(DE-323: dp. 1,590 (f.); 1. 306'0", b. 36'7", dr. 12'3", s. 21 k.;
cpl. 216; a. 3 3", 8 40mm, 2 dct., 8 dcp., 1 dcp. (hh.), 3 21" tt.; cl. Edsall)
Pride (DE-323) was laid down by the Consolidated Steel Co., Orange, Tex., 12 April 1943; launched 3 July 1943; sponsored by Mrs. Lewis Bailey Pride, mother of Lewis Bailey Pride, Jr.; and commissioned 13 November 1943, Comdr. R. Curry, U.S.C.G, in command.
After shakedown off Bermuda, Pride spent the next twelve months escorting six convoys into the Mediterranean. On 20 April 1944 during the second voyage German planes attacked Convoy UGS-38 at dusk off Algiers, and sank five ships including a transport carrying 500 soldiers, and destroyer Land~dale. On the return voyage Pride with Joseph E. Campbell (DE-70), RF Se'negalais and HMS Blankney, sank U~71, taking 49 prisoners, 4 May 1944.
On 1 March 1945, she was assigned hunter killer work wilh three other ships of her division, the group scoring against U-866 off Halifax 1 March. She then joined a North Atlantic escort carrier group assigned to search out and destroy U-boats before they gained access to the shipping lanes. By the end of European hostilities, 5 of the 6 submarines known to be in the area were destroyed. The 6th surrendered shortly after V-E Day.
She then escorted two transports to Liverpool, whence she steamed back across the Atlantic to Panama where she conducted submarine training exercises until late in 1945. On 29 December she reported to the Atlanetie Reserve Fleet at Green Cove Springs, Fla. On 26 April 1946 Pride decommissioned at Green Cove Springs. In 1961 she was moved to Orange, Tex., where she remains into 1970.
Pride earned three battle stars for World War II service.
18 March 1945, CG manned DEs Sink U866
The Naval History and Heritage Command noted, “On 18 March 1945, USS Menges (DE 320), USS Mosely (DE 321), USS Pride (DE 323) and USS Lowe (DE 325) sank the German submarine U 866 south of Nova Scotia.”
These four Destroyer Escorts were among the 30 manned by the Coast Guard.
DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY — NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
805 KIDDER BREESE SE — WASHINGTON NAVY YARD
WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060
“Harry James Lowe, Jr., born 6 January 1922 In Paducah, Ky., entered naval service as a seaman apprentice 28 August 1940. He served in San Francisco from 6 December 1940 to 12 November 1942, when he was killed in action off the Solomon Islands when he refused to abandon his gun in the face of an onrushing Japanese torpedo plane. For his extraordinary heroism, Gunner’s Mate Third Class Lowe was posthumously awarded the Navy Cross. (The torpedo plane crashed into his gun mount-Chuck)
“(DE‑325: dp. 1,200 l. 306′ b. 36″ dr. 8″ s. 21 k. cpl. 186 a. 3 3”, 6 40mm., 10 20mm., 1 dcp., 1 dcp. (h.h.), 2 dct. cl. Edsall)
“Lowe (DE‑325) was laid down by Consolidated Steel Corp., Orange, Tex., 24 May 1943 launched 28 July 1943 sponsored by Mrs. Harry J. Lowe, mother and commissioned 22 November 1943, Comdr. Reginald H. French, USCG, in command.
“After a shakedown cruise to Bermuda, Lowe reported for convoy duty 2 February 1944 and departed Charleston, S.C., escorting convoy UGS‑32 to Casablanca, French Morocco, and back. On her second such assignment, Lowe went into action 20 April when her convoy came under tenacious enemy air attack off the north African coast. Simultaneously, two high‑speed wakes made directly for the starboard side of the ship. She evaded the torpedoes by a hard right turn which enabled her to escape between the oncoming warheads.
“Lowe continued convoy escort service making a total of 12 Atlantic crossings until 5 March 1945 when she joined TG 22.14, an exclusively Coast Guard “killer” group, with the specific mission of finding and destroying an enemy submarine operating due east of Newfoundland.
