Dennis and Mrs Burt, 1970s

Dennis and Mrs Burt, 1970s

Dennis & Mrs Burt, 1970s

Picture from the collection of Dennis Burt

Original Caption: 1970s

Copyright Gary Burt 2013

Many thanks to Gary for providing us with these photos from his father's collection.

Benjamin Burt and His Family: Captives of the Deerfield Massacre

Benjamin Burt is my 7th great grandfather. He and his wife Sarah (Belden) Burt were forced to endure a terrifying and unthinkable ordeal during the winter of 1704. In this blog post, I will share their story. I will admit ahead of time, that a large part of the information in this blog comes either directly or indirectly from the book "Early Days in New England: Life and Times of Henry Burt of Springfield and Some of His Descendants" written by Henry Martyn Burt and Silas Wright Burt. I attempted to re-write this harrowing story in my own words and was just not able to do it justice as my ancestors before I had done before.

The story begins with Benjamin Burt who was born on November 17, 1680, in Northampton, Massachusetts, the twelfth child of David Burt and Mary Holton.

When Benjamin was a baby, King Philip's War (1675 - 1678) was fought in southern New England. This was a major effort by the region's Native American tribes to drive out English colonists. Led by King Philip, the rebellion destroyed twelve New England towns within a year and damaged many more. Colonists quickly banded together to mount a defense, but this came at a price, as one-tenth of all men available for military service were killed. Benjamin's older brother David Burt, a soldier on duty at Schenectady, New York, was taken prisoner on February 29, 1690, when that town was destroyed by the French and Indians and was never seen or heard from again. Benjamin was only 10 years old.

Deerfield is beautifully situated near the confluence of the valleys of the Deerfield and Connecticut rivers and contains a large area of fertile soil which made the area attractive to early settlers. It is surrounded by a picturesque region of hills and valleys, but its location at the union of river valleys from the north, west, and east made it easily accessible to hostile approach. These conditions and the extreme frontier position had made it attractive as a strategic point to the savage enemy in the "King Philip" and the French wars. In 1703, its exposed site led to its fortification by an enclosure of tree trunks entirely surrounding it, and to its protection by a garrison.

In January of 1704, an expedition was formed at Montreal, Canada under the command of Major Hertel de Roubille, for an attack upon Deerfield. The party consisted of 200 Frenchmen and 142 Indians. The invaders made a forced march through the wilderness and suffered terribly from the intense cold. When they reached the vicinity of their destination there was four feet of snow on the ground and the crust on it was sufficiently strong to bear the weight of men, while the drifts made easy inclined paths to the top of the enclosure that encircled the town of Deerfield. The sole sentinel on duty, depending upon the mid-winter conditions as a sufficient defense, had left his post and sought shelter from the icy conditions. Just before daybreak on February 29, 1704, the assault was ordered upon the defenseless town. A general attack was simultaneously made by the invaders scattered throughout the settlement, The unfortunate inhabitants of Deerfield, wakened from their sleep by the frightful war whoops of the savages, were massacred or wounded as they ran frightened from their homes, to which torches were set.

Dennis and Mrs Burt, 1970s - History

Series Description

The Gunsmoke TV show was a western action series that aired on CBS for 30 minutes during its first six seasons and then expanded to 60 minutes. It emphasized a rare commodity in the wild west . law and order! Marshall Matt Dillon was responsible for bringing respect for the law to Dodge City. Cattle thieves, gunfighters and other bad guys had to seek out another place to get into trouble!

Gunsmoke Cast

James Arness . Marshall Matthew "Matt" Dillon
Dennis Weaver . Chester Goode
Amanda Blake . Kathleen "Kitty" Russell
Milburn Stone . Doctor Galen "Doc" Adams
Burt Reynolds . Quint Asper
Ken Curtis . Festus Haggen
Roger Ewing . Thad Greenwood
Robert Brubaker . Jim Buck / Floyd (In 2 parts that ran seperately)
Buck Taylor . Newly O'Brien
Glenn Strange . Sam
Clem Fuller . Clem
Dabbs Greer . Wilbur Jonas
James Nusser . Louie Pheeters
Howard Culver . Howie Uzzell
Budd Buster . Moss Grimmick

Gunsmoke Broadcast History:

First 6 Seasons: Saturday Nights from 10:00 to 10:30 PM
Seasons 7-11: Saturday Nights from 10:00 to 11:00 PM
Seasons 12-16: Monday Nights from 7:30 to 8:30PM
Final 4 Seasons: Monday Nights from 8:00 to 9:00 PM

Gunsmoke Trivia

The wonderful theme song for the TV show was also titled "Gunsmoke" (also sometimes "Old Trail") and was written by Glenn Spencer and Rex Koury.

John Wayne was offered the part of Matt Dillon but decided that movies were where he wanted to stay. He actually recommended James Arness to play Matt Dillon. (See Opening Narrative below).

Before the TV show, there was a Gunsmoke radio show than aired from April 26, 1952 through June 18, 1961, co-existing with the Gunsmoke TV show for six seasons! The cast included William Conrad as Marshall Matt Dillon, Parley Baer as Chester, Howard McNear (Floyd the Barber on The Andy Griffith Show) as Doc, and Georgia Ellis as Kitty. The radio show's opening narrative was different than that of the TV show (See Below). It was narrated by Roy Rowan, George Walsh, and George Fenneman (Groucho Marx's sidekick on "You Bet Your Life") at different times during its run and went like this: "Around Dodge City and the territory out west there's just one way to handle all the killers and the spoilers, and that's with a US Marshal and the power of . Gunsmoke!" William Conrad also had a narrative on each radio episode as follows: "I'm that man . Matt Dillon, US Marshal. The first man they look for and the last they want to meet. It's a chancy job, but it makes a man watchful . and a little lonely."

While there had been other westerns before such as "The Lone Ranger" and "Annie Oakley", Gunsmoke was the first one oriented towards Adult audiences. Within a few years there were more than 30 such shows on the air at one time! Some favorites were "Bronco", "Have Gun Will Travel", "Maverick", "Rawhide", "The Rifleman", "Wagon Train", and "Wanted Dead or Alive".

James Arness is the brother of Peter Graves (Jim Phelps on Mission Impossible).

First Lady, "Lady Bird Johnson", was such a huge fan of the program that, when she learned that James Arness was a Republican, she felt personally betrayed!

Gunsmoke was actually scheduled for cancellation in 1967 due to low rating. CBS President William Paley and his wife were big fans of the TV show, however, so he decided to try moving it from Saturday to Monday. It worked! The TV show got back into the top 10 rankings and stayed on the air 8 more years!

It is often stated that Gunsmoke's 20 seasons on the air makes it the longest running American television series but that's not strictly true. Until the 2009/2010 season it was the longest running drama series on U.S. prime time television. At the end of that season it was tied for that distinction by "Law and Order". Other shows have been on the air longer but not in prime-time or they were news, variety, sports or talk shows. At this time (2010), "Meet the Press (1947)" is actually the longest running TV show on television with 62 continuous seasons! Second is "The Tonight Show" - 56 seasons. Others are "60 Minutes" - 42, "Monday Night Football" - 40, "The Wonderful World of Disney" (And Various Other Titles) - 36, "Saturday Night Live" - 35, "20/20" - 29, "The Ed Sullivan Show / "Toast of the Town") - 30 and "Late Show With David Letterman" - 29. Gunsmoke and Law and Order are only the longest running prime time Drama series. The longest running prime time series of all types as of the end of the 2010/2011 season was "The Simpsons" with 21 seasons.

The name of Matt Dillon's horse was mentioned only one time throughout the entire Gunsmoke series by Festus Hagen when he called the horse, "Buck". Festus often called his own mule "Ruth".

Many people have asked us who played the gunfighter that Matt Dillon shoots in the opening segment of Gunsmoke. The gunslinger was commonly referred to as "The Man in Black" and was portrayed by three actors. The first was Arvo Ojala, the second Fred McDougall and the third was Bill Strathman.

At 6 feet 7 inches tall, James Arness was the tallest TV actor to play in a lead role. He weighed 235 pounds and had a 48 inch chest. Due to his large size, he was one of the first soldiers to storm the beaches at Anzio, Italy in world war II. Like many of those brave men, he was wounded.

If Arness didn't always look huge onscreen, maybe it was because his co-star Dennis Weaver (Chester) was also tall at 6 feet 2 inches! Weaver was a vegetarian and environmentalist. His home was built almost exclusively from recycled building materials. In the 1948 Olympic trials, he won the 1500 meter run and got 6th place in the Decathlon! In 1958, he Amanda Blake (Kitty), and Milburn Stone (Doc) began singing together. In 1960 at the New Mexico State Fair, their performance broke the attendance record at the Albuquerque Arena! He refused to wear a leg brace as a prop on Gunsmoke as he feared being seriously injured while riding a horse. His trademark "limp" seemed to do just fine on its own!

Dennis Weaver, in fact, was the one who came up with the idea of his character having a bad leg. He felt that would help Chester stand out a bit from the magnificent presence that James Arness had on the screen. Weaver might not have even gotten the role if not for another brilliant move! When he auditioned for the part, things didn't seem to go real well the first time through. He asked if he could redo the audition and then used that comical, "good ole country boy" accent that we all know so well, and he got hired!

Ken Curtis (Festus) started as a singer for Tommy Dorsey's orchestra! That led to several roles in "singing cowboy" movies which were popular in the late 1940s. He appeared in many of Director John Ford's movies after that (he married Ford's daughter) before landing his role on this program.

Gunsmoke Opening Narrative

(From The First Episode Only Narrated by John Wayne)

"Good evening. My name's Wayne. Some of you may have seen me before. I hope so-I've been kickin' around Hollywood for a long time. I've made a lot of pictures out here, all kinds. Some of 'em have been Westerns, and that's what I'm here to tell you about tonight-a Western. A new television show called Gunsmoke. When I first heard about the show Gunsmoke, I knew there was only one man to play in it-James Arness. He's a young fella, and maybe new to some of you, but I've worked with him, and I predict he'll be a big star. And now I'm proud to present Gunsmoke."

(On some of the earlier episodes, James Arness narrated this short sermon from Boot Hill in his role as Matt Dillon)

"On Saturday night in Dodge City, too many men think they'll find courage at the bottom of a whiskey bottle. I know, because I'm the United States Marshal Matt Dillon."

