book was awarded the Columbia Business School's George S. Eccles Prize for Excellence in Economic Writing. It was additionally named as one of the year's ten best works by the American Library Association [11] and a Notable Book by The New York Times.

The Death of the Banker Edit

Chernow's 1997 collection of essays, The Death of the Banker, touched upon his earlier writings and chronicled "the decline and fall of the great financial dynasties and the triumph of the small investor".

Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller, Sr. Edit

In 1998, Chernow published the 774 page long book Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller, Sr., which was selected by Time and The New York Times as one of the year's ten best books. A prominent figure in American business history, Rockefeller was an industrialist, philanthropist, and the founder of the Standard Oil Company. The book reflected Chernow's continued interest in financial history, especially when shaped by compelling and influential individuals. The book remained on The New York Times Best Seller list for 16 weeks. Time called it "one of the great American biographies". [12]

American politics Edit

Alexander Hamilton Edit

In 2004, Chernow published Alexander Hamilton. The biography was nominated for a National Book Critics Circle Award [13] and was named as the winner of the inaugural George Washington Book Prize for early American history. [14] It remained on The New York Times Best Seller list for three months. In his review for the Journal of American History, Stephen B. Presser, who is a member of the faculty of Northwestern University wrote:

This book is one of those happy rarities: a popular biography that should also delight scholars. . This is the kind of synthetic narrative history and biography that is rarely done to such high standards and is clearly one of the best introductions to the American formative era available. Moreover, the way Chernow integrates international affairs, domestic politics, economic and constitutional theory, and astute psychological analysis is nothing short of wondrous. [15]

The biography was adapted into a Tony award-winning musical, Hamilton, by Lin-Manuel Miranda, which opened on Broadway in August 2015. Chernow served as historical consultant to the production.

George Washington Edit

Chernow's 904-page Washington: A Life was released on October 5, 2010 (ISBN 978-1594202667). It won the Pulitzer Prize for Biography [16] [17] and the American History Book Prize. Professor Gordon S. Wood, renowned scholar of the Founding era, wrote: [18]

The best, most comprehensive, and most balanced single-volume biography of Washington ever written. One comes away from the book feeling that Washington has finally become comprehensible. [Chernow's] understanding of human nature is extraordinary and that is what makes his biography so powerful. [19]

Ulysses S. Grant Edit

In 2011, Chernow signed a deal to write a comprehensive biography on Ulysses S. Grant. [20] Chernow explained his transition from writing about George Washington to Grant: "Makes some sense as progression. Towering general of Revolution to towering general of Civil War. Both two-term presidents, though with very different results." [21] Grant was released on October 10, 2017 and the biography strongly argues against conventional wisdom that Grant was an ". adequate president, a dull companion and a roaring drunk." [22] The book received overwhelmingly positive reviews and was named by The New York Times as one of the 10 Best Books of 2017. [23]

In 1990, Chernow became a member of the PEN American Center. In 2006, he was named as the President of the Board of Trustees, succeeding novelist Salman Rushdie. [24]


More Investigative Reporting

This was followed with investigations and exposés on sweatshops, baby-buying, jails, and corruption in the legislature. She interviewed Belva Lockwood, the Woman Suffrage Party presidential candidate, and Buffalo Bill, as well as the wives of three presidents (Grant, Garfield, and Polk). She wrote about the Oneida Community, an account republished in book form.


Introduction

The name of the journalist who helped create the legend of “Lawrence of Arabia,” Lowell Thomas, is not well known today, but for much of the twentieth century Thomas was one of the preeminent journalists in the world — perhaps the best known of America’s journalists. His career spanned six decades. Thomas started in print, experimented early on with multimedia forms, established himself as a star on radio and also worked with great success on television. Indeed, he helped invent broadcast journalism. Thomas distinguished himself as a reporter, newscaster, war correspondent, lecturer, filmmaker, author, explorer, producer and media entrepreneur.

Some referred to Lowell Thomas as “fortune’s son,” for he so often seemed to be in the right place, working in the right medium. But he owed his success to much more than good luck. Few could match Thomas’ drive, dedication, creativity, showmanship, willingness to experiment with technology, journalistic instincts or love for a good story.

“Lowell Thomas was the prototype for those who came after him, a cause rather than a consequence of a new form of journalism.”

