DOUGLAS X033 - History

DOUGLAS X033 - History


&ldquoFor an actor, it's great fun to play one of these hungry white sharks. Audiences love to hate them.&rdquo

&ldquoThe one thing that men and women have in common&mdashthey both like the company of men.&rdquo

&ldquoAll of a sudden the affection from my family, from my friends, and from my fans hit me at a much deeper level than I would have ever imagined before. And it gave me a really new appreciation of just how valuable, how precious good friends are and family.&rdquo

&ldquoI never expected to become a poster boy for head and neck cancer, but, if after what started out as trying to answer a couple of questions about the suspected sources of this disease results in opening up discussion and furthering public awareness, then I'll stand by that.&rdquo

&ldquoWhat I'm most proud of is that you forget about Matt and me pretty quickly, because the story sucks you in so much that you forget it's about two guys, and you&rsquore just watching a relationship between two people who really love each other.&rdquo

&ldquoIn the past, on purpose, I've never known what movie I'm going to do next. I never knew how I would feel when I finished a picture. Now it feels great to be back at work.&rdquo

&ldquoI was conscious of my father's fame from the time I was six.&rdquo

&ldquoWhen we finally got [One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest] going, my father's career had changed. He'd become a little older, and our director, Milos Forman, did not think he was right for the lead role. That was probably the most difficult moment in the history of my life with my father.&rdquo

&ldquoEvery time I'm out, a drunken Wall Street guy comes up to me to say, 'You're the man.'?It's depressing. Gordon Gekko was not a hero.&rdquo

&ldquoMy father is 96, and he's still a really competitive guy. I tease him and say, 'Let the legacy go on!' Fathers and sons: They may want to beat you, but they still love you. Who else can you say that about?&rdquo

Occupation and Reconstruction of Japan, 1945–52

After the defeat of Japan in World War II, the United States led the Allies in the occupation and rehabilitation of the Japanese state. Between 1945 and 1952, the U.S. occupying forces, led by General Douglas A. MacArthur, enacted widespread military, political, economic, and social reforms.

The groundwork for the Allied occupation of a defeated Japan was laid during the war. In a series of wartime conferences, the leaders of the Allied powers of Great Britain, the Soviet Union, the Republic of China, and the United States discussed how to disarm Japan, deal with its colonies (especially Korea and Taiwan), stabilize the Japanese economy, and prevent the remilitarization of the state in the future. In the Potsdam Declaration, they called for Japan’s unconditional surrender by August of 1945, that objective had been achieved.

In September, 1945, General Douglas MacArthur took charge of the Supreme Command of Allied Powers (SCAP) and began the work of rebuilding Japan. Although Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the Republic of China had an advisory role as part of an “Allied Council,” MacArthur had the final authority to make all decisions. The occupation of Japan can be divided into three phases: the initial effort to punish and reform Japan, the work to revive the Japanese economy, and the conclusion of a formal peace treaty and alliance.

The first phase, roughly from the end of the war in 1945 through 1947, involved the most fundamental changes for the Japanese Government and society. The Allies punished Japan for its past militarism and expansion by convening war crimes trials in Tokyo. At the same time, SCAP dismantled the Japanese Army and banned former military officers from taking roles of political leadership in the new government. In the economic field, SCAP introduced land reform, designed to benefit the majority tenant farmers and reduce the power of rich landowners, many of whom had advocated for war and supported Japanese expansionism in the 1930s. MacArthur also tried to break up the large Japanese business conglomerates, or zaibatsu, as part of the effort to transform the economy into a free market capitalist system. In 1947, Allied advisors essentially dictated a new constitution to Japan’s leaders. Some of the most profound changes in the document included downgrading the emperor’s status to that of a figurehead without political control and placing more power in the parliamentary system, promoting greater rights and privileges for women, and renouncing the right to wage war, which involved eliminating all non-defensive armed forces.

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The Golgafrinchan Ark Fleet Ship B was a way of removing the basically useless citizens from the planet of Golgafrincham. A variety of stories were formed about the doom of the planet, such as blowing up, crashing into the sun or being eaten by a mutant star goat. The ship was filled with all the middlemen of Golgafrincham, such as the telephone sanitisers, account executives, hairdressers, tired TV producers, insurance salesmen, personnel officers, security guards, public relations executives, and management consultants.

