The giant Sennep

The giant Sennep

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Title: The giant Sennep.

Author : SOUPAULT Ralph (-)

Creation date : 1933

Date shown: 1933

Dimensions: Height 0 - Width 0

Technique and other indications: Caricature, published in Fantasio, July 16, 1933.

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Contact copyright: © All rights reserved

© All rights reserved

Publication date: March 2016

Historical context

This full-page cartoon, in black and white, is taken from Fantasio, a small Parisian weekly of echoes and humor (1906-1936), with a print run of tens of thousands. Ralph Soupault (1904-1962) was a young cartoonist who, after starting out in the far left press, joined Action Française in the mid-1920s.

France, at that time, settled into the economic crisis. Ministerial instability then provoked a rise in anti-parliamentarianism and a violent questioning of the institutions of the Third Republic, supported by the far-right leagues.

Image Analysis

Soupault here salutes his eldest son, Sennep (1894-1982), the most famous right-wing parliamentary cartoonist at the time, who for almost ten years, first in French Action, then in The Echo of Paris and in Candid, ferociously laughs at the manners of the Palais-Bourbon (shown in the background) and condemns the carelessness of public figures. So here he is, a giant who, armed with an insect repellent sprayer, is causing panic among political leaders of all stripes.

Who are they ? First, in the foreground, the leaders of the Left Cartel, Radicals and Socialists of the SFIO, who, after winning the 1932 elections, proved incapable of governing together (the Socialists, refusing to participate in the cabinet formed by Edouard Herriot, led him to his downfall and finally pushed the radicals to rule with the center-right). We recognize, in the left corner, Herriot, then the Socialists Léon Blum (arms raised) and Pierre Renaudel (who is facing us).

Interpretation

It is therefore a drawing in the form of a tribute, Soupault featuring personalities who, such as Malvy or François-Albert, no longer have much responsibility, but on whom Sennep once worked hard. It is also a significant caricature of the anti-parliamentary push which then became commonplace, before reaching its climax the day after the bloody demonstration of February 6, 1934, in front of the Palais-Bourbon. In 1933, the unparliamentary drawing remained good child; he will pay the worst insult the following year. Finally, it should be noted that the author, soon to rally to fascism, will become the main cartoonist of the collaborationist press.

  • February 6, 1934
  • anti-parliamentarianism
  • caricature
  • deputies
  • Blum (Leon)
  • Palais-Bourbon
  • Third Republic
  • French action

Bibliography

Serge BERSTEIN France in the 1930s Paris, Armand Colin, coll. "Cursus", 1988.Christian DELPORTE Propaganda pencils Paris, CNRS-Editions, 1993.J. LETHÈVE Caricature under the Third Republic Paris, Armand Colin, 1961, reissued 1986.

To cite this article

Christian DELPORTE, "The giant Sennep"


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