—Professor F.D. Crawford

“Lowell Thomas was an American original — a crusading journalist, broadcaster, show man, entrepreneur and world class adventurer. For many in my generation he was an early hero with his swashbuckling ways and inexhaustible energy as he raced around the world, sending back radio reports and films of epic events. I can still hear in my memory’s ear the familiar phrase, ‘So long until tomorrow!’ It was a promise kept to his millions of listeners.”

—Tom Brokaw


Battle of sexes at battlefront

For days before the United States sent its troops to Korea, Higgins and her colleagues were caught up in the Republic of Korea (ROK) Army's rapid retreat to Taejon, constantly besieged by the advancing North Koreans and always in great danger. Along with covering the battles, Higgins was hit with another bomb. Her paper, the New York Herald Tribune, sent over its star war correspondent, the Pulitzer Prize-winning Homer Bigart, to cover the war. Bigart told Higgins to go home, saying she would be fired if she stayed in Korea. Higgins was dejected, but after thinking it over, simply stayed on, ignoring Bigart when she ran into him on the front.

Higgins was in the midst of intense combat as the city of Taejon fell to the enemy, when an officer delivered a message to her that she was under orders of the U.S. Army to leave the Korean theater of war at once. Lieutenant General Walton H. "Johnnie" Walker (1889–1950 see entry), commander of the Eighth Army, had issued the order because Higgins was a woman, and he believed Korea to be no place for women. With this second order to leave, Higgins felt she was being unfairly targeted, as she described in War in Korea:

I had already been with the troops three weeks… . Realizing that as a female I was an obvious target for comment, I had taken great pains not to ask for anything that could possibly be construed as a special favor. Like the rest of the correspondents, when not sleeping on the ground at the front with an individual unit, I usually occupied a table top in the big, sprawling room at Taejon from which we telephoned. The custom was to come back from the front, bang out your story, and stretch out on the table top. You would try to sleep, despite the noise of other stories being shouted into the phone, till your turn came to read your story to Tokyo. Then, no matter what the hour, you would probably start out again because the front lines were changing so fast you would not risk staying away any longer than necessary.

After the fall of Taejon in July, Higgins made her way to Taegu in order to argue her point with General Walker at the new Eighth Army headquarters. Instead, she was unceremoniously put on a plane for Tokyo. Fortunately, when she arrived she learned that MacArthur had overturned Walker's order. According to Antionette May's biography, MacArthur had written a message to the president of the Herald Tribune that read: "Ban on women in Korea being lifted. Marguerite Higgins held in highest professional esteem by everyone."


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9 Badass Female Journalists You've Never Heard Of

The history of journalism has had some pretty outstanding female contributors — and in recent years they've grabbed headlines all over the place, often for tragic reasons. From the death of war correspondent Marie Colin in the Battle Of Homs in Syria in 2012 to the suspicious killing of Anna Politkovskaya, a Russian journalist and critic of the Putin government, in 2006, stories about women in journalism these days often involve death and destruction, or at the very least, controversy. But behind these news-grabbers there are female journalist pioneers who need to celebrated — both for breaking new ground and, frankly, for being deeply, inspiringly awesome.

We love our reporters brassy and take-no-prisoners these days, like Canadian reporter Shauna Hunt's recent takedown of male hecklers shouting obscenities in Toronto, or Lebanese television presenter Rima Karaki's decision to cut off a live interview with a sheikh who told her it was "beneath him" to be interviewed by her. These incidents make it clear that being a female journalist is sometimes an uphill battle against sexism — and that's very much the way it's been for generations. For the nine women on this list, carving a female niche in a male-dominated industry like journalism meant their lives were often rife with discrimination, challenges, and some pretty perverse obstacles.

These nine ladies deserve to better known. You probably know about Ida B. Wells, the famous suffragette journalist and civil rights activist, and the name Gloria Steinem likely rings a bell — but there's a lot more where that came from. These women had flaws (some of their views were, well, kind of terrible), but they were definitely breaking doors and taking names.

1. Nellie Bly

American journalist Nellie Bly (1864-1922) basically invented "immersive journalism" as we know it— where journalists got down and dirty in the places and things they investigate. She took inspiration from Jules Verne's Around The World in 80 Days and took the same route to see if it could viably be done — and managed to do it in 72 days, because she wasn't f*cking around.

She also decided to reveal the treatment of patients in asylums, but instead of polite interviews with personable asylum owners, she pretended to be insane to get herself committed and make observations of the conditions. (She also patented several inventions including the modern milk can, like you do.)