Ark Fleet ships A and C  were supposed to carry the people who ruled, thought, or actually did useful work.

The ship was programmed to crash onto its designated planet, Earth. The captain remembers that he was told a good reason for this, but had forgotten it, although the reason was later revealed to be because the Ark Ship B Golgafrinchans were a 'bunch of useless idiots'.

Flight to Earth

After the ship took off, no word was heard from either Golgafrincham or the other A and C ships.

After five years of traveling, Arthur Dent and Ford Prefect were teleported onto the ship. They spoke to the captain and were very alarmed by the story of the ship.

On Earth

The ship crashes onto the supercomputer Earth and is wrecked, but many of the passengers and crew survive.  They begin running the planet in accordance with their previous useless ways.  Arthur and Ford agree that this explains a lot about later Earth inhabitants.  

Fate of Golgafrincham

A notation in the Guide about Golgafrincham after the departure of the B Ark states that the entire remaining population subsequently died from a virulent disease contracted from a dirty telephone.  

Historical Snapshot

The military career of the Douglas DC series began in 1936, when the U.S. Army Air Corps ordered a pair of DC-2 commercial transports under the designation C-32. A contract followed for 18 DC-2s in the C-33 freighter configuration and two more as C-34 staff transports. Then, in 1937, the U.S. Army ordered a plane built to its own specifications. It was a hybrid design that combined the fuselage of the DC-2 with a DC-3 tail. This was the sole C-38 prototype, and it led to 35 production versions called the C-39. The C-39 represented the first serious effort by the Army to establish an airlift capability.

By 1941, the old Air Corps had been transformed into the Army Air Forces, and it selected a modified version of the DC-3 &mdash the C-47 Skytrain &mdash to become its standard transport aircraft. A reinforced fuselage floor and the addition of a large cargo door were the only major modifications. Other changes included the fitting of cargo hooks beneath the center wing section and the removal of the tail cone to mount a hook for towing gliders.

As a supply plane, the C-47 could carry up to 6,000 pounds of cargo. It could also hold a fully assembled jeep or a 37 mm cannon. As a troop transport, it carried 28 soldiers in full combat gear. As a medical airlift plane, it could accommodate 14 stretcher patients and three nurses. Seven basic versions were built, and the aircraft was given at least 22 designations, including the AC-47D gunship, the EC-47 electronic reconnaissance aircraft, the EC-47Q antiaircraft systems evaluation aircraft and the C-53 Skytrooper.

Every branch of the U.S. military and all the major allied powers flew it. The U.S. Navy version was the R4D. The British and the Australians designated it the Dakota (a clever acronym composed of the letters DACoTA for Douglas Aircraft Company Transport Aircraft). The aircraft operated from every continent in the world and participated in every major battle. By the end of World War II, more than 10,000 had been built. For all of its official and unofficial names, it came to be known universally as the &ldquoGooney Bird&rdquo General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in Europe, termed it one of the most vital pieces of military equipment used in winning the war.

C-47s remained in active military service long after the end of World War II. They played a critical role in the 1948 Berlin Airlift and saw action in the Korean and Vietnam wars.


Douglas County ILGenWeb is a free genealogical site about the history of the county. We hope you find helpful clues for your research of ancestors and relatives of the county.

Please consider contributing your pieces of Douglas county family history. YOUR HELP IS NEEDED. Our combined efforts can make this a great site for all who visit!

Co-Coordinator: YOU? Douglas ILGenWeb needs a local co-coordinator. Are you familiar with the area? Do you have a family tree connection to the county? Are you experienced at researching in Douglas County? If you answered "Yes" to any one of these questions, please volunteer to be County Co-Coordinator.


Douglas County was created February 8, 1859.

The original boundries were carved from Coles County.

Douglas county was named in honor of of Stephen A. Douglas.


Douglas ILGenWeb is hosted by Genealogy Village.

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DOUGLAS X033 - History

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Douglas: Facts + Figures

  • Douglas Dam is a hydroelectric facility. It has four generating units with a summer net dependable capacity of 182 megawatts. Net dependable capacity is the amount of power a dam can produce on an average day, minus the electricity used by the dam itself.
  • Douglas Dam is 201 feet high and stretches 1,705 feet across the French Broad River.
  • Douglas Reservoir provides 513 miles of shoreline and about 28,420 acres of water surface for recreation activities.
  • In a year with normal rainfall, the water level in Douglas Reservoir varies about 44 feet from summer to winter to provide seasonal flood storage.
  • The reservoir has a flood-storage capacity of 1,082,000 acre-feet.
  • Find Douglas Dam at 850 Powerhouse Way, Dandridge, Tenn.

