Quonset YFB-40 - History

Quonset YFB-40 - History

Quonset

(YFB-40: gr. 1,028; 1. 189'6"; b. 36'1"; dr. 14'8")

Quonset (YFB-40) ex-Chelsea was built in 1923 by Pusey and Jones Co., Wiimington, bel; acquired by the War Shippmg Administration at New York, N.Y., from Electric Ferries, Inc., New York, N.Y., 3 October 1942, conversion by Sullivan DryDock and Repairs Co. completed 24 October 1942
and placed in service 4 November 1942.

Quenset served the Naval Torpedo Station, Newport, R.I. Redelivered to the War Shipping Administration 4 January 1943, she was struck from the Naval Vessel Register 10 January, and returned to her owner 14 January.


Building Quonset Hut Homes 101: Consider These before You Make One

There comes a day when you don&rsquot have to roll up a log or mixing up cement just to build a house.

That day might be today. While a traditional house-building is tiresome, you may as well move to Quonset hut homes for a better solution.

The prefab facility was initially built for a camp during the WW I, but who knows it can offer an infallible solution for modern housing?

A Quonset model is popular for its practicality and durability against extreme weather.

You don&rsquot have to be an expert in constructing to make Quonset hut homes &ndash as long as you know the basic rules, you&rsquoll be fine. Its characteristics are suitable for any types of shelter, be it a house, garage, barn, or workshop.

Build your own Quonset hut homes by following these guides for a perfect housing solution:


Quonset hut home kits are accessible in four unique shapes to address harsh climate needs and the individual’s taste.

  • ‘P’ Model: The P model has high straight sidewalls and arch style roof, making it look like a regular house. The rooftop is arched enough to shed snow and rain well. Nevertheless, it provides a tasteful appeal to a peaked roof. However, the P model is slightly more expensive than the Q and S models. Nevertheless, this model is also highly durable.
  • ‘S’ Model: The S model joins high, straight sidewalls with an arched roof. The roof lets heavy rain and snow slide off effectively, allowing this model a decent choice where those conditions are relevant. Also, the high side walls increase vertical space, permitting you to use a more significant amount of the interior than a Q model. Its mix of durability and maximum space has made it exceptionally popular with Quonset hut home builders.
  • ‘A’ Model: Since this model looks so much like the P model, people often group the two. And, some Quonset hut kit companies offer A/P model Quonset homes. In the A model, the roof is curved but with a slight peak, just like in the P model. The walls, however, make the difference. Even though they’re straight, they’re slightly angled inward. It creates a curving shape somewhere close to the form of the Q and the S model.
  • ‘Q’ Model: Like the conventional full curve, military-style building, this model is intended to maximize the model’s structural integrity. Its simple geometric appearance allows for a moderately clear slate for adjustments. It’s likewise the least expensive style of Quonset homes.

Chinese hospital ship Daishan Dao

The ship was launched in 2007 with the stated intention of giving China a platform to provide a better means to providing quicker humanitarian response to disasters around the world, but others contend it also allows China to extend the navy's blue water capabilities. [2]

On 1 September 2010, the hospital ship embarked on a three-month "Harmonious Mission 2010" to the Gulf of Aden with a total of 428 officers including 100 medical workers. En route she visited and provided medical treatment to the local people of Djibouti, Tanzania, Kenya, the Seychelles and Bangladesh. [1] [3]

During "Harmonious Mission 2011", Peace Ark visited Cuba, Costa Rica, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago, the first Chinese voyage to the Caribbean. [3]

In November 2013, she was deployed to Tacloban, Philippines to assist in the recovery from Typhoon Haiyan. [4]

Peace Ark also participated as part of the Chinese contribution to Exercise RIMPAC 2014 in addition to the United States hospital ship USNS Mercy. [5]

During "Harmonious Mission 2015", Peace Ark visited Australia, Barbados, French Polynesia, Grenada, Mexico, Peru, and the United States.Timeline 2010--2019

In October 2017, she traveled to Gabon and provided medical services in the country. According to media, her crew examined more than 3000 people and performed dozens of surgeries.

Daishan Dao is the sole ship of its class, and is assigned pennant number 866. She is assigned to the South Sea Fleet and based out of Zhoushan in Zhejiang province. She has a capacity of 300 beds, 20 ICU beds, 8 operating theatres, and can perform 40 major surgeries a day, in addition to X-ray, ultrasound, CT, hypothermia, hemodialysis, traditional Chinese medicine, and dental facilities. [5] [6] She is also equipped with a remote networking and communications system to allow teleconferencing with doctors and specialists on land. [5]

In accordance with the Geneva Conventions, Daishan Dao and her crew do not carry any offensive weapons, while the ship is painted white with red crosses to mark her as a hospital ship. [5]


More Info. About Quonset Huts

The Quonset Hut is based on the Nissen Hut design and was also developed during wartime. Like the Nissen, its features, such as ease of construction and durability, make it a private and commercial favorite in metal buildings to this day!