“While steaming in search of the enemy 18 March 100 miles east of Halifax, Lowe made sonar contact and attacked with two patterns of hedgehogs. The depth charge attacks with those of other ships of the group brought an oil slick and large amounts of debris to the surface. The submarine was still on the bottom the following day when Lowe reestablished sound contact. Postwar investigation verified the destruction of U‑866 by this group Lowe received credit for the kill, and her commanding officer and four other crewmembers received awards for their part in the action. While serving with TG 22.14 3 May, Lowe rescued the crew of the foundered Newfoundland schooner Mary Duffitt and her guns sank the hulk, which was a menace to navigation.
“Commencing 6 July, the ship assumed duties as a training vessel at Norfolk, Va., departing only to participate in the Navy Day observance at Washington, D.C., 24 October. Departing the Capital 1 November, she offloaded ammunition at Yorktown, and 30 December arrived at St. John’s River, Fla., headquarters of the Florida Group, 16th Fleet, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, where she decommissioned 1 May 1946 and entered the Reserve Fleet.
“Recommissioned 20 July 1951 as USCGC Lowe (WDE‑425), she saw service as a weather ship in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. She decommissioned a second time 1 June 1954 at the Todd Shipyard, Long Beach, Calif.
“With Lt. Comdr. J. R. Bohlken in command, she was recommissioned in the Navy at Long Beach Naval Shipyard after being converted to a radar picket escort vessel. Loire joined Escort Squadron 5 at Seattle, Wash.
“She saw extended duty with the North American Air Defense Command as a unit of the seaward extension of the DEW line, eventually completing 67 tours as a picket vessel. While on station 20 February 1962, she was an emergency rescue link for Lt. Col. John Glenn’s three orbit space mission.
“At the disestablishment of the Radar Barrier 30 June 1965, Lowe sailed for the western Pacific and joined the 7th Fleet 5 August. Taking station off the coast of Vietnam 15 August, she was assigned the task of preventing seaborne infiltration of enemy elements to the south of that country as a part of Operation “Market Time”. In early September 1965, she returned to her new homeport, Guam, for a period of rest and upkeep. She rejoined TF 115 off Vietnam 22 November and resumed “Market Time” surveillance. When not a unit of TF 115, Lowe served as a unit of the Taiwan Patrol Force or as station ship Hong Kong. This pattern of duty continued until 20 September 1968 when she decommissioned at Guam. Struck 23 September, Lowe began stripping in preparation for being sold for scrapping.”
Here are the stories for the others: USS Menges (DE-320), USS Mosley (DE-321), USS Pride (DE-323),
Saturday, May 24, 2008
FINISHING THE MISSION - PAGE 46
L ater the Pride shot out to catch back up with their convoy, a trip that took two days. During their absence the convoy had been attacked again by torpedoes and another DE, the Fetchteler had been hit and sunk. The remainder of the trip was uneventful. After this trip the Pride was transferred to a submarine killer group. But in the meantime it was off to New York.
Why Do We Celebrate Pride Month in June and LGBT History Month in October?
A brief history of the recognitions in the United States, and why representation matters.
By Jenna Marina Lee | June 1, 2021
Every so often, Professor Martha Brenckle thinks about a group of people she never met who gathered at Bill Federick Park at Turkey Lake more than 40 years ago.
This group of ordinary people organized Orlando’s first pride picnic.
“It’s just amazing to me that they did that — these regular, everyday people who had normal jobs — they weren’t politicians or celebrities,” Brenckle says. “Yet here they were in 1979, sticking their necks out, making themselves visible, to make other peoples’ lives better. I think we really need to keep those people in mind today and take up their charge.”
Living with pride is something Brenckle does all year long. She was one of the founding members of UCF’s Pride Faculty and Staff Association a decade ago. She serves as the treasurer for the LGBTQ History Museum of Central Florida, is involved with Equality Florida and previously served on The Center’s board.
She helps explain the history and significance behind the nation’s Pride and LGBTQ History months.
“I hope we all remember that everybody is worthy of respect. Everybody is worthy of rights. Everybody is worthy of kindness,” Brenckle says.
June. Although it has been celebrated for more than 50 years, President Bill Clinton officially declared June as Gay and Lesbian Pride Month in 2000. President Barack Obama expanded the observance in 2011 to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Pride Month.
Today, celebrations include pride parades, picnics, parties, workshops, symposia and concerts, and LGBT Pride Month events attract millions of participants around the world. It is also common for memorials to be held during this month for those members of the community who have been lost to hate crimes or HIV/AIDS.