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I have been listening to the podcasts daily for many weeks, and really feel I've grown closer to God. I've learned how to think biblically about the principles of God's word, and not just accept prevailing views, even from my own church culture. Thanks for sharing your own struggles as you teach these principles, and may God continue to bless your work around the globe as you help many to deepen their understanding of God and his word.

Rachel Bloom, on the podcasts

Douglas hits the right level for intelligent seekers. I appreciate the balance he strikes on many points, and I appreciate his tone of dialogue. Douglas has the heart of an evangelist, someone who reaches out to people who don’t know Christ.

Dr. Craig S. Keener, professor of New Testament at Asbury Theological Seminary, commenting on Compelling Evidence

I just wanted to say how much Shining Like Stars has meant to me. I’ve been encouraged and amazed by the depth of information, good organization, and pertinence to all of our needs as disciples. This is a great resource! Why re-invent the wheel? I wish everyone would read this practical book.

Lapatic Francis (Orlando), on the evangelism book Shining Like Stars (1987)

Professor Jacoby, after a dozen graduate-level courses at my university, yours was the first course that made me cry! The unit on Morality & Suffering was so personal and practical. It deeply stirred me, compelling me to engage in some much-needed soul-searching. Thank you!

A graduate student at Lincoln Christian University, where Douglas serves as Adjunct Professor

I have rejoiced to hear…of the teaching ministry to which God has called you and of your concern for the church in the developing world.

John Stott, London, Easter '06

Thank you for putting in words what I've felt for years, for broadening my perspective and challenging us all to think deeper.

Tomislav Zrinski (Croatia), on The Problem of Human Suffering

You examine issues thoroughly, and from all sides, while your own positions are documented in a compelling—yet compassionate—manner… I am humbled by the way you constantly point the reader to God. The quote, 'If our God is small enough for us to understand, he isn't big enough for us to worship' sums this up well.

Matthew FitzGibbon, on What's the Truth about Heaven and Hell?

Thanks for your website and especially for your podcasts. I bought the subscription for my husband’s birthday, and he loves it! It's provided a tremendous amount of teaching and encouragement for him. Also, your lessons helped me to have constant time with God when I completed my degree — as a working mom, Christian wife, and active church member. So thanks for the support you have provided to help keep us in our Bible.

Lisa Moore, on website membership

I loved your talk on Cultural Apologetics at the Denver chapter of Reasonable Faith. By far the best I've heard on postmodernism and culture.

Jon McCray Ratio Christi, Denver

Thank you for putting together such a great trip (2013 tour to Athens, Patmos, Ephesus). It was well-organized, and rich in locations & lessons. I truly appreciated all the research. The collection of people from so many different countries (15) is a testimony to the effect of your ministry. Thank you for your continued efforts to preach the word and to build the faith of so many around the world. My prayers for your strength and continued success in building your international ministry.

I will always love and respect you and your family. I thank God that you are His servant. So many of us are benefiting from your faith, knowledge and understanding of God at work in the world past and in the present. The Bible is received with so much more respect because of your leadership in this area of the ministry. Keep learning, and keep teaching and motivating others under your guidance and God’s mercy to be better witnesses for Him.

The information at your website has saved me from numerous contentious discussions… I look forward to leveraging your site for all it is worth. I have found your books to be very clear, concise and informative—great tools for my walk with Christ!

José Gonzalez, on

The tour "From Athens to Ephesus" was a dream come true. It was so excellently organized -- watching you lead was an absolute inspiration to me to become equally disciplined, so that I can do great things for God. In Corinth, Patmos, Laodicea, and all other other ancient sites, the Bible came alive like never before. This was a taste of heaven on earth, and created memories and friendships that will last a lifetime. In short, words fail me.