Episodes List With Original Air Dates

  1. Matt Gets It (9/10/1955)
  2. Hot Spell (9/17/1955)
  3. Word of Honor (10/1/1955)
  4. Home Surgery (10/8/1955)
  5. Obie Tater (10/15/1955)
  6. Night Incident (10/29/1955)
  7. Smoking Out the Nolans (11/5/1955)
  8. Kite's Reward (11/12/1955)
  9. The Hunter (11/26/1955)
  10. The Queue (12/3/1955)
  11. General Parcley Smith (12/10/1955)
  12. Magnus (12/24/1955)
  13. Reed Survives (12/31/1955)
  14. Professor Lute Bone (1/7/1956)
  15. No Handcuffs (1/21/1956)
  16. Reward for Matt (1/28/1956)
  17. Robin Hood (2/4/1956)
  18. Yorky (2/18/1956)
  19. 20-20 (2/25/1956)
  20. Reunion '78 (3/3/1956)
  21. Helping Hand (3/17/1956)
  22. Tap Day for Kitty (3/24/1956)
  23. Indian Scout (3/31/1956)
  24. The Pest Hole (4/14/1956)
  25. The Big Broad (4/28/1956)
  26. Hack Prine (5/12/1956)
  27. Cooter (5/19/1956)
  28. The Killer (5/26/1956)
  29. Doc's Revenge (6/9/1956)
  30. The Preacher (6/16/1956)
  31. How to Die for Nothing (6/23/1956)
  32. Dutch George (6/30/1956)
  33. Prairie Happy (7/7/1956)
  34. Chester's Mail Order Bride (7/14/1956)
  35. The Guitar (7/21/1956)
  36. Cara (7/28/1956)
  37. Mr. and Mrs. Amber (8/4/1956)
  38. Unmarked Grave (8/18/1956)
  39. Alarm at Pleasant Valley (8/25/1956)
  1. Cow Doctor (9/8/1956)
  2. Brush at Elkader (9/15/1956)
  3. Custer (9/22/1956)
  4. The Round Up (9/29/1956)
  5. Young Man with a Gun (10/20/1956)
  6. Indian White (10/27/1956)
  7. How to Cure a Friend (11/10/1956)
  8. Legal Revenge (11/17/1956)
  9. The Mistake (11/24/1956)
  10. Greater Love (12/1/1956)
  11. No Indians (12/8/1956)
  12. Spring Term (12/15/1956)
  13. Poor Pearl (12/22/1956)
  14. Cholera (12/29/1956)
  15. Pucket's New Year (1/5/1957)
  16. The Cover Up (1/12/1957)
  17. Sins of the Father (1/19/1957)
  18. Kick Me (1/26/1957)
  19. Executioner (2/2/1957)
  20. Gone Straight (2/9/1957)
  21. Bloody Hands (2/16/1957)
  22. Skid Row (2/23/1957)
  23. Sweet and Sour (3/2/1957)
  24. Cain (3/9/1957)
  25. Bureaucrat (3/16/1957)
  26. Last Fling (3/23/1957)
  27. Chester's Murder (3/30/1957)
  28. The Photographer (4/6/1957)
  29. Wrong Man (4/13/1957)
  30. Big Girl Lost (4/20/1957)
  31. What the Whiskey Drummer Heard (4/27/1957)
  32. Cheap Labor (5/4/1957)
  33. Moon (5/11/1957)
  34. Who Lives by the Sword (5/18/1957)
  35. Uncle Oliver (5/25/1957)
  36. Daddy-O (6/1/1957)
  37. The Man Who Would Be Marshal (6/15/1957)
  38. Liar from Blackhawk (6/22/1957)
  39. Jealousy (7/6/1957)
  1. Crack-Up (9/14/1957)
  2. Gun for Chester (9/21/1957)
  3. Blood Money (9/28/1957)
  4. Kitty's Outlaw (10/5/1957)
  5. Potato Road (10/12/1957)
  6. Jesse (10/19/1957)
  7. Mavis McCloud (10/26/1957)
  8. Born to Hang (11/2/1957)
  9. Romeo (11/9/1957)
  10. Never Pester Chester (11/16/1957)
  11. Fingered (11/23/1957)
  12. How to Kill a Woman (11/30/1957)
  13. Cows and Cribs (12/7/1957)
  14. Doc's Reward (12/14/1957)
  15. Kitty Lost (12/21/1957)
  16. Twelfth Night (12/28/1957)
  17. Joe Phy (1/4/1958)
  18. Buffalo Man (1/11/1958)
  19. Kitty Caught (1/18/1958)
  20. Claustrophobia (1/25/1958)
  21. Ma Tennis (2/1/1958)
  22. Sunday Supplement (2/8/1958)
  23. Wild West (2/15/1958)
  24. The Cabin (2/22/1958)
  25. Dirt (3/1/1958)
  26. Dooley Surrenders (3/8/1958)
  27. Joke's on Us (3/15/1958)
  28. Bottleman (3/22/1958)
  29. Laughing Gas (3/29/1958)
  30. Texas Cowboys (4/5/1958)
  31. Amy's Good Deed (4/12/1958)
  32. Hanging Man (4/19/1958)
  33. Innocent Broad (4/26/1958)
  34. The Big Con (5/3/1958)
  35. Widow's Mite (5/10/1958)
  36. Chester's Hanging (5/17/1958)
  37. Carmen (5/24/1958)
  38. Overland Express (5/31/1958)
  39. The Gentleman (6/7/1958)
  1. Matt for Murder (9/13/1958)
  2. The Patsy (9/20/1958)
  3. Gunsmuggler (9/27/1958)
  4. Monopoly (10/4/1958)
  5. Letter of the Law (10/11/1958)
  6. Thoroughbreds (10/18/1958)
  7. Stage Hold-Up (10/25/1958)
  8. Lost Rifle (11/1/1958)
  9. Land Deal (11/8/1958)
  10. Lynching Man (11/15/1958)
  11. How to Kill a Friend (11/22/1958)
  12. Grass (11/29/1958)
  13. The Cast (12/6/1958)
  14. Robber Bridegroom (12/13/1958)
  15. Snakebite (12/20/1958)
  16. Gypsum Hills Feud (12/27/1958)
  17. Young Love (1/3/1959)
  18. Marshal Proudfoot (1/10/1959)
  19. Passive Resistance (1/17/1959)
  20. Love of a Good Woman (1/24/1959)
  21. Jayhawkers (1/31/1959)
  22. Kitty's Rebellion (2/7/1959)
  23. Sky (2/14/1959)
  24. Doc Quits (2/21/1959)
  25. The Bear (2/28/1959)
  26. The Coward (3/7/1959)
  27. The F.U. (aka Al Clovis) (3/14/1959)
  28. Wind (3/21/1959)
  29. Fawn (4/4/1959)
  30. Renegade White (4/11/1959)
  31. Murder Warrant (4/18/1959)
  32. Change of Heart (4/25/1959)
  33. Buffalo Hunter (5/2/1959)
  34. The Choice (5/9/1959)
  35. There Never Was a Horse (5/16/1959)
  36. Print Asper (5/23/1959)
  37. The Constable (5/30/1959)
  38. Blue Horse (6/6/1959)
  39. Cheyennes (6/13/1959)
  1. Target (9/5/1959)
  2. Kitty's Injury (9/19/1959)
  3. Horse Deal (9/26/1959)
  4. Johnny Red (10/3/1959)
  5. Kangaroo (10/24/1959)
  6. Tail to the Wind (10/10/1959)
  7. Annie Oakley (10/17/1959)
  8. Saludos (10/31/1959)
  9. Brother Whelp (11/7/1959)
  10. The Boots (11/14/1959)
  11. Odd Man Out (11/21/1959)
  12. Miguel's Daughter (11/28/1959)
  13. Box o' Rocks (12/5/1959)
  14. False Witness (12/12/1959)
  15. Tag, You're It (12/19/1959)
  16. Thick 'n' Thin (12/26/1959)
  17. Groat's Grudge (1/2/1960)
  18. Big Tom (1/9/1960)
  19. Till Death Do Us (1/16/1960)
  20. The Tragedian (1/23/1960)
  21. Hinka Do (1/30/1960)
  22. Doc Judge (2/6/1960)
  23. Moo Moo Raid (2/13/1960)
  24. Kitty's Killing (2/20/1960)
  25. Jailbait Janet (2/27/1960)
  26. Unwanted Deputy (3/5/1960)
  27. Where'd They Go (3/12/1960)
  28. Crowbait Bob (3/26/1960)
  29. Colleen So Green (4/2/1960)
  30. The Ex-Urbanites (4/9/1960)
  31. I Thee Wed (4/16/1960)
  32. The Lady Killer (4/23/1960)
  33. Gentleman's Disagreement (4/30/1960)
  34. Speak Me Fair (5/7/1960)
  35. Belle's Back (5/14/1960)
  36. The Bobsy Twins (5/21/1960)
  37. Old Flame (5/28/1960)
  38. The Deserter (6/4/1960)
  39. Cherry Red (6/11/1960)
  1. Friend's Pay-Off (9/3/1960)
  2. The Blacksmith (9/17/1960)
  3. Small Water (9/24/1960)
  4. Say Uncle (10/1/1960)
  5. Shooting Stopover (10/8/1960)
  6. The Peace Officer (10/15/1960)
  7. Don Matteo (10/22/1960)
  8. The Worm (10/29/1960)
  9. The Badge (11/12/1960)
  10. Distant Drummer (11/19/1960)
  11. Ben Tolliver's Stud (11/26/1960)
  12. No Chip (12/3/1960)
  13. The Wake (12/10/1960)
  14. The Cook (12/17/1960)
  15. Old Fool (12/24/1960)
  16. Brother Love (12/31/1960)
  17. Bad Sheriff (1/7/1961)
  18. Unloaded Gun (1/14/1961)
  19. Tall Trapper (1/21/1961)
  20. Love Thy Neighbor (1/28/1961)
  21. Bad Seed (2/4/1961)
  22. Kitty Shot (2/11/1961)
  23. About Chester (2/25/1961)
  24. Harriet (3/4/1961)
  25. Potshot (3/11/1961)
  26. Old Faces (3/18/1961)
  27. Big Man (3/25/1961)
  28. Little Girl (4/1/1961)
  29. Stolen Horses (4/8/1961)
  30. Minnie (4/15/1961)
  31. Bless Me Till I Die (4/22/1961)
  32. Long Hours, Short Pay (4/29/1961)
  33. Hard Virtue (5/6/1961)
  34. The Imposter (5/13/1961)
  35. Chester's Dilemma (5/20/1961)
  36. The Love of Money (5/27/1961)
  37. Melinda Miles (6/3/1961)
  38. Colorado Sheriff (6/17/1961)
  1. Perce (9/30/1961)
  2. Old Yellow Boots (10/7/1961)
  3. Miss Kitty (10/14/1961)
  4. Harper's Blood (AKA: Harper) (10/21/1961)
  5. All That (10/28/1961)
  6. Long, Long Trail (11/4/1961)
  7. The Squaw (11/11/1961)
  8. Chesterland (11/18/1961)
  9. Milly (11/25/1961)
  10. Indian Ford (12/2/1961)
  11. Apprentice Doc (12/9/1961)
  12. Nina's Revenge (12/16/1961)
  13. Marry Me (12/23/1961)
  14. A Man a Day (12/30/1961)
  15. The Do-Badder (1/6/1962)
  16. Lacey (1/13/1962)
  17. Cody's Code (1/20/1962)
  18. Old Dan (1/27/1962)
  19. Catawomper (2/10/1962)
  20. Half Straight (2/17/1962)
  21. He Learned About Women (2/24/1962)
  22. The Gallows (3/3/1962)
  23. Reprisal (3/10/1962)
  24. Coventry (3/17/1962)
  25. The Widow (3/24/1962)
  26. Durham Bull (3/31/1962)
  27. Wagon Girls (4/7/1962)
  28. The Dealer (4/14/1962)
  29. The Summons (4/21/1962)
  30. The Dreamers (4/28/1962)
  31. Cale (5/5/1962)
  32. Chester's Indian (5/12/1962)
  33. The Prisoner (5/19/1962)
  34. The Boys (5/26/1962)
  1. Search (9/15/1962)
  2. Call Me Dodie (9/22/1962)
  3. Quint Asper Comes Home (9/29/1962)
  4. Root Down (10/6/1962)
  5. Jenny (10/13/1962)
  6. Collie's Free (10/20/1962)
  7. The Ditch (10/27/1962)
  8. The Trappers (11/3/1962)
  9. Phoebe Strunk (11/10/1962)
  10. The Hunger (11/17/1962)
  11. Abe Blocker (11/24/1962)
  12. The Way It Is (12/1/1962)
  13. Us Haggens (12/8/1962)
  14. Uncle Sunday (12/15/1962)
  15. False Front (12/22/1962)
  16. Old Comrade (12/29/1962)
  17. Louis Pheeters (1/5/1963)
  18. The Renegades (1/12/1963)
  19. Cotter's Girl (1/19/1963)
  20. The Bad One (1/26/1963)
  21. The Cousin (2/2/1963)
  22. Shona (2/9/1963)
  23. Ash (2/16/1963)
  24. Blind Man's Bluff (2/23/1963)
  25. Quint's Indian (3/1/1963)
  26. Anybody Can Kill a Marshal (3/8/1963)
  27. Two of a Kind (3/16/1963)
  28. I Call Him Wonder (3/23/1963)
  29. With a Smile (3/30/1963)
  30. The Far Places (4/6/1963)
  31. Panacea Sykes (4/13/1963)
  32. Tell Chester (4/20/1963)
  33. Quint-Cident (4/27/1963)
  34. Old York (5/4/1963)
  35. Daddy Went Away (5/11/1963)
  36. The Odyssey of Jubal Tanner (5/18/1963)
  37. Jeb (5/25/1963)
  38. The Quest for Asa Janin (6/1/1963)
  1. Kate Heller (9/28/1963)
  2. Lover Boy (10/5/1963)
  3. Legends Don't Sleep (10/12/1963)
  4. Tobe (10/19/1963)
  5. Easy Come (10/26/1963)
  6. My Sister's Keeper (11/2/1963)
  7. Quint's Trail (11/9/1963)
  8. Carter Caper (11/16/1963)
  9. Ex-Con (11/30/1963)
  10. Extradition - Part 1 (12/7/1963)
  11. Extradition - Part 2 (12/14/1963)
  12. The Magician (12/21/1963)
  13. Pa Hack's Brood (12/28/1963)
  14. The Glory and the Mud (1/4/1964)
  15. Dry Well (1/11/1964)
  16. Prairie Wolfer (1/18/1964)
  17. Friend (1/25/1964)
  18. Once a Haggen (2/1/1964)
  19. No Hands (2/8/1964)
  20. May Blossom (2/15/1964)
  21. The Bassops (2/22/1964)
  22. The Kite (2/29/1964)
  23. Comanches Is Soft (3/7/1964)
  24. Father's Love (3/14/1964)
  25. Now That April's Here (3/21/1964)
  26. Caleb (3/28/1964)
  27. Owney Tupper Had a Daughter (4/4/1964)
  28. Bently (4/11/1964)
  29. Kitty Cornered (4/18/1964)
  30. The Promoter (4/25/1964)
  31. Trip West (5/2/1964)
  32. Scot Free (5/9/1964)
  33. The Warden (5/16/1964)
  34. Homecoming (5/23/1964)
  35. The Other Half (5/30/1964)
  36. Journey For Three (6/6/1964)
  1. Blue Heaven (9/26/1964)
  2. Crooked Mile (10/3/1964)
  3. Old Man (10/10/1964)
  4. The Violators (10/17/1964)
  5. Doctor's Wife (10/24/1964)
  6. Take Her, She's Cheap (10/31/1964)
  7. Help Me Kitty (11/7/1964)
  8. Hung High (11/14/1964)
  9. Jonah Hutchinson (11/21/1964)
  10. Big Man, Big Target (11/28/1964)
  11. Chicken (12/5/1964)
  12. Innocence (12/12/1964)
  13. Aunt Thede (12/19/1964)
  14. Hammerhead (12/26/1964)
  15. Double Entry (1/2/1965)
  16. Run, Sheep, Run (1/9/1965)
  17. Deputy Festus (1/16/1965)
  18. One Killer on Ice (1/23/1965)
  19. Chief Joseph (1/30/1965)
  20. Circus Trick (2/6/1965)
  21. Song for Dying (2/13/1965)
  22. Winner Take All (2/20/1965)
  23. Eliab's Aim (2/27/1965)
  24. Thursday's Child (3/6/1965)
  25. Breckinridge (3/13/1965)
  26. Bank Baby (3/20/1965)
  27. The Lady (3/27/1965)
  28. Dry Road to Nowhere (4/3/1965)
  29. Twenty Miles from Dodge (4/10/1965)
  30. The Pariah (4/17/1965)
  31. Gilt Guilt (4/24/1965)
  32. Bad Lady from Brookline (5/1/1965)
  33. Two Tall Men (5/8/1965)
  34. Honey Pot (5/15/1965)
  35. The New Society (5/22/1965)
  36. He Who Steals (5/29/1965)
  1. Seven Hours to Dawn (9/18/1965)
  2. The Storm (9/25/1965)
  3. Clayton Thaddeus Greenwood (10/2/1965)
  4. Ten Little Indians (10/9/1965)
  5. Taps for Old Jeb (10/16/1965)
  6. Kioga (10/23/1965)
  7. The Bounty Hunter (10/30/1965)
  8. The Reward (11/6/1965)
  9. Malachi (11/13/1965)
  10. The Pretender (11/20/1965)
  11. South Wind (11/27/1965)
  12. The Hostage (12/4/1965)
  13. Outlaw's Woman (12/11/1965)
  14. The Avengers (12/18/1965)
  15. Gold Mine (12/25/1965)
  16. Death Watch (1/8/1966)
  17. Sweet Billy, Singer of Songs (1/15/1966)
  18. The Raid - Part 1 (1/22/1966)
  19. The Raid - Part 2 (1/29/1966)
  20. Killer at Large (2/5/1966)
  21. My Father's Guitar (2/12/1966)
  22. Wishbone (2/19/1966)
  23. Sanctuary (2/26/1966)
  24. Honor Before Justice (3/5/1966)
  25. The Brothers (3/12/1966)
  26. Which Dr. (3/19/1966)
  27. Harvest (3/26/1966)
  28. By Line (4/9/1966)
  29. Treasure of John Walking Fox (4/16/1966)
  30. My Father, My Son (4/23/1966)
  31. Parson Comes to Town (4/30/1966)
  32. Prime of Life (5/7/1966)
  1. Snap Decision (9/17/1966)
  2. The Goldtakers (9/24/1966)
  3. The Jailer (10/1/1966)
  4. The Mission (10/8/1966)
  5. The Good People (10/15/1966)
  6. Gunfighter, R.I.P. (10/22/1966)
  7. The Wrong Man (10/29/1966)
  8. The Whispering Tree (11/12/1966)
  9. The Well (11/19/1966)
  10. Stage Stop (11/26/1966)
  11. The Newcomers (12/3/1966)
  12. Quaker Girl (12/10/1966)
  13. The Moonstone (12/17/1966)
  14. Champion of the World (12/24/1966)
  15. The Hanging (12/31/1966)
  16. Saturday Night (1/7/1967)
  17. Mad Dog (1/14/1967)
  18. Muley (1/21/1967)
  19. Mail Drop (1/28/1967)
  20. Old Friend (2/4/1967)
  21. Fandango (2/11/1967)
  22. The Returning (2/18/1967)
  23. The Lure (2/25/1967)
  24. Noose of Gold (3/4/1967)
  25. The Favor (3/11/1967)
  26. Mistaken Identity (3/18/1967)
  27. Ladies from St. Louis (3/25/1967)
  28. Nitro! - Part 1 (4/8/1967)
  29. Nitro! - Part 2 (4/15/1967)
  1. The Wreckers (9/11/1967)
  2. Cattle Barons (9/18/1967)
  3. The Prodigal (9/25/1967)
  4. Vengeance - Part 1 (10/2/1967)
  5. Vengeance - Part 2 (10/9/1967)
  6. A Hat (10/16/1967)
  7. Hard Luck Henry (10/23/1967)
  8. Major Glory (10/30/1967)
  9. The Pillagers (11/6/1967)
  10. Prairie Wolfer (11/13/1967)
  11. Stranger in Town (11/20/1967)
  12. Death Train (11/27/1967)
  13. Rope Fever (12/4/1967)
  14. Wonder (12/18/1967)
  15. Baker's Dozen (12/25/1967)
  16. The Victim (1/1/1968)
  17. Deadman's Law (1/8/1968)
  18. Nowhere to Run (1/15/1968)
  19. Blood Money (1/22/1968)
  20. Hill Girl (1/29/1968)
  21. The Gunrunners (2/5/1968)
  22. The Jackals (2/12/1968)
  23. The First People (2/19/1968)
  24. Mr. Sam'l (2/26/1968)
  25. A Noose for Dobie Price (3/4/1968)
  1. Lyle's Kid (9/23/1968)
  2. The Hide Cutters (9/30/1968)
  3. Zavala (10/7/1968)
  4. Uncle Finney (10/14/1968)
  5. Slocum (10/21/1968)
  6. O'Quillian (10/28/1968)
  7. 9:12 to Dodge (11/11/1968)
  8. Abelia (11/18/1968)
  9. Railroad! (11/25/1968)
  10. The Miracle Man (12/2/1968)
  11. Waco (12/9/1968)
  12. Lobo (12/16/1968)
  13. Johnny Cross (12/23/1968)
  14. The Money Store (12/30/1968)
  15. The Twisted Heritage (1/6/1969)
  16. Time of the Jackals (1/13/1969)
  17. Mannon (1/20/1969)
  18. Goldtown (1/27/1969)
  19. The Mark of Cain (2/3/1969)
  20. Reprisal (2/10/1969)
  21. The Long Night (2/17/1969)
  22. The Night Riders (2/24/1969)
  23. The Intruder (3/3/1969)
  24. The Good Samaritans (3/10/1969)
  25. The Prisoner (3/17/1969)
  26. Exodus 21.22 (3/24/1969)
  1. The Devil's Outpost (9/22/1969)
  2. Stryker (9/29/1969)
  3. Coreyville (10/6/1969)
  4. Danny (10/13/1969)
  5. Hawk (10/20/1969)
  6. A Man Called Smith (10/27/1969)
  7. Charlie Noon (11/3/1969)
  8. The Still (11/10/1969)
  9. A Matter of Honor (11/17/1969)
  10. The Innocent (11/24/1969)
  11. Ring of Darkness (12/1/1969)
  12. MacGraw (12/8/1969)
  13. Roots of Fear (12/15/1969)
  14. The Sisters (12/29/1969)
  15. The War Priest (1/5/1970)
  16. The Pack Rat (1/12/1970)
  17. The Judas Gun (1/19/1970)
  18. Doctor Herman Schultz, M.D. (1/26/1970)
  19. The Badge (2/2/1970)
  20. Albert (2/9/1970)
  21. Kiowa (2/16/1970)
  22. Celia (2/23/1970)
  23. Morgan (3/2/1970)
  24. The Thieves (3/9/1970)
  25. Hackett (3/16/1970)
  26. The Cage (3/23/1970)
  1. Chato (9/14/1970)
  2. The Noose (9/21/1970)
  3. Stark (9/28/1970)
  4. Sam McTavish, M.D. (10/5/1970)
  5. Gentry's Law (10/12/1970)
  6. Snow Train - Part 1 (10/19/1970)
  7. Snow Train - Part 2 (10/26/1970)
  8. Luke (11/2/1970)
  9. The Gun (11/9/1970)
  10. The Scavengers (11/16/1970)
  11. The Witness (11/23/1970)
  12. McCabe (11/30/1970)
  13. The Noonday Devil (12/7/1970)
  14. Sergeant Holly (12/14/1970)
  15. Jenny (12/28/1970)
  16. Captain Sligo (1/4/1971)
  17. Mirage (1/11/1971)
  18. The Tycoon (1/25/1971)
  19. Jaekel (2/1/1971)
  20. Murdoch (2/8/1971)
  21. Cleavus (2/15/1971)
  22. Lavery (2/22/1971)
  23. Pike - Part 1 (aka: "Dirty Sally - Part 1") (3/1/1971)
  24. Pike - Part 2 (aka: "Dirty Sally - Part 2") (3/8/1971)
  1. The Lost (9/13/1971)
  2. Phoenix (9/20/1971)
  3. Waste - Part 1 (9/27/1971)
  4. Waste - Part 2 (10/4/1971)
  5. New Doctor in Town (10/11/1971)
  6. The Legend (10/18/1971)
  7. Trafton (10/25/1971)
  8. Lynott (11/1/1971)
  9. Lijah (11/8/1971)
  10. My Brother's Keeper (11/15/1971)
  11. Drago (11/22/1971)
  12. Gold Train: The Bullet - Part 1 (11/29/1971)
  13. Gold Train: The Bullet - Part 2 (12/6/1971)
  14. Gold Train: The Bullet - Part 3 (12/13/1971)
  15. P.S. Murry Christmas (12/27/1971)
  16. No Tomorrow (1/3/1972)
  17. Hidalgo (1/10/1972)
  18. Tara (1/17/1972)
  19. One for the Road (1/24/1972)
  20. The Predators (1/31/1972)
  21. Yankton (2/7/1972)
  22. Blind Man's Buff (2/21/1972)
  23. Alias Festus Haggin (3/6/1972)
  24. The Wedding (3/13/1972)
  1. The River - Part 1 (9/11/1972)
  2. The River - Part 2 (9/18/1972)
  3. Bohannan (9/25/1972)
  4. The Judgement (10/2/1972)
  5. The Drummer (10/9/1972)
  6. Sarah (10/16/1972)
  7. The Fugitives (10/23/1972)
  8. Eleven Dollars (10/30/1972)
  9. Milligan (11/6/1972)
  10. Tatum (11/13/1972)
  11. The Sodbusters (11/20/1972)
  12. The Brothers (11/27/1972)
  13. Hostage! (12/11/1972)
  14. Jubilee (12/18/1972)
  15. Arizona Midnight (1/1/1973)
  16. Homecoming (1/8/1973)
  17. Shadler (1/15/1973)
  18. Patricia (1/22/1973)
  19. Quiet Day in Dodge (1/29/1973)
  20. Whelan's Men (2/5/1973)
  21. Kimbro (2/12/1973)
  22. Jesse (2/19/1973)
  23. Talbot (2/26/1973)
  24. This Golden Land (3/5/1973)
  1. Women for Sale - Part 1 (9/10/1973)
  2. Women for Sale - Part 2 (9/17/1973)
  3. Matt's Love Story (9/24/1973)
  4. The Boy and the Sinner (10/1/1973)
  5. The Widow-Maker (10/8/1973)
  6. Kitty's Love Affair (10/22/1973)
  7. The Widow and the Rogue (10/29/1973)
  8. A Game of Death. An Act of Love - Part 1 (11/5/1973)
  9. A Game of Death. An Act of Love - Part 2 (11/12/1973)
  10. Lynch Town (11/19/1973)
  11. The Hanging of Newly O'Brien (11/26/1973)
  12. Susan Was Evil (12/3/1973)
  13. The Deadly Innocent (12/17/1973)
  14. The Child Between (12/24/1973)
  15. A Family of Killers (1/14/1974)
  16. Like Old Times (1/21/1974)
  17. The Town Tamers (1/28/1974)
  18. The Foundling (2/11/1974)
  19. The Iron Blood of Courage (2/18/1974)
  20. The Schoolmarm (2/25/1974)
  21. Trail of Bloodshed (3/1/1974)
  22. Cowtown Hustler (3/11/1974)
  23. To Ride a Yeller Horse (3/18/1974)
  24. The Disciple (4/1/1974)
  1. Matt Dillon Must Die (9/9/1974)
  2. A Town in Chains (9/16/1974)
  3. The Guns of Cibola Blanca - Part 1 (9/23/1974)
  4. The Guns of Cibola Blanca - Part 2 (9/30/1974)
  5. Thirty a Month and Found (10/7/1974)
  6. The Wiving (10/14/1974)
  7. The Iron Men (10/21/1974)
  8. The Fourth Victim (11/4/1974)
  9. The Tarnished Badge (11/11/1974)
  10. In Performance of Duty (11/18/1974)
  11. Island in the Desert - Part 1 (12/2/1974)
  12. Island in the Desert - Part 2 (12/9/1974)
  13. The Colonel (12/16/1974)
  14. The Squaw (1/6/1975)
  15. The Hiders (1/13/1975)
  16. Larkin (1/20/1975)
  17. The Fires of Ignorance (1/27/1975)
  18. The Angry Land (2/3/1975)
  19. Brides and Grooms (2/10/1975)
  20. Hard Labor (2/24/1975)
  21. I Have Promises to Keep (3/3/1975)
  22. The Busters (3/10/1975)
  23. Manolo (3/17/1975)
  24. The Sharecroppers (3/31/1975)

Gunsmoke: Return to Dodge (9/26/1987)
Gunsmoke: The Last Apache (3/18/1990)
Gunsmoke: To The Last Man (1/10/1992)
Gunsmoke: The Long Ride (5/8/1993)
Gunsmoke: One Man's Justice (2/10/1994)

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Oral History Collections

We're sorry. Due to the coronavirus public health emergency, the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library & Museum will be closed to the public beginning March 14th until further notice. We will continue to respond to written requests for records at [email protected] Please check our website or for updates on our operating hours and status.

Adams, Charles F.: Chairman of the board of Raytheon Co. son of Charles Francis Adams, who was Secretary of the Navy during the Hoover administration, 1929-33. 24 pages.

Aiken, George D.: Governor of Vermont, 1937-41 U.S. Senator from Vermont, 1941-75 member, First Hoover Commission, 1947-49. 8 pages.

Akerson, George E., Jr.: Newspaper publisher son of George E. Akerson, who was assistant to Secretary of Commerce Hoover, 1925-28, and secretary to President Hoover, 1929-31. 42 pages.

Albright, Horace M.: Assistant Director, National Park Service, 1917-19 Superintendent, Yellowstone National Park, 1919-29 Director, National Park Service, 1929-33. 99 pages.

Albury, Calvin: Key Largo, FL, bonefishing guide to Herbert Hoover, 1948-62.

  1. Herbert Hoover Oral History Program (by Raymond Henle), 30 pages and
  2. Herbert Hoover Presidential Library (by Thomas T. Thalken), 3 pages.

Allen, Robert S.: Reporter, Christian Science Monitor, 1927-30 chief Washington bureau, Christian Science Monitor, 1930-31 author, with Drew Pearson, ofWashington Merry-Go-Round and More Merry-Go-Round. 20 pages.

Allen, Victoria (Mrs. Benjamin S.): Husband was London correspondent, Associated Press, 1910-17 publicity adviser, Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1914-17 Chief, Education Division, U.S. Food Administration, 1917-19. 51 pages.

Anderson, John Z.: U.S. Representative from California, 1932-52. 21 pages.

Anderson, William B.: Vice president, 1939-45, president, 1945-58 Herbert Hoover Birthplace Society president, 1958-62, trustee and president-emeritus, 1962-74, Herbert Hoover Birthplace Foundation. 46 pages.

Andrews, T. Coleman: Founder of T. Coleman Andrews & Co., C.P.A. firm, 1922 member, First Hoover Commission, 1948 Commissioner of Internal Revenue, 1953-55. 19 pages.

Angell, James B.: Professor of electrical engineering, Stanford University carillonneur consultant to industry and government. 23 pages.

Anthony, Mr. and Mrs. Edward: Publicity manager for the 1928 Republican Presidential campaign. 83 pages.

Antile, Vincent K.: Agent, 1945-65 investigator, supervisor in Miami, Federal Bureau of Investigation, 1941-65 assigned to Hoover's Miami trips, 1953-62. 37 pages.

Arentz, Samuel S.: Mining engineer had many mining contacts with Hoover and acted as host when Hoover visited the family's mining interests in the West. 18 pages.

Barclay, Thomas S.: Attached to the International Law Division, American Commission to Negotiate Peace, 1919 secretary to Henry White, 1919 professor of political science, Stanford University, 1928-57. 42 pages.

Barker, Burt Brown: Boyhood friend of Herbert Hoover lawyer in private practice, 1902-29 vice president, University of Oregon, 1928-47 president, Herbert Hoover Foundation of Oregon. 100 pages.

Behrens, Earl C.: Political editor of San Francisco Chronicle. 27 pages.

Benson, Ezra Taft: President, European Mission, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1946 Secretary of Agriculture, 1953-61. 20 pages.

Berlin, Richard E.: President and chief executive officer, Hearst Corp., 1941. 22 pages.

Binns, Joseph P.: Vice president, Hilton Hotels Corp., 1946-62 member, Second Hoover Commission, 1953-55 executive vice president, general manager, Waldorf-Astoria, 1959-61. 31 pages.

Blocker, James C. and Donald Bowers: Blocker was assistant to the manager, Key Largo Anglers Club, 1955-69. Bowers was Key Largo Anglers Club fishing guide to Herbert Hoover, 1950-61. 20 pages.

Blumenthal, Morton: New York City tax consultant to Herbert Hoover. 34 pages.

Bodkin, Edward O.: Owned cottage next door to Herbert Hoover on the grounds of Key Largo Anglers Club. 15 pages.

Boone, Vice Adm. Joel Thompson: U.S. Navy, 1914-50 physician to the President,1922-33. 311 pages.

Boris, Mr. and Mrs. Kosta: Mr. Boris was an orderly, American Relief Administration, 1918-19 factotum to Herbert Hoover, 1919-45. 28 pages.

Bowman, Mrs. Edwin G.: Social secretary to Mrs. Hoover, 1924-33 director, National Girl Scouts Little House in Washington DC, 1924-55. 30 pages.

Boys' Club of America Officers: John M. Gleason, was national director, 1956-68 A. Boyd Hinds was associate national director, 1957-68 and Edward J . Stapleton is director of public information, 1957-74.
80 pages.

Brigham, Richard T. and Margaret Hoover Brigham: Mr. Brigham was an executive with E. I. DuPont. Mrs. Brigham is the oldest grandchild of President and Mrs. Hoover. Interview conducted for Herbert Hoover Presidential Library by Dwight M. Miller. 102 pages.

Brooks, Phillips P. and Katurah: Mr. Brooks was a butler in the White House, 1928-31, Mrs. Brooks was a maid, 1931-39. 33 pages.

Brouha, Elizabeth Shaler: Daughter of Millard Shaler, who was a member, Commission for Relief in Belgium and London during World War I later engaged in the mining business in Belgium Belgian representative for the Belgian-American Educational Foundation. 22 pages.

Brown, Ella (Mrs. John A.): Waldorf-Astoria Towers neighbor of Herbert Hoover. 14 pages.

Brown, Milton M.: Member, Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1916-19 director, Belgian-American Educational Foundation member, Finnish Relief Fund, 1939-42 vice president and executive director, Belgian Relief Fund, 1940-42. 37 pages.

Brownell, Herbert: Campaign manager, Thomas E. Dewey for Governor (NY), 1942 chairman, Republican National Committee, 1944-46 Republican campaign manager 1944, 1948 Commissioner, Second Hoover Commission, 1953-55 Attorney General of the United States, 1953-57. 29 pages.

Brumback, Ellen: Research assistant to Herbert Hoover, 1959-61. 38 pages.

Burland, Elmer G.: Lawyer American Relief Administration, 1919-24 vice president, director, Blair & Co., Inc., investment bankers, 1925-42 deputy executive director, CARE, 1946. 36 pages.

Burns, John L.: Director, Boys' Clubs of America, 1954-64. 14 pages.

Butler, Brig. Gen. Frederic B.: U.S. Army, 1918-53 Assistant Director, Office of Public Buildings and Public Parks of the National Capitol, 1930-33. 26 pages.

Butler, Philippi Harding (Mrs. Frederic B.): Secretary to Lou Henry Hoover, 1920-24, 1930-33. 52 pages.

Camp, Loretta L. Francis: Worked with Finnish Relief Fund secretary to Herbert Hoover, 1941-64. 24 pages.

Campbell, Kathryn M. (Mrs. J. Clinton): Husband was manager and part owner, Key Largo Anglers Club, 1944-65. 25 pages.

Campbell, Mildred Hall (Mrs. Allen): Secretary to Lou Henry Hoover, 1927-34. 32 pages.