Pride Month was initially inspired by the 1969 Stonewall Uprising and works to achieve equal justice and opportunity for LGBTQ Americans. The purpose of the month is to recognize the impact that LGBTQ individuals have had on society locally, nationally and internationally.
“These are groups of people who for so long lived in the closet and hid their real identities,” Brenkle says. “I think it’s very important to make note of that, and also to make note of the fact that things are still not perfect. Yes, we have same sex marriage, but we don’t have adoption rights in every single state. We don’t have the same employment rights in every single state. We still have students kicked out of their homes for coming out. Things are still problematic in our daily lives. I think those things need to be brought forward and need to be talked about. That awareness is why these pride events are so important.”
The Stonewall Uprising occurred June 28, 1969, and was a tipping point for the Gay Liberation Movement in the United States. In the 1960s, the Stonewall Inn in New York City’s Greenwich Village was a gay club and refuge for many in the LGBTQ community. On June 28, 1969, the New York City police raided the inn, sparking a riot among bar patrons and neighborhood residents with the police. The riot involved hundreds of people and led to six days of protests and violent clashes with law enforcement outside the bar on Christopher Street, in neighboring streets and in nearby Christopher Park.
A year later on June 28, thousands of people marched from the Stonewall Inn to Central Park in what was then called “Christopher Street Liberation Day” — marking what is now recognized as the nation’s first gay pride parade. Since 1970, LGBTQ+ people and allies have continued to gather together in June to march with pride and demonstrate for equal rights.
October. LGBT History Month was created in 1994 by Rodney Wilson, a high school history teacher in Missouri. In 1995, a resolution passed by the General Assembly of the National Education Association included LGBT History Month within a list of commemorative months. October was selected to coincide with National Coming Out Day (Oct. 11), which was already established, and the anniversary of the first march on Washington for gay and lesbian rights in 1979.
“I would recommend that people learn about Equality Florida’s Nadine Smith and Gina Duncan as leaders in the movement today,” Brenkle says.
The month now also includes Spirit Day on Oct. 20, on which people around the country wear purple in support of LGBT youth Ally Week, a week in which allies against LGBT bullying are celebrated and the anniversary of 21-year-old Matthew Shepard’s murder on Oct. 12, 1998, which led to the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act in 2009.
The month is meant to highlight and celebrate the history and achievements of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. According to GLAAD, “during the early years, the celebration was largely marked by a call to action and commemoration. But since then, LGBT History Month has blossomed into a national coordinated effort to highlight exemplary role models from the LGBT community. Since 2006, this push has so far been led by LGBT rights and education organization Equality Forum.”
Orlando’s first pride parade was held in 1991 as part of a small rally organized by Orlando Regional Pride. In 2005, it was moved to October to coincide with National Coming Out Day. This year, “Come Out with Pride” will be held Oct. 9, welcoming residents and visitors from all over the country to downtown Orlando. Additionally, the National Trans Visibility march will be taking place right before this year’s Pride parade.
The museum is virtual and does not have a physical address. Prior to the pandemic, Brenckle says the museum, which is staffed by volunteers, offered traveling exhibits at schools, centers and events. You can still access their services at floridalgbtqmuseum.org.
“We have an amazing digital archive that people can go into and read and borrow from if they’re teaching something or need it for research,” she says.
The UCF events calendar has the most up-to-date information regarding events held on the university’s campuses.
June 3: LGBTQ+ 101 Training, noon until 1:30 p.m.
LGBTQ+ Chat, 11 a.m. until noon
Consider making a gift to LGBTQ+ Services. The mission of Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender Questioning/Queer (LGBTQ+) Services is to connect our diverse student population to opportunities, resources, and each other to achieve the vision of a stronger, healthier, and more equitable world for LGBTQ+ people and its allies.
The "Register of Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps" was published annually from 1815 through at least the 1970s it provided rank, command or station, and occasionally billet until the beginning of World War II when command/station was no longer included. Scanned copies were reviewed and data entered from the mid-1840s through 1922, when more-frequent Navy Directories were available.
The Navy Directory was a publication that provided information on the command, billet, and rank of every active and retired naval officer. Single editions have been found online from January 1915 and March 1918, and then from three to six editions per year from 1923 through 1940 the final edition is from April 1941.
The entries in both series of documents are sometimes cryptic and confusing. They are often inconsistent, even within an edition, with the name of commands this is especially true for aviation squadrons in the 1920s and early 1930s.