2. Margaret Fuller

Margaret Fuller (1810-1850) was a ground-breaking woman in many ways. An open feminist who published the seminal work Women In The Nineteenth Century, she also worked as editor at Ralph Waldo Emerson's journal The Dial and was the first female editor of the New York Tribune.

Not content with restraining her awesomeness to America, she also traveled to Europe as the Tribune's first female overseas correspondent, and promptly shacked up with an Italian revolutionary and had a child out of wedlock. She's also supposed to have been the inspiration for the character of Hester Prynne in Hawthorne's classic The Scarlet Letter. Can you spell "baller"?

3. Mary Ann Shadd Cary

Like several women with journalism careers in 19th century America, Mary Ann Shadd Cary (1823-1893) had other things on her plate: she was a speaker, an author, and a lawyer. In 1853 she became the first female African American newspaper editor in American history when she edited the anti-slavery newspaper The Provincial Freeman, which was for American slaves who'd fled to Canada. She wrote widely on anti-slavery causes in newspapers, and also became the second African American woman in the U.S. to earn a law degree in 1883, at the age of 60.

4. Mary Katherine Goddard

Goddard's an interesting figure in the history of journalism because she wasn't technically a journalist in our modern sense of the word — she was a printer. Mary Goddard (1738-1816) has gone down in history as the first printer brave enough to print the Declaration of Independence with the names of all the signatories, revealing their identities as traitors to the British Crown. It was a radical act, but Goddard was no ordinary woman she also took over the editorship of The Maryland Journal while her brother was away, and when he forced her to return it to him, she became Postmaster of Baltimore instead.

5. Ida Minerva Tarbell

Ida Tarbell (1857-1944) was one of the first investigative journalists in the world, and devoted her career to biographies and revealing investigations into contemporary scandals. Her serialized biographies in journals, on everybody from Napoleon to Lincoln (her series on him had 20 parts) were wildly popular, and she conducted a huge expose on the Standard Oil Company and the Rockerfeller family from 1902 to 1904.

6. Ethel Payne

Ethel Payne, who died in 1991, was commonly known as the First Lady Of The Black Press — and it was a title she seriously deserved. This was a woman who wrote for the Chicago Defender, a newspaper with the subtitle American Race Prejudice Must Be Destroyed, during the heyday of the civil rights movement, and annoyed President Eisenhower so much with her persistent questions during White House press conferences that he stopped answering. Payne, a granddaughter of slaves, was also the first African American international correspondent, TV, and radio commentator.

7. Anne Newport Royall

Anne Royall (1769-1854) was a serious boundary-pusher. It's alleged that she once sat on President John Quincy Adams' clothes while he bathed until he answered her questions, which is probably untrue but completely in character. After an early career spent publishing books that excoriated political plots, (earning her an arrest as an "uncommon scold" at one point), she founded a newspaper called Paul Pry, which devoted itself to exposing political and religious fraud and graft.

Paul Pry was replaced by The Huntress in 1836, but it was along the same lines, and Royall developed some powerful enemies — not least some postmen, who occasionally refused to deliver it to subscribers.

8. Jane Grey Swisshelm

Like others on this list, Jane Swisshelm (1815-1884) doubled up journalism with other duties, including publishing and activism. She was an anti-death penalty, women's rights, and anti-slavery activist (although she also held horrible views on Native Americans), and she founded The Saturday Visiter after two other papers who had employed her went under.

Her indignant criticism of Sylvanus Lowry, a slave owner and politician, led to him destroying her office. She founded another paper, The Reconstructionist, whose attacks on President Johnson led to her losing a lucrative government job. Before she died, the Pittsburgh Chronicle Telegraph described her as "Pittsburgh's most celebrated woman".

9. Sarah Josepha Hale

Hale (1788-1879) wrote "Mary Had A Little Lamb" — but she was also one of the most powerful editors in 19th century America. As editor first of the Ladies' Journal and, later, of Godey's Lady's Book , the most widely circulated magazine in America in the 1860s, she had huge influence. She included contributors like Nathaniel Hawthorne, Catharine Beecher, and Washington Irving — and, as a testimony to her own principles about feminism, a regular section called "Women In The Workforce" to discuss life as a female worker in America. She also helped found Vassar College, presumably in her spare time.


Watch the video: Television in America: An Autobiography - Walter Cronkite