§ Invention of the Quonset Hut

No one knows who exactly invented the Quonset hut, but The George Fuller Company originally manufactured it for the United States military in 1941. It was based on the Nissen style of hut, but it is easier to construct and expand upon, making it even more versatile while still tough enough to endure military use.

§ U.S. Navy Use of Quonset Huts

A lightweight, all-purpose building, the Quonset hut is easy to ship and easy to install. That made it perfect for naval usage during WWII. The buildings have great features, such as a clear span of space with no framing or support columns getting in the way, they are super strong and durable, and they come in prefabricated kits making assembly quick and straightforward.

§ Named for Quonset Point, Rhode Island

The Quonset hut is named for the Davisville Naval Construction Battalion Center at Quonset Point, Rhode Island, because this is where it was built for the first time. This is also a significant location for the United States Navy because it is strategic to shipping, especially during wartimes.

§ What are Steel Quonset Huts Made of?

This type of building could be made of any material, but it must be made of steel to be useful for the military and various applications. It is a steel building that is strong and durable while also having other great features of its design. Only steel will be able to withstand the bad weather, natural disaster, and even war.

§ Quonset Hut Lifespan

Quonset buildings last for decades. Their longevity is a big part of what makes them so cost-effective and desirable. Being made of such a strong material and having a unique dome-shaped design makes these huts capable of lasting a lifetime. Steel Quonset huts are guaranteed to last for over 40 years!


South Mountain, Vermont – October 24, 1945

South Mountain, Vermont – October 24, 1945

SB2C Helldiver
U.S. Navy Photo

On October 24, 1945, a U.S. Navy Helldiver left Burlington, Vt., headed for Quonset Naval Air Station in Rhode Island, when it crashed into South Mountain at the 2,300 foot level, cutting a wide path and scattering wreckage over a large area. Both men aboard were killed.

150 searchers found the wreck site after two days.

The pilot was Ensign Walter G. Smith, Jr., 22, of Kansas City, Mo.

The passenger was 28-year-old Lt. Cmdr. Maurice M. Stone of Raleigh, North Carolina. Stone was the executive officer of a squadron based at Quonset Point, and had arrived in Burlington with his squadron for Navy Day exercises. At some point his hand became infected, and he was being flown to R.I. for treatment when the accident occurred.

Stone was a veteran of the first aircraft carrier based attack on Tokyo, Japan. He was survived by his wife Maureen (Smith) Stone. He’s buried in Savannah, Georgia.

Providence Journal, “Bodies of Two Quonset Aviators, Wrecked Plane Found In Vermont”, October 27, 1945, Pg. 1

North Kingstown, Rhode Island, death records #45-100 & 45-101


Exceptional Metal Arched Buildings

For years prefabricated structures of corrugated metals, half-cylindrical shapes have been used to serve as shelter for military personnel, backyard hobbyists and majority of industrial giants.

At Quonset-Hut.org, this is exactly what our suppliers offer. From prefab metal shop buildings, to steel garage buildings and backyard buildings, they offer it all! Suppliers have years of experience in offering clients metal home kits, barn kits and garage building kits that are easy to assemble and last for decades with the right maintenance. Get in touch with us to find out the best metal garage building prices right away.

Need to set up an RV garage but are short on space? Not a problem. We offer Quonset hut garage building kits as well as plenty of other metal storage buildings for sale, at the most competitive prices. Give us a call today to learn more about our Quonset hut products and to find out how we exceed expectations, every time!

Quonset hut buildings that use steel materials such as columns, beams, and steel sheets to construct structures instead of utilizing traditional building components such as bricks, concrete, wood are known as steel buildings. These Quonset hut buildings are economical, resilient, and tough. Generally, they are utilized to build storage sheds, workshops, offices, warehouses, garages, modern houses, etc. Perforated sheets are commonly used in steel buildings because it decreases the weight and cost of the structure.


Quonset YFB-40 - History

Even before the formation of the Seabees in 1942, the US Military was aware that war was imminent. And to fight that war they would need a way to quickly house people and protect materiel at far-flung bases. The building needed to be inexpensive, lightweight, and portable so it could be shipped anywhere and put up quickly using hand tools.

The British had developed a light prefab structure called a Nissen Hut during WW-I. In early 1941, the US Military looked at the Nissen hut, but felt the design could be improved.

At this time at Quonset Point, Rhode Island, a new Navy base was nearing completion. Two construction companies, George A. Fuller and Company and Merritt-Chapman had been hired to build the base. In March 1941 the Military asked Peter Dejongh and Otto Brandenberger of George A. Fuller Company to design and produce a hut to US specification. And, do it within two months!