Campbell, Mr and Mrs. Allen: Close friends of Allan Hoover, a son of Herbert Hoover, reminiscences. 57 pages.

Cannon, Charles A.: Textile manufacturer director, New York Life Insurance Co., 1931-71. 12 pages.

Caro, Frank: Dealer in Chinese porcelains. 25 pages.

Catledge, Turner: Author, of The 167 Days, (with Joseph Alsop, Jr.) 1937 managing editor, 1951-64, executive editor, 1964-68, New York Times. 30 pages.

Chandler, Loren R., M.D.: Dean, School of Medicine, Stanford University, 1933-53 professor of surgery. 27 pages.

Chapman, John A.: President, Dutch Treat Club, 1943-71. 5 pages.

Chennault, Anna (Mrs. Claire Lee): War correspondent, Central News Agency (Kunming and Shanghai, China), 1944-48 president, Chinese Refugee Relief, 1962-70. 21 pages.

Clark, Birge M.: Lecturer in architecture, Stanford University, 1950-71 architect of the Herbert Hoover House in Palo Alto, CA. 31 pages.

Clark, Fred G.: Research and organizational executive president of the Fred G. Clark Co., 1924-32 founded the Crusaders, an anti-Prohibition organization, 1929 founder and chairman of the American Economic Foundation, New York City, 1939-72. 42 pages.

Clark, Gen. Mark W.: U.S. Army 1917-53 Chairman, Task Force on Intelligence Activities, Second Hoover Commission, 1953-55. 27 pages.

Clay, Maj. Gen. Lucius D. (Ret.): U.S. Army, 1918-49 deputy to General Eisenhower in European theater, 1945 commander in chief, European Command, 1947 senior partner, Lehman Brothers, 1963-73. 21 pages.

Coates, Charles B.: Assistant to the Chairman and Editorial Director, First Hoover Commission, 1948-49 vice chairman, Citizens Committee for the Hoover Report, 1949-58. 20 pages.

Coberly, William B., Jr.: Brother of Margaret Coberly Hoover (Mrs. Allan Hoover). 31 pages.

Cole, Albert L.: Business adviser 1932-39, general business manager, 1939-65, Reader's Digest Association, Inc. president, Executive Committee, 1954-69, chairman, 1969-81, Boys' Clubs of America. 20 pages.

Considine, Robert B.: Author of Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo, 1943 tennis champion sports editor, editorial and feature writer, Washington Times Herald, 1933-37 columnist and news reporter, 1937-50. 17 pages.

Cotter, Francis P.: Lawyer in private practice FBI agent security officer, Joint Committee on Atomic Energy Los Alamos, 1952 involved in Oppenheimer investigation, 1954. Interview conducted for the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library by Dwight M. Miller. 26 pages.

Creighton, Robert E.: Close friend of Paul A. Sexson, who was confidential secretary to Herbert Hoover, 1933-36. 19 pages.

Crosette, George: Chief, Geographic Research Division, National Geographic Society son of Louis F. Crossette, who was a special adviser and friend to Herbert Hoover before and during his Department of Commerce years. 25 pages.

Curtice, Arthur A.: Mining and petroleum engineer business associate and friend of Herbert Hoover, Jr. 33 pages.

Davie, Eugenie M. (Mrs. Preston): Civic and political leader finance chairman, New York Republican State Committee, 1933-34 Republican National Finance Committee, 1962-74. 29 pages.

Davis, Joseph S.: Assistant statistician, American Shipping Mission, 1918-19 statistician, Allied Maritime Transport Council, 1918-19 director, Food Research Institute, Stanford University, 1921-52 Chief Economist, Federal Farm Board, 1929-31. 54 pages.

Davison, Frederick T.: Assistant Secretary of War, 1926-32. 14 pages.

de Beughem, Irone H.: Member, Belgian Lace Committee, 1914-18. 28 pages.

Dell'Agnese, Fioravanti: Manager, Waldorf-Astoria Towers, 1945-65. 18 pages.

Dempsey, M. Elizabeth: Secretary to Herbert Hoover, 1957-64. 44 pages.

Denton, Robert H.: Newspaper photographer who accompanied the Hoovers on their Central and South American trip, 1928. 21 pages.

Derby, Harry L.: Worked with Herbert Hoover on the Tariff bill in 1927 president, American Cyanamid & Chemical Corp., 1929-46 director, Pocono Hotels Corporation. 6 pages.

Dewey, Charles S.: Financial adviser, vice president, Northern Trust Co., 1920-24 Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, 1924-27 financial adviser, Republic of Poland, 1927-31 vice -president, Chase National Bank,1945-50. 3 pages.

Dewey, Thomas E.: U.S. attorney, 1933 Governor of New York, 1942-54 law practice, Dewey, Ballantine, Bushby, Palmer and Wood, 1955-71. 24 pages.
Dickie, Jean Kellogg (Mrs. James): Artist only child of Vernon Lyman and Charlotte Hoffman Kellogg. Vernon Kellogg was a member, Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1915-16 member, U.S. Food Administration, 1917-19 member, American Relief Administration, 1918-21 executive secretary, National Research Council, 1919-31. Charlotte Hoffman Kellogg was director, Commission for Polish Relief, 1939-50. 19 pages.

Dill, Clarence C.: U.S. Representative from Washington state, 1915-19 U.S. Senator from Washington state, 1923-35. 19 pages.

Douglas, James H., Jr.: Lawyer in private practice, 1925-29, 1934-53, 1961-72 Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, 1932-33 Secretary of the Air Force, 1957-59 Boy Scout executive. 35 pages.

Doyle, Morris M.: Lawyer in private practice, 1932-present president of the board of trustees, Stanford University director, Stanford Research Institute. 14 pages.

Drescher, George C.: Member, Presidential Protection Division, U.S. Secret Service, 1924-33. 23 pages.

Dulles, Eleanor L.: Diplomat relief worker, American Friends Service, 1917-19 professor, 1928-30, lecturer 1932-36, Bryn Mawr College Office of German Affairs, Department of State, 1952-62. 23 pages.

Durono, Ruth White (Mrs. George): White House secretary during the Hoover administration. 27 pages.

Dutro, Elmore R.: Longtime friend of the Hoovers chief statistician, American delegation to the Inter-Allied Danube River Commission, 1919 resigned from Foreign Service, 1922 engaged in investment banking, industry, and farming. 32 pages.

Dyer, Susan L.: Friend of Herbert and Lou Henry Hoover. 70 pages.

Edison, Charles: Son of Thomas Alva Edison member, Task Force on Water Resources and Power, Second Hoover Commission, 1953-55 Waldorf-Astoria Towers neighbor of Herbert Hoover. 18 pages.

Eisenhower, Gen. Dwight David: U.S. Army, 1915-52 president, Columbia University, 1948-52 President of the United States, 1953-61. (Portion closed until 2017.) 36 pages.

Evans, Ralph: Secretary to Secretary of the Interior Franklin K. Lane, 1919-20 secretary to U.S. Congressman Harry E. Hull from Iowa, 1921-24 with Palmer Enterprises (radio stations), Davenport, IA, retiring as executive vice president in 1961 trustee, Herbert Hoover Birthplace Foundation. 20 pages.

Falter, John: Artist, member, Bohemian Club. 24 pages.

Farley, James A.: Chairman, Democratic National Committee, 1932-40 Postmaster General of the United States, 1933-40 Commissioner, Second Hoover Commission, 1953-55. 45 pages.

Farrar, Fred: Former art director and general manager of Typographic Service Co. During that time he also served as an art consultant to R. H. Macy and Co., Lord & Taylor, and Cosmopolitan magazine retired lecturer in the United States and England on commercial art. 28 pages.

Fayne, James A.: Business associate, financial adviser, and friend of Joseph Patrick Kennedy liaison between Kennedy and Herbert Hoover. 27 pages.

Fellers, Brig. Gen. Bonner: U.S. Army, 1918-46, liaison between Gen. Douglas MacArthur and President Mannuel Quezon of the Philippines, 1935-38 military secretary to General MacArthur during World War II assistant chairman of the Republican National Committee, 1947-52. 32 pages.

Ferguson, Homer: Lawyer in private practice, 1913-29 U.S. Senator from Michigan, 1943-54 judge, U.S. Court of Military Appeals, 1956-71. 25 pages.

Fields, Alonzo: White House butler during the Hoover and Roosevelt administrations maitre d'hotel during Truman administration and part of Eisenhower administration. 36 pages.

Fisher, Charles W.: Lawyer in private practice for 30 years retired judge, municipal court in Oakland-Piedmont judicial district California State Assembly, 1931-37. 44 pages.

Fitzgerald, Dennis A.: Economist War Food Administrator, 1945 chief food consultant, President's Famine Emergency Committee, 1946-47 foreign food operations in Department of Agriculture, 1948-52. 28 pages.

Fleming, Harold M.: Freelance writer on business and economics member, American Relief Administration in Europe and Russia, 1922-33 Wall Street security analyst, 1928-36 New York correspondent of Christian Science Monitor, 1935-52 commentator, National Broadcasting System and Mutual Broadcasting System. 21 pages.

Flickinger, Victor W., and Elizabeth A.: National Park Service, 1933-59 chief, Division of Lands and Water of the Iowa Conservation Commission, 1939-49 drew plans for the Herbert Hoover Birthplace Park. Mrs. Flickinger was a member of the National Conference on State Parks. 21 pages.

Folger, John C.: Chairman, Republican National Finance Committee, 1955-57, 1960-61 ambassador to Belgium,
1957-59 chairman of the board, Folger, Nolan, Fleming & Co., Inc. 23 pages.

Folliard, Edward T.: Reporter, 1923-31 White House and special correspondent, Washington Post, 1931-66. 25 pages.Largo Anglers Club. 15 pages.

Francis, Clarence: President, Post Products, 1927-29 president, 1934-43, chairman of the Board of Directors, 1943-54, General Foods board member, Studebaker-Packard Corp., 1960-63. 31 pages.

Franklin, John C.: Investment banker friend of Herbert Hoover, Jr. vice president, engineering, TWA, 1942-47 vice president, General Dynamics 1966-70 vice president of General Aniline & Film Corp., 1949-55. 13 pages.

Fraser, Bernard H.: Commission for Polish Relief, 1938-41 secretary, 1939, chairman, 1940, Foreign Affairs Committee United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), 1947-77. 13 pages.

Friendly, Edwin S.: Business manager, 1922-41, general manager, 1941-50, vice president and director,1944-50, New York Sun vice president, New York World-Telegram and Sun, 1950-54 vice president, Westchester-Rockland newspapers, 1954-65 president, American Newspaper Publishers Association, 1949-51. 27 pages.

Fuller, Adaline (Mrs. William Parmer, Jr.): Organizer, treasurer, and supervisor, club for U.S. Food Administration women employees, 1917-19 member, American Relief Administration-European Children's Fund (Poland), 1919-20 vice president, California Division, Women's Organization for National Prohibition Reform, 1929-33. 53 pages.

Fuller, William Parmer III: Glass manufacturer director, Western Glass Sales, Wells Fargo Bank, Pittsburgh Plate Glass trustee, Stanford University. 23 pages.

Funston, George K.: Chairman, War Production Board, 1941-44 president, Trinity College, 1944-50 president, New York Stock Exchange, 1951-67 chairman of the board, Olin Corp., 1967-72. 22 pages.

Goldberg, Reuben L: Pulitzer Prize-winning cartoonist comic cartoonist, 1916-38 editorial cartoonist, 1938-64 sculptor, 1964-70. 31 pages.

Goldwater, Barry M.: U.S. Senator from Arizona, 1953-64, 1968-86. 11 pages.

Gordon, Hope Brown (Mrs. Will S.): Mother of John Wade Gordon, a former Pacific division manager for Encyclopedia Britannica. Gordon was given a ride as a hitchhiker by Hoover in 1933. 17 pages.

Gordon, Kari (Mrs. John W.): Wife of John Wade Gordon. (See Hope Brown Gordon in the preceding entry.) 12 pages.

Gould, Alan J.: Journalist and newspaper editor, 1922 sports editor, 1923-38, personnel executive, 1938-41, executive editor of news staff, 1948-63, Associated Press. 36 pages.

Grady, Paul F.: Chairman, Task Force on Lending Agencies, First and Second Hoover Commissions, 1948, 1953-54. 37 pages.

Green, Joseph C.: Member, Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1915-17 member, American Relief Administration (Rumania and Caucasus), 1918-19 career diplomat, Department of State, 1930-53. 49 pages.

Green, Joshua: Seattle banker and longtime acquaintance of Herbert Hoover. 11 pages.

Greene, Virginia (Mrs. Samuel E.): Member, Key Largo Anglers Club. 36 pages.

Grimm, Peter: Member, Bohemian Club, 1949-80. 33 pages.

Groves, Lt. Gen. Leslie R.: U.S. Army 1918-48 chief of the Manhattan Engineer District, 1942-47. (Portion closed until 2000.) 47 pages.

Halleck, Charles A.: U.S. Representative from Indiana, 1935-64 permanent chairman, Republican National Convention, 1960. 19 pages.

Hamilton, John Daniel: Member, Kansas House of Representatives, 1925-28 chairman, Kansas Republican State Central Committee, 1930-32 member, 1932-40, executive director, 1934-36, chairman, 1936-40, Republican National Committee executive director, Wendell Willkie campaign, 1940 eastern manager, Robert A. Taft campaign, 1952 counsel Republican Finance Committee, 1952-64. 87 pages.

Harding, Charles B.: Investment banker partner, 1938-63, chairman of the board, 1964-79, Smith Barney & Company member, Ogontz Fishing Club, a retreat in Pennsylvania where Hoover was a guest during Department of Commerce and Presidential years. 11 pages.

Harnischfeger, Walter: Building construction executive president, 1930-59, chairman of the board, 1959-72, Harnischfeger Corp. trustee, Herbert Hoover Birthplace Foundation. 8 pages.

Harrington, George P.: Member, American Relief Administration, Poland and Latvia, 1919 member, American Relief Administration, Russia 1922-23. 23 pages.

Harrmann Sgt. William W.: U.S. Marine Corps., 1916-46, security force, Camp Rapidan, VA, 1929-33. Interview conducted for Herbert Hoover Presidential Library by Dwight M. Miller. 35 pages.

Hatfield, Mark O.: Dean of students, Willamette University, 1950-56 Governor of Oregon, 1959-66 U.S. Senator from Oregon, 1966-present. 22 pages.

Hazlitt, Henry: Editor, Sun, 1925-29 editorial staff, New York Times, 1934-46 columnist, Newsweek, 1946-66. 29 pages.

Healy, James A.: Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1914-18 American Relief Administration, 1918-20 member, New York Stock Exchange, 1924-69. 53 pages.

Heimlich, Col. William Friel: U.S. Air Force, 1940-46 Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, U.S. Forces in Berlin, 1945 staff member, U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee Foreign Relations Committee staff member Director of Public Affairs, White House National Security Council. Interviews conducted for the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library by Dwight M. Miller. 107 pages.

Helm, Harold H.: Banking executive president of Chemical National Bank, 1947-55, chairman of the board, 1956-59 chairman of the board, Chemical Bank & Trust Co., 1959-66. 16 pages.

Henry, John: Syndicated columnist author and editor public affairs editor, Des Moines Register & Tribune Iowa secretary for U.S. Senator Bourke B. Hickenlooper, 1962-68 roving correspondent, Drew Pearson's Washington Merry-Go-Round syndicated column. Interview conducted for the University of Iowa Libraries by Robert A. McCown. 34 pages.

Hickenlooper, Bourke B.: Governor of Iowa, 1943-44 U.S. Senator from Iowa, 1945-69. Interviews conducted for:

  1. John F. Kennedy Oral History Project (by Pat M. Holt), 72 pages
  2. Princeton University, John Foster Dulles Oral History Project (by Richard D. Challener), 30 pages
  3. University of Texas Oral History Project, Lyndon Baines Johnson Library (by Paige E. Mulhollan), 25 pages and
  4. Columbia Oral History Collection, Robert A. Taft Project (by Harry Jeffery), 40 pages.

Hicks, Henry A.: Agency director, Oakland Branch, New York Life Insurance Co., 1926-37. 29 pages.

Hill, John W.: Author, public relations counselor founder, 1933, chairman of the board, Hill & Knowlton, Inc. 19 pages.

Hoffman, Calvin: Author, Shakespearean specialist Broadway drama critic, 1937-60. 21 pages.

Holifield, Chet: U.S. representative from California, 1942-65 member, Second Hoover Commission, 1953-55. 9 pages.

Hollingsworth, Mr. and Mrs. James E.: Member, First Hoover Commission, 1949 vice president, Central Hanover Bank & Trust, 1932-46. 28 pages.

Hollister, Solomon C.: Civil engineer dean, College of Engineering, 1937-59, vice president, 1946-47, Cornell University member, Second Hoover Commission, 1953-55. 30 pages.

Holt, Pat M.: Reporter, Providence (RI), Journal Bulletin associate editor, Congressional Quarterly, Washington, 1949-50 staff writer, Reporter Magazine,Washington, 1950 consultant, U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee, 1950-73, and chief of staff, 1974-77. Interview conducted for the U.S. Senate Historical Office by Donald A. Ritchie. 311 pages.

Hoover, Allan and Margaret C.: Son and daughter-in-law of Herbert and Lou Henry Hoover. Interview conducted for the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library by George H. Nash and Robert S. Wood. 72 pages.

Hoover, John Edgar: Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, 1924-72. 2 pages.

Hopkins, William J.: Clerk, 1931-43, executive clerk, 1943-49, senior executive clerk, 1949-66, White House Correspondence Section Executive Assistant to the President, 1966-71. Interviews conducted for:

  1. Herbert Hoover Oral History Program (by Raymond Henle), 28 pages, and
  2. John F. Kennedy Library (by Fred Dutton), 31 pages.

Hoyt, Marguerite Rickard (Mrs. Graham): Daughter of Edgar and Abigail Church Rickard, who were friends of the Herbert Hoovers. Mr. Rickard was directory, Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1914-25 Assistant U.S. Food Administrator, 1917-19 Director, American Relief Administration, 1919-29. 45 pages.

Humphrey, George M.: Secretary of the Treasury, 1953-57 friend of Herbert Hoover, Jr. 22 pages.

Huneke, Lydia (Mrs. Albert H.): Daughter of Augustus Taber Murray, who was professor of Greek and classical literature, Stanford University, 1892-32 minister, Washington DC, Friends Meeting, 1929-34. 16 pages.

Ingalls, Rear Adm. David S. (Ret.): Lawyer in private practice, 1923-29, Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Aeronautics, 1929-32 director, Pan American World Airways, 1945-49. 16 pages.

Jepson, Harry: Florida fishing guide to Herbert and Lou Henry Hoover. 24 pages.

Johnson, Lyndon Baines: U.S. Senator from Texas, 1949-61 Vice President of the United States, 1961-63 President of the United States, 1963-69. (Literary property retained.) 22 pages.

Judd, Nina Emlen: Relative of Jay Cooke, who founded Ogontz Lodge, a Pennsylvania fishing retreat where President Hoover was a guest while Secretary of Commerce and during his Presidential years. 10 pages.

Kaltenborn, Olga Von Nordenflycht (Mrs. Hans): Mr. Kaltenborn was a radio news analyst, 1922-65 Columbia Broadcasting System news analyst, 1929-40 National Broadcasting Company news analyst, 1940-65. 27 pages.

Keller, Deane: Professor, Yale School of Fine Arts, 1948-92 painted the portrait of Herbert Hoover for the Boys' Clubs of America. 13 pages.

Keller, Edward A.: Catholic priest professor of economics, Notre Dame, 1933-69 director, Bureau of Economic Research, 1935-52. 7 pages.

Kemp, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur: Assistant professor of economics, Yale University, 1941-43 editorial and research assistant to Herbert Hoover, 1943-53 staff member, First Hoover Commission. 87 pages.

Kennedy, Rose Fitzgerald (Mrs. Joseph P.): Joseph P. Kennedy was a member, First and Second Hoover Commissions, 1947-49, and 1953-54. 22 pages.

Ketchum, James R.: Curator, the White House, 1963-70 Curator, U.S. Senate Commission on Art and Antiquities, 1970-95. 28 pages.

Keyston, George N.: Partner, Keyston & Co., San Francisco, 1919-68 president, San Francisco Stock Exchange, 1930, 1940-41. 21 pages.

Kieffer, Jarold: Professor of public policy, University of Oregon, 1967-69 assistant to Arthur S. Flemming, President, Advisory Committee on Government Organization (Rockefeller Committee), 1953-61 Second Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government, 1953-55 liaison officer between Herbert Hoover and the Task Force on Personnel and Civil Service author of commission reports on paperwork management, surplus property, and budget and accounting, 1955. Interviews conducted for the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library by Dwight M. Miller. 61 pages.

Kienzle, Thomas C., M.D.: Physician, U.S. Public Health Service, assigned to Mississippi flood relief, 1927.
4 pages.

Kiley, Marcus P.: Librarian, New York City University Club, 1929-62. 10 pages.

Killion, George: Public relations and financial consultant, 1930-35, chairman of the board, 1957-63, director, 1963-71, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer ambassador to United Nations, 1966-67. 17 pages.

Kirchhofer, Alfred H.: Editor, Buffalo Evening News, 1956-66 vice president, president, director, WBEN, Inc., 1930-67. 22 pages.

Klumpp, Theodore, G.: President and director, Winthrop Laboratories, 1942-70 director and vice president, Sterling Drug, Inc., 1960-75 Chairman, Medical Task Force, Second Hoover Commission, 1953-55. (Literary property retained.) 42 pages.

Kluytmans, John: Chef on board Windswept, a yacht chartered several times by Herbert Hoover in Florida during the early 1950s. 22 pages.

Knight, James L.: Newspaper publisher founder, 1934, member, 1934-91, Key Largo Anglers Club. 12 pages.

Knowland, William F.: Member, California State Assembly, 1933-35 member California State Senate, 1935-39 member, Republican National Committee, 1938-42 chairman, Republican Executive Committee, 1940-42 U.S. Senator from California, 1945-49. 32 pages.

Krock, Arthur: Editor in chief, Louisville Times, 1919-23 assistant to the president, New York World, 1923-27 member, Board of Editors, 1927-32 Washington correspondent, 1932-53, New York Times Washington commentator, 1953-66. 22 pages.

Kuhn, Irene Corbally: Writer, commentator staff member of New York Syracuse-Herald staff member, New York Daily News staff member, Chicago Tribune one of the first women correspondents for Hearst. 40 pages.

Larrabee, Donald R.: Journalist, reporter, and owner, New England News Bureau, 1950s-78 president, National Press Club, 1973. Interview conducted for the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library by Dwight Miller. 22 pages.

Lawrence, Mr. and Mrs. David C.: Washington correspondent, New York Evening Post, 1915-19 president, Consolidated Press Association, 1919-33 founder, 1926, president, 1926-33, United States Daily president and editor, United States News, 1933-48 founder and president, World Report, 1946-48 president and editor, U.S. News and World Report, 1948-73. 73 pages.

Leach, Charles N., M.D.: Physician, commission for Relief in Belgium during World War I physician, American Relief Administration, 1918-19 later in charge of the medical department of the Rockefeller Foundation in Austria and other European Countries. 18 pages.