Alumni listed at the same command may or may not have had significant interactions they could have shared a stateroom or workspace, stood many hours of watch together… or, especially at the larger commands, they might not have known each other at all. The information provides the opportunity to draw connections that are otherwise invisible, though, and gives a fuller view of the professional experiences of these alumni in Memorial Hall.
Gender fluid in 1394
"Gender bender, cis-tem offender," rapped Bimini Bon Boulash in the 2021 season of RuPaul's Drag Race UK.
They could have been talking about Eleanor Rykenor, who lived centuries ago.
Eleanor was arrested near St Pauls Cathedral in London in 1394, caught having sex in an alley with a man called John Rigby. But it was only when they were arrested and the police took testimony from the pair, that they discovered Eleanor was also called John.
"They discovered that Eleanor - or John - Rykenor lived this absolutely fantastical life," says Dr Bengry.
"Sometimes living as a man, sometimes living as a woman, sometimes having sex with men, sometimes having sex with women, sometimes being paid for it sometimes not - and just living this completely gender fluid life."
"That was the better part of 1,000 years ago, and this is someone that was jumping between gender positions and discussing a wide range of sexual partners."
He says Eleanor/John's "fantastical life" could "fit into a conversation today in London".
Leslie B. Tollaksen, USCGC Chelan, USS Moberly, and the Last Battle in the Atlantic, May 5/6, 1945
Caption: Biggest and costliest yet. This is the radio room on the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Chelan, the newest cutter of the service now anchored at the Navy Yard, Washington D.C. This radio room houses three transmitters and three receiving sets. On the maiden trip, she picked up an SOS and towed schooner 1,500 miles, a record tow. Ensign Leslie B. Tollaksen, is shown in the photograph. Harris & Ewing, photographer. 1928 November 26. LOC LC-H2- B-3101 [P&P]
It also brought to mind a couple of possible names for future Offshore Patrol Cutters.
Commander Leslie B. Tollaksen:
We see Tollacksen in the photo above as a fresh caught ensign aboard USCGC Chelan. From a genealogy page:
Tollaksen “attended the University of Washington for two years before going and graduating from the US Coast Guard Academy in New London, Connecticut. He graduated from The USCG Academy in the Class of 1927, a year early to man the ships chasing down rum runners.
As a young Lieutenant, he was assigned to the US Coast Guard HQ in Washington, DC. He helped establish “Radio Washington” the telegraph station on Telegraph Road in Washington, DC, and also served as Aid to the Secretary of the Treasury, Henry Morgenthau, Jr. (At that time, his sister worked in the typing pool for President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s White House).
Leslie, about 1937 was the first US Coast Guard Officer selected for Post Graduate School at MIT.
Leslie, during WWII, and in command of the USS Moberly, sank the LAST German U-Boat U-853. U-8533 was a Type IXC/40 U-Boat, and lays on the bottom off Block Island…”
USCGC Chelan was one of ten Lake Class cutters loaned to the British as part of the Lend Lease program.
USCGC Chelan as she looked in WWII in service with the Royal Navy as HMS Lulworth (Y60)
On 14 July 1942, Lulworth was escorting Convoy SL 115 when she depth charged the Italian submarine Pietro Calvi and forced her to surface. She then open gunnery fire on Pietro Calvi, further damaging her, and Pietro Calvi’s crew scuttled her and abandoned ship 35 members of Pietro Calvi’s crew survived.
The Italian submarine, Pietro Calvi, had previously sunk six Allied vessels, totaling 34,193 gross tons, including two American tankers.
U-853 was a Type IXC/40 long range U-boat commissioned 25 June 1943. In July 1944 it had been fitted with a new device, a Dutch invention, a snorkel that allowed it to run its diesels and recharge its batteries while submerged, with only a small mast protruding above the water. U-853 had not been particularly successful. It had been attacked twice by Allied aircraft on 25 March 1944 and 17 June 1944. It had had two fruitless war patrol of 67 and 49 days, before the new commanding officer took over, 1 Sept. 1944.
Oberleutnant zur See Helmut Frömsdorf
It may be an indicator of the state of the German Navy that the new U-boat commander, Helmut Frömsdorf, was only 23 when he departed for his first and final patrol as CO on 23 Feb. 1945. He had served on U-853 for four years prior to being selected for command. From the time he had assumed command, including ten days moving from ports in Germany to Stavanger, Norway, the U-boat had been underway a total of only 83 days when U-853 and the crew of 55 was lost with all hands.