Dejongh and Brandenberger adapted the British design using corrugated steel and semi-circular steel arched ribs. The Anderson Sheet Metal Company of Providence, RI solved the technical problem of bending the corrugated sheets into a usable form. These were attached with nuts and bolts. The two ends were covered with plywood, which had doors and windows. Major improvements over the Nissan Hut were an interior Masonite (pressed wood) lining, insulation, and a one-inch tongue-in-groove plywood floor on a raised metal framework.

A production facility was quickly set up by George A. Fuller and Co. in West Davisville, not far from the Davisville Naval Base.

What would they call the structure? Captain Raymond V. Miller, Civil Engineer Corp, had concerns about patent issues with Great Britain if they used the name Nissin Hut. Since the area was known as Quonset Point (the word Quonset means "boundary" in the language of the Native American Narragansett people who once lived on the land), the new design was called a Quonset Hut.

The first hut was produced within 60 days of contract award. In fact, production began while the design was still being perfected.

The first design was semi-circular, 16 feet wide by 36 feet long and constructed out of heavy 1-inch thick steel "T" shaped steel and angle iron arches and covered in corrugated metal. Known as "T-Rib&rdquo Hut," it took a crew of 8 a day to erected one. The Seabee Museum and Memorial Park has the parts for a T-Rib Hut and at some point we hope to restore and display the original design.

In June of 1941 the Navy made its first shipment of Quonset Huts overseas. There was concern that since the curve line of the sidewalls began at the floor, there was a loss of effective width of the hut. A second version, the "Quonset Redesigned Huts" was the same size but included a 4 feet high vertical sidewall (knee wall).

Although several thousand of these huts T-Rib Huts were produced, they were awkward to crate and too heavy for shipping. Engineers soon found a faster, cheaper way to assemble huts using an existing building product for the rib. Known as Stran-Steel, it was developed in the early 1930s by Great Lakes Steel Corporation, but had never caught on due to the premium price. It was a welded steel strip 2 by 3 5/8 inches -actually two lightweight channels welded back to back - with a wavy center groove that held special nails with lead seals.

The "Quonset Stran-Steel Hut" was so simple to erect that anyone who could hammer a nail could set it up. A crew of just 6 experienced men could build a hut in a single day. On the Museum grounds, hut number 4 is an example of this design.

Production of the original T-Rib Huts was halted sometime in 1942. Thereafter all huts used Stran-Steel ribs. With the change, the Fuller factory in West Davisville was closed and production moved to Great Lakes Steel Corporation factories in the mid-west.

The Quonset Hut soon evolved into a third design to reduce shipping space and tonnage. The third design incorporated lighter, curved corrugated, galvanized sheets for covering. The arch-rib again became semi-circular with a 4-foot knee wall. The new hut was larger, 20 feet by 48 feet and lighter, using 3 ½ tons of steel instead of 4 tons. Hut number 3 at the Museum is of this design.

Later there was a fourth design. The Navy eliminated the knee wall and returned to a full semi-circular design, 20 by 48 feet in size when it was realized that at this dimension no space was actually lost along the outer edge of the building. Huts were designed with and without dormer window. Museum huts numbers 2 and 5 are of this design.

The fifth evolution of the hut returned to the full semi-circular design and size (20 by 48 feet) but used flat corrugated siding mounted horizontally but retained the curved plates for the roof ridge. This arrangement reduced the need for special manufacturing of curved corrugated siding panels. Dormer windows were replaced by either translucent corrugated panels or flat steel framed windows.

Toward the end of 1943, 4-foot overhangs were added to the Quonset Hut to prevent driving rains and sunlight from entering the hut. These huts were 20 by 56 feet. Two years later the overhand was eliminated from huts destined for temperate locations. Museum huts 1, 6 and 8 are 1950 vintage huts of this final design.

As finally developed, the Quonset Hut required less shipping space than did tents with wood floors and frames, when equal numbers of men were to be accommodated.

A Quonset hut being put in place at the 598th Engineer Base Depot in Japan, post-World War II

The flexible open interior space of a Quonset Hut allowed them to be used for hundreds of applications including barracks, offices, medical and dental offices, isolation wards, bakeries, chapels, theaters, latrines &ndash you name it. As the necessity arose for adapting the huts to a new use, the details were worked out and checked by actually erecting units at the Davisville Base. In all, 86 approved interior layout plans were prepared. In many cases it was necessary to develop special interior equipment, such as special ovens, to fit the Quonset Hut form.

Larger warehouse structures also were developed for Navy advance-base use. The first were 40-by-100-foot structures with vertical sides. They used 20 tons of steel and required 650 cubic feet of shipping space. About 300 of these were procured. A Quonset-type warehouse of the same floor plan superseded them. The steel weight was reduced to 12 1/2 tons, and the shipping volume was only 350 cubic feet. The largest wartime assemblage of huts was said to have been a 54,000-square-foot warehouse on Guam called the "Multiple Mae West."