Leach, Paul R.: Correspondent, 1910-33, chief, Washington bureau, Chicago Daily News, 1933-45 chief, Washington bureau, Knight newspapers, 1945-56. 29 pages.

Leavitt, Mr. and Mrs. Van Ness Hoover: Mr. Leavitt, was the son of May Hoover Leavitt, Herbert Hoover's sister. 50 pages.

Lee, Reginald G.: Mine superintendent for several of the Hoover mining interests in Idaho, California, and Nevada. 15 pages.

Lee, Russel V., M.D.: Physician to the Herbert Hoover family at Palo Alto, CA member, President's Commission on the Health Needs of the Nation, 1952. 17 pages.

Le Pore, Michael J., M.D.: One of the physicians who attended Herbert Hoover, January-October, 1964. 56 pages.

Lillick, Ira S.: Stanford University contemporary of Herbert Hoover trustee, Stanford University, 1923-60. 13 pages.

Lincoln, George G.: Correspondent,Washington Evening Star, 1909-74. 18 pages.

Lipman, Ruth Fesler (Mrs. Robert): Secretary to Lou Henry Hoover, 1928-31. 49 pages.

Livingston, Walter R.: Research assistant to Herbert Hoover, 1956-57, for the publication of An American Epic and The Ordeal of Woodrow Wilson. 58 pages.

Lochner, Louis Paul: War correspondent newspaper correspondent, Associated Press, 1928-46 member, board of directors, American Council on Germany, 1959 adviser to Hoover on 1947 trip to Germany to review the food and economic situation author of Herbert Hoover and Germany. 75 pages.

Loomis, Mr. and Mrs. Frederick: Friends of Herbert and Lou Henry Hoover and Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Hoover, Jr. 41 pages.

Lord, Mary Pillsbury (Mrs. Oswald): Civic and welfare worker vice president and director, East Side Settlement House, New York, 1939-43 U.S. representative on Human Rights Commission, United Nations, 1953-61 delegate to U.N. General Assembly, 1958, 1960. 24 pages.

Luhrs, George Henry N., Jr.: Lawyer businessman continued the development of the Luhrs properties that his father began in the 1880s in downtown Phoenix. 19 pages.

Lutz, Ralph H.: Director, Hoover Institution, 1920-44 dean, graduate division, Stanford University, 1933-48. 43 pages.

Lyons, Eugene: Correspondent in Russia, United Press, 1928-34 roving editor, 1946-52, senior editor, 1952-68, Reader's Digest author of many books, including a biography of Herbert Hoover. 23 pages.

McCloy, John J.: Lawyer in private practice, 1921-40, 1962-89 Assistant Secretary of War, 1941-45 president, World Bank, 1947-49 chairman, Chase Manhattan Bank, 1955-61. 12 pages.

MacCracken, Sallie (Mrs. William P., Jr.): Mr. MacCracken was a lawyer Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Aeronautics, 1926-29 member of the law firm of MacCracken, Collis and Hawes. 26 pages.

McDowell, Edgar A.: Stanford University neighbor of the Hoover family executive, Southern Pacific Railroad. Interview for the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library conducted by Dwight M. Miller. 19 pages.

MacHold, Earle J.: Lawyer son of H. Edmund MacHold who was Republican state chairman, New York, during the 1928 presidential campaign. 6 pages.

McLaren, N. Loyall: Partner, McLaren Goode & Co., 1920-52 partner, Haskins, Sells, 1952-71 past president, American Institute of Accountants member board of overseers, Hoover Institution. 14 pages.

McLean, Hulda Hoover (Mrs. Charles A.): Niece of Herbert Hoover author of Genealogy of the Herbert Hoover Family and Uncle Bert: A Biographical Portrait of Herbert Hoover president, League of Women Voters, 1940-43 member, board of supervisors, Santa Cruz County, CA, 1956-60. Interviews conducted for:

  1. Herbert Hoover Oral History Program (by Raymond Henle) (joint interview with Charles A. McLean), 47 pages
  2. Herbert Hoover Presidential Library (by Dwight M. Miller and George H. Nash), 38 pages and
  3. Bancroft Library, University of California (by Gabrielle Morris) (for use at Herbert Hoover Presidential Library only) 174 pages.

McMullin, Mrs. Dare Stark: Daughter of Herbert Spencer Stark, a mining associate of Herbert Hoover secretary to Lou Henry Hoover, 1930-33. 21 pages.

McNamara, Lt. Gen. Andrew T. (Ret.): U.S. Army, 1928-64 member, Board of Commissioners, U.S. Soldiers Home executive vice president, Defense Supply Association. 17 pages.

MacNeil, Neil: Assistant night city editor, 1927-30, assistant night managing editor, 1930-51, New York Times Editorial Director, Second Hoover Commission, 1954-55 author, with Harold W. Metz, of The Hoover Report (1953-55) one of Herbert Hoover's literary executors. 117 pages.

Manasco, Carter: Lawyer active in 1928 Democratic Presidential campaign member of Alabama House of Representatives, 1930-34 U.S. representative from Alabama, 1941-49 member, First Hoover Commission, 1947-49. 22 pages.

Mansure, Edmund F.: Administrator, General Services Administration, 1953-56. 23 pages.

Mardikian, George M.: Author volunteer, Near East Relief, 1919-21 founder, 1930, and owner of Omar Khayyam's restaurant in San Francisco, 1930-77 food consultant to U.S. Army, 1942-54. 82 pages.

Mason, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Earl: Correspondent and manager, 1920-26, business manager, 1927, president and general manager, 1928-31, International News Service vice president, National Broadcasting Company, 1931-45 member, Presidents Famine Relief Committee, 1946 member, Hoover food and economic mission to Germany and Austria, 1947. 62 pages.

Massenburg, Carrie B. (Mrs. Bland): Chambermaid and personal maid to Lou Henry Hoover, 1922-29. 39 pages.

Maury, Reuben: Chief editorial writer, New York Daily News, 1926-72. 11 pages.

Merritt, Ralph Palmer: U.S. Food Administrator for California, 1917-19 Hoover Presidential campaign, 1920 director, U.S. Chamber of Commerce, 1925-28 member, San Francisco Bay Bridge Committee president of various agricultural cooperative associations War Finance Corporation. Interview conducted for the University of California at Berkeley and Los Angeles by Corrine S. Gilb and Walton Bean. 358 pages.

Meserole, William H.: Economist, Department of Commerce, 1928-45. 25 pages.

Meyers, Marvin M.: President and director, First Federal Savings & Loan of Omaha M. M. Meyers Investments, 1923-60 trustee, Herbert Hoover Birthplace Foundation. 20 pages.

Milbank, Jeremiah: Eastern treasurer, Republican National Committee, 1928-32 New York City business associate and friend of Herbert Hoover. 27 pages.

Milbank, Jeremiah, Jr.: Friend of the Herbert Hoover family director, Boys' Clubs of America, 1959-present. 16 pages.

Milbank, Katharine (Mrs. Jeremiah): Friend of Herbert and Lou Henry Hoover. 17 pages.

Miller, Bernice E., "Bunny": Secretary to Herbert Hoover, 1935-64. 12 pages.

Mitchell, John P.: Physician, Palo Alto, CA, neighbor, and camping companion of Herbert Hoover. 27 pages.

Mitchell, Mary (Mrs. Sidney A.): Manager, club for U.S. Food Administration Women Employees, 1917-18. Husband was a member, U.S. Food Administration, 1917-19 Executive Director, First Hoover Commission, 1947-49 Commissioner, Second Hoover Commission, 1953-55. 21 pages.

Moley, Raymond: Professor of public law, Columbia University, 1928-54 adviser to Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1928-36 Assistant Secretary of State, 1933 editor,Today, 1933-37 contributing editor, Newsweek, 1937-68 author of After Seven Years, 1939,Twenty Seven Masters of Politics, 1949, and The First New Deal, 1966. Interviews conducted for/by:

  1. Herbert Hoover Oral History Program (by Raymond Henle), 43 pages
  2. Elliot A. Rosen, Rutgers University, (access only by written permission of Elliot A. Rosen), 182 pages.

Montgomery, George G.: Lawyer in private practice, 1916-20 vice president, Castle & Cooke, Inc., 1934-54, a sugar, pineapple, and shipping concern director, Wells Fargo Bank, Bankers Trust & Co. 10 pages.

Moran, Hugh A.: Clergyman author of David Starr Jordan: His Spirit and Decision of Character, 1969 secretary, international committee, YMCA in China, 1909-13 pastor, Cornell University, 1919-42. 31 pages.

Moreell, Adm. Ben: U.S. Navy 1917-44 Chairman, Task Force on Water Resources and Power, Second Hoover Commission, 1953-55 founder, 1958, chief executive officer, 1958-65, Americans for Constitutional Action. 82 pages.

Morley, Felix (M.): Editorial writer and correspondent, Baltimore Sun, 1922-29 editor, Washington Post, 1933-40 president, Haverford College, 1940-45 cofounder, president and editor, Human Events, 1945-50 foreign editor, Three-Star Extra News, 1947-50 Washington correspondent, Barron's Weekly, 1950-54. 28 pages.

Morris, Robert: Chief counsel, U.S. Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, 1951-53, 1956-58 president, University of Dallas, 1960-62 president, University of Plano, TX, 1964-71. 21 pages.

Morris, Thomas D.: Member, First Hoover Commission, 1947-49 management analyst consultant Assistant Secretary of Defense, 1961-64, 1966-68. 14 pages.

Moses, Robert: Chairman, State Council of Parks, 1924-63 New York City park commissioner, 1934-60 member, New York City Planning Commission, 1942-60 consultant, Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 36 pages.

Mowry, Virginia: Daughter of Ross Rutledge Mowry, who was a lawyer assistant attorney general of Iowa, 1916 U.S. district attorney, 1924-32 member, Iowa State Senate, 1939-47. 17 pages.

Mullendore, William C.: Public utility executive U.S. Food Administration, 1917 American Relief Administration, 1920 assistant to Herbert Hoover, 1922-23 president, Southern California Edison Co., 1945-54. 56 pages.

Nash, Bradley D.: Assistant to the Secretary of Commerce, 1927-29 financial adviser, Reconstruction Finance Corporation, 1932-35. 96 pages.

Nichols, Mr. and Mrs. William I.: Managing editor, 1939-43, editor, 1943-55, publisher, 1955-65, This Week editor, On Growing Up, 1963, and Fishing For Fun And to Wash Your Soul, 1964, (Herbert Hoover, author). 61 pages.

O'Donnell, Madeline Kelly (Mrs. Walter): Secretary to Herbert Hoover, 1950-55. 45 pages.

Oreamuno, J. Rafael: Costa Rican Minister to Washington, 1922-28 New York financial affairs, 1928-49 Costa Rican Ambassador to the United States, 1949-54, 1962. 53 pages.

Packard, David: Trustee, 1954-69, president, board of trustees, 1958-60, Stanford University. 27 pages.

Parker, Jameson: Newspaperman diplomat son-in-law of and assistant to Mark Sullivan of the New York Herald-Tribune, 1945-50. Sullivan, a friend of Herbert Hoover, was a journalist, commentator, and author of Our Times, 1900-25 (1927-35). 40 pages.

Parker, Sydney Sullivan (Mrs. Jameson): Daughter of Mark and Marie Sullivan, who were friends of the Hoovers. 55 pages.

Parks, Lillian R.: Author of Thirty Years Backstairs at the White House,1961. Mrs. Parks and her mother, Mrs. Emmett Rogers, were on the White House domestic staff during the Hoover administration. 61 pages.

Pawley, William D.: Ambassador to Peru, 1945-46 Ambassador to Brazil, 1946-48 Special Assistant to the Secretary of State, 1948, 1951 Special Assistant to the Secretary of Defense, 1951-52 special assignment, Department of State, 1954. 41 pages.

Peale, Norman Vincent: Author of Power of Positive Thinking, 1952 minister, Marble Collegiate Church, New York City copublisher, with his wife, of Guidepostsmagazine. 13 pages.

Penney, James C.: Founder, J. C. Penney Co. host to Herbert Hoover in Miami, 1929. 13 pages.

Pennington, Levi T.: President, Pacific College, 1911-19, 1921-30, 1931-41 director, Herbert Hoover Foundation of Oregon, 1947-75. 21 pages.

Petti, Michael J., M.D.: Herbert Hoover's podiatrist, 1958-64. 32 pages.

Pew, John G., Jr.: Executive, Sun Oil Co. director, Boys' Clubs of America. 22 pages.

Phleger, Herman: San Francisco attorney legal consultant to Herbert Hoover, 1934. 6 pages.

Pike, Thomas P.: founder, 1938, and president, 1938-53, Thomas P. Pike Drilling Co. special assistant to President Eisenhower, 1956 special assistant to the Secretary of Defense, 1957-58 president, board of trustees, Stanford University. 21 pages.

Platt, Philip S.: Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1916-17 American Relief Administration, 1919 director, Paloma Settlement, Honolulu, 1929-42 executive director, New York Association for the Blind, 1944-58. 36 pages.

Pratt, Marie Louise: Secretary to Mr.. Hoover, 1955-56. 31 pages.

Price, Byron: News editor, Washington bureau, 1922-27, chief, 1927-37, executive news director, 1937-41, Associated Press U.S. Director of Censorship, 1941-45. 29 pages.

Price, Don K., Jr.: Newspaper reporter, 1930-32 member, First Hoover Commission, 1947-49 lecturer, University of Chicago, 1946-53 dean, Graduate School of Public Administration, Harvard University director, Social Science Research Council, 1964-69. 32 pages.

Prior, Frank O.: Member, Bohemian Club. 18 pages.

Probert, Alan: Consulting mining engineer vice president and general manager, Compania Minera de Guatemala, S.A., 1954-62. 29 pages.

Pryor, Helen B., M.D.: Director, Women's Health Service, Stanford University, 1934-44 pediatrician in private practice 1944-64 author of Lou Henry Hoover: Gallant First Lady, 1969. 17 pages.

Quinion, George H.: Bristol, CT, businessman and fishing companion of Herbert Hoover. 28 pages.

Quinn, Cyril J.C.: American Relief Administration, 1919-23 partner, J. W. Seligman & Co. member board of directors, Maytag Co. 27 pages.

Reed, Stanley F.: General counsel, Federal Farm Board, 1929-32 general counsel, Reconstruction Finance Corporation, 1932-55 Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, 1938-57. 17 pages.

Requa, Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Kendall: Mr. Requa and his father, Mark L. Requa, were mining associates and friends of the Herbert Hoover family. 38 pages.

Richardson, Gardner: International relations official Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1915-17 Chief, American Relief Administration, Hungary, 1919-20, Austria, 1920-23 commercial attaché to American embassies throughout the world, 1926-48. 16 pages.

Richardson, John: Member, U.S. Food Administration, 1917 member Republican National Committee, 1932-36. 21 pages.

Ringland, Arthur C.: Conservationist U.S. Forestry Service, 1905-19 American Relief Administration, 1919-23 executive secretary, National Conference on Outdoor Recreation, 1925-29 executive secretary, National Conference on Conservation Corps, 1933-34 chairman, Flood Control Committee, 1937-39 consultant, National Defense Advisory Commission and President's War Relief Control Board, 1940-46 Executive Director, Advisory Commission on Voluntary Foreign Aid, Department of State, 1946-53 co-founder of CARE, 1945. Interviews conducted for:

  1. Herbert Hoover Oral History Program (by Raymond Henle), 28 pages and
  2. Bancroft Library, University of California, (by Amelia R. Fry, et al.). (For use at Herbert Hoover Presidential Library only.) 368 pages.

Robertson, Walter S.: Investment banker diplomat partner, Scott & Stringfellow, Richmond, VA, 1925-42, 1946-65 Assistant Secretary of State for Far East Affairs, 1953-59 governor, New York Stock Exchange, 1961-64 member Board of Overseers, Hoover Institution, Stanford University. 28 pages.

Robinson, Edgar E.: Professor of history, Stanford University, 1911-52. 78 pages.

Rodriguez, Daniel: Waiter, Waldorf-Astoria hotel, 1931-39 special Waldorf waiter for Herbert Hoover, 1939-64. 34 pages.

Rogers, Maj. Gen. William W.: U.S. Marine Corps., 1917-46 company commander and construction officer, Rapidan Camp, 1930-32. 24 pages.

Roosevelt, Nicholas: Attached to the American Commission To Negotiate Peace, 1919 editorial writer, New York Tribune, 1921-23 editorial writer and special correspondent, New York Times, 1923-30 vice governor, Philippine Islands, 1930 (unconfirmed) Minister to Hungary, 1930-33 member, editorial staff, New York Herald-Tribune, 1933-42. 31 pages.

Rowe, James H., Jr.: Lawyer in private practice, 1946-84 member, First Hoover Commission, 1948-49 secretary to President Roosevelt, 1938 Administrative Assistant to the President, 1939-41 Assistant Attorney General, 1941-43.
23 pages.

St. Germain, D. Joseph: Investment banker leader of the Republican Party in Massachusetts long-term friend of Herbert Hoover delegate to the Republican National Convention, 1940, 1944, and 1948 supporter of Robert A. Taft, 1952. Interview conducted for the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library by Dwight M. Miller. 26 pages.

St. John, Fordyce B., M.D.: Surgeon in private practice 1912-58 professor of clinical surgery, Columbia University, 1929-48 surgical consultant to Dr. Ralph Boots for Herbert Hoover, 1950s. 1 page.

St. Lewis, Roy: U.S. attorney, 1929-31 Assistant Attorney General, 1931-33 lawyer in private practice, 1933-69 president, Rocky Mountain Fuel Co., 1951-69. 33 pages.

Sands, Marie McSpaden: Secretary to Lou Henry Hoover, 1934-38 Girl Scout counselor. Interview conducted for Arizona State University by Mary Rothschild. 20 pages.

Scheyven, Louis: Belgian Ambassador to the United States, 1959-69. 9 pages.

Schullinger, Rudolph N.: Physician to Herbert Hoover, 1958-63. 19 pages.

Schwengel, Frederick D.: Iowa legislator, 1944-55 U.S. Representative from Iowa, 1954-64, 1966-72. 14 pages.

Selvage, James P.: Newspaperman, 1921-28 Washington correspondent, Associated Press, 1929-33 assistant to Herbert Hoover, 1939-40 founder, 1938, president, Selvage & Lee, Inc., a public relations counseling firm, 1938-61. 29 pages.

Shafroth, Will: Lawyer, American Relief Administration, 1920-22 lawyer in private practice, 1924-34 Chief, 1940-60, Deputy Director, 1960-64, Procedural Studies and Statistics Division, U.S. Courts counsel, Lambert, Brown & Furlow, from 1965. 15 pages.

Shockley, May (Mrs. William H.): Mr. Shockley was a mining engineer in London when the Hoovers were there. Mrs. Shockley worked on Belgian relief and for the U.S. Food Administration. 20 pages.

Shoemaker, Perry M.: Member, Second Hoover Commission, 1954-55 vice chairman, Erie-Lackawanna Railroad, 1961-62 president, Central Railroad of New Jersey, 1962-67. 27 pages.

Silvercruys, Robert: Belgian Ambassador to the United States, 1944-59 director, Belgian-American Educational Foundation, 1944-75. 26 pages.

Silvercruys, Suzanne (Mrs. Edward Stevenson): Belgian sculptor, lecturer, and painter worked for Belgian relief during and after World War I executed a bust of Herbert Hoover, 1928. 33 pages.

Simpson, John L.: California banker and financial consultant member, Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1915-17 member, American Relief Administration, 1919 director and executive vice president, J. Henry Schroder Banking Corporation and Shroder Trust Company in New York, 1925-45 director, 1945-52, chairman, finance committee, 1952-61, Bechtel Corporation. Interviews conducted for:

  1. Herbert Hoover Oral History Program (by Raymond Henle), 51 pages and
  2. Bancroft Library, University of California (by Suzanne B. Reiss). (For use at Herbert Hoover Presidential Library only.) 259 pages.

Sioussat, Mrs. Helen D'oyle: Director Talks Department for Radio and Television, 1937-64, Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) editor, CBS Talks, 1937-54 host,Table Talk with Helen Sioussat on CBS Television. 77 pages.

Slack, Nadia De Kanel: A Russian who worked with the American Relief Administration in Russia, 1922. 2 pages.

Smith, Henrietta Tyler: Executive secretary secretary to Members of Congress, 1919-25 confidential secretary to Col. James A. Buchanan, National Press Association, 1925-27 secretary-treasurer, 1946-58 Pacific American Steamship Association. 21 pages.

Smith, Col. Truman (Ret.): U.S. Army, 1916-48 Assistant military attaché in Germany, 1920-24 military attaché in Germany, 1935-39. 17 pages.

Snyder, Edward H.: Business and mining associate of Herbert Hoover. 25 pages.

Staton, Ruby Price: Friend of Charlotte Libbey (Mrs. James Henry) MacLafferty. Mr. MacLafferty was U.S. Representative from California, 1922-25 assistant to the Secretary of Commerce, 1925-27 liaison officer between Congress and the President, 1929-33. 26 pages.

Steelmen, John R.: Special Assistant to the President, 1945-46 Director, Office War Mobilization and Mobilization and Reconversion, June-December, 1946 Assistant to the President, 1946-52. 37 pages.

Sterling, John E. Wallace: Research staff, Hoover War Library, Stanford University, 1932-37 professor of history, California Institute of Technology, 1937-45 president, 1949-68, chancellor, 1968-85, Stanford University. 21 pages.

Stevenson, Louise Hoover: Daughter of Theodore Hoover, Herbert Hoover's brother. 22 pages.

Stewart, John H.: C.P.A. member, Stewart, Watts, Bollong, 1938-56 member, Second Hoover Commission, 1953-55. 40 pages.

Stewart, John K.: San Francisco investment broker friend and business associate of the Hoover family member, advisory board, Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace. 57 pages.

Stockton, Gilchrist B.: Business executive Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1915-16 American Relief Administration, 1919-20 president, Ortego Co., real estate. 37 pages.

Storey, Robert G.: Dean, Southern Methodist University Law School, 1947-59 president, Southwestern Legal Foundation, 1947-72 president, American Bar Association, 1952-53 member, Second Hoover Commission, 1953-55. 52 pages.

Strauss, Lewis L.: Secretary to Herbert Hoover, 1917-19 Assistant to the Secretary of the Navy, 1942-47 member, 1946-50, chairman, 1953-58, Atomic Energy Commission Secretary of Commerce (unconfirmed), 1958-59. Interviews conducted for:

  1. Herbert Hoover Oral History Program (by Raymond Henle), 42 pages
  2. Columbia Oral History Program (by John Mason, Jr.), 177 pages and
  3. William E. Wiener Oral History Library (by George E. Herman), 130 pages.

Stravalli, Cosimo: Barber to Herbert Hoover, 1938-64. 24 pages.

Strench, Mary Minthorn (Mrs. William G.): Cousin of Herbert Hoover. 37 pages.

Stuart, Graham H.: Professor of political science, Stanford University, 1924-52. 24 pages.

Stump, Adm. Felix B. (Ret.): U.S. Navy, 1917-58 Chief executive officer of Freedoms Foundation Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet, 1953-58. 21 pages.

Sullivan, Mark, Jr.: Washington, DC, investment banker son of Mark and Marie Sullivan, friends of the Herbert and Lou Hoover. Mark Sullivan Sr., was a journalist, commentator, and the author of Our Times, 1900-1925, 1927-35. 30 pages.