Hitler committed suicide on 30 April 1945. His successor was Admiral Donitz.
On 4 May, he issued orders that all Germans forces would surrender and, as part of the surrender process, U-Boat Headquarters sent the following message that same evening:
ALL U-BOATS. ATTENTION ALL U-BOATS. CEASE-FIRE AT ONCE. STOP ALL HOSTILE ACTION AGAINST ALLIED SHIPPING. DÖNITZ.
The order was to become effective at 0800 the following morning. However, of the 49 boats then at sea, several were submerged and would not receive the message. Among them was the U-853.
This boat lies in 130 feet (42m) deep waters roughly 6 miles north east of Block Island and south of Newport, USA. The boat still contains remains of most of the 55 men who perished when she was sunk on May 6, 1945, in the last U-boat action as such in WWII.
USS Eagle 56 (PE-56), 430 tons, Commissioned 26 Oct. 1919. Sunk 23 Apr. 1945. Automaker Henry Ford built 60 Eagle Boats for World War I, but none arrived before the Armistice and the Navy had discarded all but eight of them by WWII. (Navy)
Eagle 56 was nominally a subchaser, but an old and obsolete one. It was being used to tow targets when U-853 attacked and sank it.
At noon on 23 April 1945, Eagle 56 exploded amidships, and broke into two pieces 3 mi (4.8 km) off Cape Elizabeth, Maine. The destroyer Selfridge was operating near Eagle 56 and arrived 30 minutes after the explosion to rescue 13 survivors from the crew of 62. Selfridge obtained a sharp, well-defined sonar contact during the rescue and dropped nine Mark IX Mod 2 depth charges without obvious result. According to a classified Navy report, U-853 had been operating in the waters off Maine. At a Naval Board of Inquiry in Portland the following week, five of the 13 survivors claimed to have seen a submarine. Several spotted a red and yellow emblem on the submarine’s sail.
The Board of inquiry, however, concluded that the sinking had been the result of a boiler explosion. The record was not corrected until 2001.
In June 2001, Purple Heart medals were awarded to three survivors and the next of kin of those killed.
The wreck was located in June 2018, five miles (8.0 km) off the coast of Maine.
A commemorative plaque was erected on the grounds of Fort Williams Park near Portland Head Light.
“Seen from an airship from ZP-11, SS Black Point steams off the east coast of the U.S., some 10 miles east of the entrance to the North River on 22 September 1944. A sailor on her foc’sle is probably watching the K-ship from which the picture was taken. The SS Silver Star Park steams in the background, both ships’ hulls reflecting hard service
National Archives photo 80-G-208086″
SS Black Point:
The SS Black Point was a 5,353 ton collier (coal carrying ship). She was 395′ (112.35 meters) long, with a beam of 66′ (16.82 meters) and a draft of 27′ (9.3 meters). She was the last US Flag vessel sunk during World War II. She was torpedoed 1740 May 5, 1945. She capsized and sank 25 minutes later, with the loss of 12 of her crew of 46. The torpedoing was observed by the crew of Judith Point Lighthouse and reported immediately.
“”COAST GUARD DEPTH CHARGES SCORE IN LAST U-BOAT KILLING: Off Point Judith, Rhode Island, crewmen of the Coast Guard-manned frigate watch the surface boil as a pattern of depth charges scores the final kill in the long, uphill battle against Nazi U-boats in the Atlantic. Working in teamwork with three Navy vessels, the Coast Guard ship destroyed the submarine on Sunday, May 6, 1945. The Moberly operates as a unit of the Atlantic Fleet.” Moberly has just fired a hedgehog pattern as the charges drop in a circular pattern ahead of the frigate.
U.S. Coast Guard photo 4557″
USS Moberly (PF-63) Off San Francisco, CA in early 1946.
Naval Historical Center photo NH 79077
USS Moberly was one of 75 Tacoma class patrol frigates manned by Coast Guard crews.