Gilbert Kimeng (Lagos, Nigeria), on the 2013 Biblical Study Tour

International speaker, debater and Christian apologist Dr. Douglas Jacoby has provided a valuable tool for laypeople with this introduction to reading the Bible. Students of the Bible understand that a historical background to biblical times is necessary for one to understand the Bible accurately. And Dr. Jacoby delivers the goods in an easily accessible format, serving the reader as a warm and interesting tour guide into the past. I wish I had this book as a college student!

Michael R. Licona, Ph.D., author of The Resurrection of Jesus: A New Historiographical Approach, commenting on A Quick Overview of the Bible

What a privilege to have you here with us in Switzerland, teaching us and our friends. Thank you for loving God’s Word, always digging deeper to discover the spiritual worth and truth of Scripture, whether in your books or in person. It’s inspiring to see how you let God use you in such a great way, traveling from city to city, church to church, teaching and preaching. Do come back!

A.G. (Gemeinde Christi Zürich)

What a great writer. I love your style, broad-mindedness, level-headedness & sensitivity to the more “simple-minded" believers (regular people) you encounter. It’s clear, from the Q&As at your site, that you have the gift of educating while spurring people to think for themselves. You are succinct, and help us to "connect the dots” without being overbearing. All this — and humor, too. I love it all.

I just want to say thank you so much for your excellent work. The 30 days of podcasts on Christ Through the Ages was so helpful. It was an eye-opener. I was convicted about how I'd become complacent in knowing about the narrow gate yet lacking zeal in sharing with non-believers. I will certainly repent and refocus.

As an engineer and Christian for more than 20 years, I've read, watched, and listened to your resources all along the way. Your collection of newsletters, online content, debates, sermons, and articles has brought greater faith and great motivation to teach others. Douglas, you’ve really have helped the "thinker" in me to believe and the "believer" in me to think!

I am writing to thank you and your AIM teachers for opening my eyes to a whole new world. I must admit, it’s sometimes scary to be a part of that world, but ultimately I am much more free and learning to be dependent on God instead of on church culture. As your website says: “Think About Faith.” I’m grateful for the journey I’m currently on, and it’s strangely comforting and very refreshing to be “out of the box.” Thank you for being courageous enough to teach on the unpopular, and make us question what we are doing.

When you preach your teaching, it always challenges my mind and heart. I love your sermons, like yesterday’s 'How’s Your Biblical Stamina?'. Thanks for all the preparation, and your travel, which not only encourage the saints, but give you an authentic perspective on Christianity without borders.

It was a privilege to attend your classes in Seattle. My wife and I appreciate your genuine reverence and responsible handling of God's word. We thank you for your courage and willingness to stand on your convictions. We feel honored that you have persevered in your relationship with our fellowship, as there are very few voices in our church today that carry the authority of love and truth, knowledge and experience, that yours does. Thanks for gently and humbly pushing us to repent of biblical ignorance. Jesus is clearly Lord of your life…

Shane and Micajah Jenkins (on the inaugural session, Northwest School of Ministry)

Thank you for your openness to Christian truth, wherever it may be found. Specifically, I'd like to thank you for the class you gave on campus in São Paulo. The content was great. You taught with wisdom and humility. But what really caught my attention was your willingness to dialogue with the students. You listened to them with kindness, considering their thoughts and answering in gentleness and love. Your example was a great lesson for me. Thanks for letting God use your whole life—with all the gifts He gave you.

Thrive! Is a simple but stimulating read. I love your opening challenge (perfect for older Christians)… Many are simply surviving, not thriving. The book is so practical I am already preaching and teaching from it. Thanks again for your example of faith and diligence. During the "dark ages” in our fellowship of churches, when little teaching was being done, you were lighting torches. And you continue to “trailblaze" in many ways.

Rolan Monje, Evangelist & Teacher (Philippines)

The heart, it has been well said, cannot rejoice in what the mind rejects. With a professor’s mind and a pastor’s heart, Douglas Jacoby works tirelessly to help Christians to think more deeply about their faith. His books, videos, podcasts, and debates exhibit the best kind of Christian scholarship – informed, reverent, and reasonable. I wish we had a thousand more like him.

Timothy McGrew, Professor of Philosophy, Western Michigan University

I am very thankful for your ministry. It opened my eyes to a whole new world!