Surface, Anna (Mrs. Frank): Artist, Mr. Surface was with the U.S. Food Administration, 1917-18 American Relief Administration, 1919-20 wrote economic articles and founded Survey of Current Business at the request of Mr. Hoover Director of Sales Research, 1933-44 Executive Assistant to the President, 1945-47 and Special Consultant, 1945-65, Standard Oil. 19 pages.

Swain, Robert C.: Research chemist, 1934-46, vice president in charge of research, 1946-59, director, 1946-73, executive vice president, 1965-73, Cyanamid. 7 pages.

Swim, H. Dudley: Member, Northern Californians for the Hoover Report, 1949-58 president, Stanford University Alumni Association, 1951-52. 26 pages.

Sworakowski, Witold S.: Associate director, Hoover Institution, Stanford, CA, 1952-72. 51 pages.

Taft, Robert A., Jr.: Partner, law firm of Taft, Stettinius and Hollister, 1951-63, 1965-66 U.S. Representative from Ohio, 1962-64, 1966-70 U.S. Senate, 1971-76. 8 pages.

Terman, Frederick E.: Electronics engineer professor of engineering, 1925-37, head, Electrical Engineering Department, 1937-45 dean of engineering, 1945-58 vice president, 1959-65, Stanford University. 53 pages.

Thayer, Hanford: Nephew of James Henry MacLafferty, who was U.S. Representative from California, 1922-25 Assistant to the Secretary of Commerce, 1925-27 liaison officer between Congress and the President, 1929-33. 27 pages.

Thomas, Lowell, J.: Author of numerous books on travel, biography, and adventure, 1924-72 Cinerama and television producer radio commentator, 1930-81 television commentator, 1940-81. 20 pages.

Thompson, Agnes (Mrs. Leon): Personal maid to Lou Henry Hoover, 1927-33. Mr. Thompson was chauffeur, steward, and houseman to the Herbert Hoovers, 1925-33. 44 pages.

Tierney, Dr. and Mrs. Nicholas A.: Florida physician to Herbert Hoover, 1953-62. 41 pages.

Timmons, Bascom N.: Washington correspondent, Houston Chronicle, 1917-73 founder, Timmons News Bureau, Washington, DC. 27 pages.

Torrey, Clare M.: Member, Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1915-16 attaché, U.S. Embassy in London, 1916-19 member, 1932-77, chief executive, 1963-77, Belgian-American Educational Foundation. 30 pages.

Trapnell, Edward R.: Public relations adviser, Manhattan Engineer District, 1946-51 Special Assistant to General Manager in charge of Congressional Relations, Atomic Energy Commission, 1951-54. Interview conducted for the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library by Dwight M. Miller. 62 pages.

Treat, Payson Jackson: Professor of history, Stanford University, 1909-45. 26 pages.

Trohan, Walter: Assistant Washington correspondent, 1934-47, executive director, 1947-49 and bureau chief, 1948-69, Chicago Tribune. Interviews conducted for:

  1. Herbert Hoover Oral History Program (by Raymond Henle), 48 pages
  2. Herbert Hoover Presidential Library (by Dwight M. Miller), 212 pages and
  3. National Public Radio (by Scott Simon), 31 pages.

Trueblood, Dr. and Mrs. D. Elton: Author of numerous books on religion and philosophy, 1936-73 professor of philosophy of religion and chaplain, Stanford University, 1936-45 professor of philosophy, Earlham College, 1946-66 conducted Herbert Hoover's graveside services in West Branch, IA, October 25, 1964. 24 pages.

Tuck, Hilda Bunge (Mrs. William Hallam): Daughter of Edouard Gustave Bunge, who was president, Antwerp Province National Relief Committee, 1914-18. William Hallam Tuck was a member, Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1915-16, 1918-22 vice president, Belgian-American Educational Foundation, 1936-66. 11 pages.

Turcott, Thyrza (Mrs. John K.): Guest, Overseas Press Club Dinner, 1940. 4 pages.

Turner, Scott: Mining engineer mining manager and consultant, 1902-25 Director, U.S. Bureau of Mines, 1926-34. 82 pages.

Tuthill, Capt. Marshall W.(Ret.): U.S. Navy, 1917-20, 1942-45 assistant to Herbert Hoover in Commerce Department, 1927 American Relief Administration, 1922-23 founder, Tuthill & Co., Inc., 1927. 20 pages.

Tyson, Robert C.: Accountant and audit supervisor, 1939-50, comptroller, 1950, vice president, 1951, chairman of Finance Committee, 1956-70, U.S. Steel Corp. director, Boys' Clubs of America, 1960-74. 26 pages.

Vaughan, Harry H.: Military aide to the President, 1945-53. 39 pages.

Wah, Gue Gim (Mrs. Tom): Owner of Chinese boardinghouse in Caselton, NV. Hoover inspected mines there when it was a boomtown. 5 pages.

Wall, Robert W., Jr.: Inspector, Latin American operations, Federal Bureau of Investigation, 1943 agent, American Embassy, Caracas, Venezuela, 1943-44 civil attache, American Embassy, Mexico City, 1944-46 special agent in charge, Florida, 1951-53. 17 pages.

Wallace Lawrence W.: Engineer vice president, Trundle Engineering Co., 1941-47 management counselor, 1947-51 industrial engineer, U.S. government, 1952-73. 57 pages.

Waltman, Franklyn T., Jr.: Publicist reporter, 1922-28 Washington correspondent, 1928-33, Baltimore Sun political writer, Washington Post, 1933-38 chief, National News Bureau, 1935-38. 58 pages.

Wampler, Cloud: Sales manager, Taylor, Ewart & Co., investments, 1920-29 president, Stern, Wampler & Co., Inc., 1938-41 president, 1942-56, chairman of the board, 1956-65, Carrier Corp. 19 pages.

Warner, Albert L.: Assistant chief, Washington bureau, New York Herald Tribune, 1930-36. 12 pages.

Washington Tapes, 1965-71. Interviews are 10-20 minutes each. Interviewees include a broad range of officials in the executive, judicial and legislative branches of the federal government, officals of the United Nations, journalists, labor leaders, diplomats, and others speaking about their professions and current events. These tapes have not been transcribed. The following individuals were interviewed:
Ralph D. Abernathy, George D. Aiken, Tallat Al-Ghoussein, Gordon Allott, Clinton P. Anderson, John B. Anderson, James H. Bahti, Birch Bayh, Joseph W. Barr, David Bell, Hale Boggs, James Buckley, Waldemar B. Campbell, Joesph S. Clark, Tom Clark, John Conyers, William C. Cramer, Thomas S. Curtis, E.M. Debrah, Frederick Demin, Everett Dirksen, Robert J. Cole, Peter H. Dominick, Richard Donald, Charles Edwards, Sam J. Ervin, Robert A. Fearey, Dan H. Fenn, Jr., George Ferris, Robert H. Finch, Gerald R. Ford, Donald M. Fraser, Donald B. Frazer, Vasco V. Garin, Barry Goldwater, Charles E. Goodell, Kermit Gordon, Harold Greene, Erwin Griswold, Fred L. Hadsel, Eugene Hardy, Avraham Harmon, Fred R. Harris, Walter J. Hickel, Bourke B. Hickenlooper, Martin Hillenbrand, Deane R. Hinton, Fred Hodsell, Hubert H. Humphrey, Joseph J. Jova, Abraham Katz, Nicholas de B. Katzenbach, Edward M. Kennedy, Robert F. Kennedy, Paul H. Kreisberg, Melvin R. Laird, Frank van der Linden, John J. Linsey, George T. Lister, Charles Lucet, John W. McCormack, Gale W. McGee, John W. Macy, Jr., Carl Madden, Thomas W. Matthew, George Meany, Robert Menzies, Wilbur Mills, Clark Mollenhoff, Bradford Morse, Karl Mundt, Edmund Muskie, Burudi Nabwera, Richard P. Nathan, Gaylord Nelson, David D. Newsom, Lawrence O'Brien, Daniel H. Parker, Lawrence Parker, Claiborne Pell, David Popper, William Proxmire, B. Joseph Rauh, Jr., George Reedy, Henry Reuss, Charles S. Rhyne, Abraham A. Ribicoff, Elliot L. Richardson, Earl H. Richart, S. Dillon Ripley, William P. Rogers, Walt W. Rostow, Carl Rove, Dean Rusk, William F. Ryan, Leverett Saltonstall, Francis B. Sayre, Richard Scammon, William E. Schauffle, J. Robert Schaetzel, Charles L. Schultze, Paul Scott, Glenn Seaborg, Joseph Sisco, Margaret Chase Smith, Richard L. Sneider, Theodore C. Sorensen, Frank Southard, William L. Stearman, Potter Stewart, O.R. Strackbein, Jack Vaughn, John A. Volpe, Robert C. Weaver, Jerry V. Wilson, William D. Wolle, Whitney Young.

Wedemeyer, Gen. Albert C. (Ret.): U.S. Army,1919-51 Assistant to the Chief of Staff, War Plans Division, Department of War, 1941-42 Strategy and Policy Group, Operations Division, Department of War, 1942-43 national chairman, Citizens for Taft, 1951-52. 31 pages.

Weeks, Sinclair: Secretary of Commerce, 1953-58 director, Reed & Barton Corp., insurance company partner, Hornblower & Weeks. 18 pages.

Wellington, Mr. and Mrs. Laurence C.: Member, Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1914-16, 1918-19 director, Belgian-American Educational Foundation. 25 pages.

Wells, Kenneth D.: Economist president, Freedoms Foundation management relations, University of Akron and University of Southern California, 1939-44 visiting lecturer at universities. 36 pages.

Wheeler, Maynard C.: Ophthalmologist to Herbert Hoover, 1951-64. 16 pages.

White, Helen H. Green (Mrs. Bolton): Secretary to Lou Henry Hoover, 1930, 1935-37 secretary to Herbert Hoover, 1940-50 (intermittently). 49 pages.

White, William Lindsay: Author of numerous books on biography, travel, and public affairs, 1938-62 staff member, Washington Post, 1935 staff member, Fortune Magazine, 1937 war correspondent for 40 American daily newspapers, 1939-40 represented North American Newspaper Alliance and Reader's Digest, London, 1940-41 roving editor, Reader's Digest, 1942-73. 50 pages.

Wickes, Francis C.: Member of Commission for Relief in Belgium, 1918 lawyer in private practice after World War I. 29 pages.

Wickett, Fred A.: Vice president in charge of Western Division, New York Life Insurance Co. 9 pages.

Wilbur, Dwight L.: Physician member, Medical Services Task Force, Second Hoover Commission, 1953-54. Son of Ray Lyman Wilbur, Sr., who was Secretary of the Interior, 1929-33 president, Stanford University, 1916-43. 23 pages.

Wilbur, Ray Lyman, Jr.: Business executive, son of Ray Lyman Wilbur, Sr., Secretary of the Interior, 1929-33, and president, Stanford University, 1916-43. 20 pages.

Willis, Mildred Hoover (Mrs. Cornelius): Daughter of Theodore Hoover, Herbert Hoover's brother. 11 pages.

Wilson, Richard L.: Pulitzer Prize-winning newspaper columnist city editor, 1930-33, Washington correspondent, 1933-70, Des Moines Register vice president, National Press Building Corp., 1962-72. Interviews conducted for:

  1. Herbert Hoover Oral History Program (by Raymond Henle), 13 pages, and
  2. John Foster Dulles Oral History Program (by Richard D. Challener), 39 pages.

Wolfe, Henry C.: International war correspondent in World War II member, American Relief Administration, 1922 author and lecturer. 27 pages.

Wolfe, Preston: President, Columbus Dispatch. Son of Harry Preston Wolfe, who was vice president, Ohio State Journal, 1903-46 president and publisher, Columbus Dispatch, 1926-46 political associate of Herbert Hoover. 61 pages.

Wyatt, Walter: Clerk, general counsel, Federal Reserve Board, 1917-22 general counsel, Board of Governors, Federal Reserve System, 1922-46 Reporter of Decisions, Supreme Court of the United States, 1946-ca. 1965. Interview conducted for the Columbia Oral History Program by James E. Sargent. (Permission to copy required from Columbia University.) 100 pages.

Yeager, Naomi: Secretary to Herbert Hoover, 1961-64. 26 pages.

Young, Clarence M.: Aviation consultant lawyer in private practice, 1910-22 Director of Aeronautics, Department of Commerce, 1926-29 Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Aeronautics, 1929-33 vice president, Pan American World Airways, 1950-59. 26 pages.

NOTE: Individual and composite name and subject indexes are available for interviews conducted for the Herbert Hoover Oral History Program and selected others.

The Long History of the Anti-Abortion Movement’s Links to White Supremacists

February 3, 2020

Anti-abortion protesters picket outside Florida State Prison where Paul Hill was executed in 2003 for the murder of abortion provider Dr. John Britton. (Matt Stroshane / Getty Images)

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The anti-abortion movement in the United States has long been complicit with white supremacy. In recent decades, the movement mainstream has been careful to protect its public image by distancing itself from overt white nationalists in its ranks. Last year, anti-abortion leader Kristen Hatten was ousted from her position as vice president of the anti-choice group New Wave Feminists after identifying as an “ethnonationalist” and sharing white supremacist alt-right content. In 2018, when neo-Nazis from the Traditionalist Worker Party (TWP) sought to join the local March for Life rally organized by Tennessee Right to Life, the anti-abortion organization rejected TWP’s involvement. (The organization’s statement, however, engaged in the same false equivalency between left and right that Trump used in the wake of fatal white supremacist violence at Charlottesville. “Our organization’s march has a single agenda to support the rights of mothers and the unborn, and we don’t agree with the violent agenda of white supremacists or Antifa,” the group wrote on its Facebook page.)

But despite the movement’s careful curation of its public image, racism and xenophobia have been woven into it throughout its history. With large families, due to Roman Catholic Church prohibitions on contraception and abortion, Catholic immigration in the mid-1800s through 1900s sparked white Anglo-Saxon Protestant fears of being overtaken demographically that fueled opposition to abortion as a means of increasing birthrates among white Protestant women. At the time, Roman Catholic immigrants from countries like Ireland and Italy who would be considered white today were among the targets of white supremacist groups like the Ku Klux Klan. As sociologists Nicola Beisel and Tamara Kay wrote with regards to the criminalization of abortion in the late 19th century, “While laws regulating abortion would ultimately affect all women, physicians argued that middle-class, Anglo-Saxon married women were those obtaining abortions, and that their use of abortion to curtail childbearing threatened the Anglo-Saxon race.”

Hostile anti-Catholic sentiment cut both ways when it came to abortion, however. Until the 1970s, “pro-life” activism was firmly associated with Catholics and the pope in the minds of American Protestants. This deterred many Protestants from opposing abortion as a Christian moral issue—not only in the political sphere, but even as a matter of denominational teaching—because of its association with “papists” (a derogatory term for Catholics). Even the Roe v. Wade decision in 1973 decriminalizing abortion did not immediately bring conservative Protestants around. As late as 1976, the conservative evangelical Southern Baptist Convention (SBC) passed resolutions affirming abortion rights. “The assumption was that it must not be right if Catholics backed it, so we haven’t,” commented John Wilder, who founded Christians for Life as a Southern Baptist ministry in 1977 as the resistance to the pro-life movement began to dissipate.

This shift occurred in light of the lessening of anti-Catholic prejudice, strategic recruitment of evangelicals by New Right Catholic leaders, and evangelical discomfort with how many abortions took place as women accessed their new reproductive rights.

The cultural position of Catholics had shifted dramatically by the 1970s. As substantial immigration from Latin America and Asia posed a new threat to white numerical superiority, Catholics from European countries became culturally accepted as part of the white race, a readjusting of boundaries that maintains demographic control. The election of Roman Catholic John F. Kennedy as president in 1960 demonstrated how far Catholic acceptance had come—at least among liberals. Although conservative evangelical opposition to his candidacy remained rife with anti-Catholic fears, the rhetoric was less racialized and more focused on concerns about influence from the Vatican.

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To counter this lingering prejudice, conservative Catholic leaders seized on the opportunity offered by the specter of atheist Communism in the mid-20th century to establish themselves as part of a Christian coalition with Protestants, unified against a common godless enemy. As Randall Balmer has written, evangelical concerns about being forced to desegregate Christian schools spurred political investment that Catholic New Right leaders capitalized on and channeled into anti-abortion and anti-LGBT opposition.

For white nationalists, meanwhile, as Carol Mason wrote in Killing for Life, Jewish people replaced Catholics as targets for groups like the KKK. “Now that abortion is tantamount to race suicide…naming Catholics—whose opposition to abortion has been so keen—as enemies would be counterproductive,” Mason wrote. Militant anti-abortion and explicit white nationalist groups came together prominently in the 1990s when a wing of the anti-abortion movement, frustrated with a lack of legislative progress, took on a more violent character fed by relationships with white supremacists and neo-Nazis.

Current Issue

White supremacists were already participants in the anti-abortion cause, as Loretta Ross wrote in the 1990s. In 1985, the KKK began creating wanted posters listing personal information for abortion providers (doxing before the Internet age). Randall Terry, founder of the anti-choice group Operation Rescue, and John Burt, regional director of the anti-abortion group Rescue America in the 1990s, adopted this tactic in the 1990s. Terry’s first wanted poster targeted Dr. David Gunn, who was murdered in 1993 in Pensacola, Florida. Gunn’s successor, Dr. John Britton, targeted by a Rescue America wanted poser, was killed in 1994.

The Florida-based KKK organized a rally in support of Dr. Britton’s killer, Paul Hill, and Tom Metzger, founder of the racist group White Aryan Resistance (WAR), condoned the killing if it “protected Aryan women and children.” Burt himself was a Florida Klansman prior to becoming Christian and an associate of both killers. “Fundamentalist Christians and those people [the Klan] are pretty close, scary close, fighting for God and country,” Burt told The New York Times in 1994. “Some day we may all be in the trenches together in the fight against the slaughter of unborn children.” Members of the Portland-based skinhead group American Front regularly joined Operation Rescue to protest abortion clinics. Tim Bishop, a representative of the white nationalist Aryan Nations, said, “Lots of our people join [the anti-abortion movement]…. It’s part of our Holy War for the pure Aryan race.”

Groups like the Confederate Knights of the Ku Klux Klan trafficked in rhetoric that mirrored that of the anti-abortion movement—with an anti-Semitic twist: “More than ten million white babies have been murdered through Jewish-engineered legalized abortion since 1973 here in America and more than a million per year are being slaughtered this way.” Metzger has claimed that “abortion makes money for Jews” and called Planned Parenthood “a corrupt Jewish organization.” In 1996, a series of bombings in Spokane, targeting a newspaper office, a bank, and a Planned Parenthood office, were perpetrated by members of the Phineas Priesthood, who followed the white separatist anti-Semitic religion Christian Identity. In the late 1990s, Eric Rudolph, a clinic bomber, and James Charles Kopp, who murdered a Jewish abortion provider returning home from synagogue, were affiliated with the anti-abortion terrorist organization Army of God and staunch Holocaust deniers.

W hile in recent years, the mainstream anti-choice movement has been careful to distance itself from overtly racist and white nationalist groups and figures, embedded anti-Semitism appears in the trivialization of the Holocaust and in coded appeals to neo-Nazis. Abolish Human Abortion (AHA), a more recently founded group led by young white men (in a movement that typically likes to put female leaders at the forefront for better mainstream appeal) that views that pro-life movement as too moderate, created an icon linking the acronym AHA in such a way as to resemble “newer incarnations of swastikas that are proliferating among white supremacist groups,” according to Mason.

AHA claims that “the abortion holocaust exceeds all previous atrocities practiced by the Western World,” a statement that signals to anti-Semites an implicit disbelief in the Nazi Holocaust and a trivializing of real historical persecutions. The anti-abortion movement has long framed abortion as a holocaust—a holocaust that it depicts as numerically more significant than the killing of 6 million Jewish people. Historian Jennifer Holland told Jewish Currents that because Jewish people in the United States are more pro-choice than other religious groups, anti-abortion activists “often imply and even outwardly state that Jews are participating in a current genocide and were thus ideologically complicit in the Jewish Holocaust.” This frame sometimes goes hand in hand with outright anti-Semitic denial that the Nazi Holocaust even happened.

The framing of abortion-as-holocaust is starkly visible in a law passed by Alabama in May banning abortion in nearly all circumstances and threatening abortion providers with up to 99 years in prison. The law states, “More than 50 million babies have been aborted in the United States since the Roe decision in 1973, more than three times the number who were killed in German death camps, Chinese purges, Stalin’s gulags, Cambodian killing fields, and the Rwandan genocide combined.” The framing of abortion as holocaust demeans the significance of the Nazi Holocaust, in turn feeding anti-Semitism already interwoven in the movement.

Florida State Senator Dennis Baxley, discussing the possibility of implementing similar legislation in his state, revealed that nativist fears of replacement went into support for the idea. “When you get a birth rate less than 2 percent, that society is disappearing,” Baxley said of Western Europe. “And it’s being replaced by folks that come behind them and immigrate, don’t wish to assimilate into that society and they do believe in having children.”

Anti-choice figures continue to tout demographic concerns—which at their core are a form of white nationalism—in order to oppose abortion. In the political sphere, Representative Steve King is the most prominent political figure to emerge as a symbol of both white supremacism and abortion opposition. “If we continue to abort our babies and import a replacement for them in the form of young violent men, we are supplanting our culture, our civilization,” King stated. King has taken far-right positions on both immigration and abortion, including defending rape and incest as necessary for historical population growth.

These overt expressions of demographic nativism by politicians making decisions about reproductive rights on the state and national level is cause for alarm. With the election of Donald Trump and the rise of the alt-right—an umbrella for white supremacist, male supremacist, and anti-Semitic mobilizations—the “kinder, gentler” image the Christian right and the “pro-life” movement have strategically invested in may be slipping, but also may be less necessary.

C oexisting in abortion opposition is an ideology that honestly seeks to end abortion for people of all races and ethnicities, alongside a white supremacist ideology that only desires to prevent white women from obtaining abortions, but uses universal opposition to abortion as a pragmatic screen for its goals. As Kathleen Belew, author of Bring the War Home: The White Power Movement in Paramilitary America, told The Nation in an interview in September, for white supremacists, “opposing abortion, opposing gay rights, opposing feminism, in white power discourse, all of this is tied to reproduction and the birth of white children.”

Commenting on the strategic pragmatism of white supremacist movements, Jean Hardisty and Pam Chamberlain wrote in 2000 that “public advocacy of abortion for women of color might alienate potential far right supporters who oppose all abortion.” White supremacist leaders, like David Duke, have instead focused on other ways to deter birthrates among people of color, such as encouraging long-term contraception or condemning social welfare programs.

The relationship between Christian right anti-abortion, white supremacist, and secular male supremacist ideology is complex. While they often put aside their differences in order to collaborate on shared goals, the agendas are different and inclusive of conflict.

White supremacist responses demonstrated “complicated feelings” following the passage of the Alabama law, as the Anti-Defamation League (ADL), which tracks hate and bigotry, reported. Some, like the founder of Gab, a popular alternative social media forum frequented by white supremacists and neo-Nazis, heralded the Alabama law. Other white supremacists were unsatisfied that the ban would apply to white women and women of color alike. Longtime white nationalist Tom Metzger eschewed the pragmatic approach in posting on Gab that he had instructed “comrades in the Alabama state legislature to introduce a bill that releases all nonwhite women within the borders of Alabama to have free abortions on demand.” (It’s not clear whether this claim is true or which representatives he meant.)