The only anti-submarine unit in the immediate vicinity was the remnants of a task group, TG 60.7 that had left New York at 1200 hours that day. It had arrived earlier after safely escorting the remaining vessels of GUS-8446, an 80-ship convoy that had originated in Oran and Casablanca. Several of the task group members were bound for the Charlestown Naval Base where the ships were scheduled to undergo extensive overhaul: destroyer Ericcson (DD-440), destroyer-escorts Amick (DE-168) and Atherton (DE-169), and the patrol frigate Moberly (PF-63). Accordingly, Eastern Sea Frontier headquarters issued dispatch 052223 diverting TG 60.7 to the sinking site and ordering various support activities to assist in discovering the intruder as needed.
Destroyer Ericcson, with the task group commander, Cdr. Francis C.B. McCune, aboard, was then under the control of a Coast Guard pilot in preparation for entering the Cape Cod Ship Canal and could not reach the scene for some time. Thus, Coast Guardsman Tollaksen found himself the Senior Officer Present and de facto commander of TG60.7.
USS Moberly and USS Atherton share credit for the sinking.
The Offshore Patrol Cutters are to be named after famous cutters. We have eleven names so far, but there are at least 14 to go. Perhaps we might name one for Moberly as representative of the 75 ships manned by Coast Guard crews.
We might also consider naming one for the Lowe (DE-325/WDE-425) to represent the 30 destroyer escorts the Coast Guard manned during WWII. 18 March 1945: Lowe, in company with Coast Guard manned destroyer escorts Menges (DE 320), Mosley (DE 321), and Pride (DE 323) sank the German submarine U-866, south of Nova Scotia. Lowe was primarily responsible for the sinking. Not only was she Coast Guard manned during WWII, but she also served as a Coast Guard cutter for almost three years, 20 July 1951 to 1 June 1954.
FX's Pride Nails the Difficult Task of Condensing 60 Years of LGBTQ Activism Into One Compelling Docuseries
P op culture may be a crucial tool in effecting change, but for oppressed groups and their respective liberation movements, mainstream representation is often a mixed blessing. Well-meaning TV shows and movies can nonetheless make spectacles of Black pain or paint feminists as unhinged. For decades, it was rare to see LGBTQ characters who didn&rsquot conform to broad stereotypes or meet with tragic ends trans people tended to fare worst of all. Even in the 21st century, as sympathetic depictions from The L Word and Bravo&rsquos Queer Eye for the Straight Guy to The L Word: Generation Q and Netflix&rsquos Queer Eye have coincided with real political progress, pop culture has struggled to expand its narrow view of queer and trans life.
The problem with making art that aims to represent any community of millions is that it means doing justice to that community’s vast diversity. More than anything else I’ve seen on TV, FX&rsquos excellent Pride nails it. The six-episode docuseries, airing in two parts on May 14 and 21, traces the history of LGBTQ civil rights from the 1950s through the 2000s, with an hour devoted to each decade. But instead of entrusting the entire project to the same director, producers from VICE Studios and Killer Films&mdasha venerable independent production company that was pivotal in the New Queer Cinema movement of the &rsquo90s&mdashrecruited a different notable queer, trans or nonbinary filmmaker to make each episode. The decision to let those smartly chosen contributors tell stories that resonate with them, in styles that reflect each director&rsquos unique voice, yields a history that is artful, complex and vital without being monolithic.
Conventional wisdom holds that progress toward equality for LGBTQ people in the U.S. has moved in a straight line from the total repression of the postwar period to the nationwide legalization of same-sex marriage in 2015, a trajectory disrupted only by the trauma of the AIDS crisis. Pride complicates that notion. Andrew Ahn (Driveways) takes a revisionist look at a &rsquo60s rebellion entwined with the other liberation movements of the day, that was well underway before Stonewall. A trove of downtown nightlife footage captured by late videographer Nelson Sullivan reveals an &rsquo80s New York that partied as a means of psychic survival. In a poignant first-person episode that covers the &rsquo70s, The Watermelon Woman director Cheryl Dunye filters the fraught relationship between queer and straight feminists through her heroes Audre Lorde and pioneering lesbian filmmaker Barbara Hammer.
Not every unorthodox approach works. The multimedia artist Tom Kalin (Swoon, Savage Grace) largely succeeds in presenting a vision of the &rsquo50s in which it was possible to find love and friendship within a queer community that remained almost entirely underground. But narrative vignettes like the one that has Alia Shawkat, playing Lavender Scare survivor Madeleine Tress, speak directly to viewers about a character&rsquos life might work better in a museum setting. For the final episode, Ro Haber (Braddock, PA) elegantly acknowledges growing resistance to white, gay, cisgender supremacy within LGBTQ politics by profiling activists, from trans lawyer Dean Spade to writer and musician Brontez Purnell, who don&rsquot fit that description. It&rsquos just a bit confusing that later segments blur the aughts with the present. (An episode on the 2010s would&rsquove been welcome.)