To meet the growing demand, a number of other companies produced variations of the Quonset Hut for the Military during the Second World War:

  • The Pacific Hut Company was formed to produce an all-wood hut for Arctic use.
  • Butler Manufacturing made a squat hut with U-shaped arch ribs.
  • Jamesway Manufacturing made a hut with wooden ribs and insulated fabric covering.
  • Armco International made heavy-weight arched bunkers to store ammunition.
  • Cowan and Company made semicircular warehouses for the Air Corp.

When the war ended, Quonset Huts were too good a resource to throw away. So the military sold them to civilians for about a thousand dollars each. They made serviceable single-family homes. Universities made them into student housing and returning veterans occupied Quonset huts by choice. Robert Winton even wrote play about them titled Tents of Tin.

Once in a while, a really good design surfaces -- robust, simple, and enduring. The DC-3, the Jeep, and the Quonset hut are all examples of good design. Many are still standing throughout the United States, primarily as commercial buildings.

To learn more about Quonset Huts, we recommend the book Quonset Huts, Metal Living for a Modern Age by Julie Decker and Chris Chiei, published by The Anchorage Museum of History and Art, Anchorage, Alaska.

Above, erecting a Quonset Hut on Eniwetok during WW-II.

The Museum's Hut 2 (above left) is an example of the fourth design. Hut 1 (right) is an example of the final WW-II design.

The fifth design included side windows, as seen in hut 1. This design used horizontal metal plates without a curve, note the ridge vent and translucent window panels.

Hut 2 (above) is an example of the fourth design. here you see a typical end configuration


Many Quonset huts came with dormer windows as seen above on hut 4, an example of the second design. Note the four foot knee wall below the window.


Contents

In 1941, the United States Navy needed an all-purpose, lightweight building that could be shipped anywhere and assembled without skilled labor. The George A. Fuller construction company was selected to manufacture them. The first was produced within 60 days of contract award.

The original design was a 16 ft × 36 ft (5 m × 11 m) structure framed with steel members with an 8 ft (2.4 m) radius. The sides were corrugated steel sheets. The two ends were covered with plywood, which had doors and windows. The interior was insulated and had pressed wood lining and a wood floor. The building could be placed on concrete, on pilings, or directly on the ground with a wood floor.

As the original design used low grade (non-strategic) steel, a more rust-resistant version was called for. The all-spruce 'Pacific Hut' was created for use in the Pacific Theater of Operations.

The most common design created a standard size of 20 ft × 48 ft (6 m × 15 m) with 10 ft (3 m) radius, allowing 720 square feet (67 m²) of usable floor space, with optional four-foot (1.2 m) overhangs at each end for protection of entrances from the weather. Other sizes were developed, including 20 ft × 40 ft (6 m × 12 m) and 40 ft × 100 ft (12 m × 30 m) warehouse models.

The flexible interior space was open, allowing for use as barracks, latrines, offices, medical and dental offices, isolation wards, housing, and bakeries.

Extant Quonset hut adapted for commercial use, Westland, Michigan

Between 150,000 and 170,000 Quonset huts were manufactured during World War II. After the war, the US military sold the surplus Quonset huts to the public. Many remain standing throughout the US. Besides those that remain in use as outbuildings, they are often seen at military museums and other places featuring World War II memorabilia. Some are still in active use at U.S. military bases for example, Camps Red Cloud and Casey near the Korean DMZ and Pohakuloa Training Area on the big island of Hawaii.

Many were also used for temporary postwar housing, such as Rodger Young Village in Los Angeles, California. Columbia Records' Studio B in Nashville was also called "The Quonset Hut", and Michigan State University's Quonset Village in East Lansing, Michigan, USA. Ώ]

A number of variations on the Quonset hut design use materials other than corrugated galvanized steel. ΐ] Α]


A Brief Quonset Hut History

The Quonset hut has many features that fit the wartime needs of the US military during World War 2. Most of the American participation in World War 2 took place in the Pacific and this front gave the Americans quite a challenge. Across hundreds of miles of vast ocean expanse lay many small islands from which the Japanese can attack and dig in for protracted war.

While the war for the Japanese was pretty much a foregone conclusion after the Battle of Midway, the Americans still had the daunting task of flushing the formidable Japanese military from its island hideouts. The Americans needed to mobile, nimble, quick, and resourceful if they were to root out the Japanese resistance across such a vast battlefield. The Quonset Hut’s specifications helped the US achieve its tactical goals since the Quonset hut provided housing both for troops and logistical support that needed to move through a huge expanse of space in a short period of time.

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