Andrew Anglin, founder of the neo-Nazi website The Daily Stormer, writes that while abortion is “sick and evil,” white supremacists should be focused on the immigrant “invasion.” Lest readers be disappointed, Anglin reassured them, “A great reckoning is coming—and it is coming swiftly! The glorious vengeance we take upon these whores will shake the cosmos!” Anglin recently referred to himself as the “self-appointed spiritual successor to Elliot Rodger,” the incel (“involuntarily celibate”) mass killer who intended retribution on all women for his being sexually rejected. Richard Spencer, the neo-Nazi credited with coining the term “alt-right,” tweeted that the ban should punish women who seek abortion, but instead “demonizes doctors.”

Spencer’s approach, aligning with his other misogynist comments on women, flies in the face of the Christian right frame of “protecting women” used to advance its agenda in the mainstream. But it’s the same approach Donald Trump took while on the presidential campaign trail in 2016, when he stated that women should receive “some form of punishment” if abortion were banned in the United States. After anti-abortion groups made clear that this comment ran afoul of their strategy for banning abortion—though not necessarily their actual preferences—Trump backtracked and instead focused on punishing doctors and stating that the “woman is a victim.”

On the other hand, MSNBC reported that AHA activists, who refer to themselves as “abolitionists,” stand for “banning all abortion without exceptions, equating hormonal birth control (even the daily pill kind) with abortion, and advocating that women who have abortions be tried as murderers.” Under the current Supreme Court, with its Trump-instated anti-choice majority, and the president’s own anti-woman rhetoric, misogyny, and nativism may be becoming more acceptable strategies.

T rump, after all, shows a perfect willingness to cater to the Christian right, but no genuine personal interest in opposing abortion. His brand of secular misogyny, mingling objectification and vilification of women, demonstrates the same ideology as that put forth by secular male supremacist mobilizations such as Men’s Rights Activists (MRAs) and The Red Pill, which have little regard for women’s rights and well-being. Trump’s secretary of education, Betsy DeVos, demonstrated the administration’s willingness to give an ear to male supremacist groups at the expense of women when she invited men’s rights groups, which spread the myth that women make widespread false accusations of rape despite all data to the contrary, to weigh in on campus sexual assault policy. The result has been the regurgitation of MRA talking points and a proposed rule gutting Obama-era protection for survivors of campus sexual violence.

The anonymous nature of many online forums, like The Red Pill, poses a challenge for determining how much influence members of these communities have. We might be inclined to dismiss Metzger’s claim to have “comrades in the Alabama state legislature” as mere bluster. But before Bonnie Bacarisse’s investigative reporting in The Daily Beast in 2017 uncovered New Hampshire Republican state Representative Robert Fisher as the founder of The Red Pill, which promotes conspiracist theories about feminist control of society and advocates manipulating women into sexual intercourse, these online misogynist forums were often assumed to be divorced from real-world politics. An online pseudonym that The Daily Beast has linked to Fisher’s personal e-mail address advocated voting for Trump in 2016 because he’d been accused of sexual violence. A spokesperson for a state anti-violence group said that Fisher was part of a “very vocal minority in the NH House right now that is very antiwoman and antivictim,” and that there had been surprises in recent legislative votes.

These secular misogynist mobilizations address abortion in a variety of ways, though always through the lens of establishing male power and rights, even when endorsing legal abortion. Male supremacist communities seek control over women’s bodies, whether it is through denying abortion care or coercing it, or through defending or even perpetrating sexual assault.

While arguments about men’s and fathers’ rights have been used by politicians in suggesting abortion restrictions, such as requiring that a woman receive consent from the man she conceived with in order to obtain an abortion, this is not a key concern for the movements themselves. The misogynist Red Pill forum instead suggested women should have to obtain permission to give birth and that men be able to opt out of child support. The top posts on the Reddit forum r/mensrights related to abortion complain that women hold all the rights when it comes to reproduction, arguing that it is unjust that men have no say in the matter. Not because abortion kills the man’s child, as the Christian right would argue, but because men are responsible for 18 years of child support if the pregnancy comes to term. MRAs and MGTOWs (Men Going Their Own Way) refer to this financial obligation as “slavery” and advocate for “paper abortions,” where a man can sever financial responsibilities and parental claims to a child.

Paul Elam’s A Voice for Men, a leading organization in the men’s rights movement over the past decade, established in 2010 an editorial policy that would not take an official position on abortion. Elam did criticize women’s “authority over abortion” and painted child support as a means of controlling men, writing, “We have an entire father’s rights movement necessitated by the fact that millions of men have had their lives eviscerated, their freedom forfeit, their assets garnisheed, even where paternity fraud has been proven and acknowledged by the courts.”

On Return of Kings (ROK), a website listed by the Southern Poverty Law Center as a hate group for pickup artists (PUAs) and founded by Daryush Valizadeh, who goes by “Roosh V.,” the coverage of abortion has shifted from a position accepting of abortion—though not out of support for women’s human rights—to an increasingly anti-choice position. In 2013, abortion was discussed as beneficial because it reduces the minority population, demonstrating the racism already inherent in this ideology, and “sav[es] a lot of alpha players from having to write a check to a single mom.” Other posts promoted access to contraception as a means to prevent abortion, criticizing Christian right opposition to birth control as ineffective to stopping abortion.

Two years later, Valizadeh himself wrote a post on ROK titled “Women Must Have Their Behavior and Decisions Controlled by Men,” recommending that women receive permission from a guardian to access abortion or birth control. He continues, “While my proposals are undoubtedly extreme on the surface and hard to imagine implementing, the alternative of a rapidly progressing cultural decline that we are currently experiencing will end up entailing an even more extreme outcome.” (In case you’re wondering, Valizadeh has identified other offensive posts as satire, but made no such excuse for this one.) In another 2015 article, “The End Goal of Western Progressivism Is Depopulation,” he condemns abortion rights, birth control, and female empowerment as causes of declining population that risk Western culture. Valizadeh has admitted to perpetrating acts that meet the legal definition of sexual assault and has endorsed the decriminalization of rape. Though he later claimed that endorsement was a “thought experiment,” similar excuses have been used by other misogynist leaders such as Paul Elam to provide cover for their most egregious statements.

Further ROK posts on abortion described it as murder and criticized abortion and birth control for destroying “traditional families.” Matt Forney, a writer whose personal blog appealed to both MRAs and PUAs, referred to women who obtain abortions as “monsters,” and wrote, “If a girl is in favor of abortion, there is evil dwelling in her soul.” Forney is a noted white nationalist who also wrote for, and Valizadeh attempted to join him in cozying up with the white supremacist alt-right, sharing the concern for the decline of Western culture. (He turned against this movement after meeting hostility for being a non-white man bragging about sexual intercourse with white women.) The strongest opposition to abortion within the sphere of misogynist groups thus appears to stem from an overlap with the white supremacist movement and concern for the decline of Western culture.

In 2019, Valizadeh announced that he had found God and would no longer promote casual sex. His prior arguments about male control of women and his opposition to abortion and contraception on the basis of concern about population decline, however, fit seamlessly into his new perspective, demonstrating how easy it can be to shift from secular to religious misogyny.

A s elements of the male supremacist sphere take on more anti-abortion and white supremacist positions, the confluence of this overt misogyny and racism with the anti-abortion movement may strengthen the support for harsher anti-abortion legislation that eschews the anti-abortion pragmatism of the past and becomes more overt about its criminalization of pregnant people. In 2019, Georgia passed a six-week abortion ban, currently blocked in court, that applies criminal penalties for murder (which includes life imprisonment or the death penalty) for terminating a pregnancy, with no exception for pregnant people self-terminating. Bills like this fulfill Trump’s and Abolish Human Abortion’s claims that the criminalization of abortion should include punishments for women even though Trump backpedaled because of concerns from mainstream anti-choice groups, his support for this position is already out there, along with his dog whistles to white and male supremacists.

Anti-abortion violence has also been climbing in recent years, as has white supremacist and misogynist violence. Given the history of fatal anti-abortion violence in the 1990s perpetrated by individuals with the connections with white supremacist and anti-Semitic groups, the confluence of these ideologies must be cause for concern beyond the political realm as well.

Alex DiBranco Alex DiBranco is the cofounder and executive director of the Institute for Research on Male Supremacism. A sociology PhD candidate at Yale University, writing her dissertation on the US New Right movement infrastructure from 1971 to 1997, she is currently is affiliated with the Berkeley Center for Right-Wing Studies. She was formerly Political Research Associates' communications director and a member of the Public Eye editorial board.

Dennis and Mrs Burt, 1970s - History

TV Studios, Backlots and Ranches in the 1950's-1970's
(Hollywood and Vicinity)

a RetroWeb Studio Backlots website

rev. 11/24/2010 -->

This web site attempts to document the Hollywood and vicinity studio, backlot and ranch facilities utilized for television production in the early years of television and through the 1970's. The information below is derived from the collective knowledge and research of the membership of the former Yahoo Group "StudioBacklots," as well as from a variety of official and unofficial web sites on studios and their backlots and ranches, and on vintage television series.


including images from the extensive historical photograph
collection of the Bison Archives

Recent Updates
- 10/30/15 - CBS Television City studio correction (All in the Family) and additions, and more
- 2/9/12 - former small backlot at 20th Century Fox - Hollywood noted
- 10/9/11 - former Charlie Chaplin (Kling) Studios / Perry Mason photo added
- 6/8/11 - Samuel Goldwyn Studios backlot history corrected/expanded
- 11/24/10 - Columbia Ranch and NBC Color City entries updated

quick-links to this page's four sections:
Studios and Backlots | Ranches | Locations | TV Shows in 1960

Section 1: Studios and Backlots

  • opened in 1912 as Vitagraph Studios, making it one of the oldest studios in Hollywood.
  • eventually purchased by Warner Bros in 1925
  • ABC Television acquired the studio property in 1949, and opened the world's largest, state-of-the-art television center.
  • "The old Vitagraph lot, then ABC, now Disney in East Hollywood, once had a large backlot, but by the time of television, the backlot was gone. For an early live western tv show, the side of one of the sound stages was painted to look like a western town or desert scene or something, and the show was show live from in front of that painted building." - Jerry S.
  • "I've been told that all the scenes [in 42nd STREET] inside the theater were shot at Prospect on [what was known as] the Vitaphone theater stage. That stage later became Studio E at ABC, (now Stage 5). Eventually, the auditorium end of the stage was demolished to make way for a new studio now called Stage 4. The Vitaphone stage was sort of like the Phantom stage at Universal in that a portion of it had a permanent auditorium set with seats and boxes. It was removed once ABC took over. The old TV series SPACE PATROL was shot on those combined stages." - Richard P.
  • a home to independent filmed television production in the early years of television, including productions by Gross-Krasne and Ziv-TV in the 1950's
  • studio dates to 1915 (as Famous Players Fiction Film Company)
  • known as Clune Studios in 1920's
  • later named California Studios, then Producers Studios, Inc.
  • became Raleigh Studios in 1980
  • CBS Television City was built and dedicated in 1952 on the former site of Gilmore Stadium.
  • original design included four studios, 31, 33, 41 and 43, all with audience seating
  • Studio 33 was renamed the Bob Barker Studio in 1998, and is home to The Price is Right, Family Feud, and HBO's "Real Time With Bill Maher"
  • "In the mid-1980s, CBS built an annex to Television City to house two additional large studios, 36 and 46. Later, upstairs rehearsal halls in the main building were converted into Studios 56 and 58." - from History of CBS Television City:

TV Producer Norman Lear addresses an audience at a taping of All in the Family in Studio 31 at CBS Television City

  • built in 1938 for CBS station KNX, on the former site of the Nestor Film Company, the first movie studio ever built in Hollywood - which itself dated back to 1910.
  • used in early television production, including live broadcasts
  • founded in 1920 as Columbia Pictures Studios
  • Built in 1921, this 17-acre Hollywood movie studio was originally the historic Columbia Pictures Studios.
  • "In 1948, Columbia establishes a television arm, housed under the revived Screen Gems banner, which makes it one of the first studios to invest in television."
  • Spring 1970 - "soundstage # 4 caught fire and some Bewitched sets were damaged (especially the kitchen). Not wasting any time, the show shot scenes for The Salem Saga episodes while the kitchen set was repaired and redesigned."
  • "In 1972, the nearly bankrupt Columbia Pictures sold its Hollywood location at Sunset and Gower and moved over the hill to Burbank in the San Fernando Valley, where they shared space on the Warner Brothers lot (renamed for a while as "The Burbank Studios")."
  • The studio had no backlot, and instead, the Columbia Ranch in Burbank was used for exteriors.

aerial view of Sunset Gower Studios
(Bing Maps)

a scene from I Dream of Jeannie shot on the Columbia Pictures Studios lot

  • the Ranch started in 1934, as a 40 acre plot purchased by Harry Cohn, head of Columbia Pictures Corporation.
  • "Over the years, Columbia Pictures sold off much of its 80-acre Burbank ranch to developers. Columbia's ranch had acted as the studio's backlot since 1935, with its scenery of grassy park and fountain, Old West street (destroyed by fire in 1970), and facades of city buildings, townhouses and suburban homes (including the Bewitched house)."
  • a 1957 aerial photo "shows the single soundstage Columbia built at the ranch. Later, in the late 1950s, a second stage was built right next to it. Also, you can make out Columbia's special effects water tank with its sky backing almost dead center. Up to right where there's a semi-circular backing was the spot the lamasery set was built for Frank Capra's LOST HORIZON. Today that portion of the lot has a large drugstore and a parking lot. Many year ago Columbia sold off a portion of the lot to a developer." - Richard P.
  • "The real street used in the Blondie movies was right near CBS Studios. I took some photos when I was there last year. One of the houses was later recreated at the Columbia/Warner ranch. which later became the I Dream of Jeannie house." - Anthony
  • "The (new) "re-created" Blondie house at the Columbia Ranch from the early 1940s was indeed used for the exterior on Jeannie, as well as Mr.Wilson's house on Dennis, and the Anderson house on Father Knows Best, during the 1950s/60s. It's still standing, has most likely been used for numerous other TV shows and movies, as well as commercials throughout the decades." - Mark J. C.
  • "[In Bewitched,] I seem to remember the Kravitzes front house exterior being the house that would later become (or by 1970/71 was already) the Partridges' house [but in the episode "Mary the Good Fairy,"] there's a closeup of Gladys Kravitz gasping as she sees the police picking up Mary. and Mrs. Kravitz is [standing instead on the front porch of] the Donna [Reed] house (and also Dennis Mitchell's house)." - Mark J. C.
  • "I think they used a different exterior for the Kravitz house in that two-parter as the former house suffered some damage in a backlot fire." - Anthony
  • in 1970, three successive fires (in January, April and August) destroyed half the lot
  • in mid-1971, became a combined Columbia and Warner ranch
  • 1990 - Columbia left, and ranch became The Warner Ranch
  • "all of the houses on the Warner Ranch are now complete structures. I don't think there are any "facades" left. Some of the "facades" have been enclosed within the past decade to protect the sets from water damage." - William F., Jr.

aerial view of the Warner Ranch
(former Columbia Ranch)
(Bing Maps)

post-fire aerial view of the Columbia Ranch in 1970
(courtesy Bison Archives)

Columbia Ranch lagoon and berm seen in Gidget
(click here for a correlation of the lagoon to two "beach" scenes in Gidget)

  • began in 1915 as Metro Pictures back lot #3
  • studios constructed (as Equity Studios) in 1946. built primarily as a rental lot leasing space to independent producers
  • renamed Motion Picture Center Studios in January, 1947
  • 1953 - leased by Desilu Studios
  • 1956 - renamed to Desilu-Cahuenga Studios
  • 1967 - sold to Gulf & Western (Paramount)
  • 1969 - sold to Cinema General Studios
  • 1974 - Television Center Studios
  • "At one point, it was used as Lambert's Van & Storage, with only three of the nine sound stages occupied by a production company, Television Center Studios."
  • 1984 - Ren-Mar Studios
  • 2010 - Red Studios
  • there was no backlot, but some houses across the street on Lillian Way were used for occasional exterior filming (including as "Thelma Lou's" house on The Andy Griffith Show)
  • "Old Desilu production schedule reports reveal that The Andy Griffith Show reserved Desilu-Cahuenga's Stage 1 and 2 for Thursday through Wednesday shoots (with weekends off) for each of the 249 episodes they produced."
  • "It seems that Desilu-Cahuenga has always been a tough lot to "visit". I, too, had a similar opportunity in the late 60's and took advantage of an open gate on the north end of the lot. A large flatbed truck had just entered the lot and no one was standing by to close and lock the gate. I took advantage of the situation and walked in, making a quick left at the first studio door. I believe this was the old I Love Lucy stage but I'm not positive. Inside, they were shooting some interiors of Gomer Pyle USMC. Jim Nabors was sitting in one of those typical high chairs off to the side of where they were shooting some close-ups of Frank Sutton sitting behind his desk. The script girl was feedsing him the lines. When they stopped to re-set and load I started up a conversation with Jim Nabors. what a nice guy. Very pleasent and asked no questions about who I was. I guess he figured that if was in there it must be okay! After about 15 or 20 minutes of watching the action I went back out onto the lot and went to the next studio which was under the same roof as the Gomer studio. I recognized the set as that being from That Girl. No one was there so I just looked around taking it all in. After that I went to another stage at the other end and there was the set for a show that only ran for a season or two called Good Morning World, about two L.A. disc jockeys that did a morning wake-up radio show. Desilu was a very secure facility and I felt real lucky to have the chance to see it from the inside. Getting out was easy. I just walked out through the front gate. The guards wished me a good afternoon!" - Mark B.
  • productions ceased on this lot for several years in the 1970's, during which time some soundstages were used for furniture storage, and at least one was used as a tennis court. In 1981's "The Andy Griffith Show Book," Andy Griffith recalled a visit to the lot during this time period:
    "I was going to tell you a sad thing. Over on the corner of Cahuenga, near Melrose, there was a small studio. It's no longer a studio anymore. Part of it is indoor tennis courts and part of it is a huge warehouse for furniture that these big trucks haul to various points. I was over that way a year or two ago, and I just decided I would stop and see what was going on. So I went and looked onstage - stages one and two - that's where we spent 8 years - and they were storing furniture there. This whole studio, I understand, was built during the war, with inferior equipment. They were constantly digging up pipes for leaks. The roofs leaked. Don [Knotts] and I used to do scenes when it rained, and it would often rain in between us. Anyway, there were nine stages on that little lot, and for ten or fifteen years almost all of the comedy that came out of this town came out of that little studio. About 1970 a lot of shows went off the air or were cancelled. I had an aborted show that year [Headmaster] and we moved to Warner Brothers. Mayberry moved to Warner Brothers too. But when we moved and so many shows were cancelled, that little lot died, that tiny little lot died." - Andy Griffith

aerial view of Desilu-Cahuenga Studios in early 1960's
(click for labelled lot layout)
(courtesy Bison Archives)

original stages 1 and 2 where The Andy Griffith Show was filmed
today the home of Red Studios' stage 6 (the faded "2" on the stage door does not date to the Desilu era as one might assume, as this was originally the door to stage 1)
(Google Maps Street View)

"Desilu Playhouse" audience doors at 847 Lillian Way for stages 8 and 9 (Our Miss Brooks and I Love Lucy respectively)

  • established by Ince in 1919
  • 1928 - studios and backlot acquired by RKO Pictures
  • 1937 - acquired by David Selznick on long-term lease
  • 1948 - bought by Howard Hughes
  • 1958 - bought by Desilu Productions
  • adjacent "40 Acres" backlot used heavily for TV exteriors
  • "Originally, there were glass stages back when it was the Ince Studio. All but the first one were knocked down. Then right behind the remaining glass stage, a large enclosed stage building containing stages 2,3 & 4 was built. Stage 2 had a higher roof. Still does. Stage 2 opens into stage 3. So when stages 2 & 3 are combined, it makes a stage approximately 32,532 sq. feet. Back when RKO owned the lot, the largest stage was stage 15. It was over 33,000 sq.feet The stage could be flooded. When Desilu bought the RKO Pathe lot, they divided 15 into two stages." - Richard P.
  • "On December 12, 1964, producer Gene Roddenberry filmed his first "Star Trek" pilot "The Cage" at Stages 14, 15, and 16 at Desilu in Culver City. They went over and it took 12 days to shoot it, just a few days outside the normal range for filming a 50 minute pilot film. The following year in 1965, the network that he was trying to sell it to for a television series, NBC Television, rejected the pilot. A second pilot script was written, along with two others "Mudd's Women" and "The Omega Glory", but Roddenberry went with "Where No Man Has Gone Before" to film as the second pilot with filming starting on Monday, July 19th, 1965. The pilot shoot would wrap 8 days later on July 27th, 1965. Filming was once again at Desilu at Culver on Stages 15 and 16 and by spring of 1966, the pilot sold to NBC." - Daniel R.
  • "I read somewhere that the second pilot for STAR TREK was shot on stage 15 at Desilu-Culver. It seems there was a nest of hornets up in the rafters that the production disturbed. Several people were stung including Shatner." - Richard P.
  • "Just about all the original sound stages at RKO Pathe had internal sound-proofed doors that opened up so two, even three stages could become one. Stages 2,3 & 4 were all interconnected. Stage 2 had a higher roof for filming scenes simulated inside a theater. Stage 2 was the theater stage while stage 3 had the auditorium seats. Paramount had the same setup with stages 6 & 7. MGM had the biggest theater stage which was combined 5 & 6. Stage 6 had a clearance of 80 feet making it the highest stage of all the major studios. At the old Vitagraph Studio in East Hollywood (later home to KABC TV), there was the Vitaphone Stage used for the WB film 42nd STREET. It was first used for THE JAZZ SINGER. Part of it, the higher section, still exists." - Richard P.
  • The stage used for at least one of the Star Trek pilots: "The DeMille stage was built at the end off 1926 for the film, King of Kings (1927). It was later soundproofed by Pathe after DeMille left the lot in 1929. So people still referred to it as a 'silent era' stage. [The stage] still exists and is the largest one on the lot." - Marc W.
  • "William Shatner described the Culver stages as being in extremely poor condition. He also talked about the sets being very limited in how they could be filmed as they were built for specific shots instead of the walls being able to be moved around easily. When they [Star Trek] were moved to Gower parts of them were rebuilt to be easier to use." - William F., Jr.
  • "The Culver Stages and the 40A backlot were indeed shabby with paint peeling off the walls and the old dirty soundproofing in the stages, but it was heaven for me as it was 'dripping' of history." - Marc W.
  • 1967 - sold to Gulf & Western Industries / Paramount Studios
  • 1968 - sold to Perfect Film & Chemical
  • 1969 - sold to Toronto-based OSF Industries, Ltd. and called Beverly Hills Studios
  • 1970 - renamed Culver City Studios
  • 1976 - "40 Acres" backlot sold to developers
  • 1977 - became Laird International Studios, a rental facility
  • 1986 - studios sold to Grant Tinker and Gannett Company
  • 1991 - sold to Sony Corporation
  • 2004 - sold to PCCP Studio City Los Angeles

vintage view of the Culver Studios colonial mansion

the "40 Acres" backlot in the 1960's
(courtesy Bison Archives)

filming The Andy Griffith Show on the "40 Acres" back lot

the Culver Studios mansion in The Real McCoys

  • established by Robertson Cole in 1921 (later reorganized as Film Booking Offices of America - FBO)
  • RKO Pictures formed in Oct. 1928
  • RKO Studios was once located along Gower St. in what is today the western 1/4 of the Paramount lot (you can still see the giant RKO globe at the corner of Melrose & Gower today).
  • R-K-O Studios was at one time located along Gower Street in Hollywood, adjacent to Paramount Studios. Desilu founders, Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz acquired the lot in 1957 and sold it ten years later to Paramount. With that merger, the former R-K-O main entrance became a side entrance for Paramount.
  • "On the RKO Gower lot, stages 7.8,9 & 10 were all interconnecting. They could open them up so they had a soundstage that was nearly 500' long by 145' wide. Stages 9 & 10 were used for filming the Venice canal scenes in TOP HAT. And stages 11,12 & 14 could be interconnected. Today they're stages 19, 20 &21 on what is now the Paramount lot." - Richard P.
  • "Lucy park" courtyard used by many Paramount TV shows of the later 1960s and throughout the 1970s.
  • "stages 1, 2, & 3 were built as silent stages when the lot was F.B.O. When RKO started up they added stages 4 though 10. And then later on came stages 11, 12, & 14 which were all along Melrose Ave. Stages 1 & 2 had internal divisions so there was a stage 1A and 2A. The latter became the RKO scoring stage." - Richard P.
  • Star Trek filmed on stages RKO/Desilu stages 9 and 10, which are today numbered as Paramount stages 31 and 32 respectively. For Star Trek, stage 9 housed the permanent interior sets of the U.S.S. Enterprise, and stage 10 was used for temporary sets, including planet "exteriors."
  • "Our Paramount Guide was pretty knowledgeable about stuff, except he totally missed the RKO sewer covers, which I had heard of and pointed out to him. All the people in the tour rushed over to look!" - Larry W.
  • "One of my favorite memories at Desilu-Gower was watching them film "The Untouchables" on a watered-down soundstage street, meant to recapture old Chicago, while G-men and mobsters, in old 1930s cars with tires squealing and Tommy guns blazing, shot it out with each other around false storefronts, stoops, and fake alleyways." - from "EXTRA!! EXTRA!! I WAS A HOLLYWOOD NEWSBOY" - By Robert Leslie Dean
  • "One of its [Desilu-Gower's] valuable production features is its well-known "New York Street" located on Stages 9 and 10, which can be used at all times regardless of weather." - from a Desilu Annual Production report, 1960-61, courtesy Jake S.
  • 1967 - sold to Gulf & Western (Paramount)

aerial view of former Desilu-Gower facilities
(now the western quarter of the Paramount lot)
(Bing Maps)