One pitfall of mainstream entertainment about the LGBTQ community is the way nervous creators and studio executives often take pains to make it palatable to straight, relatively conservative audiences&mdashwhitewashing casts, erasing trans characters and indulging in friendly stereotypes like the sexy bi woman or the gay best friend. But Pride has no interest in pandering. It takes activism seriously, pushing past the idea that same-sex marriage was its final destination and leaning into radicalism.
Pride isn&rsquot remedial, either. It doesn&rsquot regurgitate old conversations about disco or Will & Grace. And it favors undersung icons like gender-nonconforming author Leslie Feinberg and drag trailblazer Flawless Sabrina over celebrities. The masses embraced ballroom long ago, yet in the &rsquo90s episode, Yance Ford (Strong Island) broadens our grasp of the culture through a generous interview with a participant who is a trans man, actor Marquise Vilson Balenciaga. There&rsquos plenty here for straight viewers to learn, certainly. More important, though, is Pride‘s fidelity to all of the many letters, colors and identities that make up the LGBTQ rainbow.
Middle English prede , from late Old English pryto , Kentish prede , Mercian pride "unreasonable self-esteem, especially as one of the deadly sins haughtiness, overbearing treatment of others pomp, love of display," from prud (see proud (adj.)).
There is debate whether Scandinavian cognates (Old Norse pryði , Old Swedish prydhe , Danish pryd , etc.) are borrowed from Old French (which got it from Germanic) or from Old English.
In Middle English sometimes also positive, "proper pride, personal honor, good repute exalted position splendor," also "prowess or spirit in an animal." Used in reference to the erect penis from 15c. Meaning "that which makes a person or people most proud" is from c. 1300. First applied to groups of lions in a late 15c. book of terms, but not commonly so used until 20c. Paired with prejudice from 1610s.
Another late Old English/Middle English word for "pride, haughtiness, presumption" was orgol, orgel , which survived into 16c. as orgul, orgueil , from Old French orgoill (11c.), which is supposedly from a Germanic word meaning "renowned."
mid-12c. priden , in the reflexive sense "congratulate (oneself), be proud, indulge in self-esteem" c. 1200 as "be arrogant, act haughtily," from pride (n.). Middle English also had a verb prouden , from the adjective, and Old English had prytan , prydan "be or become arrogant or haughty." Related: Prided priding .
Lewis Bailey Pride Jr
About Ens. Lewis Bailey Pride, Jr
Graduate: University Of Kentucky 1936-37/United States Naval Academy Annapolis, Feb 1941 Class Secetary/Treasurer 1941 Awards: Purple Heart Next of Kin: Father, Lewis B. Pride, Mother, Nell (Wade) Pride
USS Pride (DE-323) was an Edsall-class destroyer escort was named in honor of Ensign Lewis Bailey Pride, Jr., who was killed in the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, 7 December 1941.
His remains were never Identified but is listed as one of the approximately 390 unknowns from the USS Oklahoma that have been buried in mass graves at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific.
Burial of the crew began soon after the attack in the Nuuanu Cemetery. Because of the high number of casualties the allotted graves were quickly filled and the Navy began construction on a new Naval cemetery named Halawa. As salvage operations continued over the next several years the recovered bodies were placed in Halawa. When the war ended, additional attempts at identification were made at the Schofield Baracks Mausoleum 2. The task was made increasingly difficult because of action taken during the initial burials. In an effort to conserve cemetery space, the bodies were broken up. All skulls place in several caskets, leg bones in others, etc.,etc.
The monumental task of reassembling the bodies and then attempting to make identifications was left to an Army team of specialists headed by Mildred Trotter, a civilian anthropologist. After months of work, several of the bodies had been identified but the Army, unhappy with the time estimates it would take to complete the work decided that all of the bodies would be buried as unknowns, including the 27 that had been identified! (Six of these sailors have been identified in recent years and returned to their families.)
The bodies eventually made their way to the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific in Honolulu. There the remaining 388 missing crewmen from the ship rest in 46 different graves. If there was ever a case for a group burial, surely this is it.