"Trying to sneak a fastball past Hank Aaron was like trying to sneak the sunrise past a rooster."
- Braves Teammate Joe Adcock"Hammerin' Hank," they called him — which was fitting for a man who made Major League Baseball pitchers literally quake like aspens when he strode to the plate.Here was the man that would break Babe Ruth's record for most home runs in a career, at 755. He also was the first player to reach 3,000 hits and 500 home runs.But hitting home runs wasn't all he did to earn a living.Hank Aaron was a gifted, all-around player who won three Gold Glove awards, and was the National League's Most Valuable Player in 1957, the year he led the Milwaukee Braves to a World Series victory over the New York Yankees in seven games.Along with 24¹ All-Star Game appearances, Aaron set the career standard for RBIs (2,297), extra base hits (1,477), and total bases (6,856). Aaron's longevity, skill, and a generally injury-free career led him to accumulate more than 12,000 at bats (second-most all time) and more than 2,100 runs scored (also second). In addition to his MVP in '57, Aaron finshed a strong third in the voting another six times.All the fame and notoriety was not earned without a stiff price, however.Early yearsAlthough Hank was born in the midst of the Depression in 1934, in Mobile, Alabama, his all-around athletic skills were evident at an early age. His next step up was to play for the Mobile Black Bears, also a semi-pro team, for $10 a game.Hank's prowess caught the eye of a scout for the Indianapolis Clowns, the Negro American League champions. He agreed to a contract to play for the Clowns, and led them to the 1952 Negro League World Series Championship.Aaron's contract was sold to the Major Leagues' Boston Braves for $10,000, and he was assigned to the Eau Claire (Wisconsin) Bears, a Class C minor league club for the Braves. Aaron, who was paid $350 a month, was the next-to-last player from the Negro Leagues (the last being Hall-of-Famer Ernie Banks) to make the jump to mainstream baseball, and make any significant impact.Following a successful first year in which he won the Northern League's Rookie of the Year Award while batting .326, Aaron was sent with Felix Mantilla and Horace Garner to the Jacksonville (Florida) Tars of the South Atlantic (Sally) League to help break the color barrier that still existed south of the Mason-Dixon line, long after Jackie Robinson had made his Major League debut in 1947.Aaron completed an outstanding year, notwithstanding threats and racial epithets thrown his way. He won the league's MVP award after batting .362 on 208 hits, including 36 doubles. One baseball pundit said, "Aaron led the league in everything except hotel accommodations."One dark incident occurred in 1953, when Aaron was attending a skills camp in the swamps of Waycross, Georgia. Aaron, a first-timer on the trip into town, was not on it.The shortest route back to camp was to walk straight through the woods, then negotiate a fence surrounding the camp. As bullets whizzed past his ears, Aaron could visualize his career, even his life, ending right there in the red Georgia clay.He managed to crawl under the spray of fire and under the fence, back to his barracks, in one piece.Following the season, Aaron played winter ball, as many rookies and prospects do, to prepare for the jump to "The Show." He learned to play the outfield to take advantage of his long, graceful strides. During spring training, 1954, the (future Milwaukee) Braves' left fielder broke his ankle, which allowed Aaron to step in and get a jump start on his Major League career. As a prelude of things to come, Aaron hit a home run in his first spring training start.Early Major League successAlthough Aaron went 0-for-5 in his Major League debut, teammate and future Hall-of-Famer Eddie Mathews hit two home runs — the first two of an eventual record 863 home runs they would hit as teammates. The duo were featured on a classic bubble gum card with the title "Fence Busters" (ca 1962).Aaron delivered his first Major League hit in his third game, and his first home run 11 days after the season start of St. Louis Cardinals pitcher Vic Raschi. Aaron broke his ankle in early September, which ended his season with 13 home runs, while batting .280 in 122 games.The following year, 1955, Aaron was moved to right field, where he would play for most of his career. Aaron finished the season with 27 home runs and 106 RBIs, while hitting .314.In 1956, Aaron won the first of two batting titles with a .328 average, and was named The Sporting News Player of the Year.Stardom on the horizonAaron's breakout year would be 1957, owing in part to a couple of changes — he switched to a lighter bat so he could generate more bat speed, and he was moved into the cleanup spot in the line-up behind Mathews. The year included the 100th home run of his career and a berth in the World Series, in which Aaron hit .393, including three home runs and seven RBIs.In 1958, the Braves again advanced to the World Series, but dropped the matchup to the Yankees, 4-3. Despite the post-season loss, Aaron earned his first