Desilu-Gower's soundstage New York Street in The Untouchables

filming Star Trek on stage 9 at Desilu-Gower
(courtesy "birdofthegalaxy")

  • built in 1919, became known as General Service Studio in 1933
  • 1970's renamed Hollywood General
  • purchased by Coppola in 1979 (Zoetrope)
  • sold in 1984, and renamed Hollywood Center Studios
  • at one time, the lot was home to Monogram Studios, before it moved to its new home where KCET is today.
  • NO BACKLOT. "but Perry (and the various Filmways shows) would frequently film exterior scenes around administrative buildings and the parking lot as well as the gated/guarded entrance to the facility. Sometimes you even see the 1040 numbers for the street address of 1040 N.Las Palmas, on the admin buildings at the front gated/guarded entrance! OR on at least Perry, close-ups of auto registrations or drivers' licenses of characters in episodes during the "General Service" seasons will have that character living at 1040 N.Las Palmas!" - Mark J. C.
  • "Jed Clampett's "Mammoth Pictures" entrance was a stock footage of the main entrance to General Service Studios!" - Mark J. C.
  • "General Service Studios was important to Desilu because by the 2nd season of I Love Lucy they had rented the entire facility. But because of it's small size, they moved to Motion Picture Center. Not sure how long they rented GSS for or if they still had a presence after I Love Lucy and Our Miss Brooks moved." - William F., Jr.
  • "Stage 2 was named "Desilu Playhouse" and a special entrance was created on Romaine St. on the south side of the lot." - from Wikipedia entry on Desilu Productions

aerial view of Hollywood Center Studios
(formerly General Service Studios)
(Bing Maps)

  • a home to independent filmed television production in the early years of television, including productions by by Hal Roach, Jr. and Roland Reed
  • near the railroad tracks at National Blvd.
  • Most of the Laurel & Hardy movies, the Our Gang shorts, and many Harold Lloyd comedies were made at the studio
  • "known as Fort Roach during WWII" (William F., Jr.)
  • The 14.5 acre studio once known as "The Lot of Fun," containing 55 buildings, was torn down in 1963
  • ""Amos 'N Andy" shot 75 episodes over two seasons before CBS pulled the plug caused by pressure from the NAACP. By the way, CBS has the negs and will never allow it to be officially released so everything that comes out on DVD is from questionable film sources. Bill Cosby tried to talk the network into properly rereleasing it, but got nowhere.
    In 1952, "My Little Margie" filmed 14 episodes. That series lasted from 1952 to 1955. Gail Storm followed it starring in "The Gale Storm Show" (AKA "Oh Susanna!") which was also filmed at Roach and lasted five seasons.
    For its second season, "The Abbott & Costello Show" left Roach, moving to Motion Picture Center.
    Six sound stages would support six series if those series weren't two complicated. And remember that stage 4 at Roach was also used for scoring. It had a projection booth plus a sound monitor booth and a screen up on the wall.
    Years ago I met someone who had photos taken all over the lot, inside and out. I lost track of him. I'd love to see them today."
    - Richard P.

the Hal Roach backlot in The Twilight Zone episode "Two"

  • built in 1917, with buildings resembling an English village
  • Charlie Chaplin's footprints are in the concrete in front of Stage 3.
  • leased long term beginning in 1953 by Kling Studios of Chicago, for production of features, commmercials and syndicated television series
  • sold in 1960 and became Red Skelton Studios
  • sold to CBS in 1962, who owned it for the rest of the 1960's.
  • recently sold by A&M Records to Henson Productions in 2000
  • confirms backlot had been removed by (circa) 1960
  • "I was there one day when they filmed THE ADVENTURES OF SUPERMAN in 1955. I got a tour of the lot by Jack Larson. He showed me where Charlie Chaplin had placed his footprints and his cane in cement. I seem to remember not much of a backlot. There might have been a small street set left over from when Chaplin owned the lot. 1955 was a long time ago so it's hard to remember exactly what was on the lot. I believe Chaplin's former home was still there which was up near Sunset Blvd. The lot had three sound stages. The big one which today is called The Chaplin Stage. Behind it was Stage 2 which was later converted into a scoring stage used by Todd-AO for AROUND THE WORLD IN 80 DAYS. Stage 3 was a small stage and that's where they were filming the day I was on the lot. It was the episode where Superman is frozen and has to walk into a blast furnace to thaw out." - Richard P.

Charlie Chaplin Studios
(home of the Jim Henson Company)
(Google Maps Street View)

aerial view of Charlie Chaplin Studios
(Bing Maps)

  • built in 1919, home to Warner Brothers Pictures
  • "Colonial mansion, built by the Warner Brothers in 1919, was later used for years as a bowling alley" - L.A. Times
  • "The KTLA studio, when it was still WB's, had a backlot. But by the time of television production, the backlot was gone. My friend Steve Lodge and a buddy of his had to stage a western fight on the stairs and second floor of one of the regular buildings for a pilot to a western being shot at that location." - Jerry S.
  • "[Warner Brothers] continued to maintain it [the Hollywood lot] as a working studio [even after they took over First National Studios in Burbank]. In fact, when the Burbank lot suffered a bad fire in back in 1934, Jack Warner assured everyone they would still meet their production goal since they still had the Hollywood studio. In 1937, Warner Brothers leased the long building that fronts Sunset to a bowling alley concession. They turned the sound stages into the world's largest bowling alley called Hollywood Lanes. As a kid I went there with my dad." - Richard P.
  • "By the 1950s, the Hollywood lot was pretty much abandoned so in 1954, Warner Brother sold their original Hollywood lot to Paramount. KTLA was actually not on the Paramount lot, but across the street from the studio at 5451 Marathon Street." - Richard P.
  • "Gunsmoke exterior street was built using two stages linked together at the original Warner Bros. studios on Sunset near gower, now the KTLA studio. [That is why] the look of the show is so artificial, as it was not shot outdoors much at all." - Randall R.
  • "KTLA was started by Paramount as W6XYZ. It first began broadcasting experimentally in 1941. W6XYZ became KTLA in 1947. At that time it began to schedule regular programs." - Richard P.
  • "In 1964 Paramount sold KTLA along with the Sunset Studio to cowboy star Gene Autry. In 1985, KTLA along with the Sunset facility was purchased by Tribune Broadcasting, a division of the Tribune newspaper empire. In 2008 Tribune sold the physical studio to Hudson Capital, LLC, but retained ownership of KTLA. KTLA is still housed there. But today they merely lease space. The studio is now called Sunset Bronson and is owned by the same investment group that owns Sunset Gower Studios, the former home of Columbia Pictures." - Richard P.

aerial view of KTLA Studios
(Bing Maps)

  • founded in 1915 by Thomas H. Ince as Triangle Studios. sold to Samuel Goldwyn in 1918
  • in mid-1920's, MGM became largest studio in Hollywood. held this position for over thirty years
  • renamed Sony Pictures Entertainment in 1991
  • backlots 2 and 3 (at least) razed in late 1970's - now houses and condos
  • Lot #1 is now Sony Pictures - a "Main Street" set of facades covering offices is the only semblance of a back lot that still exists
  • Lot #2 was located across Overland Ave. from the main lot
  • Lot #3 was at the corner of Jefferson & Overland in Culver City
  • "Lot 1 encompassed seventy-two acres, housed all the thirty soundstages, office buildings, and dressing rooms, the seven warehouses crammed with furniture, props, and draperies. Lot 2 consisted of thirty-seven acres of permanent exterior sets, including the town of Carvel, home of the Hardy family, and the great Victorian street from Meet Me in St. Louis. Here was the house where David Copperfield lived, there the street where Marie Antoinette rolled to the guillotine. Lots 3, 4, and 5 were used for outdoor settings - the jungle and rivers that provided the backdrop for Tarzan, much of Trader Horn, the zoo that provided the animals, including the lion that heralded each and every Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film. Connecting everything was thirteen miles of paved road." - Scott Eyman, in "Lion of Hollywood"
  • correction: "The 'Meet Me in St. Louis' street at M-G-M was on Lot 3, not Lot 2." - Steven B.
  • "Lot 4 and 5 were not used for filming, per se, as they housed the zoo and other things. Like lots 2 and 3, they are all gone. Lot 1 for many years, at least into the 1930's, had a backlot on the western end." - Jerry S.
  • "The Man From U.N.C.L.E. Book: The Behind-the-Scenes Story of a Television Classic, describes how U.N.C.L.E. producer Sam Rolfe had problems sharing the MGM backlot with Combat! They would arrange for a location, then show up to find that Combat! had been there the preceding week and blown up all the streets. U.N.C.L.E. crews would repair the sets for non-wartime filming, then Combat! would destroy them again the following week"
  • Nassour Studio bought by Times-Mirror Company, publisher of the Los Angeles Times, to house station KTTV.
  • NY-based Metromedia purchased station and property in 1963
  • in 1973, TV producer Norman Lear headquartered his company Tandem Productions here.
  • "In 1986 Metromedia sold most of its television interests to the News Corporation, and KTTV became a cornerstone station of the new Fox Broadcasting Company. As a result, the studios became the Fox Television Center." - Wikipedia article
  • originally Monogram Pictures and Allied Artists
  • Monogram Pictures owned the studio. Allied Artists was a subsidiary name to make their product sound better.
  • had a New York Street, and for a few years, a western street.
  • "The Monogram Studio backlot was located where the current Los Angeles PBS station KCET is located. The studio, at that time, had 3 sound stages, if I remember correctly and a very small backlot area which consisted of a New York Street. Then, in the late 1950's, the studio converted the NY Street into a Western Street (photos on my web site: " - Jerry S.
  • dedicated in March of 1955 as "NBC Color City"
  • NBC originally planned to relocate The Tonight Show from the Burbank studios to Universal, but in the aftermath of the Jay Leno / Conan O'Brian debacle, and after Leno insisted on the show returning to the Burbank lot, NBC-Universal is now renting the Burbank studios from the investment group to which the company recently sold the property.

aerial view of NBC Studios in Burbank
(Bing Maps)

  • Paramount Pictures origins date to 1912
  • "Originally located on the south side of Melrose Avenue, Peralta Studios moved across the street on Marathon in 1917, later becoming Brunton Studios, then United Studios before Paramount-Famous-Lasky took over in 1926." - L.A. Times
  • last major film studio still headquartered in the Hollywood district of Los Angeles
  • "The first silent stage built on what is today the Paramount lot is Stage 1. Then came Stage 2. Stage 3 was converted into wardrobe. So when they later built the small 'test' stage they named it Stage 3. Then came Stage 4 and what is today Stage 17. I guess when it was Brunton is was called Stage 5. All the silent stages were to the right. I believe the next silent stages constructed were 8 and 9. Stage 10 and the adjacent stage that became the scoring stage were built as silent stages. The first built-from-the-ground-up sound stages were 11, 12, 13 & 14. Then came 15 which was a tin stage built over 'A' tank. It was later soundproofed. Stages 16 and 18 were the last two sound stages built on the lot." - Richard P.
  • "Stage 7 was built around 1929. It was built as their 'theater' stage where part of it was much higher to handle the various curtains and scenery that could be lifted up just like in a real theater. MGM had a similar stage as did UA (Goldwyn) in Hollywood. Warner Brothers had one on the Prospect lot. They called it the Vitaphone theater stage." - Richard P.
  • regarding the famous "Bronson Gate," Paramount's original main entrance : "Ah yes, the scene [in "Sunset Boulevard"] where the guard challenges "Max" when he wants to drive Miss Desmond onto the lot to see Mr. DeMille, who is shooting on stage 18. that would be the Bronson Avenue gate. I love that scene. "Jones, remind your friend that without me ther would be no Paramount Studios." Ah, the golden days. " - Daniel R.
  • "A lot of changes were made to stage 18 after they filmed SUNSET BLVD. on it. At one point they uncovered the basement so that they could attain greater height for filming the huge courtyard set in REAR WINDOW. The stage door we see DeMille come out of is no longer at that spot. It was moved when Paramount added a freight elevator outside the stage." - Richard P.
  • "Paramount had five stages that interconnected. They were 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15. The first three made up the fist purposeful built sound stages on the lot. In fact, right after construction was finished they burned to the ground. Paramount quickly rebuilt them. All four stages had sound monitor booths on a second story where the sound mixer could look down onto the stage. Later, stages 12 and 14 were combined. After Stage 15 was built over what had been 'A' tank on the lot, Paramount installed doors that could be opened so all four stages made up a single huge stage. DeMille filmed some of the largest sets for THE TEN COMMANDMENTS on those combined stages. SAMSON and DELILAH used 14 and 15 combined for the huge temple set. And ELEPHANT WALK was filmed on combined 14 and 15." - Richard P.
  • "Bonanza worked many scenes [on mock exterior sets] at Paramount, where the Ponderosa stood proud on a rather narrow stage." - Randall R.
  • "The Paramount [backlot exterior] western street was constructed long before BONANZA. I believe original sections of it first went up for the Alan Ladd western, WHISPERING SMITH in 1948. It was added onto over the years. The western street was used for GUNFIGHT AT THE OK CORRAL (1957) as well as LAST TRAIN FROM GUN HILL (1959). For that feature, Paramount installed about a quarter mile of train track so they could film a Baldwin steam engine No. 22 pulling several vintage coaches through the western street. The Paramount western street was used for ONE EYED JACKS (released in 1961 - filmed starting in 1959). In fact, for that film, the sky drop for 'B' Tank was used to extend the horizon. In 1979, the entire western street sets were demolished to make way for a large studio parking lot." - Richard P.
  • regarding the above-mentioned locomotive: "Paramount owned the engine and cars. They purchased No. 22 back in 1937. Paramount also owned No. 18, another Virginia & Truckee steam locomotive. Both engines were sold to the State of Nevada in 1974." - Richard P.
  • "The mountain [backdrop] was over on the west end right up next to what had been RKO and later Desilu. It was not by the tank. In some photos taken I see building constructed over the tank, but in others, the tank is open such as it was in the Above Los Angeles aerial taken in 1976. In 1980 after the western street was removed, the tank was in use." - Richard P.
  • "'B' Tank went up back in the 1940s. It's called 'B' tank because 'A' tank was where stage 15 stands. Originally 'A' tank was an open outdoor tank. Then it was covered over with a huge tin shed structure that was not soundproofed. Soon after, the stage was soundproofed. It connects with adjacent stage 14 which was originally two stages, the first of four originally built for sound on the lot. Later on, the wall seperating the two stages was torn down. Right after stages 11, 12, 13 and 14 were finished, they burned to the ground forcing Paramount to film their first sound movie at night on their silent stages as well as in the cramped silent 'test stage' which was once used by Roy Pomeroy to split the Red Sea for DeMille's original silent version of THE TEN COMMANDMENTS. When 'B' tank isn't being used, Paramount uses it as a parking lot." - Richard P.
  • "[In THE TEN COMMANDMENTS], The parting of the Red Sea was accomplished by filming water in 'B' tank using a special dump systems. The footage was combined optically with shots of actors walking through the empty sea floor. Those shots could have been filmed inside combined 14 and 15. Not sure." - Richard P.
  • "New York street was built very early on possibly when the studio was the Brunton Studio. Early photos I've seen of the lot show a lot of exteriors sets. Over the years, buildings went up around where the New York street was located. Then in 1983 a huge fire completely destroyed it. The current New York Street built in the exact same area is a state-of-the-art exterior set." - Richard P.
  • lot grew over years and eventually absorbed old RKO Hollywood lot (see Desilu-Gower)
  • "The small European village [used in Star Trek and Hogan's Heroes] was right behind the Nickodell Restaurant and catty-cornered to the KHJ broadcast building on Melrose. The restaurant was leveled to make way for more parking on the Paramount lot. Also removed [in 1979] were the European village and the western street used in BONANZA." - Richard P.
  • "At Paramount, according to their website, stages 4, 8, 16 and 24 have pits. Stage 24 used to be Stage 2 when it was Desilu and before that RKO. [Stage 3] was used for audience sitcoms. Still is." - Richard P.
  • "Here's Lucy was shot on stage 25 (Lucy's dressing room was/is attached). This is the same stage where The Lucy Show, Cheers, Bosom Buddies, and Frasier were shot. Here's Lucy only shot their first 2 seasons at Paramount. They then moved to Universal. It became too difficult for Lucy to continue shooting at her old studio." - William F., Jr.
  • Today: "There is such a mix of old and new - the 'public' area by the company store / snackbar is a nice area to relax and unwind, then you have the original writer's buildings still there inside the Bronson Gate (both, of course, seen in Sunset Blvd)- then there is the famous gate itself. They have bought the land in front of it, closed off the street immediately in front of the gate and made a lovely courtyard with trees and a fountain. Then into the future with a new and state of the art 'screening room' theatre." - Larry W.
  • "RKO/Desilu was the entire western 1/4 of the lot. The lot was originally 2 studios, with a massive backlot between them. Eventually Paramount replaced the backlot with stages and office buildings. The oldest part of the former Desilu lot is the buildings at Lucy Park. It originally had arches but they were demolished due to structural problems. Too bad they did not rebuild them since they are what made the building stand out in the TV shows that shot there." - William F., Jr.
  • "Paramount never built stages on what was the RKO and later Desilu lot. All they did was knock down the wall that separated Paramount from what had been Desilu. All the sound stages on the Gower Street side were built by RKO. The very last stages to be constructed went up sometime in the late 1930s. They are the stages that run along Melrose Ave. The corner stage on Melrose and Gower used to have an antenna mounted above the globe on the roof. Those stages were built as 11, 12 & 14. They're renumbered as 19, 20 & 21. Paramount hasn't built a soundstage since Stage 18 went up which was eons ago. They did lose Stage 10 when the Bing Crosby Building was demolished a couple of years ago. Also gone was the scoring stage. Today, a huge Technicolor post production center sit there." - Richard P.

aerial view of Paramount New York Street Facades and B-Tank Sky Backdrop
(Bing Maps)

The famous "Bronson Gate" at Paramount Studios
(Google Maps Street View photo)

a current-day diagram of Paramount Studios, also including original RKO/Desilu stage numbers

The Paramount western street in Bonanza

  • 38-acre studio dates to circa 1928 as (Mack Sennett's) Keystone Studios
  • in mid-1930's, became Mascot, then Monogram Studios, which joined to form Republic Pictures
  • CBS Television took over in 1963
  • at one time co-owned by Mary Tyler Moore (MTM) productions and CBS
  • ALL MCA/Revue TV shows were filmed there through the 1958/59 season
  • Four Star Productions filmed here until about 1970
  • backlot included such sets as western streets, New England Street, mansion (seen in The Big Valley and The Wild Wild West), and the Gilligan's Island lagoon
  • "The opening famous gun battle of Gunsmoke was shot on the western street on the back lot of the CBS Radford Studio in Studio City. This street set remained until the later 90's just inside the truck gate off Cole Ave. Also using the stages at CBS Radford was The Wild Wild West." -Randall R.
  • "Gilligan's Island was shot in the river basin at the studio that runs along behind the studio. Years later they built a home for a famous reality TV show at this spot. Had a big fence around it to keep every one out as they lived locked up in there during the series. But writers used to love to walk by and throw wadded up paper with notes full of story ideas into the yard." - Randall R.
  • "Today, the old western street is a parking lot and sound stages. They have named streets after the various shows, including Gunsmoke. [In 1997] they tore out the old lagoon from Gilligan's Island, which Gunsmoke also used." - Randall R.
  • prior to its removal, the lagoon was used as a parking lot when it was empty.