I am truly grateful for the AIM team. Your desire to explore and teach the depths of God's word has changed my life and shown me a path to draw closer to God. I wish I could repay you in some form for the treasure you have taught me to find. I love our God, Jesus, Spirit and His word like never before and more with each passing day. Through application of what I learn I have been used to change other lives and baptize some. I am in awe of God seeing the ripple of his love spread across the world through people and their changed lives. It was your teaching, laughter, and stories in AIM (and all the emails) that fanned my small spark of faith into a flame. I am forever grateful.

Your ministry has become a vital part of my life, and I sense God’s Spirit moving! The podcasts and notes are clear. They help fortify my spirit. Thank you for allowing the scriptures to speak to your listeners.

Thank you for posting in podcast form. Just listened to lesson on Abraham and loved the lessons on faith. Inspiring and challenging! Love your website as well.

- Anne from CA

The biblical training course you taught in London proved to be a crucial turning point in the development of my faith, and subsequent service in Christian ministry. This opened my eyes to the richness, breadth, depth and heights of God's word -- for which I'm extremely (eternally) grateful!

Clare Wilshaw (AIM Graduate, United Kingdom), on the AIM program

Your books are certainly very helpful. Yet the most valuable thing I have learned from you has been to think critically on another level. I have learned to ask questions, to have great dialogue with people of other faiths, and to be confident to reach out to people who would normally seem intimidating. Keep up the great work.

Kyle Eastman, Campus Minister, University of Florida

I’ve been reading through your book on Psalms, Thrive!, combining it with my personal study of Psalms. Each chapter is cutting deeper. Thrive! is really leveraging God's word. The two together are reawakening a dull heart. Thank you!

T.K., on Douglas’ book Thrive!

Douglas provides such helpful and practical insight in short and digestible chunks! I love this podcast!


Josh McDowell, on Jacoby's international teaching ministry

Your website has been a great resource for our small group! We have found so many interesting things to discuss, not to mention the helpful books and DVDs. It also really educates me as I learn how to reach out to people with varying religious beliefs and backgrounds, including my friends who are hardcore skeptics. I am truly grateful that God is enabling me to touch some of my friends who otherwise greatly shy away from church and religion. After 20 years, it is encouraging to feel useful and re-energized in my faith and evangelism.

I just wanted to take a moment to thank you for the vast tome of knowledge contained in your website. I use it quite often in my personal studies. I am acutely aware of the years and years of rigorous, scholarly work that has gone into it, and I am very grateful that you have made the fruit of that work available to all of us. I always caution myself not to view anyone as the “definitive authority” on anything—least of all the Bible—but please know that I find your balanced and scholarly approach most helpful. The website serves as a great starting place for my own investigations and research. Further, as my wife and I do more and more public speaking, we have also come to appreciate your incredible stamina when it comes to world travel! I have no idea how you do it.

Dr. Michael Shapiro, Psychologist

Going on your website is like going to the grocery store for a bottle of milk and then coming out with a cart full of groceries. I just came to look at one thing, and ended up spending the day there!

Thanks for taking care of us.

This is the book I wish I had walking into college!

Denis O. Lamoureux Associate Professor of Science & Religion, University of Alberta, on Jacoby’s 'Campus Core'

Douglas, you have challenged me to always be willing to embrace truth, no matter where it leads. Through your writing you have been a key person in my spiritual formation (and continue to be so). I am grateful for the times you have responded to my emails with great patience and grace. Finally, thanks for being a role model for me.

We regard Douglas Jacoby as one of the bright lights in the field of apologetics in the twenty-first century. Heaven and Hell is an excellent, well-written book. We recommend it very highly.

John Clayton (of Does God Exist?), on What’s the Truth About Heaven and Hell?

Thank you for the [January 2021] Isaiah series. One of your best, in my opinion! Every year I appreciate the kickoff study series you produce for the new year.
-- R.F.

I have just read your "hell book" and it is superbly balanced. I love all of the references. Your strength is that you do a very thorough job of covering the topic, but make it accessible to us "laymen." I was surprised to find that you consider yourself a "layman.” I'd consider you more of a "field scholar." We have a good number of "ivory tower" scholars. We need more field scholars such as yourself. Thanks for all that you do, Douglas!

I appreciate your careful, measured approach to the scriptures, and I'm grateful for your ability to articulate your points. You do a great job of supporting your views through scripture, while providing enough historical background and context to bring it together cohesively. I recently ordered a copy of your book, Informed, and I'm looking forward to reading it. — B. Gatewood

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