Gold Glove and finished third in the voting for MVP.The year 1959 exerted a profound effect on Aaron and his approach to hitting — hitting home runs, at least. For the only time in his career, Aaron hit three home runs against the San Francisco Giants, and was later asked to appear on a new television series called Home Run Derby. The appearance money of $30,000, which was nearly as much as his baseball contract called for, convinced Aaron that he should "swing for the fences" a little more, noting that "they don't have a television show called Singles Derby."In 1961, Aaron became part of a foursome that became the first to hit back-to-back-to-back-to-back homers. The other Braves involved were Mathews, Adcock, and Frank Thomas.The Braves reached the post season only once after 1958, losing the National League playoffs in 1969 to eventual World Series champion "Amazin' Mets," led by future Hall-of-Fame pitcher Tom Seaver and outfielder Tommie Agee. Incidentally, Aaron hit home runs in each of the three playoff games, which were swept by the Mets.What drama remained in Aaron's career was his inexorable quest for Ruth's record. He would realize his dream in 1974.Vitriol and derisionDuring "The Chase" after Ruth's record, which began in earnest in 1972, Aaron was exposed a deluge of vile racial hate mail. In less than two year's time, Aaron received 930,000 pieces of mail, estimated to weigh about 58,000 pounds or 100 pounds (approximately 3,000 letters) a day. What hate mail came in was fervent:"Dear Henry Aaron, how about some sickle cell anemia, Hank?"
"Whites are far superior than jungle bunnies."
"You are not going to break this record established by the great Babe Ruth if I can help it. My gun is watching your every black move."
Amid the racial tensions of the times, Aaron missed his children most. He spent hours alone, sequestered under constant security in separate hotels from his teammates; they came to him with take-out dinners, companionship, and encouragement.Still, teammates were in awe of Aaron's powers of concentration — of being able to set all of the off-field threats aside and tend to business. He was known, at times, to hold his baseball cap close to his face and focus on the pitcher through one of the small vent holes on the top. He carried that small, focused image into the batter's box with him, such that it would seem that there were only two persons in the entire world — at least to Aaron.The year 1973 ended with Aaron one homer short of the Babe, at 713. Some controversy was stirred up during the off-season, when it was made known that the Braves management wanted Aaron to break the record at home. He would not enter the first series of the season on the road against the Cincinnati Reds. Baseball commissioner Bowie Kuhn partly overruled that decision by ordering Aaron to play two of the three games.Aaron smacked the tying home run in his first at bat, but number 715 was not to be. That would occur back at the Fulton County Stadium in Atlanta.Had it not been set against the era's racially charged atmosphere, number 715 might easily have been known as "the second shot heard 'round the world." The historic home run came in Aaron's second at bat of the game against the Dodgers, with lefty Al Downing on the mound. Cannon fire and fireworks exploded over the stadium parking lot, leaving no doubt about what had just happened.By the end of the '74 season, Aaron had amassed 733 homers, but his career was effectively over. The wear and tear that playing defense, especially that long run out to right field and back to the dugout every inning, had exacted its toll on his 40-year-old body. But Aaron managed to extend his career by two years when he was traded to the Milwaukee Brewers, to be their Designated Hitter.Milestones, minutia, and miscellany
A special diamond in Aaron's crown was placed in 1989, when he was named as Atlanta's Vice President of Player Development, one of the first such appointments held by an African American in Major League Baseball. Typically, Aaron understates his own position, while championing the ideal of including more qualified blacks at the decision-making levels of management.Aaron's number 44 jersey was retired by both the Atlanta Braves and Milwaukee Brewers, and each franchise boasts a bronze statue of Hammerin' Hank outside their respective stadia — Turner Field in Atlanta, and Miller Park in Milwaukee.
¹Two All-Star games were played each year between 1959 and 1962, with the extra-game proceeds going to benefit the players' pension fund. Aaron was chosen also for the first All-Star game in 1962 (raising his total All Star selections to 25), but could not compete in the game because of an injury.
² See articles on the Martin Luther King Jr. assassination in 1968, and the general tone of the times toward the end of the Vietnam War and the Civil Rights movement; one can envision Aaron becoming the next African-American hero³, the next black target for assassination.
³ Maya Angelou: "Black people thrive and survive in direct proportion to the heroes and sheroes that they have. Always and all ways."