aerial view of CBS Studio Center
(formerly Republic Studios)
(Bing Maps)

a current-day diagram of CBS Studio Center

The cast of The Mary Tyler Moore Show in the series finale curtain call

  • 20-acres site began in Jan 1920 as Hampton Studios, quickly became Pickford-Fairbanks Studios
  • 1928 - United Artists
  • in 1950's became the Samuel Goldwyn Studios
  • became Warner Hollywood Studios in the 1980's
  • "home to the legendary Formosa Cafe watering hole, which served as an unofficial clubhouse for the likes of Humphrey Bogart, Marilyn Monroe and Clark Gable." - L.A. Times
  • "industry also called it "The Formosa Studios", since its entrance is on Formosa Ave., w/ Santa Monica Blvd. bordering its north." - Javier M.
  • now called "The Lot"
  • "The backlot of the Goldwyn Studio was used in early tv production because it was prominently featured in The Roy Rogers Show with its western street." - Jerry S.
  • "Making its debut in [The Fugitive's second season episode "When The Bough Breaks"] was the new Goldwyn backlot street. FUGITIVE Art Director Serge Krizman had layed out the 31 building fronts as a project for the studio facility, not specifically for the series. But THE FUGITIVE was the 1st to capitalize on its availability. The street was constructed during the Spring and early Summer of 1964 and saw action in this episode in the first week of August. As backlot shooting fell out of favor, the streets which were located here were torn down. They survived into the 80's." - Chris S.
  • "Samuel Goldwyn suffered a number of fires that destroyed a number of it's stages. Some were never rebuilt and the land they sat on was eventually sold (like the backlot property)" - William F., Jr.
  • "The first of the two worst fires at Goldwyn occurred right before filming of PORGY AND BESS was to commence. It burned down enormous Stage 8, then the largest stage on the lot. Goldwyn built two smaller stages on that site. The second fire took out all the stages behind the offices that front Santa Monica Blvd. This occurred in May of 1974. The fire started on stage 5 where the TV series SIGMUND AND THE SEA MONSTER was being taped. It quickly spread to adjoining stages. Destroyed were stages 1 through 5. Later, four new stages were built. The only original stages left on that lot from the 'golden days' are 6 and 7. Many years ago Stage 6 was subdivided, turning its interior into dubbing, ADR and Foley stages. Stage 7, the former Goldwyn scoring stage where GONE WITH THE WIND was scored is now a shooting stage. It was dismantled as a scoring stage shortly after the fire took out five stages in 1974. Stages 5 & 6 were once stages 8 & 9, built right after stage 8 burned to the ground. They went up around late 1959. [Steve McQueen] was on the lot in 1974 when the stages caught fire and helped fireman put it out. He had been training with them for his role as a fireman in THE TOWERING INFERNO." - Richard P.

aerial view of "The Lot"
(formerly Samuel Goldwyn Studios)
(Bing Maps)

  • "The lot started in 1928 filming Tom Mix movies then progressed to where it is today. The property, a ranch belonged to Mix." - Batfan site
  • "Most of the studio's back lot was sold off in 1961 to Alcoa when Century City was developed, and some of the studio's facilities have been relocated elsewhere to make room for the shopping center. But a good part of the old Fox studios have survived and still remain busy making movies and TV dramas"
  • "The Fox lot was also used extensively during production of "Starsky & Hutch" from 1975-79. They used many of the "Hello Dolly" NY sets as well as the area on the north side of Olympic which is now no longer part of Fox. It was interesting to see the New York sets with the Century City skyscrapers in the background." - Robbie C.
  • "The screening room was right behind Commissioner Gordon's office from the TV version of BATMAN. Remember how the Batmobile would park right in front of the building and Batman and Robin would bound up the stairs? On the other side of the facade was probably the producers watching the Julie Newmar in her cat suit from the day before." - Batfan site
  • USC Digital Archive includes a set of seventeen photos of backlot demolition shot 8-16-1961
  • "western street was on the main lot just north of Pico on the west side of the lot, but not exactly where all the satellite dishes are now located. The road is still in the same place. Some of the buildings on the west side are where the dishes are, but most were north of it. On the other side is where the big crafts building is now located. I worked on that lot from 1982 until I retired in 2003. Back when it was still a western street, I used it when I left to go home. One night while driving down that very street I accidentally ran over a black cat killing it! It had suddenly darted out from one of the building facades." - Richard P.
  • The William Fox Motion Pictures Studio originally stood at Sunset Boulevard and Western Avenue.
  • In 1928, Fox moved to what is now Century City, onto land that had earlier been the personal ranch of Western film star Tom Mix
  • In 1935, Fox merged with Twentieth Century Pictures to become Twentieth Century-Fox.
  • "Daniel Boone shot [mock exterior scenes] on stages at the original Fox lot next to De Lux Labs on Western and Sunset, where Perry Mason shot." - Randall R.
  • "Fox - Western had a small backlot built for the TV series BUS STOP. It was on the parcel of land on the west side of Western Avenue with the sets up by Sunset Blvd. They tore out some bungalows to build the sets." - Richard
  • extensive backlot included Colonial Street, Circle Drive, Courthouse Square, Industrial Street, New York Street, etc.
  • "Rawhide and Twilght Zone started at Universal International Lot moved to MGM because the Universal International lot became the Revue Lot. . Revue first Denver Street built to allow more than one TV western to be filmed at the same time. . burned to the ground in 1967 . rebuilt south of the castle in 1967 . this month sections demolished" - Dennis D.
  • backlot included a western street, residential street, Zorro town, commercial district, small lake/pond and forest area
  • founded 1923 by four Warner brothers
  • first Warner studio was on Sunset Blvd. in Hollywood in what is now KTLA Television Studios
  • backlot included Kings Row, Midwest Street, etc.
  • "[The Waltons] was shot at Warner Bros. The house was torn down about 8 years ago to make way for a new parking structure behind the old Warner Records building. I haven't seen the first season episodes, but at the time there was a small train station set that bordered the spanish town square and the converted Camelot set(then being used for Kung Fu). The two western towns are gone now, one having burned down in the 90's I believe and the other (used in Hearts of the West , F Troop and the last Maverick TV series in the 80's) torn down to make room for "Warner Village", a group of offices made to look like a residential street." - Dave
  • "WB's Laramie Street was built in 1957. I keep reading that the set was never used or was used only 10 days in the last decade of its life, but this simply isn't true. In addition to the already mentioned "Purgatory" It worked every day for an entire year on the "Brisco County" TV series, extensively in the feature film "Wild Bill" and in a more limited way in both "Wild Wild West" and "Maverick," as well as numerous commercials, music videos, documentaries, photo shoots and special events. But studio real estate being as valuable as it is, the studio did reluctantly bulldoze the set on May 16, 2003." - Steve
  • "Maverick had it's main street set fully dressed on the sound stages on the Warner Bros Burbank lot." - Randall R.
  • "The original "Walton" house, which was a standing set even before the series, burned down shortly after the original show completed production. It was rebuilt in 1992 for a reunion movie and was used about the same time for a feature film "Sleepwalkers." In 1995 when a parking structure invaded that section of the backlot most of the house was demolished, except for several stock pieces, which were reassembled at the Warner Ranch in 1997 for the latest (to date) reunion movie ("A Walton Easter") and is still there. This revamped set replaced the old "Fantasy Island" house, which had previously been on this site." - Steve
  • "I worked "Fantasy Island" for 3 seasons, and was there when the "Apple's Way" house [at the Ranch] became Rourke's headquarters. They used the existing structure to a great extent (adding the Queen Anne white and red trim did most of the work). Near by were some cabins originally built for "Here Come The Brides". They were painted red & white as well, and joined the Island." - Gary R.
  • "The Fantasy Island house at the WB ranch was a copy (more or less) of an actual Queen Anne cottage which you can still visit at the LA Arboretum. Apparently The Fantasy Island crew got tired of having to drive out there every week for every episode, so the structure was duplicated on-lot. It's funny how easily the "tropical" foliage in the background repurposed to play the Blue Ridge mountains of Virginia." - Steve
  • Ziv-TV was "the first major first-run television syndicator, creating several long-lived series in the 1950s and selling them directly to regional sponsors, who in turn sold the shows to local stations." (from
  • bought facilities from American National Studios in Dec. 1954 leased space at California Studios prior to this
  • had small one-sided street facade adjacent to an elevated soundstage

Albertson/Russell Ranch (name circa 1960)

Big Sky Ranch (name circa 1960)

Little House on the Prairie

Circle J Ranch (name circa 1960)

Columbia Ranch
(see entry under Section 1: Studios)

  • In about 1937, Ray "Crash" Corrigan invested in a property on the western Santa Susana Pass in California's Simi Valley and Santa Susana Mountains
  • facility included a sound stage
  • "Trem Carr was an early film producer, beginning as early as 1926 with the Trem Carr Productions Ltd. W. Ray Johnston's Rayart Pictures Corp. distributed Carr's films. In 1928, Johnston and Carr began Syndicate Pictures. In 1931, they formed Monogram Pictures. That same year, Carr took out a five-year lease on land in Placerita Canyon in the area which is now owned by the Disney Corporation." - Jerry S., from

Famous Players-Lasky Movie Ranch - Ahmanson 'Lasky Mesa' Ranch (name circa 1960)
Location: Lasky Mesa in the southern Simi Hills

Iverson Movie Ranch (name circa 1960)
Location: in the Simi Hills on Santa Susana Pass above Chatsworth, California

Wagon Train
The Lone Ranger
The Cisco Kid (syndicated series)

Jack Ingram Western Movie Ranch (name circa 1960)

Have Gun Will Travel
Wanted: Dead or Alive
The Lone Ranger
The Cisco Kid (syndicated series)
The Beverly Hillbillies (ranch used as "Clampett City")

Janss Ranch (name circa 1960)

  • ". had a small lake and was used for the exteriors of the carnival set in Hitchcock's STRANGERS ON A TRAIN as well as the only feature Charles Laughton directed which was NIGHT OF THE HUNTER." - Rich
  • Originally known as 'Placeritos Ranch'
  • "The old "Monogram" Ranch, real name Placerito Ranch, was owned by Ernie Hickson, not Monogram Studios, and was located in Placerita Canyon, north of the current Highway 14 (see my web page: ." - Jerry S.
  • "current western street is a new rebuilt one, somewhat approximating the original final ones at the ranch. The original streets and a lot of the outlying buildings burned in 1962." - Jerry S.

Morrison Agoura Ranch (name circa 1960)

North Ranch (name circa 1960)

  • in 1927, Paramount Studios purchased a 2,700-acre ranch on Malibu Creek in the Santa Monica Mountain
  • "For over sixty years this site as been used as Tombstone, Arizona, Dodge City & most other towns. TV series such as CHIPS, Duke of Hazards & Charlie's Angels, many classic westerns including Gunfight at the OK Corral & many John Wayne films have been shot here. The ranch is still a working movie ranch Dr. Quinn Medicine Woman is filmed here by CBS on weekdays in the Western Town on the ranch. Other filming also takes place here in 1999 several sets were built for The Flintstones: Viva Rock Vegas"
  • "built for film and tv productions from the late 1940's." - Jerry S.
  • facility included a sound stage

Rancho Maria (name circa 1960)
("may be more modern for tv use, but used for films")

Sable Ranch (name circa 1960)
("may be more modern for tv use, but used for films")

Dennis and Mrs Burt, 1970s - History

Mrs. Lucille M. Burt, age 93, of Rogers, Ark. passed away, Thursday, Sept. 22, 2016, at the Bradford House in Bentonville, Ark. She was born June 25, 1923 in Highwater, Minn. to Theodore and Bertha Blank Halvorson.
Mrs. Burt was preceded in death by her parents, husband Wayne Burt and son, Lyle Halvorson.
Mrs. Burt is survived by her sons, Dave Burt and Dennis Burt, daughters, Linda Lahti, Judy Collier, Cheryl Olesen, Jill Raines and numerous grandchildren.
Visitation for Mrs. Burt will be 11 a.m.-2 p.m., Monday, September 26, 2016 at Benton County Memorial Park Funeral Home.
Funeral service will be 2 p.m., Monday, Sept. 26, 2016 at Benton County Memorial Park Chapel with Pastor David Holmes Officiating with burial to follow in Bentonville City Cemetery in Bentonville. Arrangements by Benton County Memorial Park Funeral Home, Rogers, Ark. Online Guestbook:

Published September 25, 2016

Benton County Memorial Park Funeral Home and Crematory
3800 West Walnut, PO Box 328, Rogers, AR
E-mail: [email protected]
Phone: 479-636-2412

Copyright © 2021, Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, Inc.

This document may not be reprinted without the express written permission of Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, Inc.

Material from the Associated Press is Copyright © 2021, Associated Press and may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. Associated Press text, photo, graphic, audio and/or video material shall not be published, broadcast, rewritten for broadcast or publication or redistributed directly or indirectly in any medium. Neither these AP materials nor any portion thereof may be stored in a computer except for personal and noncommercial use. The AP will not be held liable for any delays, inaccuracies, errors or omissions therefrom or in the transmission or delivery of all or any part thereof or for any damages arising from any of the foregoing. All rights reserved.

Dennis and Mrs Burt, 1970s - History

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KABC-7 1973 — In Search Of Mysteries with Rod Serling

Television Terrorists
Ripped from the headlines! On Nov. 22, 1987, video hackers managed to override the Chicago PBS station's broadcast of Dr. Who and replace it with a signal beamed from their secret location. Drunk with mad power, this dastardly duo also hacked into a major Chicago commercial station that night for several moments. With one of the world's largest broadcast markets now firmly in their control, what diabolical message would they send?
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What Zoom Meant 50 Years Ago!
"Am I the only lunatic left who remembers the original ZOOM series out of Boston? I think WGBH was the parent station, and everyone wore these (hideous now, cool at the time) purple and orange shirts. "Ubbie talk" came from Zoom, and I was one of many kids on my block who could sing the ZOOM song at the drop of a hat. Please tell me I am not alone in remembering this '70s series."
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New Fall Season - 30 Years Ago
The 1973-74 season had t he worst new show success ratio of any season in television history the 1974-75 rosters performed only slightly better. Just how different was TV three decades ago? Just look at what people were watching - it was the beginning of the end of what is now considered 'classic television. '
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Have a Smoke and Be Somebody!
Cigarette manufacturers advertised widely in the early days of television. They had deep pockets and could afford to gamble on a new medium, footing the bill for a host of early classic programs. Ironically, in just two decades, they were carved away from the medium they helped create.
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Boston Area Educational Kid Shows
WGBH, Channel 2 (still a leading producer of PBS programming) was part of a network (Eastern Educational Network) that showed instructional programming in conjunction with school curricula. Known as "The 21-inch Classroom," the station ran short little programs during school hours, that gave instruction in French lessons ("Parlons Francais," with Madame Anne Slack), science, mathematics and Language Arts.
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How and Why It All Ended For Mayberry
How is it that The Andy Griffith Show has endured on television for almost 45 years? And what is it about the notion of a community like Mayberry that continues to resonate? TVparty looks in depth at how it all ended on the anniversary of the show's cancellation.
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The Shrimpenstein series with Gene Moss and Jim Thurman had that zany little puppet that was built by renowned artiste Wah Chang. Chang was responsible for all sorts of stuff, not the least, the props, weapons, etc in the original Star Trek. Moss and Thurmon later went on (well, not much later) to do a short - lived Johnny Carson-esque talk show on KHJ as well as writing AND voicing the cult favorite Roger Ramjet.
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"Plunk Your Magic Twanger, Froggy!"
"I am looking for a newspaper editorial - it could've also been in a magazine - written about the kid's TV show 'Andy's Gang' in which the writer blames Froggy for causing the protest movement of the 60s. He said Froggy's disrespectful behavior towards adults, which he demonstrated every show, influenced the kids who were watching him and those kids grew up to become the protesting college students of the sixties who likewise showed disrespect towards their elders."
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Winky Dink and You
"I used to watch Winky Dink. I had the kit, but I would intentionally draw the wrong things. When Winky needed a ladder to get out of a hole, I would draw a cover on the hole. When he needed a parachute, I would draw an anvil to pull him down, etc. I would tease my younger sister and tell her that I was making Winky die! Whenever she left the room crying, I would laugh and laugh. Winky was cool."
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Who Killed Elvis?
When Elvis Presley passed away in 1977, the official diagnosis was a heart attack but a special investigation 2 years later revealed a massive coverup by police and medical authorities. This 60 Minutes Australia segment encompasses (and condenses) the 1979 ABC special investigative report by Geraldo Rivera that was the first time most Americans learned that Elvis was a drug addict.
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America's First Lady of Comedy
Carol Burnett won the hearts of TV viewers playing the nervous klutz in dozens of hilarious skits on The Garry Moore Show. She was an instant hit with the home audience, one of the emerging medium's first bright stars.
Each week, hapless Carol would find herself in the most outrageous predicaments. No matter how sketchy the script, the comedienne turned each performance into a farcical romp with her spasmodic interpretations. She quickly became the de-facto star of the program.
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Why Did They Fire TV's Captain Marvel?
"It was a precedent setting case at the Screen Actor's Guild, and Filmation had to pay me for all the shows they didn't use me on, plus residuals. Still, these clown's actions doomed a marvelous show. It wasn't John Davies' fault that he was suddenly thrown into the part of Captain Marvel. It was a rush job. I was fired at 1:00 PM that day, and he was out on the set at 3:00 PM. That's pretty darn fast, I'd say. One of the Execs' reasoning was "The kids'll never know the difference." Riiight. John's a fine actor, but he's no more Captain Marvel than I am Wonder Woman. "
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The Ironic Death of Redd Foxx!
For whatever reason (and the actor's drug and alcohol consumption was surely a factor), the network that capitulated to everyone from Bob Hope to Johnny Carson over the years refused to (or could not) make Redd Foxx happy.
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Saturday Morning Shows 1971
1970 was a very good year for network Saturday morning revenues, so 1971 brought a continuation of the shows that were working - along with remakes of proven series from the past. All three networks started giving in to pressure from parent groups to offer more educational, and less violent programs. For the most part, they are all flops.
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Classic TV on DVD!
Stargate Atlantis, Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea, Dallas, Men Behaving Badly, Captain N, Hootenanny, ER, Wanda Sykes, Adventures of Superman, Pride & Prejudice, Battlestar Galactica, F Troop, Cheyenne, and so many more new to DVD. And they're all deep discounted - for you!
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Saturday Morning TV Shows - 1967
With Batman the hottest show in primetime the networks rolled out an extravaganza of bizarre superheros for their Saturday morning line-up. After The New Beatles and American Bandstand on ABC the network scored a hit with Where the Action Is, a teen music show featuring the hottest acts in the country. With video highlights!
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TV Fall Season : 1972-73
An overview of what folks were watching in 35 years ago with rare video of the hits and flops that marked the beginning of the end of the classic TV era. Do you remember: The Saturday Superstar Movie, ABC Movie of the Week, Captain Noah, the Julie Andrews Hour, Bridget Loves Bernie, Search and The Sixth Sense?
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Classic TV Shows on DVD?
An extensive catalogue of every classic program available on DVD! See what's available today - with big discounts for you!

1980's TV Wrestling - Greats and Near Greats!
John Hitchcock's look back at the heart of Mid-Atlantic Wrestling - with grapplers known and unknown. Wahoo McDaniel! Ric Flair! Dusty Rhodes! Jim Cornette! Magnum TA! Buddy "Killer" Austin! Johnny Weaver! Johnny Valentine! Harley Race! Dick Murdock! Jimmy Garvin! Nikita Koloff! Have you ever heard of these guys.
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1980's PUNK ROCK
In the early-eighties, young people in Los Angeles were flocking to makeshift clubs in droves to see new, up and coming bands. Live new music, not DJs, was what they craved. These writings provide a sketchy look at the underground club scene in Los Angeles during the time that groups like X, Missing Persons, The Go-Go's, The Minutemen and Wall of Voodoo entered the public consciousness.
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best site on the Web for classic TV.'
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Margaret Thatcher&aposs Second Term

The war and an improving economy propelled Thatcher to a second term in 1983. This time around, her government took on the trade unions, requiring them to hold a secret ballot before any work stoppage and refusing to make any concessions during a yearlong miners’ strike. In what became a key part of her legacy, Thatcher also privatized British Telecom, British Gas, British Airways, Rolls-Royce and a number of other state-owned companies.

On the foreign policy front, Thatcher often found herself allied with U.S. President Ronald Reagan, whom she later described as “the supreme architect of the West’s Cold War victory.” Her relationship with her own continent’s leaders was more complicated, particularly since she believed the Europe Union should be a free-trade area rather than a political endeavor. 

“That such an unnecessary and irrational project as building a European superstate was ever embarked upon will seem in future years to be perhaps the greatest folly of the modern era,” she wrote in her 2002 book Statecraft. In Asia, meanwhile, she negotiated the eventual transfer of Hong Kong to the Chinese. In Africa she had a mixed record, facilitating the end of white minority rule in Zimbabwe but opposing sanctions against apartheid South Africa.


The following is a list of survivors and victims of Eastern Air Lines Flight 401. Thanks to Jim Kalafus for the corrected names of Flight 401 victims drawn from Dade Country death certificate files and his continued research and participation in this effort.

Please email corrections , additions, photos or any other information you would like to have posted here.

Survivors - Crew and Eastern Employees

Angelo Donadeo, Patricia R Georgia, Adrianne Ann Hamilton, Jennifer Larsen, Thomas Mulcahy, Mercedes V Ruiz, Beverly Jean Raposa, Trudy J Smith, Sue F. Tibbs, Sharon R Transue, Dorothy M Warnock.

Top Left: The girls of Flight 401. Back row from the left: Mercy Ruiz, Sue Tebbs, Adrienne Hamilton, Trudy Smith. Front row from the left: Dottie Warnock, Pat Ghyssels, Beverly Raposa, Patty Georgia, Stephanie Stanich. This photo was taken hours before the crash on December 29th while on board Flight 26 in Miami. Right: Beverly celebrates her 26th birthday in Mercy Hospital, January 4th 1973, with fellow surviving flight attendants Trudy Smith and Sharon Transue (Photo: Roy Bartley, Miami Herald).

Survivors - Passengers

May Albury, Verena Bieri, Carl Bolufe, Rigoberto Bolufe, Sandra Burt, Gustavo Cassado, Mrs Xeimara Casado, Miss Christina Casado, Ann Connell, Barry Connell, Mariel Diegeriez, Gerald W Eskow, Sylvia Fisher, Ms. F. Frankin, Herbert Fresko, Molly Fresko, Alicia Garcia, Julia Garcia, Kathryn F.Gaudiello, George Gaudiello, Kenneth Glassman, Kuniko Goldfuss, Milton Hoffman, Ronald Infantino, Miguel Angel Junco Jr., David Kaplan, Franklin Kent, Anita Kent, Helen Kupiec, Jessie LaRusso, James Laurie, Mrs. Leone Levine, Cornelia Leya, Thomas McAvoy, Joseph Mazur, Rose Mazur, Luis Mejia, Richard N. Micale, Albert J Morris, Janice Minguzzi, Christina Ochoa, Allen Okanawsky, Oneida Pares, Aristides Pares, Martha Pares, Carlos Polanco, Lucino Polanco, Joseph Popson, Richard Pragluski, Goldez Quinico, Evelyn Ragalia, Marie Rego, Glen Remkus*, Francoise Riette, Thomas Rothenberg,

Martin Siminerio, 22 years old, of Long Island told the New York Times that there was no word from the pilot, no explosion and almost no warning before the plane hit. “The plane was flying fine,” Mr. Siminerio said. “We just went down slightly and then came back up. I thought no thing of it. The next thing I knew we hit.”

Bonnie Silverman, Donna Smith, Millie Soberon, Jerald Solomon, Larry Sumpkins, Marilyn Taylor, Edward Ulrich, Jesse C. Walker, Allen Weiss, Lorenzo Zetlin.

* Glenn C. Remkus, 47, was still hospitalized in Miami with burns and two broken legs as of February 1973, though a newspaper report on Dec 31st had reported him to be in "satisfactory" condition and in "good spirits." He died in Milford Hospital, Milford CT, in September 1973, though its difficult to know if it was as a result of his crash injuries. I have chosen to list him as a survivor as he was alive at the time of the NTSB hearings.

Watch the video: Dennis the Menace and Gnasher. The Gnashinator. S4 Ep 11